Reference Number: 3234
Name: Leonard KILLIAN
Change Date: 21 JUN 2017
Birth: 15 MAY 1723 in Steinbach an der Holsecke, Bavaria, Germany
Note: date from cemetery marker.
Baptism: 30 APR 1724 Erzberg, Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Bavaria, Germany
Immigration: 23 SEP 1732 America, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Will: 12 AUG 1790
IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN THIS TWELTH DAY OF AUGUST IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED & NINETY.
Death: 06 JUN 1795 in Lincoln County, North Carolina, USA
Burial: JUN 1795 Old Saint Paul's Lutheran Church, Newton, Lincoln, (now Catawba) County, North Carolina, USA
Probate: JUL 1795 Lincoln County, North Carolina, USA
I LENARD KILLION OF THE COUNTY OF LINCOLN IN THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA BEING OLD AND FRAIL BUT OF SOUND & PERFECT MEMORY THANKS BE TO GOD & CALLING TO MIND THE MORTALITY OF MY BODY & TJAT OT OS APPOINTED FOR ALL MEN ONCE TO DIE.. DO MAKE THIS MY LAST WILL & TESTAMENT IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER AND FORM TO WIT PRINCIPALLY & FIRST OF ALL & RECOMMENT MY SOUL INTO THE HAND OF GOD WHO GAVE IT. MY BODY TO THE EARTH FROM WHENCE IT WAS TAKEN TO BE BURIED IN A CHRISTIAN DECENT MANNER WITHOUT POMP AT THE DISCRETION OF MY EXECUTORS HEREAFTER NAMED NOTHING DOUBTING BUT I SHALL RECEIVE THE SAME AGAIN BY THE MIGHTY POWER OF GOD AS TOUCHING SUCH WORTHY ESTATE. AS IT HATH BLESSED GOD TO HELP ME WITH IN THIS LIFE I GIVE DEMISE & DISPOSE OF IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER AND FORM IMPROMIS. IT IS MY WILL AND ORDER THAT ALL MY JUST DEBTS BE PAID & SATISFIED . ITEMS I GIVE AND BEQUEATH TO MY LOVING WIFE MARY MARGARET ALL MY ESTATE BOTH MONEY AND GOODS OF EVERY KIND EXCEPT TWENTY SHILLINGS TO EACH OF MY CHILDREN WHICH IS TO BE LEVIED OUT OF MY ESTATE AND FOR THE TRUE EXECUTION OF THIS MY LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT I APPOINT MY LOVING WIFE MARY MARGARET & ABRAHAM EARHART FOR MY EXECUTORS, HEREBY REVOLKING & DISANNULLING ALL OTHER WILLS BY ME HERETOFORE MADE RATIFYING & CONFIRMING THIS AND NO OTHER TO BE MY LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT IN WITNESS WHEREOF I HAVE SET MY HAND & SEAL, THE DAY AND YEAR ABOVE WRITTEN. SIGNED & PRONOUNCED BY THE SAID LENARD KILLION AS HIS WILL AND TESTAMENT IN THE PRESENCE OF WM GRAHAM & PETER COONS.
LENARD X KILLION
According to Lutheran Church records he was baptized on 20 April 1724 at Erzberg, Ansbach, Bayern, Germany. Leonard’s father, Andreas Killian immigrated to America, on 23 Sep 1732. Leonard arrived in America either with his father of shortly thereafter, (if not with his father probably with other family members who had joined together as a "family of convenience" to travel to America). The ship’s roster does not list families together. There is a list of men, a list of women, and a list of children under 14, which may or may not be complete. No children are listed that could be identified as Andreas' children, or a woman who could have been his wife. Twelve children are named in Andreas' will. Baptism records of the three oldest children have been found in Germany.
As a young man Leonard responded to the Spanish Alarm of 1747-1748, and was listed on the muster roll of Captain Samuel Corbin. He was married to Mary Margaret Killen about that time.
After living in the Colonies about 17 years, Leonard, his brothers John, Andrew Jr, and father Andreas, were granted land on Killian's Creek in Anson County, North Carolina on 10 Sep 1749, land which would in 1779 become Lincoln County. Leonard's grant was 950 acres. His wife has been referred to in deed records as Mary, Margaret, and Marygreat. While there is no iron clad direct evidence in my possession, there are strong indications that Mary Margaret Killen's father was Robert "Captain Justice" Killen of Kent County, Delaware, who was born in Ireland, as other researchers have stated.
Leonard and his wife were involved in several land transactions in Anson County. Anson Co., NC Deeds and Absrtracts 1749-1766. By Brent H. Holcombe © Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980, contains several records of conveyances:
Volume B Pages 304-306: 13 & 14 July 1753, Lenord Killion & Margett his wife of Anson Co., to Petter Clubb of same, (lease s5, release L30 Va. money)....315 A granted to Killion 11 APR 1752... Lenord Killion (Seal), Margett Killion (mark) (seal), Wit: James Armour, John Thomas.
Volume B pages 345-346: 1 Jan 1754, Lenord Killion & Marygreat his wife of Anson Co., to George Brown of same, (lease s5, release L32s10 Va. money)... land on S side Cataba River, Killions Krick, 59 A. granted 30 Sept 1749 to Killion... Lenord Killion (seal), Marygreat Killion (mark) (seal), Wit: German Signature (-----Kilien?), Henery Johnston, Jno Thomas.
Page 362: 1 & 2 Jan 1754 John Killion of Anson Co., to Jacob Brown of same (lease s5 b 32 Va. money)... land on S side Cataba... on Leapers Krick, 1000 A, granted to Killion 30 Sept 1749.....John Killion (X) (seal), Wit: Daniel O’Cain, George Brown, Jno Thomas.
Volume 6: Page 236: 20 July 1757, Geo.. Brown of Anson, planter, to John Watkins of same, for L12, part of 950 A on S side Catawba granted to Leonard Killian 30 Sept 1749, & conveyed by Leonard & wf Margaret 1 Jan 1754 to sd. Brown … George Brown (seal), Eve Brown (seal), Wit: Jacob ___?, Andrew Cathey, John Thomas.
Volume 1: page 333: 20 June 1757, Jacob Brown of Anson Co., to Andrew Cathey of same, for L24...1000 A granted to John Killion 30 Sept 1749, conveyed to Jacob Brown 1 Jan 1754... Jacob Brown (Seal), Wit: George Brown, John Hill, Jno Thomas.
In 1773 Leonard was granted 270 acres on Little Creek of the Catawba River. On 21 March 1774 Leonard Killion (spelling) of Tryon County sold to Mathias his son the 270 acres he was granted on the Little Creek of the Catawba River the previous year, probably in anticipation of or on the occasion of Mathias' marriage. This property was at or near Henning’s line.
Leonard's name was on a petition (1771-1773) to form a new county in western Rowan County. The Lincoln County Sheriff was ordered by the Court on 21 Dec 1782 to serve a summons on Leonard and Adam Killion to show why their estates should not be confiscated. Adam is shown as "gone with the enemy." Apparently they were accused of aiding the enemy during the American Revolutionary War. (See "Abstracts of Sales of Confiscated Loyalist Land and Property in North Carolina", by A. B. Pruitt.
Killian family researchers have long asked, "What happened to Leonard's children?" or more basic, "Who were Leonard's children?"
After years of research we know there were at least seven, and possibly more children. Early researchers identified as possible children Mathias, Adam, David, and William. After years of additional research, questioning, doubt, restudy and examining additional evidence, both real and circumstantial, those four remain unchallenged as sons of Leonard. In addition, two more sons, and a daughter are now known to have been children of Leonard; Andrew Killian "Sen", John, known as "Soldier John", and Fannie. All of the above known children of Leonard married before the 1790 census, yet that census shows a second male above the age of 16 in Leonard's household. Was this additional male a child of Leonard, a grandson, or an unrelated individual? All we can say for certain is that the possibility exists that Leonard and Margaret had one additional son not yet identified, who still lived at home in 1790. Likewise, there may have been other daughters who married before the 1790 census, that have not yet been identified. I think the likelihood of additional daughters, while possible, is quite small.
At the 1790 census most of Leonard's children can be identified living nearby. However, after his death the grandchildren began drifting further and further west. By the time Mary Margaret died, several of the grandchildren, and within a few more years, at least four of his sons, had moved westward to Tennessee and Indiana. Like other westward migrants, they were searching for new lands to settle, more fertile lands where there were less people.
When Leonard died and his will was probated, his wife, Mary Margaret, was named as Executrix. She in turn she wrote her will on April 11, 1796 in which she named their son Mathias, as Executor. The will, probated October 1810, provided for equal division among the children, who are not named. The will signature was witnessed by John Abernathy, Matthias Bollinger and Samuel Killian, which would have been Leonard's half-brother, who lived nearby and died near Newton, Lincoln County (Newton is now in Catawba County), North Carolina.
Leonard's line has been referred to as the Killians who spelled their name Killion. While this is true, it is not exclusive to the descendants of Leonard. In certain times and places, other descendants of Andreas Killian have also used the Killion spelling. The Killion spelling first occurs in Lincoln County, North Carolina, but, with regard to Leonard's line, became the dominant spelling in Indiana, after the death of Mathias. The change probably came about as county clerks and land office officials wrote down the name the way they heard children of German immigrants pronounce the name.
Leonard and Mary Margaret's known children were: (1) Mathias Killian; (2) Andrew Killian "Sen."; (2) Adam Killion; (4) William Killion; (5) John (Soldier John) Killion ; (6) Johann David or J. David or more often just David Killian; and (7) Fannie Killian who married Michael Cline.
Father: Andreas KILIAN b: 1702 in Steinbach an der Holzecke, Bavaria, Germany
Mother: Margaretha FISCHER
Mary Margaret KILLEN b: ABT 1730
- Mathias KILLIAN b: ABT 1750 in Lincoln County, North Carolina, USA
- Andrew KILLIAN "Sen." b: ABT 1752 in Anson County, North Carolina, USA
- Adam KILLION b: ABT 1754 in North Carolina, USA
- William KILLIAN b: ABT 1755 in Lincoln County, North Carolina, USA
- John KILLIAN b: 20 JUN 1758 in Lincoln County, North Carolina, USA
- Fannie KILLIAN b: 05 NOV 1764 in North Carolina, USA
- (Johann) David KILLIAN b: 1766 in Lincoln County, North Carolina, USA