Name: Thomas II GREENE
Given Name: Thomas II
Suffix: IMM Esq Gov
Title: IMM Esq Gov
Birth: ABT 1610 in Bobbing Manor,Kent,Eng 1
Death: 20 JAN 1650/1651 in St Mary's Parish,Bryantown,Charles,MD
Ancestral File #: 1N5V-TT0
In 1633 Thomas became an investor in a London holding company whichpromised a profit from th e trade of the newly formed colony of Maryland.Thomas was one of the gentlemen adventurers a nd a passenger on the Arkand Dove which sailed from Cowels, Isle of Wright on November 22, 1 633and arrived at Maryland March 25, 1634.
Change Date: 23 AUG 2011 at 16:00:51
Thomas married Ann Cox in 1634 and they built their home, known as "StAnne's" on Green's Fre ehold. Their home was located in the Townland
plantation about a half mile east of St Mary's City. It was bordered bySt Mary's River and S t Andrew's Creek and St Thomas' Lot, or thesister's Freehold, the home of Margaret and Mar y Brent. Thomas wasresiding here when he received a patient for Green's Freehold on Octobe r15, 1639. The house was a two story building, with frame sides and brickgable ends and wa s reported to still be in existence in 1820. Thomassold the plantation to George Brinks in 1 644.
Thomas was summoned by Govenor Calvert and in 1639 formed a council whichlater would becom e the Council of State, of which Thomas was a member.
By 1640 Thomas had received a grant for 1500 acres which comprised partof Kent Island and th e whole of Popley's (Popular) Island. Thomas namedthis after his ancestral home of Bobbing M anor, Kent, England and gavehim the title of Lord of Bobbling Manor. He sold Bobbling Mano r onFebruary 8, 1650 to Thomas Hawkins of London.
In 1644 the colony was in turmoil. Richard Ingle was accused of treason
against the king and escaped. He returned the following year and invadedand captured St Mary 's City. At this time many of the colonist tookrefuge in Virginia, while Ingle and his adher ents plundered anddestroyed the homes and possessions on the colonists. Govenor Calvertrais ed a force of Virginians and Maryland and reclaimed the town.Calvert offered a pardon to tho se who took the Oath of Fidelity.
Governor Calvert died on June 9, 1647, but before his death he hadselected Thomas Green, a c ouncil member, as his successor. Thomas wasthe second Provincial Governor of Maryland. Durin g Green's term heprevented ant attempt to disturb the peace of the colony. He issuedwarrant s prohibiting entry into the colony by the Protestants adherentsand monitored the Indian tro ubles. In 1647 he expanded the militia dueto the trouble with the Nanticoe and Wicomico Indi ans.
On January 17, 1648, Margaret Brent, perhaps the earliest advocate ofwoman's suffrage, deman ded to have a vote in the house. This request wasdenied by the Court and Governor Green deni ed her the right to vote.
Governor Green's administration lasted only 14 months and on August 6,1648, Lord Baltimore r eplaced Green with the Virginian and ProtestantWilliam Stone. In England the struggle betwee n the King and theProtestant dominated Parliament ended when King Charles I was executed in 1649.. Parliament issued a decree making it treason to acknowledgeCharles the Prince of Wa les, as King of England. At this time Green wasacting as deputy governor during Governor Sto ne's visit to Virginia, andproclaimed Prince Charles as King of England as did Governor Bark ley ofVirginia.
An Act Concerning Religion was passed by the General Assembly on April21, 1649, granting rel igious liberty to all Christians proclaimingreligious toleration and a Freedom of Conscience s. Among the fourteensigners of this act was Thomas Green.
Thomas remained a member of the council through 1649 and 1650 until hewas discharged from al l his offices on August 6, 1650, for usurpingauthority.
Thomas and his family probably resided on "Green's Rest" before 1644 when"Green's Freehold " was sold. In 1650 Thomas applied for 300 acresbetween Craney Creek and Plumb Point. He als o applied for 2500 acres atChinomuxon Creek and 100 acres on the north side of St Hieroms Cr eek. OnApril 17, 1651 he received a survey for 500 acres in St George's Hundred.He had purc hased 100 acres of Plumb Point from Philip Land and added 400additional acres and called i t "Green's Rest". The home plantation waslocated about a half mile west of St Mary's City o n the St George'sRiver. It extended north to Plumb Pointy and inland for about a mile an da half. The southern boundary was Craney Creek and included an island offPlumb Point now c alled Tippity Wichity. In the 1800's it was re surveyedand found to contain 900 acres.
Thomas wrote his will November 18, 1650 and was probated January 23,1652. His friends Henr y Adams and James Langworth were the trustee andadministrators of his estate. He request tha t they provide for hissupport during his lifetime, and the maintenance of his wife and fou rsons, and the distribution of his estate among his wife and four sons.Each son was to rec eive their share of the estate when they arrived atthe age of eighteen years. It continues t o give the time in years wheneach son would be of age.
Thomas Green, Esquire, one of the original adventurers and a passenger onthe Ark and the Dov e in 1634, was one of the most prominent andinfluential men in public affairs until his deat h in 1651. He took anactive part in the settlement of the Provence and was active in political, social, and religious affairs of the community. He was a member of StMary's County Assem bly, a justice of the Provincial Court, a member ofthe Upper House, the second Provincial Go vernor of Maryland, the deputygovernor under Governor Stone. During his lifetime he was a su ccessfulplanter, and held over 14,000 acres of land in St Mary's County. As amember of th e Catholic Church, he and his wives were probably interredat St Mary's Catholic Chapel Cemet ery.
Information From: Family Tree Maker, CD 184 Family History: ColonialFamilies of Maryland, Ea rly Families of Frederick Co, Maryland, Greenpages 34, 35, 36 & 37.
FROM LAND OFFICE
Green, Thomas, Governor, St Mary's Co
18th Nov, 1650
After reserving a livelihood for himself, assigns to his friends HenryAdams and James Langwo rth entire estate, real and personal, for benefitof wife Winifred and Children, Thomas, Leon ard, Robert, and Francis: butdesires wife afsd. to have full possession during her life, exc ept thata certain amount of tobacco is to be given to friend Thos Copley.
Wife to give to sons afsd. designated shares in succession. In event ofdeath of wife and o f children without issue, 3/4 of estate to be givento charity and balance to Henry Adams an d James Langworth afsd.
Test: Richd. Willan, Alice Smith Pat. Rec. 1, 188
Family Tree Maker , CD 206 genealogical Records: Maryland ProbateRecords, Calendar of Wills , Vol 5, 1720 - 1726, Appendix to this Sectionpage 235Thomas received more than 2,000 acres of land for transportingseveral of his family members into the Province of Maryland. His hometown was known as "Green's Rest" and was part of his large grant "Green'sInheritance" in Port Tobacco, MD. He was a member of the Assembly in1638m appointed to the Governor's Council in 1644, member of the UpperHouse and acting Governor while his cousin, Gov. Leonard Calvert, was inEngland. He served as Governor of Maryland from June 1647 to August 1648and again in 1649.
Fact: bet. 1633-1634 came to MD on Ark and Dove 2
Occupation: Governor of MD
bet 1633 - 1634 came to MD on Ark and Dove
Katherine L. Bowling's Book on Thomas Bowling of Nelson Co, KY.
Thomas received more than 2,000 acres of land for transporting several ofhis family members into the Province of Maryland. His home town was knownas "Green's Rest" and was part of his large grant "Green's Inheritance"in Port Tobacco, MD. He was a member of the Assembly in 1638, appointedto the Governor's Council in 1644, member of the Upper House and actingGovernor while his cousin, Gov. Leonard Calvert, was in England. Heserved as Governor of Maryland from June 1647 to August 1648 and again in1649.
Archives of Maryland; Volume 4, Court and Testamentary Business, 1643.Page 263;
1643 Aprill 2d Thomas Greene made oath that he knoweth not of anyprecontract, consanguinity Indenture or covenant of apprenticeship,wardship, nor of any other lawfull impedimt what soever, either on hispart or on the part of Millescent Browne, but that he may lawfullysolemnize marriage wth the said Millescent, & acknowledged himselfe toowe 2000 l tob to the Lord Proprietary in case any such impediment shalbehere after proved agst him contrary to his said oath. Jurat & recognitcoram me John Lewger
Provincial Court Marriage Licenses (1638-1643); Maryland
DATE GROOM BRIDE MISC NOTES
2 April 1643 Thomas Greene Millescent Browne
Thomas Green assigns his estate in trust for his wife and children:Thomas Greene, Leonard Green (2nd son), Robert Green and Francis Green;18 Nov 1650. (Arch. of MD, Vol . X, p.88).
From Land Office Annapolis, MD.
Green, Thomas, Governor, St Mary's Co., 18th Nov., 1650.
After reserving a livelihood for himself, assigns to his friends HenryAdams and James Langworth entire estate, real and personal, for benefitof wife Winifred and children Thomas, Leonard, Robert and Francis; butdesires wife afsd. to have full possession during her life, except that acertain amount of tobacco is to be given to friend Thos. Copley. Wife togive to sons afsd. designated shares in succession. In event of death ofwife and of children without issue, 3/4 of estate to be given to charityand balance to Henry Adams and James Langworth afsd.
Test: Richd. Willan, Alice Smith. Pat. Rec. 1, 188.
Early Families of Frederick County, Maryland and Adams County,Pennsylvania by Steve Gilland; Published by FAMILY LINE PUBLICATIONS,Westminster, Maryland 21157; 1997; p. 34.
SIR JOHN NORTON of Northwood in Milton, England.
THOMAS NORTON alias GREENE.
ROBERT GREENE, of Bobbing, Kent County, England. m FRANCES DARELL,daughter of THOMAS DARELL, of Scotney.
SIR THOMAS GREENE, d 1624, m MARGARET WEBB, daughter of THOMAS WEBB.
THOMAS GREENE, emigrated to Maryland 1634, Governor of Maryland, d 1651,m WINIFRED SEYBOURNE, d 1658.
ROBERT GREENE, 1647-C1707, m MARY BOARMAN, C1660-1716, the daughter ofCAPTAIN WILLIAM BOARMAN.
JAMES GREENE I, d 1734, m CHARITY HAGAN, d 1754.
JAMES GREENE II, d 1776, m 1727, ELIZABETH DYER.
CATHERINE GREENE, 1729-1808, m BASIL SPALDING, 1719-1791.
Greene is a common English surname which referred to someone who livednear a village green. It is also associated with the spring festival.During this ceremony the leading figure dressed in greenleaves and wasreferred to as the green man, personifying the figure of spring andlinking the ceremony to ancient fertility cults.
Thomas Greene was born about 1610 at Bobbing Manor, Kent County, England.He was the son of Sir Thomas Greene and Lady Margaret Webb.
In 1633 Thomas became an investor in a London holding company whichpromised a profit from the trade of the newly formed colony of Maryland.Thomas was one of the gentlemen adventurers and a passenger on the Arkand the Dove which sailed from Cowels in November 1633 and arrived atMaryland in March of 1634.
Shortly after his arrival, Thomas was married to Ann Gerrard Cox, apassenger on the Ark and the Dove. They were wed in 1634 on the banks ofthe St. George River in the newly formed settlement of St. Mary's. Theirmarriage is considered to have been the first Christian marriageperformed in Maryland.
"TO MARYLAND FROM OVERSEES" by Harry Wright Newman
Thomas Green, Esq., one of the Gentlemen of Fashion on the Ark and 2ndGovernor of Maryland, was the second son of Sir Thomas Green, Knt, whosegreat-grandfather received the Rectory of Bobbing from Henry VIII uponthe dissolution of the monasteries. Robert Green brother to Thomas, theAdventurer, came to Maryland, but returned to England. When LordBaltimore granted Governor Thomas Green a Manor with court Baron, henamed it "Bobbing" after his ancestral Estate. Halsted's Co. Kent, Vol. 2pp. 534, 635-639: Berry's Kent Pedigrees,p. 302; 1530 Visitation of Kent;The Flowering of the Maryland Palatinate by Harry Wright Newman.
THOMAS GREENE, one of the "twenty gentlemen of very good fashion " whosailed on the Ark and the second Provincial Governor of Maryland, was oneof the most interesting characters of earl Maryland and one whose historyhas been quite neglected. He had invested in the adventure to a minorextent, so consequently its success was of more than casual interest. Hewas always styled by Governor Leonard Calvert " my well beloved friend,"but the tradition that he was a kinsman of Leonard Calvert has not beenproved and he oft repeated statement that he married Helen, a daughter ofGeorge, Lord Baltimore, is merely a myth of genealogy, His brother,Robert Greene, Esq., emigrated to Maryland, but being the son and heir tothe parental estates in England he returned to the mother country, butbefore departing he assigned his land rights to his brother Thomas.
Governor Thomas Greene was a member of the Catholic faith, like most ofthe gentlemen on the Ark, a Royalist in politics, a supporter of theStuart dynasty, and for his loyalty to the Crown he was castigatedfiguratively before his death by the radical elements which were thengaining strength in the Province; principally the Puritans who had beenoutlawed in Virginia and virtually driven out and to whom Lord Baltimoreoffered a haven in his Province.
The diary of Father White, which is an account of what took place on thetrip from England to Maryland shows that Thomas Greene m. Mrs. Ann(Gerrard) Cox. Thomas Greene's marriage to Mistress Ann Cox, a spinster,who was among the few gentlewomen on the initial voyage of the Ark andthe Dove, was undoubtedly the first Christian marriage to have beencelebrated on Maryland soil. She died within a few years, but was livingas late as April, 1638. He married secondly Mistress Winifred Seybourne[Seaborne] who arrived in Maryland some time during 1638. The mother ofhis children has been the subject of much discussion, but of the twoyounger sons there is no question of their being the issue of Winifredhis last wife. When he applied for land rights on September 15, 1647,among the claims was "100 acres more being the right of his wife WinifredSeyborn for Transporting herself into the Province 1638." It is thereforeproved that she emigrated and financed her passage in 1638. At the sametime he proved rights for 50 acres each for his children "100 more fortransporting 2 children in the year 1644 vizt Thomas and Leonard Green."From the strict construction of the wording, there is no implication thatMistress Seyborne brought them over or was their mother. MistressSeyborne came in 1638 and the boys came six years later. This point isimportant. They were less than 18 years of age in 1650 and they came outof England in 1644. There is no record of Thomas Greene returning toEngland, so the only inference that can be placed on the matter is thattwo older children were born in England and had been left in or sent toEngland, presumably for schooling
Before sailing from England, or shortly thereafter, Thomas Greene wasgranted a large manor of 10,000 acres, for Father Copley writing toCecilius, Lord Baltimore on April 3, 1638, cautioned him against theexcessive taxation imposed on the manor lords "And accordingly Mr. Greenone of the Gentlemen that came in the Arke, reflecting that besydes thelosse of his halfe share of trucks [crop] he was now to pay tenne barrelsof Corne for his 10,000 acres and that only he had three men to raisethat and maintaine himself and his wyfe confidently told me that he mustnecessarily deserte the Colonye" As no further record has been found forthis manor, he probably permitted it to return to the Lord Proprietarybeing in those difficult times more of a burden than an asset
After the manor of Richard Thompson on Popely Island in the Bay wasforfeited by treason against the Lord Proprietary, Lord Baltimore grantedthe manor to Thomas Greene, though the letters patent were apparentlyamong those papers burned by Ingle on his raid into Maryland during 1645.The manor consisted of 500 acres on the tip of Kent Isle not far fromFort Kent Manor of Giles Brent and the entire Isle of Popely on whichThompson was seated and which was the scene of the massacre of his wifeand children by Indians during his absence. If Thomas Greene maintained asteward on his manor, no record has come down, but leases were made; forrecords exist of a Gersom Cromwell being a tenant on the portion on KentIsland. Greene gave the name of of Bobing to his Popely island manor andheld it until February 8, 1650/1, when, for 10,000 lbs. tobacco, he soldto Thomas Hawkins, of London, Mariner, "all rights and interests in mywhole Manor."
Thomas received other land grants, one of which was a warrant for 2, 500acres, but he died before the patent was issued. Consequently, in 1665 itwas surveyed and granted to his three sons who gave it the name of "Green's Inheritance.'' His seat, however, was on "Green's Rest" withinthe environs of St. Mary's City and bordering St. Mary's River.
Thomas took a serious interest in all the affairs of the Province andbecame one of the leading factors in the early political developments. Heattended the early General Assemblies to whom all freeholders weresummoned. When the legislature became representative and the Upper Houseor Privy Council developed, he was one of the first to be appointed bythe Lord Proprietary to that body which was virtually a counterpart tothe British House of Lords. He was also appointed one of the Justices ofthe Provincial Court at its inception. He retained his seat in theCouncil until 1647 when he succeeded to the governorship by the death ofLeonard Calvert, the first Provincial Governor. His term of office lasteduntil April 26, 1649, when Lord Baltimore commissioned Captain WilliamStone, of Virginia, and, for a short period shortly thereafter, acted asgovernor when Stone was on a business trip to Virginia.
On November 18, 1650, Thomas negotiated a document whereby he assignedhis entire estate in trust under certain conditions to his friends, HenryAdams and James Langworth, for the benefit of his wife, Winifred, andsons Thomas, Leonard, Robert, and Francis. He desired his wife to havefull possession of the estate during life except for a certain amount oftobacco which vas bequeathed to his friend Thomas Copley. His widow wasto grant his sons the designated shares in succession as they came ofage, "be Sufficiently maintained and Provided for . . both forSubsistance and Education aswerable to their quality until each of themrespectively come to eighteen years of age." Iin the event of his widow'sdecease and the death of his sons without issue, then three-fourths ofhis estate were to be distributed to charity and the residue to HenryAdams and James Langworth.
Thomas died before January 20, 1651/2, the day on which Henry Adamsappeared in court as the trustee of the estate. His widow marriedsecondly Robert Clarke, Gent., one-time Surveyor-General of the Province,and became the mother of at least two of the Clarke childrenl RobertClarke born March 1652 and Thomas Clarke born 25 December 1654.
On November 16, 1654, Robert Clarke on behalf of his wife Winifred Clarke"late wife of Thomas Greene deceased and her children by the said Greene"demanded 400 acres of land for the transportation of four servants byThomas Greene June 10, 165?.
1 March 1658 William Hewes instituted action against Robert Clarke forrepairs on "Green's Rest" that were done before Clarke married the widowof Thomas Greene. At that time Madam Clarke was deceased. Hewes claimedthat Captain William Stone engaged him for the work and that theoverseers of the estate of Thomas Greene should be responsible for theexpenditures.
Note: Historians are not kind to Greene's governance of MD and state thatMargaret Brent, who was appointed guardian of Leonard Calvert's estate,should have been in Greene's place and a better steward.
Greene family historians do not claim that Thomas Greene's Father marriedHelen Calvert. Saw your message saying Helen Calvert could not have beenmarried to Thomas Greene because of the age difference. We do not showThomas being married to a Helen Calvert born 1571 to Alicia Crossland andLeonard Calvert.
She was from Kipling, Bolton Chapelry,Yorkshire, England. She marriedGeorge Greene 19 July 1659 and has at least one other child (than ThomasGreene); Henry Greene. This Helen was the sister of Sir George Calvert -which makes Gov. Thomas Greene the nephew of Sir George Calvert. We alsoshow George Calvert as having a daughter named Helen who was christenedDec 5,1615 at St Martin's in the Field in London. That Helen would havebeen a cousin of Gov. Thomas Greene.
"TO MARYLAND FROM OVERSEES" by Harry Wright Newman
James (Johannes) Langworth, one-time Surveyor General of Maryland, whodied testate Charles. Co., 1660 was of County Kent, England, and declaredhimself a cousin of Governor Thomas Green, likewise, of County Kent."Visitation of Kent 1663-1668 by Howard & Hovenden. pub.1887"
James Langworth was the son of James Langworth and Agatha Greene. Hemarried Agatha Johnson.
James Langworth Sr. married 1st to (?) m/2 Agatha Greene; who gave adeposition in 1665 that she was 50, so she would have been born around1614 and about 15 years old when her son James Langworth Jr. was born(Archives of Maryland XLIX:482). James Langworth Sr. had a daughter fromhis 1st wife who married Luke Gardiner who married 2nd Elizabeth Hattondaughter of Richard and Margaret Hatton. James Langworth, Jr. marriedAgatha Johnson probable sister of William Johnson who had married Emma.(The exact relationship of William Johnson and his wife Emma is unknown.Too many conflicting statements of relationship make it difficult for meto determine how they were related.)
Books that include information on the Greens
History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent by Edward Hastedof Canterbury written in 1782 printed for the author, by Simmons andKirkby page 543-544) There are two additions, the old one had 12 volumesand the new one was reduced to 6 volumes. The repository for this book isa university (don't remember the name) outside of St. Mary's City, MD.
"Our Ancestors Greens, Wathens, Byrnes, Hoehns, and Others" by GenevieveHoehn Bellis
2606 South Troy Street Arlington, VA 22206
Raskob-Green Record Book by John Jacob Raskob printed in 1921 byArchmere Claymont, Delaware
Colonial Families of The United States of America, Vol. 6
Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789, Vol. 1
Maryland's Calendar of Wills by Jane Baldwin
The Early Settlers of Maryland by Skordas
History of Maryland; Province and State by Matthew Page Andrews
The Society of The Ark and The Dove
Maryland's Historical Magazine, Vol. 2, 5 &7
The Hereditary Register of the United States of America
Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1636-1647
History of St. Mary's County, MD
History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent by Edward Hastedof Canterbury written in 1782 printed for the author, by Simmons and Kirkby page 543-544)
************Thomas received more than 2,000 acres of land for transporting several of his family members into the Province of Maryland. His home town was known as "Green's Rest" and was part of his large grant "Green's Inheritance" in Port Tobacco, MD. He was a member of the Assembly in 1638m appointed to the Governor's Council in 1644, member of the Upper House and acting Governor while his cousin, Gov. Leonard Calvert, was in England. He served as Governor of Maryland from June 1647 to August 1648 and again in 1649.
Not all information verified and/or documented. Not all are my direct line (only those denoted by *). Please use this as a guide and contact the source for more information. I am actively making updates and corrections and reposting the information.
Father: Thomas I GREENE b: ABT 1590 in Bobbing Manor,Kent,Eng
Mother: Margaret WEBB b: ABT 1590 in Bobbing,Kent,Eng
Anne GERARD b: ABT 1609 in Lancaster,Eng
- Leonard GREENE b: ABT 1637/1644 in Eng
- Thomas III GREENE b: ABT 1638/1642
2 APR 1643
in St Mary's Co,MD
Winifred (might be Mrs) SEYBOURN b: ABT 1612 in Eng
in MD 3 4 5
- Robert GREENE b: ABT 1646 in Eng
- Francis B GREENE b: 1648 in Green's Rest,Port Tobacco,Charles,MD
- Title: Petition of Samuel Greenweel against est of Martin French wo died 4/20/1804, SMC, MD
Abbrev: Petition of Samuel Greenweel against est of Martin French wo died 4/20/1804, SMC, MD
- Title: Katherine L. Bowling, Thomas Bowling and his Nelson Co. Descendants
Abbrev: Thomas Bowling and his Nelson Co. Descendants
- Title: z(See source comments)
Abbrev: z(See source comments)
A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789, Vol 1:A:H; The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979
- Title: Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson, A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland
Abbrev: Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson, A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland
- Title: A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789, Vol 1:A:H; The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979
Abbrev: A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789, Vol 1: A:H; The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979