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  • ID: I3874
  • Name: Samuel Tate
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1731 in Northern Ireland (Ulster)
  • Death: BET 27 MAY 1812 AND 27 AUG 1812 in Claiborne County, TN
  • Note:
    The following chronology is based on one originally developed and posted by my distant cousin Joshua C. (Josh) Tate on the TateGenealogy discussion list in 2007. Additional information has been added by me (Les Tate). Josh and I have an exact Y-DNA match up to 67 markers, with two markers slightly different between 68 and 111 markers, and are related through sons of Samuel Tate by his two wives: Josh through Dorcas and me through Amey. Some of the information below includes other Tates who do not appear to be related to Samuel Tate. That information is provided to allow me to track each of them in the event some relation might be found at a later date. Separate entries for each are included in this database.

    About 1731: Samuel Tate is born somewhere in the Ulster region of Northern Ireland. This is based on the listing of Samuel Tate, 24, 5'9" tall, brown complexion, country of origin=Irish, smith, enlisted 4 Sep 1755, in the 21 Oct 1755 roll of the 2nd Company of Virginia Rangers under Capt. John Ashby, whose unit was located in upper Frederick County VA. Ashby was under the command of Col. George Washington and there is correspondence from Washington to Ashby online. Another member of Ashby's unit was Daniel Morgan, who later became General Daniel Morgan. See pgs 396-397 at
    Upon arrival in America, the Scotch-Irish at first usually referred to themselves simply as Irish, without the qualifier Scotch. It was not until a century later, following the surge in Irish immigration after the Great Irish Famine of the 1840s, that the descendants of the earlier arrivals began to commonly call themselves Scotch-Irish to distinguish them from the newer, largely destitute and predominantly Roman Catholic immigrants.

    Samuel Tate's designation as "Irish" indicates he was from Ireland, although he was actually from Northern Ireland (Ulster) and was Scots-Irish (Ulster Scots in Britain), that is, descended from Scots who moved to the Ulster Plantation in north Ireland in the 1600s during and following the reign of British king James I.

    Y-DNA analysis of two descendants (myself-Les Tate and Josh Tate) matches the Scots Modal perfectly on 65 of 67 markers and a probability analysis of the Y-DNA results indicates 71% R1b-S21-Scottish and 11% R1b-S21-Scottish2. More recent (2013) data indicates the SNP marker L1335, which we have, is Pictish (Native Scots). We also have the submarker SNP L1065, which is common for the Scots/Picts.

    Thus, the more distant ancestral location is Scotland with Samuel's birth location being the Ulster region of North Ireland where Scottish border families (including the Border Reivers) were relocated in the 1600s. These became the Scots-Irish or Ulster Scots, hence Samuel's 1755 listing as "Irish". A map of Scotland Border families shows Taits just south of the Kerrs and there is the following excerpt from The Steel Bonnets (1971) by George MacDonald Frazer. "In 1511, Sir Robert Kerr, leader of the Kerr Clan, was Warden of the Middle March.  Kerr was murdered by three Englishmen.  Two were arrested and the third fled to York where he lived in constant fear.  Two of Kerr's followers, named Tait, made their way south, sometimes apparently in disguise, murdered the fugitive in his home, and brought his head back for public display." Another source shows Tates in the eastern march (area of the Scottish borders) in 1547 while another indicates Tates in Roxburghshire and Jedburgshire, both of which are in the Scottish Borders.

    1750: Anson County NC formed from Bladen County NC. Reaches all the way to the Mississippi River. From Carolina Cradle, page 55: "... at least twenty settlers entered upon the fertile fields and meandering creeks of what is today Rowan County. Before the end of 1750, ...Robert Tate...had settled there." [This Robert Tate does not appear to be related to Samuel Tate as far as I can determine.]

    1753: Rowan County NC is formed from Anson County NC.
    June 1753: James Tate [may be Joseph] and Squire Boone Sr are appointed as some of the first justices of Rowan. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions [Court of P's and Q's] of Rowan County met for first time. [James Tate may be the same found in the Johnston/Dobbs/Lenoir Counties Grant Index, Book 4, 1756-1757. See [This James/Joseph Tate does not appear to be related to Samuel Tate.]
    30 Aug 1753: Robert Tate of Rowan County buys 300 acres S side of Broad River on W fork of Golden Grove River; Granville Grant #341, Rowan County Deed Book No. 2, Page 68.

    1754: Rowan County NC Court Minutes, Book 1, page 15 -- Robert Tate fined 20 shillings "for condemning the authority of the court and for two oathes also" and to pay 30 shillings "for being drunk and incapable of attending as grand juror."

    1755: From the book "Virginia's Colonial Soldiers" By Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck, page 53, as found at Google Books; bracketed information added for clarity.
    RETURN OF THE SECOND COMPANY OF RANGERS COMMANDED BY CAPT. JOHN ASHBY, 21 OCT. 1755. Return gives name, date of enlistment, size [height], age, complexion, country [or state of origin], and trade of men in the unit.
    Samuel Tate, 4 Sept., 5'9", 24, brown, Irish, smith
    Another site shows Samuel Tate's pay in September, however I did not record that online link.
    [Note: John Ashby was under the command of Col. George Washington, later to become commander of the American forces and, later still, first President of the U.S. Correspondence found in the online "Letters of George Washington" between Washington and Ashby indicates that Ashby was located in upper Frederick County while Washington lived in the town of Winchester in that county for 10 years. The Great Wagon Road from Philadelphia passed through that county and through Rowan County NC where Samuel Tate is found in a militia unit (see below) in 1759. Samuel appears to have been a Scots-Irish (Ulster Scots) immigrant from Northern Ireland, who served in the early Virginia military as a way to earn money which later allowed him to buy cheap land in the frontier area of Rowan County NC.]

    Note: The Scotch-Irish: A Social History (Paperback)
    by James G. Leyburn
    The University of North Carolina Press; Reprint edition, August 30, 1989.

    page 169.
    There were five great waves of immigration [to America from Ulster] with lesser flows in intervening years. ?.1717-1718, 1725-1729, 1740-1741, 1754-1755, and 1771-1775?

    page 172
    1754-55. The fourth exodus had two major causes: effective propaganda from America and calamitous drought in Ulster. A succession of governors of North Carolina had made a special effort to attract to that province colonists from Ulster and from Scotland. That two of these officials were themselves Ulstermen lent persuasiveness to their invitation and appeal. As drought ravaged the countryside, testimony of Scotch-Irish success in America struck a particularly responsive chord in hearts back home. Governor Dobbs of North Carolina, whose colony immigrants had now begun to reach by way of the Valley of Virginia, declared that as many as ten thousand immigrants had landed in Philadelphia in a single season, so that many were "obliged to remove to the southward for want of lands to take up" in Pennsylvania. At this moment, however, the Scotch-Irish pioneers had their first taste of real trouble with the Indians. The French and Indian wars broke out in the colonies?
    25 Oct 1755: Robert Tate sold 300 acres on N side of Fourth Creek to Wm. Eslaven [Slaven]; Rowan County Deed Book 3, page 40. That land was included in eastern Iredell County when that county was formed from Rowan in 1788.

    1758: Robert Tate born to Samuel Tate and wife (Dorcas) in 1758 or slightly earlier; location thought to be either VA or NC.
    Two 1758 Rowan County NC deeds mention Joseph Tate:
    15 Sep: Robert Jones Jr. of Northumberland Co., NC to Joseph Tate of Rowan Co., NC, 490 acres on N side of Dan River. [This appears to be the Joseph Tate who married Margaret Boyd, not the one who married Ally Hunter.]
    15 Sep: Robert Jones Jr. of Northumberland Co NC to Joseph Tate of Rowan Co., NC, 1200 acres on both sides Beaver Island Creek.

    1759: Rowan County Petition to King of England lists Robert Teat and George Teat on Earl of Granville's land in Rowan County.
    1759 Rowan County NC tax list: Robert Tate, 1 poll; Joseph Tate, 4 polls (
    1759 Militia Lists shows Daniel Boone and his brother John Boone under Martin Armstrong's command ( Armstrong later had a militia unit in Surry County NC that included Samuel Tate and his son Robert (see below).
    April 1759: Rowan County NC assembles a militia and scouting team, which includes Samuel Tate, sent out under Capt. Morgan Bryan. (Rowan County NC Tax Lists 1757-1800, Jo White Linn, 1995, p 14, and 1759 Rowan County Militia Lists as indicated immediately above.)
    23 July 1759: Deed from Johnston [Johnson] King to Joseph Tate, 350 acres on N side of Dan River, Rowan County, NC. Johnson King and some other Kings were listed on the 1759 Rowan County NC Tax List.
    20 Oct 1759: Richard Crunk vs James Denton. Jury includes "Saml Tate". If this is the Samuel Tate who was 24 in 1755 in VA, then he would have been 29 years old at this time. No 1759 land record for him has been found yet. His first recorded land purchase found thus far was in 1762; see below.

    1760: Rowan County militia lists for scouting & ranging: Robert Tate receives 2 pounds for 30 days. John Tate is born about 1760 to Samuel Tate and wife Dorcas.

    20 Jan 1762: Samuel Tate buys 200 acres known as Henry Jones' improvement in forks of Yadkin River on branch of Dutchman's Creek; parcel had been bought 19 Jul 1757 by Henry's father David Jones from John and Magdalen Paesinger/Paysinger. Samuel signed with his mark. A map of land grants in early Rowan County shows this land was adjacent or very near that of Daniel Boone's father Squire Boone Sr.
    27 Aug 1762: Granville grant for 577 acres to Samuel Tate, Rowan County, NC (Deed Book 5, p. 134); located on Elisha's Creek near Squire Boone Sr. These properties now lie in the center of Davie County NC.

    1763: Earl of Granville dies. No grants made from 1763 to 1778.

    11 July 1765: "On the clerk's office in Rowan County, NC, hangs the framed marriage bond of Squire Boone [Jr] and Jane VanCleve, dated 11 July 1765, witnessed by Squire Boone [Sr], John Johnson, and Sam (his X mark) Tate." (The Boone Family, A Genealogical History of the Descendants of George and Mary Boone Who Came to America in 1717, Hazel Atterbury Spraker, 1922, p. 73; his X mark" from a DAR reference.) This is the first indication that Samuel Tate did not read or write.

    30 Mar 1767: Samuel Tate and wife "Darcus" sell 577 acres on branch of Dutchman Creek in Rowan County to Hugh Montgomery (Deed Book 6, p. 385). Samuel Tate apparently did not purchase any more property in Rowan County after 1767.
    15 Aug 1767: Deed - Joseph Tate to Thomas Rodgers for 30 pounds Va. money, 117 acres on South side of Dan River below Mackey's Creek.
    Witness: James Lankford, John Tate, John Braly, Willm. Still. Written 15 Aug 1767; Proved in April Court 1768. (Rowan Deed Book 6:560)

    11 Aug 1767: A Rowan County marriage lists Robert Tate, bondsman. This is the Robert Tate who was an early settler in Rowan.

    1768: Rowan County Tax List of Matthew Locke lists "Robart Tate" with 4 polls which includes Richard Johnson and male negroes Harry and Diria.

    1771: Surry County NC formed from part of Rowan County effective 1 Apr 1771. See NC county formation at
    Note: Samuel Tate and his family appear to have moved into Surry County, though no record of land grants/purchases exist. It is known, as shown below, that Samuel and son Robert are in Surry County since they appear on a 1774 Tax List there (only males 16-45 recorded). Regarding land records in Surry County, the following comment by Dr. James R. Murphy is pertinent: "Deeds to Rowan, Guilford, and Surry Counties are a terrible problem before 1778. About 90% of the original lands were held by the Earl of Granville who never came to America. His lands were sold by his agents, and then in 1763 Granville dies and his land offices close until the American Revolution terminates British rights in 1778 - that's 15 years of confusion."

    1772: Watauga Association or Settlement established in Washington District NC (1776), which became Washington County NC (1777), State of Franklin (1784), Territory South of the Ohio (1790), and Washington County TN (1796).
    Fall 1772 - Early 1773: Daniel Boone, Samuel Tate, Benjamin Cutbirth, & Hugh McGary re-explore KY, camping in cave on Little Hickman in Jessamine County. [Sources: Daniel Boone, John Mack Faragher, p 88; Daniel Boone, M.A. Lofaro, pp 40-41]

    25 Sep 1773: Daniel Boone moves from Rowan County NC to Kentucky with his and other families.

    1774: Surry County NC, Martin Armstrong's [Tax] List: Samuel Tate & son Robert Tate, 2 polls; James Burk, 1 poll; Benjeman Burk (James' brother), 1 poll. Robert Tate had to be at least 16 and Samuel was one generation older. Armstrong's wife was a Tate. See Aug 1776 info on James Burk Jr and that of his wife Amey regarding James' death in Aug 1776 and his widow Amey's marriage to Samuel Tate about 1777.

    1775: Neither Samuel Tate or Robert Tate are listed in the 1775 Surry County NC tax lists. Samuel was probably 45 and would not then be listed, however Robert should have been since he was then about 18. Their absence from the tax list may be due to their participation in the Henderson Company's development of the Wilderness Road and Fort Boonesboro.
    10 March 1775: Daniel Boone, Squire Boone Jr., Samuel Tate and an unnamed son (Robert), along with 17 other men, meet Capt. Twitty's party of 8 men at Long Island in the Holston River (near present day Kingsport TN) and begin building the Wilderness Road.
    1 Apr 1775: Road completed, they begin building a fort. Boone sends letter to Col. Henderson: [extracts] "On March the 25 a party of Indians fired on my Company about half an hour before day and killed Mr. Twetty and his negro and wounded Mr. Walker very deeply, but I hope he will recover. On March the 28 as we were hunting for provisions we found Samuel Tate's son, who gave us an account that the Indians fired on their camp on the 27 day. My brother and I went down and found two men killed and sculped (scalped), Thomas McDowell and Jeremiah McPeters."
    19 Apr 1775: American Revolution begins.
    20 Apr 1775: Col. Richard Henderson's party arrives at Boone's Fort in Kentucky.
    29 April 1775: Account opened for Samuel Tate in Ledger A of the Henderson Company. Draper Manuscript states he was from Carolina, gave name to Tate's Creek after escaping from the Indians and running down it.
    13 June 1775: Boone returns home. His wife gives birth in July, but baby dies a few days later. They travel to Fort Boonesborough by 8 Sept 1775.
    8 Aug 1775: Credit given to Samuel Tate in Ledger A of the Henderson Company for a "canoe brought up for Rd Henderson & c." (Col. Richard Henderson & company) and for supplying "meat and hunting for Jno. Luttrell" (Col. John Luttrell, part of the Henderson Co.).

    3 Apr 1776: Robert Tate, planter, dies in Rowan County NC leaving, according to his will probated in 1779, only widow Rebecca, son John, and daughter Rebecca.
    10 Nov 1776: Robert Tate signs X as witness on Surry County NC will of Bennett Philips. Aug 1777, oath in court of same. [This appears to be the son of Samuel Tate.]
    Aug 1776: James Burk Jr of Surry County NC dies during the Revolutionary War. His widow Amey marries Samuel Tate around 1777 (their son Samuel b abt 1778 is my ancestor). [Note: James Burk (Jr.) had been listed on the 1768-1770 Rowan County taxables and in Surry County in 1771-1774. James Burk/Burke and son John, then 15, are reported (in John's Rev War pension application) to have been living in Wilkes County NC when they enlisted in March 1776, however Wilkes County was not formed until 1777 from part of Surry County and part of Washington District NC.]
    28 October 1776: "Amey Burke" listed as administrator in records of the sale of James Burk's estate; recorded Surry County NC May court 1787. The return of the estate sale lists buyers: Samuel Wright, Capt. John Hamlin, John Burke (Amey's son), Starling Rose, Cornelius Sale, Acquila Greer, Anny Burk (Amey??), Joseph Herndon, Benjamin Greer, John Greer, Mary Burke (Amey's sister-in-law, widow of Benjamin Burk), Daniel Vannoy, James Mitchel, Isaac Walker, William Crane, Thomas Jones, Martin Adams, James Reynolds, Francis Hardgrove, Charles Walker, William Smith, James Ray, Jinkin Reynolds, Thomas Prater.  Amount: 205:10:10 pounds, returned by Amey Burke, admin. Rec. May court 1787. [Note Amey was the ADMINISTRATOR of the estate of her deceased husband James Burk Jr., who died in Aug 1776 without a will. Her father-in-law James Burk Sr, who died in early 1783, wrote a will in late 1782 in which he named two EXECUTORS, thus his estate would not have had administrators.]

    1777: Wilkes County NC formed from west part of Surry County NC and eastern part of District of Washington NC. Act effective 15 February 1778.
    Nov 1777: Washington County NC laid off by an act of the Legislature of North Carolina, passed in November 1777. It includes the whole of the territory later becoming the State of Tennessee.
    About 1777: Samuel Tate marries the widow Amey Burk/Burke and they move to Washington District NC before March 1778.

    1778: Washington County (NC) List of Taxables 1778-1801 as transcribed by Mary Hardin McCowan, 1965, was found in the book "The Overmountain Men, by Pat Alderman, The Overmountain Press, 1970, reprinted 1986. It shows the 1778 lists of taxables from Valentine Sevier, Sheriff of Washington County NC, to the County Court. There were seven districts listed, the first district being "Assessed by James Mauldin, Josiah Hoskins, and John Higgans; Returned to Benjn. Wilson, Esqr." Among the 55 people listed is Samuel Tate. He is the only Tate listed in any district. [Note: Phillip Shelly, see immediately below, was also listed in the same district. John Hoskins, see second entry below, was also in the same district.]
    2 Mar 1778: from a collectible document signed by John Sevier offered for sale at
    John Sevier C.W.C ?as Clerk, Washington County, one page, 8.25? x 4.5?. Washington County, North Carolina, March 2, 1778. In part, ?To the Sheriff of Washington County Greeting. We command you, that you take the body of Phillip Shelly if he be found within your Bailwick and him safely keep so that you have his body before the Justices of Our Court to be held...on the 4th Monday in answer Samuel Tate of a plea of the sum of Two hundred pounds...? John Sevier was county clerk and district judge of Washington Co. NC from 1777-1780.
    11 Mar 1778 - Surry County Court - page 52, 11 Mar 1778, Richard Goode, 300 acres on the N. side of Dan River bounded by: ?Tate?s line? including Patterson?s plantation. A caveat was entered by Joseph Patterson (and the) money refunded to R. Goode.
    May 1778: Samuel Tate appointed to the first grand jury of Washington County NC along with, among others, John Hoskins. Samuel buys some land from Hoskins and wife Ruth in 1783.
    11 Jun 1778: Samuel Tate buys the first of several pieces of land in Washington County. His son John buys a tract in Oct 1778.
    25 Aug 1778: Washington County NC Court. Samuel Tate ordered to pay 2 percent to the Chairman for insulting the court. Motion of Samuel Tate to confirm a judgement of Washington Court of Virginia that Ann Newland should serve a certain time mend. in sd. court. [It] Is the opinion of the court that the said order is illegal and the said Ann Newland be set free and discharged being no longer a servant. Samuel Tate came into court and prayed an appeal to the Supreme court, which was granted. [Note: Washington County VA lies along the TN-VA border and had been formed the previous year (1777) from Fincastle County. The original Washington County, VA, in addition to containing some of the other current surrounding counties, also contained what is today Sullivan County, TN.]
    21 Dec 1778: James Sertain (Sartain) transferred (some land) to Samuel Tate (

    1779: John Burk, son of James Jr Burk (d Aug 1776) and Amey, states (( that his family moved west (evidently from Surry County NC) to the waters of the Nolichucky River in 1779.
    23 Apr 1779: Samuel Tate applies for 3 parcels of land in Wilkes Co NC, but does not complete purchase. This was apparently due to his marriage to Amey Burk and their move to Washington County, probably in May 1779.
    12 May 1779: Robert Tate recorded in a court document in Surry Co., NC.
    27 May 1779: Washington County NC/TN court record: Samuel Tate Prin. in the sum of 1000 lb. Robert Sevier and James Wray his security. Void on condition that Tate makes his personal appearance in our next court to answer such things as shall there and then be objected against him.
    1779: Sullivan County NC/TN formed from portion of Washington County NC/TN.
    15 Dec 1779 - 3 Jan 1780: John and Robert Tate listed in Boonesborough land claims. [] These are probably Samuel and Dorcas Tate's sons.

    1780: Samuel Tate and 2nd wife Amey have son Samuel Tate (Jr) (b 1780 Washington County NC/TN - d 1852 Bibb County AL).
    About 1780: From "Victory at Yorktown: The Campaign That Won the Revolution," Richard M. Ketchum, Henry Holt and Company LLC, New York, 1st ed, Oct 2004, page 12: "....Finally the reckoning had come, the Continental money was now utterly worthless*, ...."
    [Footnote to above] *In the Washington County, North Carolina, courthouse one Samuel Tate was indicted for his "evil mind and disposition" and for "maliciously intending to stir up and excite....Disorder, Insurrection, and sedition among the good and faithful subjects [by speaking] the following English words, to wit, 'God damn the money (meaning the Continental Money), it has ruined me.'" [This is a partially inaccurate quote; see following]
    [Indictment of Samuel Tate for damning Continental money]
    Author: Sevier, John (1745-1815)
    Year: 1780/05 [May 1780]
    Place: Washington County, North Carolina
    Type of document: Autograph endorsement signed
    Description: Endorsed by Sevier on verso and signed by Edward Dunlap as the state's attorney on the front. North Carolina authorities bring charges against Tate for exclaiming "Damn this money, it has ruined me and I will have none of it."
    NOTE: I found a Continental money devaluation covering the period 1775-1780 that demonstrates what Samuel (and likely many others) were experiencing and the reason for his anger.
    1775?June 22, [the Continental Congress] issued $2,000,000. Between this time and 1780, $200,000,000 was issued and none redeemed.
    1777?January, paper currency 5 percent discount; in July, 25 percent; and before the end of the year $3 in paper would not command a silver dollar.
    1778?April, $4 in paper to one dollar in coin; September, $5 to one in coin, and December, $6.50 to one in coin.
    1779?February, $8.50; May, $12; September, $18 to one in coin, and before the close of the year a paper dollar was worth only four cents.
    1780?March, $1 in paper worth three cents; May, two cents, and in December, $74 in paper was worth one dollar in silver.

    24 May 1780: Valentine Sevier vs. George Dayley. Debt. A jury to-wit: David Job, Jas. Wray, William McAdoo, Martin Maney, Julius Roberts, Jacob Brown, Jonathan Tipton, SAMUEL TATE, Robt. Lusk, John Jones, William Cox, Hosea Rose, Sworn. The Jury assess(es) two hundred pounds damages and six pence costs.
    The State vs. SAMUEL TATE. Indictment true bill and defdt. (defendant) gave bail for appearance next court. [This appears related to his condemnation of the drastically depreciated American currency.]
    Samuel Tate, Prin. in the sum of 10,000 pounds. Andrew Greer, Joseph Bullard, his security, each 5,000 pounds for his appearance at the next term of court.
    James Milican in the sum of 5,000 pounds witness for State vs. TATE. Sub. for SAM TATE, Collering Coleson and John Grimes.
    10 Sep 1780: British Major Patrick Ferguson had established a base camp at Gilbert Town, North Carolina and issued a challenge to the Patriot leaders [in western NC] to lay down their arms or he would "lay waste to their country with fire and sword.".
    25 Sep 1780: Frontiersmen from western NC, the Overmountain Men, including Samuel Tate and his oldest son Robert, gather at Sycamore Shoals to begin march to Battle of King's Mountain. On 30 Sep 1780 they combine with 350 North Carolinians from Wilkes and Surry Counties at Quaker Meadows, near present site of Morganton, NC. The one day battle occurred on 8 Oct 1780. Ferguson is killed and the British surrender with heavy losses. This was a turning point in the southern campaign.
    King's Mountain...the turning point in British campaign in the South and [British] withdraw to the north where they are finally defeated and surrender. From "The King's Mountain Men" by Katherine Keogh White, 1924, reprinted for Clearfield Publishing Co, 2007, page 228: "Tate...Robert and Samuel were in Been's [William Bean's] company in 1778, and they were then justices of Washington. At King's Mountain they were in Sevier's command." [John Sevier led a company of men from Washington County NC at King's Mountain. The reference to Been's company regards Capt. William Bean's militia unit, which included Samuel and Robert Tate, routing some Tories from the Watauga settlement in 1778 after the tories had killed a Mr. Millican and threatened Mr. Roddy and Mr. Grubbs. The Tory leader Capt. Grimes was captured and hung after King's Mountain; see
    19 Nov 1780: On condition the principal be of good behavior and make his personal appearance at next Court [Washington County NC]. Samuel Tate, prin., 10,000; Jos. Bullard, Drury Goodin, Sectys (securities), each 5,000.

    27 Feb 1781: To appear in August Court....Samuel Tate, prin., 10,000 (with) security each 5,000.
    28 May 1781: Order that the sheriff forbear collecting a fine of ten thousand pounds inflicted upon Samuel Tate the last court. [This was apparently due to Samuel's participation in the Battle of Kings Mountain under John Sevier's command.]

    23 Oct 1782: Deed -- NC78 to Samuel Tate, 455 acres both sides of Watauga River at Elk Creek. (Samuel Tate on Washington County TN/NC land records, Vol. 1: Oct. 1782-Aug. 1787, pages 103 & 329).
    4 Nov 1782: James Burk(e) Sr prepares his will in Surry County NC. It states son James Jr (then deceased) and his heirs are denied any part of James Sr's estate; gives them only 5 shillings total. James Jr and his John had fought on the American side, which was against his father's desire to remain loyal to Britain.

    1783: Greene County organized.
    James Burke Sr dies in Surry County NC and his will is filed with the Surry County NC court in Feb 1783. 13 May 1783 Samuel Pepper qualified as executor of James Burke Sr's estate; Pepper had been named as one of two executors in the will of James Burke Sr.
    13 May 1783: John Tate listed in a Surry County NC court record.
    Samuel Tate buys land in Washington County NC from John and Ruth Hoskins.
    5 Nov 1783: Ann Price brings suit against Samuel Tate "in Case on Marriage Contract." Jury found for defendant and the plaintiff "has know [no] cause of action." (Washington TN, County Court Minutes, 1/230) Benjamin Wilson & John Griner allowed 8 days each as witnesses on behalf of Samuel Tate. Robert Tate attended 4 days as witness for Samuel Tate. Source: "Tennessee Tidbits, Vol. II," Majorie Fischer, 1988. [This suit is puzzling. Had Samuel's 2nd wife Amey died?]

    1784: Greene, Sullivan, and Washington Counties form provisional State of Franklin. Tyrell-Hyde boundary established, which extends Greene County. (Samuel Tate on Washington County TN/NC land records, Vol. 2: April 1784-Nov. 1792, pages 229, 230)
    10 Nov 1784: Samuel Tate granted 100 acres on Rones (Roans) Creek in Washington County NC (later Carter County TN) (Carter Co Book B, page 334). The Watauga Settlement was located in present Carter County. [Note: Martin Armstrong obtained two grants in Carter County, Book A, 111 & 138; several other Revolutionary War soldiers also received grants, including John Sevier Sr and Jr. and Peter Parkerson; the latter possibly being the father of John Tate Sr's wife Elizabeth Parkeson.]

    1785: State of Franklin creates Caswell and Sevier Counties from portions of Greene County; Spencer County from portions of Sullivan and Greene Counties; and Wayne County from portions of Washington and Wilkes Counties. The seven counties function as counties of the State of Franklin.
    1786: Blount County is created from additional lands there by State of Franklin. NC reconstitutes its governments for Greene, Sullivan, and Washington Counties; the governments operating in parallel with State of Franklin's.

    Aug 1786: "Samuel Taite" receives 10 pounds from the estate of James Burke for keeping an orphan girl aged 1.5 years and an orphan boy aged 4 years. This estate seems to be that of James Burke Sr since the amount is the same as received by Burke's son-in-law William Brookshire. In the same court session, but listed later in the record, the inventory of James Burk, deceased, is returned with "Samuel Tate administrator in right of his wife", recorded Surry County NC August court 1786. This appears to refer to the estate of James Burk(e) Jr since his widow Amey had married Samuel Tate about 1779.

    1787: Samuel Tate is on Washington County NC/TN land records Vol. 4, Aug 1787 - June 1795, pages 337, 347, 374, 380. Samuel Tate on 1787 tax list of Washington County NC for 872 acres and 1 slave (Creekmore, 207). This tax list also includes his sons Robert Tate (no land, 1 white poll) and John Tate (no land, 1 white poll).
    Aug 1787: Joseph Ford brings a suit in Washington County NC [later TN] against Samuel Tate which included a tax of 5 shillings due to the state for the court costs (Linn, ibid, p 290); see Tate's land purchase from Ford in 1791 below. Similar case at the same time for Moses Reynolds vs Robt Tate, 5 shillings.

    1788: State of Franklin ceases to operate, becomes Territory South of the Ohio.
    29 April 1788: Samuel Tate of Washington County NC sells 104 acres on Roans Creek in Washington County to Jacob Bolack of Lincoln County NC; Samuel signed with an X. [This may be Jacob Carlock; see entry at 23 March 1814.]

    18 Feb 1789: Samuel's son John Tate Sr marries Elizabeth Parkeson/Parkerson in Washington County NC (became TN in 1796). This is his second wife, the first appears to have been a common law wife of unknown name by whom his children Samuel and Dorcas were born; see John's legitimization of them in 1816 in Overton County TN court below.
    22 Aug 1789: Samuel Tate of Washington County; writ of fieri facias issued; case of James Roddy vs. Samuel Tate. Roddy had prior claim on land; apparently the person selling to Tate had not fully paid Roddy for it.
    Aug 1789: From Washington County , NC County Court Minutes, Aug. 1789, pp. 401-402), Samuel Tate found not guilty of assault and battery.

    1790: Seven western NC counties ceded to Federal government to form Territory South of the Ohio River; area would later form State of Tennessee. (Samuel Tate is on Washington County NC/TN land records, Vol. 5.Nov. 1790-Apr. 1797, pages 32, 124, 196, 215). "Saml Tate" is on 1790 List of Taxables of Captain [Alexander] Greer's Company; this is a tax roll for what would become Carter County, TN in June 1796. Since Samuel was then about 59 (born 1731), he had no polls, that is he wasn't being taxed for himself or any male 16 or older. No acreage is listed for him. No other Tates are found on that or other 1790 tax rolls in Washington County, however Samuel Tate and son John are listed as debtors (for less than 4 pounds) to the estate of Peter Parkison in Washington County in 1790; Parkison is likely the father of John Tate's wife Elizabeth Parkeson. John Tate gets land grant in Washington County.
    Nov. 17, 1790. John Tate purchases a tract adjacent to land owned by a Samuel Tate.

    1791: Samuel Tate buys 170 acres on Watauga River in Washington County from Joseph Ford and wife. Samuel Tate is on Washington County NC/TN land records, Vol. E, Dec 1791-Feb. 1802, pages 73, 113, 265)

    1792: Lee County VA formed from Russell County VA; action pending until 1793. [see 1797 entry below for relevance to Samuel Tate.]

    6 Nov 1793. The following appears to be related to our Tates and seems to indicate that this is the youngest child of Samuel Tate and wife Dorcas. Nancy Tate marries John Bradley in Washington County, TN; Samuel Tate performs the ceremony (as JP?) and James Charter is bondsman. If Nancy were 18 at marriage, this would place her birthdate about 1775 (Samuel married widow Amey Burke about 1777). Nancy is believed to be Samuel and Dorcas' youngest child.
    Samuel Tate is on Washington County NC/TN land records, Vol. E-H-I 1793-1802, page 149.

    28 Nov 1795: William Blount, Governor of the Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio, called for a convention to organize statehood for Tennessee. He certifies that the enumeration of inhabitants taken under the act of July 11 amounted to seventy-seven thousand, two hundred and sixty persons. 60,000 were required for statehood.

    1795: Captain Ford's District of Washington Co., Tennessee and Territory of United States South of the Ohio River tax list has: Jermiah Campbell 100 A, Wm Moreland 100, Wm. Smith 100, SAMUEL TATE 175, Isaac Campbell 50, JOHN TATE 50, John Smith 1500, Samuel Smith 0, Zachariah Campbell 0, Zachariah Campbell 100, Nicholas Smith 0, Jacob Smith 1000, James Jones 200, James Campbell, Edward Smith Esq 600, William Jones 100 and lots of Millers. ?[The] Beginning of this tax book notes that Washington Co., Tennessee was formed from Wilkes & Burke Co's., North Carolina. [Source:]

    9 Apr 1796: Carter County is formed from portion of Washington County; the land where Samuel and John live is included in Carter County, however there are no Tates in the 1796 Carter County tax list which indicates they may have already moved from there []. Samuel Tate sells land in Carter County (Book A, pages 53, 277, 388; no dates given in online list; possibly 1798...see below.) John Tate, Jr. (later Reverend) is born to John Tate Sr. and wife Elizabeth Parkeson.
    1 June 1796: President George Washington signs act admitting Tennessee as a state.

    1797: Alfred Carter Tate born to John Sr. and Elizabeth Tate [see info on Alfred's namesake at]. John and Elizabeth Tate sell land in Carter County TN. Grainger County enlarged with treaty lands. Samuel Tate, a resident of Lee County VA, buys land in Grainger County TN (Deed from William Hord to Samuel Tate, Grainger County, TN, June 9, 1797 (Deed Book A) Book A, page 73). Lee County is at the extreme southwestern tip of VA adjacent to KY and TN at Cumberland Gap. In 1801 Samuel's land becomes part of Claiborne County, TN.

    1798: Samuel Tate of Grainger County sells land in Carter County.
    Abt 1798: Les Tate's ancestor (Samuel and Amey's son) Samuel Tate (Jr., b 1780 TN, d 1852 Bibb County AL) marries Sarah (last name unknown) of SC; they presumably are living in SC at the time since Sarah's birthplace and that of their son James, born 1803, is SC. The 1800 SC census (below) indicates they are the Samuel Tate family living in Fairfield County SC.

    1799: Samuel Tate (Sr) and son John Tate are listed in the 1799 Grainger County TN Tax List. There appears to be a second Samuel Tate in that same tax list who may be Samuel Sr's son or grandson (John's son).

    1800: James Tate born to John and Elizabeth Tate in TN. Syntha/Cynthia Tate born to Samuel Jr. and Sarah Tate in SC. Samuel Tate (Jr) listed in Fairfield County SC census with a wife and daughter (Syntha/Cynthia) less than 5 years old.

    1801: Claiborne County TN is formed from portions of Hawkins and Grainger Counties. The area of Grainger where Samuel Tate lives becomes part of Claiborne. First grand jury of Claiborne County includes Samuel Tate. [Samuel's land is described in 1826 as having been purchased from William Hoard by Samuel Tate, 600 acres. Before his death in 1812 Samuel sold 120 acres. The remaining 480 acres transferred to son John Tate Sr. upon Samuel's death in 1812. However Samuel Tate (Jr) later benefits from the property when he becomes part of its sale by John's sons John (Jr) and Robert Tate, to whom John Sr had deeded it.]

    1803: James Tate born in SC to Les' Samuel and Sarah Tate. New lands in TN open for settlement.

    1806: Overton County formed from Jackson County and Indian lands.
    1806-1809: John Tate buys land in Overton County TN (Book A, page 413)
    1806-1815: John and Elizabeth Tate buy or sell (most likely sell) land in Carter County (Book B, page 53).

    1810: The 1810 census schedules for Tennessee were burned by the British during the War of 1812; only results for Rutherford County and part of Grainger survive. None of our Tates are listed.

    1811-1813: Thomas Simpson (husband of John Tate's daughter Dorcas) buys land in Overton County (Book C, page 240).

    1812: Les Tate's Samuel Tate (Jr) and wife Sarah have already moved from SC into TN; their daughter Harriet Tate is born in TN in 1812, most likely in Claiborne or Overton County TN.
    26 Aug 1812: By this date Samuel Tate [Sr] had died in Claiborne County TN. His sons John Tate Sr. and Samuel Tate (Jr) are admitted to administer old Samuel's estate, posting $600 bond; inventory filed and order of sale issued (page 108).
    24 Nov 1812: Estate sale by John and Samuel Tate filed with the court; page 142, Claiborne Probate Records (County or Chancery Court), Wills and Inventories, Feb. 1812-Nov. 1814, Inventories and Settlements of Estates, Wills: Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions: Court held at Tazewell, 1812.
    [Note: An adminstrator is appointed when the deceased does not leave a will.]
    [The Samuel Tate who was co-administrator could not have been John Sr's son Samuel since John did not legitimize his children Samuel Tate and Dorcas Tate Simpson until 1816. This administrator therefore has to be old Samuel's son Samuel (Jr) by 2nd wife Amey Burk.]

    1814: Samuel Tate III born to Samuel Tate Jr. and wife Sarah, probably in TN.
    23 March 1814: Samuel Tate (the illegitimate son of John Tate Sr) buys 125 acres on Roaring River in Overton County from Jacob Carlock (Book C, page 228). [Note: This same parcel was sold in 1818 to John Tate (Sr), with Thomas Simpson as executor for estate of the deceased Samuel Tate (John Sr's son who was legitimized in 1816.)]

    Sept 1816: John Tate, Sr. legitimizes his illegitimate children Dorcas Tate (who is married to Thomas Simpson) and Samuel Tate in Overton County TN. The record states "that many years past he had two children (to wit) Samuel Tate and Darkess (Dorcas) Tate since intermarried with Thomas Simpson; they were illegitimate children of your petitioner, which he had previous to his intermarriage with his present wife."

    1817: Samuel Tate of Overton County TN, the legitimized son of John Tate Sr, dies.

    27 Jan 1818: Overton County TN Deed Book D, Page 320. Indenture between Thomas Simpson, Executor of the last will and testament of Samuel Tate [John Sr's son], deceased, of one part and John Tate Senr (Simpson's father-in-law), both of Overton County. By virtue of a devise in the last will and testament of Samuel Tate [John's Sr's son] directing the sale of a certain tract or parcel of land for 220.00. Simpson sells to Tate, as highest bidder, a 40 acre tract on Roaring River. Transfer of Platt and certificate for 10 [40??] acres of land in the name of Samuel Tate to John Tate Sr was this day duly acknowledged by Thomas Simpson executor of the said Samuel Tate decd and the same was ordered to be certified and c.
    10 Mar 1818: Overton County TN court minutes. Thomas Simpson executor of Samuel Tate deceased to John Tate, Sr. Transfer of Platt and Certificate of Livery. The transfer of platt and certificate of livery for ten acres of land in the name of the said Samuel Tate to John Tate Sr. was this day duly acknowledged in open court by Thomas Simpson executor of the said Samuel Tate decd. and the same was ordered to be certified.

    15 Dec 1819: Alabama state government record of 15 Dec 1819, page 186. [
    "Both houses then proceeded to the election of justices of the county court of the county of Cahawba [later Bibb]: Roddy Smith, Agrippa Atkinson, Gabriel Benson, JOHN TATE and John Smith, in nomination, all the members present voting for them, they were announced duly elected." [I don't know who this John Tate was.]

    1820: John Tate born to Sarah and Samuel Tate Jr. This family may have already been in Cahawba/Bibb County, Alabama, however the 1850 Bibb County AL census shows John was born in TN. He died before Oct 1855. The Samuel Tate in the 1820 Maury County TN census has Fortners to either side, indicating he was the one who married Sarah/Sally Fortner and the family later moved to IL; they are not related.

    1825: James Tate, oldest son of Sarah and Samuel Tate Jr, marries Matilda Patton in Bibb County, however they are not found in the 1830 Bibb County census. Their son Jeremiah indicates he was born in Weakley County TN in 1828. Their next son William Patton Tate, born 1830, indicates in various censuses that he was born in TN or AL. There are some Tates and Pattons in Weakley County TN in 1830, but I have not found any documentation establishing James Tate was there at that time.

    1826: January 5, 1826, John Tate Sr. executes several deeds of land and personal property (including slaves), in Overton County TN.
    Book E, p. 474: to son Alfred Tate, conveys slaves.
    Book E, p. 502: To son-in-law John Reagan (husband of Mary Tate) and son Vincent Tate.
    Book E, p. 564: To son-in-law Thomas Simpson (husband of daughter Dorcas Tate).
    Book E, p. 565: Bill of sale to Robert Tate for love and affection paternal to lawful son; conveys slaves.
    Book E, p. 568: To sons John Jr. and Robert Tate, two tracts: (1) 300+ acres which John had purchased and (2). a "tract, situate in the County of Claibourne, in the Eastern end of the . . . state of Tennessee... that descended to me as heir to Samuel Tate, my deceased father." [Another source states John Sr deeds a tract in Overton County to sons John Jr and Robert for consideration of paternal love, however this appears to be an error since the deeded land was in Claiborne and John Sr lived in Overton.]
    There is no deed to legitimized son Samuel Tate, which indicates that the Samuel Tate who died in 1817 was John's son. It is presumed that John Tate (Sr) died shortly after the above documents were written. There is no further record of him.

    1829: Samuel Tate Jr may be in Madison County AL near the Paint Rock River. Two plots of land in Sections 5 and 6, Township 6 Range 3 E, are labeled as "S Tate" [another researcher notes that the 1822 map identified him as Samuel Tate] and one which appears to be "A Tate" near the top of a map; "A Tate" also has a plot in Section 15.

    1832: Claiborne County TN Deed Book K, p. 176, indenture: "Samuel Tate of Bibb County, Alabama, John Tate [Jr] and Robert Tate of the County of McMinn and state of Tennessee on the one part" and Samuel Sowder on the other part, transfers to Sowder the same 480 acre tract of land in Claiborne County mentioned in the 1826 Overton County deed from John Tate Sr. to his sons Robert and John Tate, Jr. That piece had passed to John Sr. on the death of his father Samuel Tate. John Jr. and Robert also received another 300+ acre tract in 1826. Samuel Tate (Jr) is apparently establishing his right to an inheritance from his father Samuel Tate Sr in this sale.

    1837: John Tate Sr's son Robert Tate dies after returning from Texas where he had gone to preach (he was a Presbyterian minister) to attend to some family business in TN. His will, prepared the previous year, is filed in Wilson County TN court. It lists the following heirs:
    -sister Dorcas [Tate] Simpson of Overton County, Tennessee
    -sister Mary [Tate] Ragan of Washington County, Arkansas
    -brother Alfred Carter Tait of Overton County
    -brother John Tait of McMinn County
    -niece Margaret Simpson Ely of Overton County (dau of John)
    -niece Nancy Jane Tait of McMinn County (dau of John)
    -niece Elizabeth Tait "who is the daughter of Vincent Benham Tait of White County, Tennessee" (but does not list her two brothers)
    -nephew Robert Tate Simpson of Overton County (son of Dorcas Tate Simpson; none of Robert's siblings are listed.)
    -nephew James McDonald Tait of McMinn County (son of brother John).
    Robert's will does not list his half-brother Samuel Tate, further indicating Samuel (son of John Sr) was the one who died in 1817.

    1852: Samuel Tate (Jr) remains in Bibb County AL until his death sometime after the 1850 census and before his estate was filed there on 12 APR 1852.

    150 years later: An initial 13-marker Y-DNA test of Leslie Ross Tate of Florence AL, a descendant of Samuel Tate (Jr) of Bibb County AL, supplemented with additional tests to 67 markers total is shown to be a perfect match with the 67-marker Y-DNA results of Joshua Christopher Tate of Dallas TX, a descendant of John Tate Sr. Research and discovered documentation establishes John Tate Sr as a son of Samuel Tate Sr. Strong circumstantial evidence establishes Samuel Tate (Jr) as a son of Samuel Tate Sr. Analysis of the data, as recorded further above, establishes that Josh descends from Samuel Tate Sr's wife Dorcas, while Les descends from second wife Amey.
  • Date: 2 AUG 2015
  • Note:

    Rowan County NC Militia Lists (*=name not on 1759 Tax List)
    "25 April 1759. The Publick of North Carolina to Morgan Bryan to a Scout
    sent Out in the Alarm of *Daniel Hossey & Others being Killed..."
    Morgan Bryan, Lt.
    *William Bryan
    *John Boone
    *Danl Boone
    *John Dunklin
    *William Grant
    Henry Hunter
    *David Jones
    *Alexander Shoults
    *Danl Shoults
    *Elias Turner

    "A Scout sent Out by the Order of Col. Alexdr Ozburn & Major Dunn"
    Morgan Bryan, Capt.
    *Hugh McCreary, Lt.
    Phillip Howard, Ensign
    Jeremiah Green, Sergt
    *John Stanfort
    *Henry Miller
    *Abram Berriger
    *Arthur Oneal
    *Robt Osburn
    William Shannon
    David Enochs
    Michael Younker
    *John Reed
    William Whitaker
    Samuel Nicholson
    *Charles Berriger
    John Blanketpickler
    Frederick Goss
    *Samuel Tate
    William Frank
    Hance Liken
    *Phillip Miller
    William Silvers
    *Peter Joseph
    *Thomas Silvers
    Phillip Sower
    *Michael Leagel
    *William Rymer
    Jacob Sink

    Wilderness Trail and Fort Boonesborough and afterward.
    March 10, 1775 - Long Island on the Holston. Daniel Boone with a party of 21 men, join with Capt. Twetty's party of 8 and start for Kentucky. Note: Long Island was on the present site of Kingsport, TN.

    The Frontier War For American Independence, William R. Nester, Stackpole Books, 1st ed. 2004, pg 82.
    "Having secured his land [from the Cherokees, some of who objected strongly], Henderson [Judge Richard Henderson, head of the Transylvania Company] did not hesitate to exploit it. On March 20, 1775, he sent Daniel Boone and thirty axmen to carve a road from Long Island on the Holston over the Cumberland Gap to the Kentucky River. They cut a wagon road only as far as Powell's Valley. From there they blazed a trail that often zigzagged from one buffalo trace to the next. [On Mar 23 and 25, Indians attack parties of the workers.] On April 20, the trailblazers reached the Kentucky River, where they began clearing the land and erecting cabins for the settlement named Boonesborough.

    April 1, 1775 - Daniel Boone's letter to Col. Henderson. [extracts] "On March the 25 a party of Indians fired on my Company about half an hour before day and killed Mr. Twetty and his negro and wounded Mr. Walker very deeply, but I hope he will recover. On March the 28 as we were hunting for provisions we found SAMUEL TATE'S SON, who gave us an account that the Indians fired on their camp on the 27 day. My brother and I went down and found two men killed and sculped, Thomas McDowell and Jeremiah McPeters."
    [Samuel Tate and son Robert Tate were listed in the 1774 Surry County NC tax list with two polls, indicating they were 21-49 years old. Because this was the first tax list in which Robert was listed, this would make him about 21. Samuel would have been about 20 years older than Robert, thus placing his birth year around 1733. This also indicates that Boone's reference to "Samuel Tate's son" was actually about Robert Tate since Samuel's only other known son John was only about 15 in 1775.]

    On the 1st of April, 1775, Daniel Boone, Richard Henderson and their companions, reached the southern bank of the Kentucky River, and began to build a fort, afterwards known as Boonesborough.

    The following is transcript of Samuel Tate's entry in:
    Draper Manuscript, Hart's Ledger & C., Capt N. Hart, Woodford County, KY, Ledger A of the Henderson Company.
    [Samuel Tate is the second person listed in the ledger, lying between #1 Michael Stoner and #3 Thomas Lovelatty. [Terms used: a/c opd = account opened; Cr. By = credit for]
    No. 2. Samuel Tate a/c opd April 29/75. From Carolina. Gave name to Tate's Creek. Madison Co. Tate's Cr. Madison Co: fired upon by the Indians. Two men killed, McPheeter, and __blank_____ (mentioned in Boone's Letter.) He escaped by running in to the water and following the stream.
    Aug. 8/75 Cr. By canoe brought up for Rd. Henderson &c.
    Aug 8/75 Cr " meat & hunting for Jno. Luttrell.
    [The preceding entry for Michael Stoner was also opened on April 29, 1775, and states "came from Carolina; came with Boone ...."

    Judge Richard Henderson of North Carolina, in late 1774, negotiated with Cherokee chiefs to purchase a large plot on land in Kentucky, irregardless that he could not do so legally; and that the Cherokee had no real claim to the land they sold to him either. He engaged Boone to go among the Cherokee during late 1774 to encourage them to meet at Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga in March, 1775, for the formal agreement and transfer of the goods that would pay for the purchase. Boone returned to the Clinch in early February and gathered some twenty men there to help him blaze the path through Cumberland Gap to the land Henderson wanted. Not all are known, they included Michael Stoner, David Gass, William Bush, and William Hays. It is not unlikely that this group included some of the men from the Fort Blackmore area. Squire Boone brought others from North Carolina and the combined band of trail blazers set out from John Anderson?s Blockhouse, on the North Fork of Holston, on March 10.
    by William Chenault
    As appears in the Courier Journal, August 28, 1898
    [Regarding the construction of Fort Boonesborough in what became Madison County, KY.]
    The building of the fort began about the 20th of April, 1775, and was completed in the latter part of July, 1776. Among those present at the town of Boonesborough during the construction of the fort were Daniel Boone, Squire Boone, Richard Calloway, William Cocke, SAMUEL TATE, John Hart, Thos. Johnston, William Hicks, Joel Walker, Jesse Oldham, James Peake, John Kennedy, William Bush, Michael Stoner, James Bridges, William Calk, Samuel Coburn, John Harrison, Samuel Harrison, Richard Harrison, Thomas Lutrell, Page Portwood, Jesse Benton, John Farrow, George Smith, Richard Witledge, John Harmon, James Estill, John Snoddy, John Boyle, Robert Boggs, Joseph Ellison, Cuthbert Coombs, Enos Coombs, William Lynn, Jonathan Jennings, Joshua Barton, John Floyd and William Cooper.

    Since Samuel Tate entered land (applied for a land grant) in Washington County NC (later TN) on 11 Jun 1778 and John Tate entered land on 7 Oct 1778, they apparently missed the August 1778 assault on the fort; see list of land entries and grants below.

    Samuel Tate lived in early Washington County NC/TN. The county was established in 1777 as Washington County, North Carolina. At that time it included the geographic area that later became the entire State of Tennessee. Tennessee became a state in 1796 and Washington County was tranferred to TN on 1 June 1796 by a vote of the U.S. Congress, however records of land grants and transfers in Washington County had begun in January 1778. database
    Earliest Tennessee Land Records and Earliest Tennessee Land History, Chapter T, Page 386.
    Claimant, File#, Assignee, County, Acres, Grant, GrantDate, Entry, EntryDate, Book, Page, LocationByStreamName, Military (rearranged by the date that the entry was made, which was 2 to 12 years before the grant was made. The 6 earliest entries are from 11 Jun 1778 to 31 Dec 1778 and the rest run from 2 Sep 1779 to 15 Mar 1784. The grants were made 23 Oct 1782 to 17 Nov 1790; the latter date being when 5 grants were made. The total land acquisition amounts to 1533 acres. The dates between the earliest entry and the earliest grant may represent the period when Samuel Tate was in Lee County VA, as well as indicating that Samuel and son John had left Fort Booneborough by 11 Jun 1778.

    SAMUEL TATE, 971, --, Washington, 500 a, 948, 17 Nov 1790, 255, 11 Jun 1778, Bk 76, Pg 160, On Watauga &c, Non-military
    SAMUEL TATE, 210, --, Washington, 455 a, 78, 23 Oct 1782, 255, 11 Jul 1778, Bk 47, Pg 37, On both sides of Watauga River, Non-military
    SAMUEL TATE, 945, --, Washington, 50 a, 922, 17 Nov 1790, 487, 7 Oct 1778, Bk 76, Pg 151, Ek C (Elk Creek) branch of Watauga R. , Non-military
    JOHN TATE, 939, --, Washington, 50 a, 916, 17 Nov 1790, 489, 7 Oct 1778, Bk 76, Pg 149, On Elk River &c., Non-military
    SAMUEL TATEM, 926, --, Washington, 100 a, 903, 17 Nov 1790, 488, 7 Oct 1778, Bk 78, Pg 145, On Elk Creek &c, Non-military (this is assumed to actually be Samuel Tate)
    SAMUEL TATE, 602, --, Washington, 150 a, 696, 26 Oct 1786, 909, 31 Dec 1778, Bk 66, Pg 9, Beg at a marked white oak &c, Non-military
    SAMUEL TATE, 925, --, Washington, 78 a, 902, 17 Nov 1790, 1571, 2 Sep 1779, Bk 76, Pg 145, On Little Doe (?) &c, Non-military
    SAMUEL TATE, 756, --, Washington, 50 a, 570, 10 Nov 1784, 2896, 20 Aug 1781, Bk 69, Pg 129, Upon Roans Creek, Non-military
    SAMUEL TATE, 779, --, Washington, 100 a, 593, 10 Nov 1784, 909, 15 Mar 1784, Bk 69, Pg 136, On Rones [Roans] Creek, Non-military
    [Washington County was formed and a land office opened there in the present state of Tennessee in 1777 [however] North Carolina controlled the transfer of land to the individual well into the 1800s.]

    From Josh Tate, 28 Feb 2007:
    These [Tennessee land] grants would put Samuel in Washington County as late as 1790. But he was a resident of Lee County, VA in 1797 when he bought land in Claiborne [County, TN].
    Tates at Fort Boonesborough
    Name Source(s) Arrival Date
    Tate, John 2,10,12 1780
    Tate, Robert 2,10
    Tate, Samuel 2,5,13 1775*
    *Those names with an asterisk were present during the construction of the Fort.
    Sources Cited
    2. "French Tipton Papers" Townsend Room, Eastern Kentucky University Library.
    5. "Fort Boonesborough" by Judge William Chenault, written for Courier-Journal April 11, 1907.
    10. Claims approved by Land Court Meeting at Boonesborough December 18, 1779 to January 3, 1780 "Certified Book of Virginia Land Commissions" Register of the Kentucky Historical Society XVI September 1923.
    12. Monument erected by Boonesborough Chapter, Daughters of American Revolution names some of the original settlers.
    13. Notebook prepared by Anna Turley Noland, a direct descendant of Captain David Gass on Black family and related families pp 37-38.
    [see also]

    John Mack Faragher in "Daniel Boone, The Life And Legend of An American Pioneer" lists Samuel Tate a few times: in a fight with Daniel Boone over Daniel bringing grain to Tate's wife, in a fight with Daniel Boone over Tate's hunting success and Boone's , and building the Wilderness Road and Fort Boonesborough.

    Samuel Tate of Washington County [TN], writ of fieri facias issued; case of James Roddy vs. Samuel Tate; August 22, 1789. Fieri facias is "a writ of execution after judgment obtained in action of debt or damages. It is addressed to the sheriff, and commands him to make good the amount out of the goods of the person against whom judgment has been obtained." Roddy apparently held some residual debt against the property although Samuel had purchased it from another person who had purchased it from Roddy.

    Washington County (TN) established 1777 by Act of North Carolina
    Sullivan County created 1779 from Washington
    Greene created 1783 from Washington
    Hawkins created 1786 from Sullivan
    Knox created 1792 from Greene and Hawkins
    Grainger created 1796 from Hawkins and Knox
    Claiborne created 1801 from Grainger and Hawkins
    There's an animated map showing the formation of Tennessee counties at
    [Claiborne is abbreviated as Cbn]

    From Josh Tate, 1 Mar 2007:
    I have found evidence which confirms that our old Samuel Tate did indeed live in Washington County, NC/TN before moving to Lee County, Virginia. One of the deeds from Washington County mentioning Samuel Tate is a deed dated June 1, 1791 from Joseph Ford and his wife Ruth to Samuel Tate conveying 170 acres on the south side of the Watauga River. I searched the deeds from Carter County, TN, which was formed from Washington County, and found a deed from Samuel Tate to George Logan dated April 27, 1798 conveying the same tract that Samuel had purchased from Joseph Ford. The deed says that Samuel Tate was "of the County of Grainger and State of Tennessee." This must be our Samuel, because he purchased land in Grainger County in 1797 and that land was eventually inherited by his son John Tate, Sr.
    It's still possible that not all the Washington County references to
    Samuel Tate are actually to our old Samuel. But we can definitely put our Samuel Tate in Washington County as of 1791. He must not have lived in Lee County, Virginia very long, or perhaps he continued to own land in Washington County after relocating to Lee County, Virginia.
    I also found a deed in Carter County dated March 11, 1797 in which John and Elizabeth Tate of Carter County conveyed a tract of land to Richard White. We have speculated that this John Tate (who married Elizabeth Parkeson) was the son of old Samuel. This supports that theory, as it suggests John and Elizabeth moved out of Carter County around the time Samuel bought land in Grainger County. The marriage date for John and Elizabeth fits what we know about our John Sr.'s children.

    Claiborne County TN was formed in 1801 and Samuel Tate was already there, as shown below.
    The act to erect a new county from portions of Hawkins and Grainger was passed October 29, 1801. It was name Claiborne in honor of William Charles Cole Claiborne, one of the first judges of the superior court, and the first representative in Congress from Tennessee. The court of pleas and quarter sessions was organized at the house of John Owens December 7, 1801, at which time the following magistrates were present: Isaac Lane, Joseph Webster, William Trent, James Chisum, Abraham Lenham, John Wallen, Matthew Sims, John Vanbibber, William Rogers, George Read, C. Newport, John Casey, Joseph Nations, and James Renfro. The oath of office was administered by Andrew Evans and Joseph Cobb, magistrate of Grainger County. Isaac Lane was chosen chairman; Walter Evans, clerk; Nathaniel Austin, ranger; Joseph Nations, corner; Ezekiel Croft, register; Luke Bowyer, attorney-general, and David Rogers, sheriff. The last named was unable to give bond, and John Hunt, Sr., was elected to fill the vacancy. The next term of the court was held at the house of John Hunt, who lived on the site of Tazewell. The grand jury empanelled was composed of the following men; John Hunt, William Grisum, Nathaniel Austin, SAMUEL TATE, Jacob Dobins, William Bowman, William Stroud, John Webster, Nimrod Dodson, Peter Neal, Thomas Gibbons, Peter Huffacker, William Rush, Thomas Jeffers, Hezekiah Jordan, Elisha Walling, Archibald McKinney and George Snuffer.

    Samuel Tate died in Claiborne County TN about 1812.
    From Josh Tate, 26 Feb 2007:
    The deed from John Tate, Sr. to his sons John and Robert Tate that establishes John, Sr. as a son of Samuel Tate. It is a little hard to read, but on the first page it says "That for and in consideration of the paternal . . . love which I bear my sons John Tate, Jr. and Robert Tate . . ." and then makes a grant of some land, including (on the second page) land "situated in the county of Claiborne" that "descended to me as heir to Samuel Tate, my deceased father . . . called for in a deed from William Hord to Samuel Tate."
    This is the key deed that makes the links from Samuel to John, Sr. to
    John, Jr. and the other children.
    The deed from William Hord to Samuel Tate is in the records of Grainger County, TN. It says that Samuel Tate was from Lee County, Virginia.

    From Josh Tate: Overton County, TN, Circuit Court Minutes, Sept. Term 1816, page 59, John Tate legitimizes Dorcas Tate Simpson (wife of Thomas Simpson) and Samuel Tate. [This appears to be Samuel Tate, b 1780 TN.-- Les Tate.]

    From Martha Jo Southernwood re: Claiborne County TN estate of Samuel Tate, who died in 1812.
    " the end of the 1818 deed of Samuel Tate, decd, Thom Simpson Ex
    To have and to hold to the said John Tate, his heirs and assigns, forever an indefensible estate in fee simple and I the said Thomas Simpson Executor as forsaid doth covenant and defend to the said John Tate against any claims of the said Samuel Tate his heirs or any
    other person or persons whatsoever..." {Note that the executor is Dorcas Tate's husband.]

    Federal census records for the State of Tennessee are lost for 1790, 1800, and 1890. Only U. S. censuses for Grainger and Rutherford counties for 1810 are extant. Only twenty-six counties have federal census records for 1820.

    Possible relative Joseph Tate listed in deed abstracts
    15 SEP 1758. Robert Jones jr. of Northumberland Co NC to Joseph Tate of Rowan Co NC, 490 acres on N side Dan River. Book 4, page 14.
    15 SEP 1758. Robert Jones jr. of Northumberland Co NC to Joseph Tate of Rowan Co NC, 1200 acres on both sides Beaver Island Creek. Book 4, page 15. [Joseph Tate, a recruiting officer during the Rev. War, died only a few days after Nathaniel Watson joined. Joseph Tate who lived for a while in Rowan County NC was married to Ally-Elly Hunter; both died in Guilford County VA.]

    Possible relative James Tate, 1753, in Rowan County NC.
    Before the Revolution Salisbury was the judicial center of Western North Carolina. ...The court was composed of the justices of the county, and it assembled at the county-seat four times annually. As we have already seen, the court of pleas and quarter sessions met for the first time somewhere in the county in June, 1753. The justices who presided over the courts during the first year were Walter Carruth, Thomas Lovelatty, James Carter, John Brandon, Alexander Cathey, Thomas Cook, Thomas Potts, George Smith, Andrew Allison, John Hanby, Alexander Osborne, JAMES TATE, John Brevard, and SQUIRE BOONE, the father of the great hunter and explorer DANIEL BOONE, who was reared in Rowan County.

    Our "old" Samuel Tate (b 1735, d 1812) appears to have married the widow Amey Burk in Surry County NC about 1777. See following data taken from: [Data below rearranged chronologically]
    James (Edward) Burk/Burke (Jr) was born about 1735. Middle name reported to be Edward, but needs proof. He [had] married Amey ___ about 1752/4. James Burk (Jr.) appears on the 1768 and 1770 Rowan County taxables and in newly formed Surry County in 1771. He was killed in mounted service of the Revolutionary War in August 1776. (Courtesy of George Gordon, e-mail of 16 September 2005, from a D.A.R. application.) Amey married later to Samuel Tate. John Burk, son of James Burk Jr., received 640 acres of Surry County N.C. land from the State of North Carolina, as a grant entitled to his father for service in the Continental Army.
    Children of James Burk (Junior) + Amey ___ included:
    (1). John Burk, reported born 23 July 1760, also enlisted in the American Revolution. John had a son James Burk, b 1782. (courtesy of George Gordon, e-mail 25 May 2005)
    [See more about James Burk Sr at]

    The following data shows that Samuel Tate lived in the same vicinity as James Burk in 1774. The number after the name shows the number of polls for tax purposes.
    1774 Surry County NC Tax List
    Martin Armstrong's List [became Brig Gen Martin Armstrong, wife was Mary Anne Elizabeth Tate]
    Gideon Wright 1
    Thomas Ademan, James Johnsten, &
    Micheal Sprinkle 3
    Ben Johnston & son Ruben Johnston 2
    Thomas PETTIT 1
    Robert Speers 1
    Richard Horn, John Horn & Negroes Toby & Kate 4
    Inventory of the estate of James Burk, deceased: Ten pounds to Samuel Taite for keeping one orphan girl for 1&1/2 years, and one orphan boy for four years. Returned by William Meredith and William T. Lewis and recorded in August court 1786 [Surry County NC]. [This payment may be based on James Jr's children who would have been under the ages of maturity (as then defined) and who were taken into Samuel Tate's household when he married Amey. Since James Sr's children or their spouses had been on both sides of the American Revolution, this payment may have been a way for James Sr's children to get around James Sr's disinheritance of James Jr and his offspring. It may also have been based on an earlier agreement between James Burk Sr and Samuel Tate. -- L R Tate]

    Information at the above website shows James Burke Jr was virtually excluded from his father's will except for a pittance.
    "And whereas by the disobedience & unduly fullness of my eldest son James Burk, I have had just cause to deny him or his heirs any part or portion of my living take unto the other children. I leave unto him or them only the sum of five shillings."
    The reason for this near exclusion is puzzling, but appears to be based on due to James Jr's siding with the Americans during and following the Revolutionary War based on the following:
    The last years of James Burk were interwoven with the American Revolution and were of great tragedy. Although Burk himself took no active part (he was nearly 65), a list of sides that his children took is quite revealing:

    "Tory Loyalist" "American Patriot"
    Captain Benjamin Burk Naomi Burk Pepper
    Joseph Burk James Burk, Jr.
    Mary Burk Morphew (?) Sarah (Burke) Wilson

    I also noted on another Burk webpage that daughter Naomi, who had sided with the Americans, was called Ami (or Amey) and it is most likely that she is the person named as executor for the estate sale in Oct 1786. She had married Samuel Pepper. [See and]
    "The return of the estate sale of James Burk 28 October 1786: Buyers were Samuel Wright, Capt. John Hamlin, JOHN BURKE, Starling Rose, Cornelius Sale, Acquila Greer, ANNY BURK, Joseph Herndon, Benjamin Greer, John Greer, MARY BURKE, Daniel Vannoy, James Mitchel, Isaac Walker, William Crane, Thomas Jones, Martin Adams, James Reynolds, Francis Hardgrove, Charles Walker, William Smith, James Ray, Jinkin Reynolds, Thomas Prater. Amount: 205:10:10 pounds, returned by AMEY BURKE, admin. Rec. May court 1787."

    Surry County NC was established effective 1 Apr 1771 from Rowan Co NC. Samuel and Robert Tate are on Martin Armstrong's list in the 1774 Surry County NC tax lists. Two Armstrongs have land that adjoined Robert Tate's in Rowan County NC. See entry for Robert Tate, d abt 1776.

    From "Abstracts of the Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter
    Sessions, Rowan County, North Carolina, 1753-1762", Jo White Linn, 1977.

    II:281. 20 Oct 1759. Richard Crunk vs James Denton. Jury includes
    "Saml Tate".
    [Note: On same page and date, Daniel Boone and Morgan Bryan are listed
    on another jury.]

    II: 337. 23 Apr 1761. George Smith vs James Jones. Jury includes
    "Saml Tate".

    II:338. 23 Apr 1761. Fan & Dun Malcomb Hambilton vs John Sills. July
    includes "Saml Tate".

    II: 408. 22 Apr 1762. Abraham Teague vs Thos Madcalf. Jury includes
    "Saml Tate".

    On 4 Feb 2008 I received the following information about possible Tate ancestral origins from Harry Watson of Scotland. While he did not mention Tates, he indicated a possible locale for the R1b1c haplogroup being matched.
    I have had my Y DNA tested by FTDNA, and you are one of my closest matches at 61/67 markers. I would be very interested to know something of the family-history of my various matches.
    I assume you can trace your family back to Scotland? I'm unusual among DNA testees in that I was brought up in the village where my father's family have lived for hundreds of years, perhaps for ever, so I am in no doubt about my origins. The name of the village is Cellardyke and it's in the parish of Kilrenny in the "East Neuk" of Fife, about 9 miles from St. Andrews, on the east coast of Scotland. I currently live in Edinburgh and am a retired academic of 61, married with two grown-up sons.
    My Y-DNA haplotype falls within the Scots Modal R1b1c, which Dr. Jim Wilson of Edinburgh University and other researchers believe to be the genetic signature of the ancient Picts, the Celtic tribes who inhabited Scotland north of the Forth and Clyde in the Dark Ages, and who were probably the aboriginal people of Scotland, descended from post-Ice Age settlers from Iberia. [The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar.]
  • Date: 26 SEP 2013
  • Note:
    Watauga Settlement
    In 1770, after the collapse of the Regulator movement in North Carolina, sympathizers from that colony under James Robertson fled and established homes farther west on the Watauga River, effectively beyond the reach of the colonial authorities. In 1772 these settlements, along with settlements along the Holston and Nolichucky Rivers united and formed the Watauga Association government.
    The Watauga Association was not intended to be sovereign and independent of any existing state, although such a claim is sometimes made. The government adopted the existing laws of Virginia and set up a five-man court to handle local affairs such as lawsuits, marriages, wills, deeds, negotiations with Indians and colonial governments, and the establishment of a local militia for defense.[2]
    In 1771, North Carolina sent a surveying party into the region and reached a settlement with the Cherokee. The land agreement with the Cherokee placed the Watauga Settlement within Cherokee territory, and North Carolina?s government ordered the Wataugans to vacate the valley.[citation needed] Unwilling to leave, the settlers appointed a team of negotiators who met with the Cherokee, resulting in the 1772 lease the Watauga Valley.
    At first the Watauga Association was thought to be within the bounds of Virginia, but a later survey determined it was in North Carolina, although neither colony had established any jurisdiction over the region. Shortly after the survey, the Watauga Association drafted the "Watauga Petition", pledging to assist North Carolina in the American Revolution and asking North Carolina to "annex" them and establish a regular government. The Watauga Association formally accepted North Carolina's jurisdiction in October of 1775. In 1775 they organized as Washington District, and in 1777, were incorporated as Washington County in North Carolina. The Watauga Association, no longer needed, was dissolved in 1778.
    In 1784 the Wataugans were part of another new, short-lived government, the State of Franklin, which collapsed by 1790, reverting to North Carolina. Shortly thereafter Washington County became part of the new state of Tennessee.
    According to Ramsey, Isaac and Aquila Lane (his brother) were members of a Washington County militia company "of whigs" that included Captain William Bean, James Robertson and John Sevier when, in 1778, they drove Isam Yearley, a loyalist on Nollichucky, out of the country, and afterward pursued a party of Tories who "under the lead of Mr. Grimes, on Watauga, had killed Millican, a Whig, and attempted to kill Mr. Roddy and Mr. Grubbs. The latter they had taken to a high pinnacle on the edge of the river, and threatened to throw him off. He was respited under a promise that they should have all his property. These tories were concealed high up Watauga in the mountain, but Captain Bean and his whig comrades ferretted them out, fired upon and wounded their leader, and forced them to escape across the mountain. Capt. Grimes was hung after King's Mountain battle, in which he was taken prisoner."*
    * Ramsey adds that other members of Bean's company were Joseph Duncan, John Condley, Thomas Hardiman, William Stone, Michael Massingale, John and George Bean, Edmond Bean, James Roddy, and SAMUEL AND ROBERT TATE. He does not give his source. [Ramsey, J.G.M., The Annals of Tennessee to the End of the Eighteenth Century, Walker and Jones, Charleston, SC, 1853, reprinted by the East Tennessee Historical Society, Knoxville, Tennessee, 1967.]

    For information about early Claiborne County TN and Samuel Tate's presence there, see
  • Date: 14 MAR 2010
  • Note:
    Battle of King's Mountain 1780

    Samuel and Robert Tate were at the Battle of Kings Mountain, SC

    Tennessee Soldiers in the Revolution, Penelope Johnson Allen, The Tennessee Society Daughters of the American Revolution, 1935, reprinted by Genealogical Publishing, Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1996. pages 6-8, 13, & 30.
    On October 7, 1780, the memorable Battle of King's Mountain took place, and the part played by the "over-mountain" men in defeat of General Ferguson has been described by competent historians as the turning point in the Revolution....
    The state of North Carolina began enacting legislation for the payment of her soldiers and the settling or war claims in 1780. In 1781, a board of Auditors was established the settlement of public claims, and Anthony Bledsoe, a resident of Sullivan County, was named as one of the Auditors for Salisbury district to which Washington and Sullivan Counties then belonged.
    At the same time an act was passed by the General Assembly providing for the payment for military duty and other claims against the state for articles furnished or impressed. In April, 1782, an "Act for the Relief of Officers of of the Continental Line" was passed, and at the same session and amendment to this act provided "that all claims now due and unsettled shall be liquedated in specie, by the district auditors under the same rules and regulations as prescribed by the before recited act." In section five of the same act the names of the auditors for the different districts of the state are given.
    For Washington and Sullivan Counties -- Anthony Bledsoe, Edmund Williams, and Landon Carter are named.
    In 1783, an Act authorizing the opening of a land office for the redemption of specie and other certificates was passed, and all soldiers holding specie or certificates were enabled to redeem them by taking land in exchange, at a rate fixed by the state.
    ....the list which follows were paid by Bledsoe, Carter, and Williams, indicating that they were living during the time of their active service in the counties of Washington and Sullivan. These payment begain June 12, 1782, and continued until August 15, 1783.

    North Carolina Revolutionary Army Accounts
    Index to Soldiers Residing in Washington and Sullivan Counties, 1781-1783,
    An account of Specie certificates paid into the Comptroller's Office by John Armstrong, Entry Taker, for lands in North Carolina taken from Accounts paid by Anthony Bledsoe, Edmund Williams, and Landon Carter.

    Note: -- The numerals following soldiers' names here listed refer to the volume, page and folio of the North Carolina Revolutionary Army Accounts in the State Archives at Raleigh, N.C.

    Tate, Robert, I-10-2
    Tate, Samuel, I-72-4
  • Date: 26 SEP 2013
  • Note:
    Note: Since the Scots-Irish were primarily Presbyterian and because two of Samuel Tate's grandsons (John Jr and Robert Tate, sons of John Tate Sr) became Presbyterian ministers, it is quite likely that Samuel was Presbyterian. Because Samuel's land in Rowan County NC (which was adjacent to or one lot away from that of Daniel Boone's parents) now lies in Davie County NC, I checked for Presbyterian churches in Davie County and found the following:
    The First Presbyterian Church in Mocksville traces its history to 1767, when a group of Presbyterians from the Forks of the Yadkin petitioned the Synod of Philadelphia and New York for a supply minister. .... On the edge of town is the beautiful old cemetery of Joppa Church, the predecessor of First Presbyterian. [The Joppa Presbyterian Church is noted in the NC digital archives ( as being started in 1767.] It is there that Daniel Boone?s parents and other early settlers are buried. The Boone family moved to the Yadkin River area about 1752, when Daniel was around seventeen years old. On August 14, 1756, he married Rebecca Bryan, whose family came to the Yadkin in 1748. Squire Boone, who was justice of the peace, performed the ceremony.
    From another site: Organized in 1767, Joppa Presbyterian Church began in the southeast section of a graveyard [Joppa burying ground]. The church moved to the town of Mocksville in 1834, leaving the cemetery neglected for many years.

    The following provides some indirect information about the widow Amey Burk who married Samuel Tate. It also shows their estimated marriage date. It is based on Amey's son John Burk's 1832 application in Wayne County, Indiana, for a Revolutionary War soldier's pension found at, along with some other documents.

    1774 Surry County NC Tax List
    Martin ARMSTRONG'S List (i.e., his militia region)?Gideon WRIGHT 1?Thomas ADEMAN, James JOHNSTEN, &?Micheal SPRINKLE 3?SAMUEL TATE & son ROBERT TATE 2 (that is, 2 polls)?Ben JOHNSTON & son Ruben?JOHNSTON 2?BENJEMAN BURK 1 (James Burk Jr's younger brother)?Thomas PETTIT 1?JAMES BURK 1?Robert SPEERS 1?Richard HORN, John HORN &?Negroes Toby & Kate 4

    John Burk's Revolutionary War pension application is for his own military service, but in it he also mentions his father's service and death. One of the most interesting statements in the application was that following his father's death in Aug 1776, John remained with his "family until the year 1779 when they removed to the West on the waters of the Nole Chucke [Nolichucky River] where the frontiers were continually harassed by the Indians..." The Nolichucky River was in Washington County NC, which became TN in 1796.

    His record states that, based on a record in his father's Bible, he (John Burk) was born 23 Jul 1780 in what is now Rockbridge County, VA. In March 1776 his father James Burk (Jr) enlisted himself and John for a 3 month tour in the Wilkes County NC "light horse" mounted service under the command of Capt Jesse Walton. [Note of correction: They were then living in Surry County since Wilkes had not yet been formed from parts of Surry County and Washington District (the latter later becoming Washington County NC, then TN.)]

    John further states that at the time of their enlistment in 1776, the Burks were living on the Yadkin River in Wilkes County NC [John's memory was slightly wrong in this since Wilkes was formed in 1777 from parts of Surry County and the District of Washington (latter later became Washington County NC, then TN)]. John was only 15 at the time of his enlistment. His father James Burk was an ensign [apparently like a sergeant] in the company and John stated he was "under the control of my father." The tour was spent in Rowan, Surry, and Wilkes [Surrry & Washington at that time] County NC. After the 3 months were completed, James sent John -- now 16 -- home. James apparently continued his own service and was killed in Aug 1776.

    In response to questions in the pension application, John stated "I expect my father got a discharge for each of us", however in his narrative about his service, John indicates James discharged John, then died in service in August 1776. It may be that James did a second tour and was killed then. [I have found no record for James' service, however his son John Burk received a grant of 640 acres in Surry County NC based on his father's service, which was listed as 84 months (7 years). Since the Revolution didn't begin until 1775, the 84 moths of service may be an allotted time given that he entered service in March 1776, died in Aug 1776, and the war effectively ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.]

    John states that he "remained with the family" following his father's death until 1779 when they "removed to the West [Washington County, NC] on the waters of the Nole Chucke [Nolichucky River]". [Note: John Sevier, the first governor of TN, lived in that area and was known as "Nolichucky Jack." Samuel Tate was in Washington County in May 1778 when he served on the first grand jury there. Samuel Tate and son Robert served in Sevier's company at King's Mountain. ]

    John states that in the summer of 1779 he served on 3 to 4 short tours of 10-30 days each under Capt Amos Bird. [This indicates John had been in Washington County NC long enough to get established, probably helping his stepfather Samuel Tate build a cabin there since Amos Bird and Samuel Tate were on the first grand jury of Washington County NC in May 1778.] [NOTE: In 1783 Amos Bird, James Burk, and Thomas Tate are found on the same Greene County TN Tax List. I have no info on this James Burk or Thomas Tate, however it may be that they are children of, respectively, James Burk Jr and Samuel Tate.]

    John further states that in 1780 he went on a tour to South Carolina where he served under Capt William Ritchie for 2-3 weeks as a spy to watch the movements of the Tories. [In the question and response section of the pension application, John stated he went out twice against the Tories]. He then returned to NC where he signed up for a 3 month tour under Capt Samuel Johnson, but was never attached to any troops and was released after 2-3 weeks.

    [Note: On 6 Jun 1781, John Burk married Alcy Robinson, widow of a Mr. Sebastian, in Wilkes County NC. Sources: "Wilkes County Marriages, 1778-1868," by Brent Holcomb;]

    John states in his pension application that in Aug 1781 he was drafted for a 3 month tour under Capt Alexander Gordon commanded by Col. Francis Locke. They joined General Green in SC, passing through Camden, to Columbia on the Congaree River, then participated in the battle of Eutaw Springs. During part of that time, John was under a French Colonel named Malmondeau or something similar. Following the battle, John was marched back to Salisbury [probably in NC] "in charge of the prisoners", and there received his discharge papers. [Note: The file includes a scan of John's discharge obtained during a camp at Bell Branch; it is dated 26 Sep 1781 and signed by Francis Lock.]

    John states that in the spring of 1782 when one of every 16 men was recruited for an eighteen month tour of duty, he paid a substitute (not named) to serve in his stead.

    in Oct 1783 John Burk received 640 acres of land in Surry County NC as heir to his father for his father's service during the Revolutionary War.

    In 1795 John Burk moved his family to KY and in 1811 they moved to Wayne County, Indiana. In 1832 he applied for and obtained a Rev War soldier's pension. He died 1 Feb 1836.

    Thus, we have:
    (1) Samuel and Robert Tate were in Surry County NC in 1774 near James Burk since all three were listed in the 1774 Surry County NC tax list in the same militia area under Martin Armstrong.
    (2) James Burk Jr of Surry County NC died in Aug 1776.
    (3) James Burk Jr's widow Amey Burk and her children are in Washington County NC by at least the summer of 1778.
    (3) John Burk serves under Amos Bird, who serviced on the first grand jury of Washington County with Samuel Tate.
    (4) My ancestor Samuel Tate (Jr) is born in 1780 in TN (d 1852 Bibb County AL).
    (5) Samuel Tate (Sr) acting "in right of his wife" in Surry County NC in May 1786 during the settlement of James Burk Jr's estate in Surry County NC court. He receives 10 pounds for keeping a 4 year old orphan boy and a 1.5 year old orphan girl, likely for keeping them after James Burk Jr's death and prior to his and Amey's marriage.
    (6) Amey Burke listed as administrator for the sale of her deceased husband's estate in Oct 1786 Surry County NC court.

    Based on this data and the fact that John Tate and Samuel Tate are listed as administrators of old Samuel Tate's estate in Claiborne County TN on 26 Aug 1812 and on "Samuel Tate of Bibb County Alabama" being named with John Tate Sr's sons John Tate Jr and Robert Tate in the 1832 Claiborne County deed of sale for the 480 acres formerly owned by old Samuel Tate, I believe my Samuel Tate of Bibb County AL to be the son of old Samuel Tate and the widow Amey Burke.

    The date of the marriage appears to be in 1777 since Samuel Tate was in Washington County NC (later TN) by May 1778. This would also place the marriage about 1 year after James Burk Jr's death. The payment of 10 pounds from James Burk Jr's estate to Samuel Tate also indicates that Samuel and his wife Dorcas took care of the two youngest Burk children for a while following the death of James Burk Jr. This may have been a necessity since Amey Burk would have added responsibilities related to her husband's property and financial affairs and having to deal with the care of the older children.

    Based on Burk/Burke and Tate marriages in early Washington County NC/TN (see elsewhere under Amey Burk's children and Samuel Tate's daughter Nancy) and the marriage of Amey and Samuel, it appears that Dorcas Tate died about 1776 in Surry County NC and that Samuel and Amey married the following year, then moved their combined household to Washington County NC before May 1778. They would have, of necessity, spent some time building a cabin and clearing land for a garden and fields for planting. By the summer of 1779, John Burk would then be 19 and would join the local military unit under Amos Bird.
  • Date: 19 NOV 2010
  • Note:
    Regarding the origins of the Tate family.

    Since a Y-DNA analysis shows a perfect match with the first 25 markers of the Scots Modal and because the Taits lived near the Kerrs at the Scottish border, the following is appropriate.

    "Scots-Irish (not Scotch-Irish since Scotch is a whiskey) are those whose forebears originated in Scotland and settled in Ireland. Quite often these forbears were part of the Plantation of Ulster initiated by King James VI of Scotland soon after he became King James I of England. In the early seventeenth century James "encouraged" many of the troublesome clans and families of the Scottish Borders to relocate. Due to this effort to pacify the Scottish Borders many Armstrongs, Elliots, Grahams and Johnstons were hanged, outlawed and banished. As a result many among these and other clans headed for Ulster at the time of the 1609 Plantation. Obviously, the genealogical researcher needs an understanding of Scottish, Irish, as well as English history."

    Results of further YDNA analysis of Leslie Ross Tate's sample has placed him in the "Scots Cluster" in the R-L21 Plus Project where his terminal SNP markers of L1335, CTS11722 (same as L1065), CTS6838 and CTS7030 have placed him firmly in the 1030-Sc (Scots) group. In March 2013, ScotlandsDNA issued a paper in which they state that the SNP marker L1335 was Pictish (native Scots).
  • Date: 24 AUG 2013
  • Change Date: 18 NOV 2014 at 22:59:48
  • _GCID: F6079852-22C5-4211-B237-4D3221F9F3DF

    Marriage 1 Dorcas LNU
    • Married: ABT 1757 in possibly North Carolina
    • Change Date: 3 Dec 2008
    1. Has No Children Robert Tate b: ABT 1758 in probably NC
    2. Has Children John Tate Sr. b: ABT 1760 in possibly VA or NC
    3. Has No Children Nancy Tate b: ABT 1775 in probably Surry County NC

    Marriage 2 Amey (widow of James) Burk b: ABT 1741
    • Married: ABT 1777 in NC, probably Surry County (but possibly Washington District/County, NC)
    • Change Date: 25 OCT 2013
    1. Has Children Samuel Tate b: ABT 1778 in Washington District, NC (became Washington
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