Name: Henry VII Tudor, King of England
Birth: 28 JAN 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Wales
Death: 21 APR 1509 in Richmond, , Surrey, England
Reference Number: was King of England 1485/1509
Event: Columbus lands in Caribbean Islands
Eventless Introduction 1492
Event: Vasco de Gamma discovers a sea-route to India
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REIGNED: the first ruler of the house of Tudor, whose reign initiated a period of national unity following the strife of the 15th century. "The epoch of one of the most important social changes the destruction of the feudal system and the growth of a middle class."
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Change Date: 21 APR 2007 at 20:41:41
After the Yorkist king Edward IV seized the throne from the Lancastrian Henry VI in 1471, Henry Tudor, a Lancastrian, took refuge in Brittany. He became head of the house of Lancaster on the death of Henry VI in the same year.
In 1483, taking advantage of the indignation aroused against Edward's successor, Richard III, whose nephews, Edward V and Richard, duke of York (1472-83), were murdered in the Tower of London, presumably on Richard's order, Henry crossed over to Wales, where he gathered an army of supporters. In 1485, at Bosworth Field in England, he met and defeated Richard, who was killed during the battle. Henry Tudor was subsequently crowned Henry VII in London. In the following year he married the Yorkist heiress, Elizabeth (1465-1503), eldest daughter of Edward IV, uniting the houses of York and Lancaster and ending the Wars of the Roses.
After his accession Henry had to contend with several Yorkist uprisings, led by impostors with strong backing in England and abroad, their forces were defeated by Henry. In 1494 Henry sent the English statesman Sir Edward Poynings to Ireland to reestablish English control in that country. Henry managed to maintain peaceful relations with Austria, Spain, and France throughout most of his years as king. He was succeeded by his second son, Henry VIII.
Father: Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond b: 1430 in Hadham, Befordshire, England
Mother: Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby b: 31 MAY 1443 in Bletsoe, Bedfordshire, England
Elizabeth of York, Princess of England b: 11 FEB 1466 in Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, England
18 JAN 1486
in Westminster Abbey, London, Greater London, England
- Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales b: 20 SEP 1486 in Saint Swithin's Priory, Winchester, England
- Margaret Tudor, Princess of England b: 28 NOV 1489 in Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, England
- Henry VIII Tudor King of England b: 28 JUN 1491 in Greenwich Palace, Greenwich, Kent, England c: in Observant Friars, Greenwich, Kent, England
- Mary Rose Tudor, Princess of England b: 18 MAR 1495/1496 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England
- Katherine Tudor b: 10 FEB 1503 in Tower of London, The City, London, England
- Title: «i»Microsoft (R) Encarta Encyclopedia«/i»
Publication: Copyright (c) 1994 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1994 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation.
Abbrev: Microsoft Encarta
- Title: The History of the Kings of Britain
Author: Geoffrey of Monmouth
Publication: Translated, with introduction and index, by Lewis Thorpe. Penguin Books: London, 1966.
Abbrev: Kings of Britain-Geoffrey of Monmouth
- Title: «i»The Six Wives of Henry VIII«/i»
Author: Alison Weir
Publication: Ballantine Books, 1991
Abbrev: Wives of Henry VIII-Weir