Name: Robert III BOYD , 1st Lord of Kilmarnock, Sir
Given Name: Robert III
Suffix: , 1st Lord of Kilmarnock, Sir
Birth: ABT. 1290 in Noddsdale Water, Cunninghame, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death: AFT. 19 JUL 1333 in As prisoner of English after Battle of Halidon Hill 1
Reference Number: 7789
Sir Robert Boyd; a Scots commander at Battle of Bannockburn 1314,rewarded by Robert I the Bru ce with the feudal barony (a territorialentity held from the crown) of Kilmarnock, captured b y the English attheir victory over the Scots of Halidon Hill 1333 and died soonafterward. [B urke's Peerage]
Change Date: 3 Nov 2002 at 01:00:00
Notes from Sally Walmsley [Geniedash@bigpond.com]:
Sir Robert Boyd III was said 'to have inherited the noble virtues of hisfather in no ordinar y degree'. Brought up during the war of liberationagainst King Edward, he was amongst the fir st of the Scottish nobility tojoin Robert Bruce in his rising. Much of what has been writte n aboutBruce is misleading. In addition to his being Earl of Carrick, Lord ofAnnandale and Ke eper of the Royal Forests of Scotland, Bruce was Lord ofthe Manor of Huntingdon, owned a tow n house in London and a suburbanmanor in Tottenham. Two years before the rising, his brothe r Alexandertook his MA. at Cambridge. Bruce was no wild Scottish chieftain, but aneducated no ble of Flemish extraction.
In 1306, the titular King of Scotland was John Baliol, a 'lamb amongwolves' who had achieve d the throne through the backing of Edward ofEngland and John Comyn of Badenoch, head of th e most powerful family inScotland at that time. Baliol had fled to France with no intention o freturning, leaving Scotland virtually kingless. Bruce had seeminglystarted planning his ris ing in 1304, but everything hinged upon thesupport of John Comyn, a difficult person: the Re d comyn must eithersupport Bruce or be dead. The climax came in 1306, when Bruce met theComy n in Greyfriars church in Dumfries. As they stood before the alterand argued, knives were dr awn, and John Comyn fell wounded. According tolegend, Bruce ran out of the church crying 'I d oubt I have slain the RedComyn'. Kilpatrick answered his "Do you so doubt? Then I'll mak sicc ar',and rushed into the church followed by Sir Robert Boyd and finished thejob. Legendary a s this may be, the fact is that both John Comyn ofBadenoch and Sir Robert Comyn were both kil led. This was the signal forBruce's uprising to start. Bruce first went to his castle at Loch maben,and then to Glasgown to secure the Clyde for his supplies from Ireland.Sir Robert Boy d took Rothesay castle from the sea, and laid siege toInverkip. Six weeks after the Comyn's d eath, Bruce was crowned King ofScotland at Scone. For his support in the rising, the King awa rded SirRobert Boyd III with the lands of West Kilbride and of Portincross orArdneil, which l ater became the patrimony of the younger sons of the Boydfamily, until 1737.
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Robert Bruce's reign was soon in trouble. Three months after he wascrowned, he was defeated b y the English at Methven, and again nearTyndrum, and had to go into hiding, his queen and dau ghter sent with theladies of his supporters to Kildrummy castle in the charge of the earl ofA thol, Alexander Lindsay and Sir Robert Boyd. The follow year the kingreturned. Douglas and Si r Robert Boyd led the attack on Arran fromKintrye, but their attack on Turnberry castle, Bruc e's own castle,failed. Bruce then raised his standard at Loch Trocl in Galloway, wherehe defe ated an English force sent to capture him. He marched north todefeat the English at Loudoun H ill, defeated John Comyn, Earl of Buchan,at Barrs Hill, and subdued the Earl of Ross. In k130 8, Parliament wascalled at St Andrews and re-affirmed Bruce as King: Sir Robert waspresent a s a member of Parliament. During the next few years, Bruceconsolidated his position, capturin g all the English-held castles exceptStirling, and repulsing an expedition of Edward II of En gland in 1310.The climax came in 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn, where Sir RobertBoyd wa s one of his principle commanders. 'Blind Harry' wrote of thisbattle:-
Ranged on the right the Southron legions stood,
And on this right the fiery Edward Bruce,
With him the experienced Boyd devides the sway,
Sent by the King to guide him through the day.
After the battle, the King awarded Sir Robert Boyd III with the lands ofHarishaw and Bondingt on, by a charter of 1316. These seem to have beenfollowed in 1320 with the lordship and baron y of Kilmarnock, fortfeitedby Lord Soulis. He also obtained the lands of Trabock in Kyle, par ts ofDalsinton and Bridburgh in Dumfries, and the Glenkins of Galloway. Addedto his existin g holdings, these properties were to set the future of theBoyds, as substantial barons belo w the great magnate families of Douglas,Stewart and Randolph. Dean Castle north of Kilmarnoc k was to become theBoyd's stronghold: it was probably a primitive fortification on the mottew hen it was granted to Sir Robert.
Sir Robert Boyd III was one of the guarrantors of the Treaty of Peacebetween the kings Rober t Bruce of Scotland and Edward III of England,ratified by the English parliament in Jun 132 3 and renouncing any claimto Scotland. But fighting was still in his blood. Sir Robert was ca pturedat the battle of Halidon Hill in 1333, and died soon afterwards. He leftthree sons-
Sir Thomas Boyd I
Alan Boyd - was killed at the siege of Perth, where he was in command ofthe Scottish archers.
James Boyd - witnessed a charter in 1342.
Father: Robert II BOYD , Sir b: ABT. 1250 in Noddsdale Water, Cunninghame, Ayrshire, Scotland
in OF KILMARNOCK, R, SCOTLAND
- Thomas BOYD (Sir) 2nd lord kilmarnock b: ABT 1304 in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland
- ALAN BOYD b: in , , RENFREWSHIRE, SCOTLAND
- JAMES BOYD
- Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999