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  • ID: I6327
  • Name: John THOMAS
  • Surname: Thomas
  • Given Name: John
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 29 Dec 1685 in Neuemburg,Baden,Germany
  • Death: BEF 1720 in , , Va.
  • _UID: 527B2F907B41D511BD9EBDC3D7961731BEA5
  • Note:
    There is evidence that both the Thomas (Tomas) and Käfer families lived for a while in the near vicinity of Ansbach. Later members of these families are to be found near Neuenburg where they married members of the Blankenbühler family. The name Käfer is found today in Gresten, Austria. The Thomas family is clan E (in the DNA classifications) the same as the Blankenbühlers. This clan E is most commonly found in southeastern European. The Scheiblau farm is about one-half mile from the Plankenbichl farm outside Gresten. Probably this was the source of the Scheibles in Germanna history. I think it is extremely probable that the Blankenbühler, Scheible, Thomas, and the Kaifer families all came Austria about 1650 and were probably related to some degree. John Blankenbaker

    Well DNA results are in and there is another Thomas -- previously unknown-- but now with a pretty good family file. Ezekial Thomas married Jennie Carruthers (sister to William Thomas, who was the son of Hans) born 1776 in NC - to Franklin Co., GA with Jesse and William Thomas, sons of Hans. Appears to have an older brother, Zachariah Thomas. Putting in family file as son of Hans -- no other possibilities at this point-- Now I am trying to add material on the 4 daughters of Hans and his first wife, Mary. If anyone has notes on their families -- census, land, military, church, where they are buried, where their birth and death dates came from-- or anything -- just the daughters and their spouses at this time and if you are willing to share with me -- that would be wonderful In some of my notes I have collected concerning the Benjamin Rush in Bute Co, NC, I found this (This is not same Benjamin in Bute, but same family, I think ......So, looks like a marriage between Rush & Thomas, if this is correct...This earlier Richard Thomas is interersting too. Answer may lie in Westmoreland...Just a guess, as Rush/ Gray/Hudson families seem to be coming from there, earlier in time. Know there was a Thomas family there...whether same or not is the question of the day Westmoreland Co., Va., Deed Book 3, p.72; ?John Spencer godfather of *John Thomas* on April 29, 1702 deeds to John Thomas 50 acres of land, being part of the 200 acres formally sold to Jacob REMY unto my father Nicholas Spencer, Esq., dec?d., being in Nominy forest, bounded as follows; a path leading from Jacob REAMY?s to Richard Doziers,? also French who lived next to the REMY plantation. From my notes (not my research) Connections to Rush and Thomas In Virginia, daughter of John Thomas, married Benjamin Rush, .. ..In the settlement of estate of William Rush III, 1712, in Virginia, there is listed, in inventory, the item, "To Richard Thomas" above from Fred Duncan
    Anybody got any idea as to who this "John Thomas" was or where he ended up. I think the Spencers were kin to Lord Culpeper, if I remember right.....He and a James & James Thomas Jr. appearing on document with Peter Duncan family in Westmoreland. This Duncan family lived near this Jacob Remy. Just wondering if he moved "up river" from Nomini Creek area of Westmoreland. Pretty sure this Dozier family later marries into theThornton family. Westmoreland Co., Va., Deed Book 3, p.72; ?John Spencer *godfather of John Thomas* on April 29, 1702 deeds to John Thomas 50 acres of land, being part of the 200 acres formally sold to Jacob Remy unto my father Nicholas Spencer, Esq., dec?d., being in Nominy forest, bounded as follows; a path leading from Jacob Remy's to Richard Doziers,? also French who lived next to the Remy plantation. Fred Duncan 136 Kirk Adams Road Angier, North Carolina 27501
    If anyone has a record for Hans Thomas land could you check it out for me. Not counting the land that he got with his brother, Michael and then sold the his portion to Michael, I have that he purchased -- looking for OYLER info. Take care. Marilyn 570 acres from Vaught (various spellings) and (one deed says 670) 400 acres land grant in 1728 However he sold or gifted110 and 104 to John Railsbeck - son in law -- looks like part gift/part purchase 109 Jacob Holtzclaw - son in law -- gift 90 to Jacob Blankenbaker - son in law -- gift 100 to Michael Smith (brother in law -- part of John Paul Fook/Focht/Vaught grant 96 to Joseph Holtzclaw -- son in law gift 96 to John Finnell 70 to John Hartsbarger 124 to Michael Smith part of John Paul Fook grant - brother in law 68 to Zachary Smith - nephew Missing these two sources also which brings an unknown amount of land into the discussion. Henry Aylor, at one time, sold land, which he described as his wife's fortune, which had been transferred from John Thomas.? Earlier, John Thomas had transferred land to Henry Aylett. - (possibly missing about 100 acres from the VAUGHT purchase) Looks possible that the 4 gifts to his sons in law were taken out of the 400 acres grant that he got in 1728 -- 104, 109, 90, 96 This land was all sold to known relatives of John -- other than Finnell and Hartsbargar ? relatvies ? father's in law of his two wives - Sarah and Mary -- ?? brothers in law of his wife ?? no relative. NO CLUE

    Just wanted to bring you up to date on my Thomas research -- I descend from Michael, brother to John/Hans Thomas Jr. My brother had his DNA tested and it matched with a line from Culpeper Co., VA to NC. NOW, not wanting to jump to conclusions that might be wrong BUT the only scenario I can come up with this line to NC is that Hans/John and Sarah his second wife, actually had children and they all moved to NC. The line that my line matches with begins with a John who has a son William Born 1763 in Culpeper Co. VA. There is no doubt that we are from the same family matching 23 out of 25 markers, same last name and all in Culpeper Co at the same time. John in Virginia is last found in 1771 and in 1772 his cousin Michael Smith sells property "formerly the plantation of John Thomas" Not John Thomas deceased but just "formerly the plantaion of John". I surmise that John sold his property because he moved out of the area. The next thing we find is that this NC John buys property in Guilford Co. NC 1778 and the next day, Michael Thomas, buys adjoining land. Michael Thomas was in the area as early as 1775 and many researchers think he is a son of John/Hans. William Thomas, son of John has brothers Lewis, Jesse and Joel. Some of these sons, have clear title to John's property when they sell it in 1785-1787 time so presumably John is now deceased. I SUSPECT that Michael is a son of John and his first wife and the others are from John and his second wife. We know that he was married to Sarah before 1760 from land records. Sooooo, this week a male descendant from Michael sent off his DNA for comparison with my line from Michael and the line we match with from John. If anyone else has any suggestions, we'll be glad to follow up on them. John Thomas in Virginia used a distinctive mark but unfortunately the John Thomas in NC never sold any property to make or leave any kind of mark. I have put together a timeline of sorts with the children of John and Michael assuming this new connection. If anyone wants one -- just let me know and I'll send an attachment to them privately. Mostly the male children but I'ld be more than happy to add any female info that anyone sends. Michael and the 4 sons all served in the Rev. War but John did not -- leading one to the conclusion that he was too old. Take care all. I'ld love to hear from any Thomas researchers. Marilyn Thomas Hansen
    Most everything is my material. Some of it is old and outdated. (some is now proven incorrect) I will send you two of my chapters on the Thomas' I know longer believe that Lucy Thomas was a daughter. Attached are two chapters that will give you what I have researched. You are welcome to use it as long as you mention my name or my book. Thanks, Bud Thomas
    CHAPTER 10

    French and Indian War Veteran
    Dunmore War Veteran
    Revolutionary War Veteran

    Michael Thomas had 25 children by two wives. Many of these children had large families. His descendant?s number in the thousands and it is understandable that a good number are diligently trying to discover the many unsolved mysteries connected with this distant ancestor. With this in mind, one would think that more information would be available on Michael and his family. However, only a few of his children are mentioned herein with much more than a cursory notation and none are described to any great depth. Despite having so many offspring precious little is really known of Michael Thomas and most of his children. This is due largely to the times in which they lived combined with the remote locations in which this family resided. The Thomas? seemed to constantly push the migration envelope further and further to the west, living basically in Indian country where the preservation of legal records was a secondary concern. Another factor is the long hours of research necessary to overturn scarce information on this pioneer family. The writer has spent nearly 20 years researching Henry Thomas. Along the way I have been aided by the work of professional genealogists and other researchers which allowed me to piece together chapter 10, representing his first marriage and chapter 11 the second marriage. More research will be necessary to adequately tell their story. One thing is certain, however, this pioneer family is fascinating. They were involved in every major event from 1750 to 1815 including the French and Indian War, the Lord Dunmore War, the Revolutionary War, the post Revolution Indian Wars, and the War of 1812. Reading their history reflects the history of the United States to a great detail. Their triumphs and hardships mirror the nation of that long ago period and they certainly did their share in laying the groundwork for the country in which we live and enjoy today.

    Thanks to the Internet and other researchers sharing the same interest, the data on Michael Thomas Sr. is steadily growing. I now have enough material to at least discuss information on some of his children.

    Michael Thomas was born in an area that became Spotsylvania County, Virginia (in 1734 it became Orange County, Virginia) about the year 1719. His first wife is unproven. Most believe that she was Anna Catharina Clara Wayland (Weiland), daughter of Thomas Wayland and Maria Barbara Seppace. Mary Margaret Thomas, granddaughter of Daniel Thomas (son of Michael Thomas) stated in a printed excerpt on the Thomas family, ?Sketches of Rush County, Indiana? (published in 1915 by the Jacksonian Publishing Company Rushville of Indiana) that Michael Thomas? first wife was named ?Elizabeth?, but stops short of a last name. Mary Margaret (born in 1838, died in 1918) was the daughter of George Thomas (son of Daniel Thomas). This is the earliest stated identity of Michael?s first wife, found to date. Some say the first wife was an Elizabeth Staiton.

    However, all known research on this woman conflicts with the dates that would be necessary to qualify as the first wife. Elizabeth Staiton did marry a Michael Thomas but this particular Michael Thomas was from Albemarle County, Virginia. His family and siblings are well documented and do not match any locations or dates discovered on our Michael.

    Anna Catharina Wayland grew up on a farm adjoining the farm where Michael Thomas was raised. Young men of that time usually did not stray far in their quest for a mate. Michael could marry young because he already had land given to him by his mother and stepfather. This is very unlike most young men of the time who waited in some cases many years to gather enough money to buy land, marry, and settle down. It would appear that Anna Catherine Wayland would be a better fit as Michael Thomas? first wife. Far more researchers mention her as the first wife and the name Anna Catherine is also mentioned as a wife by some of the very early Michael Thomas research. The names Anna and Catherine were popular with the children of Michael?s first wife.

    Michael Thomas is on record as serving in the Militia from Culpepper County, Virginia (area changed from Orange County, Virginia in 1752 and in 1756 to Madison County) with his nephew, Adam Smith, during the French and Indian War [1]. We now know that Michael Thomas served as a "Captain of Virginia Militia" during the Revolutionary War in 1776. His Virginia service was actually in what is now southwest Pennsylvania. It has also been proven that he served in the Virginia Militia prior to the Revolution and was "paid off at Fort Pitt" (Pittsburgh). Records show that Michael served with ?Stockley?s Rangers in the far West Virginia theatre and also briefly under Captain Paul Froman in the Militia (rayrolls req. # C 8464). According to the book ?History of Lewis County? (Kentucky), by Rev. O.G. Ragan, "Michael Thomas gave valiant service as a soldier in the War of the Revolution and he was a man of influence and prominence in public affairs in the community in which he maintained his home". Michael Thomas is recorded as a resident of Springhill Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania in 1773 and soon after, a resident of Washington County, Pennsylvania [2] when Bedford County was broken up. He is recorded as a resident of Somerset Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1786. Michael signed a petition, with his son Michael Thomas Jr., in the year 1779 to form a new state called "Westsylvania?. Michael was listed as a slave owner (3 slaves) in Washington County on December 31, 1782.

    It is well known and well documented that Michael Thomas had 15 children by his first wife and 10 children by his second. Not all of the first wife's children are known to this writer. Late in his life, Michael Thomas finally moved from Pennsylvania and settled in Kentucky. He first appears in the Fayette County, Kentucky tax list with his son Abraham, in 1790. The 1790 Fayette County tax list Michael with one household male individual over 21 (Michael), two slaves and one horse. It is believed that Michael first moved to Fisher?s Station from Washington County, Pennsylvania, where his son Abraham and other family members were then living, sometime in 1787. We say this because no listing can be found for Michael Thomas in the Washington County tax list for 1788.

    It has been proven that Abraham Thomas lived at or near Fisher?s Station in the 1780?s. Abraham and Michael appear together in 1790 in Fayette County, Virginia (now Kentucky) living on land purchased from a relation?s husband, Arnold Custer. It is logical to conclude that Abraham and Michael moved together from Fisher?s Station to ?North Elkhorn Creek? in Fayette County, ?near Lexington? from Fisher?s Station.

    Arnold Custer was a brother of William Custer who witnessed Michael Thomas? will in 1799. William Custer married Anna Smith, a daughter of Adam Smith, who was a nephew of Michael Thomas. Fayette County, Kentucky was not all that far from Fisher?s Station.

    Michael and Abraham Thomas? 1790 through 1804 Fayette County, Kentucky tax listings go as follows:

    1790 Abraham Thomas, 1 tithable, 3 horses

    Michael Thomas, 2 titables, 2 slaves, 1 horse

    1791 Many entries are unreadable and this writer could not identify for certain Abraham
    or Michael Thomas.

    1792- Abraham Thomas 100 acres, 3 horses and 7 cattle.

    Michael Thomas (living on the same land ?Levy Free?) 1 male over 16
    2 slaves over 21, 2 slaves over 16, 2 horses and 10 cows.

    1793- Abraham Thomas, 1 male over 21, 1 male over 16, 2 horses, 17 cows, 100 acres

    Michael Thomas (Levy Free) living on the same property as Abraham, 1 male
    over 21, 1 male over 16, 2 slaves over 21, 4 horses and 11 cows.

    1794 Abraham Thomas 100 acres, 1 male over 21, 3 horses, 17 cows.
    Michael Thomas (Levy Free) 1 male over 21, 1 male over 16, 2 slaves, 3 horses,
    9 cows.

    1795 Abraham Thomas 100 acres, 1 white male over 21, 1 male over 16, 4 horses and
    16 cows.

    Michael Thomas (levy Free) one male over 21, 2 slaves, 3 horses and 7 cows.

    1796 Abraham Thomas, Michael Thomas and Solomon Thomas all living on the
    same property in Fayette County, Kentucky (4 June 1796). This property was
    purchased from Arnold Custer by Abraham Thomas.
    Abraham let his aged father, Michael live on the place levy free (no rent).

    Abraham Thomas, 1 white male over 21, 6 horses and 12 cows

    Michael Thomas, 1 male over 21, 2 slaves over 21, 2 slaves over 16, 5 horses and
    16 cows.

    Solomon Thomas, one male over 21.

    1797 Abraham Thomas 50 acres on North East Elkhorn purchased from Arnold
    Custer, 1 white male over 21, 2 white males over 16 and 6 horses.

    Living on the property was Michael Thomas 1 white male over 21, 4 slaves and 3

    1798 All tax records for Fayette County, Kentucky in the year 1798 were lost.

    1799 Abraham Thomas same tax listings as 1797.

    Michael Thomas (levy free) 2 males over 21, 1 male over 16, 2 slaves over 21,
    4 slaves total.

    William Thomas (living on the same land) one male over 21, 2 horses. This was
    Abraham Thomas? eldest son.

    1800 Abraham and other Thomas? were not identified by this writer in 1800. Many
    Entries are very hard to read or completely obliterated.

    1801 Abraham Thomas 100 acres on North East Elkhorn bought from Arnold ?Custard?.
    He is listed as 1 slave and 6 horses.

    William Thomas 39 acres same location and owner with 2 horses.

    George Thomas same location and owner (no acreage listed) with 1 slave and 3

    Israel Thomas same location and owner (no acreage listed)

    Note- An Isaac Thomas is listed nearby on North East Elkhorn. (land owner,
    William Tandy) Not known who this was.

    1802 Abraham Thomas same entries as 1801.
    William Thomas 1 male over 21 and 2 horses (living on same land as Abraham)

    1803 No listing found for Abraham. (Much is unreadable for 1803)

    1804 Abraham Thomas 2 white males over 21, 1 slave, 5 horses.

    Michael Thomas 1 white male over 21, 3 horses (son of Abraham)

    William Thomas 1 white male over 21, 3 horses

    Michael died October 5, 1799 in Fayette County, Kentucky ?near Lexington?. He left a will that was burned in a fire soon after probate (1803). Regrettably, only a very small portion of his will survived the fire. It lists his sons Abraham and George as the executors. Michael Thomas? will was recorded in Fayette County, Kentucky, Vol. 6, Pages 92, 93, and 94. The will is burned around the edges and only the middle of the pages are legible.

    Below is all that was salvaged from his will:

    Fayette County Court House
    Burned Records Page 92

    to Elizabeth
    e estate of her deceased husba
    same in the following manner that
    oes by the name of stefney value
    ty five pounds the other by the name of
    eighty five pounds and two hundred and s
    unds and sixteen shillings which is one third
    he personal estate agreeable to accounts rend
    Iso one third of the rents for the mills and
    rd of the land to include the houses whe
    ow now lives to be laid off in the following
    ner beginning in the road where the
    d tract crosses the road that runs t
    ntation next W. David Logan and
    the tract round until it
    n along the middle
    adow fence

    Page 93

    Ain this my last
    I disannulling all others
    Th to me beloved wife Sus
    an Sarah all my household furniture
    d bed, which she my wife Serah is to give
    hter Rachel, I likewise bequeath to my wife
    Cows. I bequeath to my son George my neg
    Isaac, only George is to pay my son Solomon
    Ty pounds, which is Solomon?s portion of my es
    Wise I bequeath to my daughter Barbara, my
    I bequeath to my son Abraham fifty dollars
    Money, my sons Michael owes me. And the one
    Ses of land, which Adam Smith decease
    Bequeath to my son Israel my negr
    d a cow, calf and yearling, a
    of money that my son Mich
    to my son Daniel n
    ing and

    Page 94

    Portion and shall be
    Mentioned as they have taken
    old age. I constitute and appoint
    Abraham & George Thomas as executors
    My last will and Testament. In witness w
    Unto set my hand and seal this 31st of March
    Michael Thomas (Seal)

    alcom Worley
    ugh Sheron
    William Custer
    Fayette County December Court 1800
    S last will and testament of Michael Tho
    ased was this day produced in court and
    The oaths of Malcom Worley and William
    oered to be recorded
    Teste Levi Todd

    Despite so little information derived from the above will, it does tie the two families of Michael Thomas together with mention of Abraham and George Thomas. Also, we have proof positive that he had a wife, ?Sus?, (Susannah) and daughters Rachel and Barbara. In addition to sons Abraham and George, it also gives strong evidence for sons Israel, Daniel, Solomon and Michael. No older children?s names are discernable. It appears to this writer that ?Stefney? was a slave of Michael Thomas, as was Isaac. It is very hard to decipher the burned will in most places. The Sarah mentioned was likely his daughter but may have also been a slave with that name. It is noted that Michael?s cousin, Adam Smith, is mentioned and that William Custer, the husband of Adam Smith?s daughter, Anna, signed the will as a witness.

    Abraham and Michael lived in Fayette County, Ky., ?near Lexington?. Yet, the location of ?North Elkhorn? implies they were not so near that town. Today, North Elkhorn would probably be in Scott County, Kentucky. Fayette County has been broken up into other counties since those early days.

    The following is what I have learned, to date, concerning Michael's children:

    (Not necessarily in the correct order)

    Child 1

    Henry Thomas- born 1738?. Said to be the eldest child (no proof). He is well documented in this manuscript (ancestor). Born on the Robinson River in what is now Madison County, Virginia. Henry moved with other members of the family to what is now southwest Pennsylvania in the year 1769. He claimed land on Ten-Mile Creek Pennsylvania before 1772. Henry Married Catherine Simmons, daughter of Henry Simmons and Christiana (Myers), about 1778. Henry had older children listed in his household in 1787, and 1810 that are unknown. He may well have married prior to his marriage to Catherine. (see chapter 12)

    Henry explored the central Kentucky region in 1776 with his father Michael, brother Samuel, Henry Simmons, and likely other members of the family. He claimed land there on the Salt River in that same year and signed a protest petition against Judge Richard Henderson and his ?Transylvania Company? in 1776 with his father-in-law, Henry Simmons, father Michael Thomas, a brother Samuel and several cousins and other relations from the Robinson River area of Virginia. Henry Thomas, his wife Catherine, father-in-law Henry Simmons, mother-in-law Christiana, Azor Rees, Dinah Rees, Samuel Thomas, Abraham Thomas, possibly members of the Crow family and others totaling 40 traveled down the Ohio River in a single flatboat in April of 1780. Henry Thomas Built "Thomas Station" in what is now Boyle County, Kentucky very near the present town of Danville. He served in the Revolutionary War on three occasions in the Kentucky Militia and at least one occasion under Col. Gibson in 1776 at Fort Pitt. The family moved to now Warren County, Kentucky in late 1797. Known children include: John. b. 1786, Daniel, b. 1790, Jesse W., b. 1793, Jane, b. 1796, Jeremiah, b. 1797, and Elizabeth "Betsey", b. 1799. Henry died in Warren County in 1817. Catherine Simmons Thomas died in Warren County, Kentucky before 1840.

    A monument at the court house in Warren County, Kentucky honoring local Revolutionary War veterans includes Henry Thomas (See photo this chapter).

    Child 2

    Samuel Thomas-born June 16, 1740. Sam was a long time friend, neighbor, and hunting companion of William Harrod, brother of the famed James Harrod, who lived close by on Ten-Mile Creek, Pennsylvania. William Harrod Jr. told the story of how his father and Sam Thomas, while serving in Froman's company near Graves Creek, chased some Indians down a ravine into the Ohio River and how Sam Thomas shot one of the Indians "and the Indian and his rifle sank into the River".

    Records prove that Samuel Thomas paid taxes in the ?Amwell Township? in Washington County in 1786. He also paid taxes in the ?Cumberland Township?, the same year. He lived very near George and William Teagarden, in that Township. Another property tax was paid by Samuel in the ?Morgan? Township, in 1786. Samuel appears to have owned several properties in the 1780?s and a man of means.

    Samuel Thomas and Will Harrod served in the Provincial Army together prior to the Revolution. He was also with Captain William Harrod in the Revolutionary War in 1778 and 1779, under Colonel McCleary's command. Samuel Thomas was early in Kentucky on several documented occasions. He married Rachel Perry and had known children: Catherine, Samuel Jr., George, Rachel (married Dr. Joseph S. Tomlinson), Margaret, Michael, Patsey, and Henry. There is good evidence of older sons Thurston and Jacob, as well. Sam lived with his family in the Morgan Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1785 and was recorded as a resident with his family in Cumberland Township in 1788. Sam Thomas lived many years in what is now southwest Pennsylvania but moved to now Bracken County, Kentucky about the year 1794. Although Samuel Thomas disappears from census records in Washington County, Pennsylvania after 1790 he still was listed as a Washington County ?taxable? in 1800. This indicates he still owned property at that county.

    We know that most of his children migrated to Bracken County, Kentucky with Samuel. Samuel's daughter, Catherine, and her husband, Jeremiah Teagarden purchased property in Bracken County February 7, 1797. However, it was not until the summer of 1806 that the young couple with their first three children immigrated in a flatboat convoy down the Ohio River to Augusta (Kentucky). Their fourth child (Rachel) was born on the boat while they were tied up awaiting location of living quarters.

    Rachel Thomas' (daughter of Samuel Thomas) husband, the Rev. Dr. Joseph Smith Tomlinson, was a Methodist minister and President of Augusta College. He was also a brother of Eliza Clayland Tomlinson who married William Barclay Foster and they became the parents of Stephen Collins Foster, the famed song writer. Joseph's aunt, Sara Tomlinson, married Oliver Evans[3], the famous inventor. According to a Bracken County, Kentucky web site, Stephen Collins Foster visited his relations in Augusta and would "listen to the musical and harmonious voices that floated softly from the old negro church on Second Street". "Later, according to Bardstown Ky. Tradition, the song writer put into song the sorrow that their voices reflected".

    An article in the Augusta, Kentucky Times dated December 1, 1976 states in part:

    Samuel Thomas was among our earliest settlers, owned land just below Augusta
    (Now the Skirvin farm) and built a log house at the mouth of Big Bracken. He bought
    land on little Bracken Creek from a John Payne and William Orr in the year 1811.
    Samuel's wife, Rachel Perry, was an aunt of Commodore and Mollie Perry and
    died at the age of 106 years on Big Bracken Creek at the home of Rachel Smith.
    Jeremiah Teagarden, (son-in-law of Samuel Thomas), was the father of a very
    large family and was an extensive land owner on the waters of Big Bracken Creek.

    Samuel Thomas, (father of Catherine Thomas), was a well-to-do land owner with
    many slaves [4]. The Thomas Grants called "Zikleg" and "Thomas Town"[5] in (Ten
    mile) Pennsylvania were near George Teagarden's "Indian Altar" on the west bank
    of the Monongahela were patented with all the other grants on a Virginia
    certificate in 1784. Slaves would have been unusual in that area of Pennsylvania
    but mention of them has come down in Jeremiah Teagarden's annals. Samuel later
    built a total of three cabins-two near the creek and one on the hill at Horse Shoe
    Bend on what is now Dutch Ridge Pike leading to Germantown, Kentucky, where
    the (present day) Heck Cemetery is located.

    Samuel Thomas lived in the largest cabin until Jeremiah Teagarden moved into it in
    1810 and this cabin remained for many years as did the smaller ones in the low land
    where Samuel's son's George and Samuel (Jr.) lived as neighbors most of their lives.
    The old Samuel Thomas cabin stayed in the Teagarden family for over 105 years.

    The 1787-1789 Supply tax lists for Washington County, Pennsylvania show Samuel
    Thomas and George Teagarden as having paid some of the highest taxes in the
    county. George Teagarden owned two stills and made some of the finest whiskey in
    the country. In fact, the Ten Mile country produced "the best and greatest quantity of
    rye whiskey, (Old Monon) reputed to be superior to any in the U.S. and preferred
    in every market".

    Editor?s note: At one time, there were as many as 70 distilleries in operation in the
    Area ?Converting grain to whisky was a matter of economy, costing less to ship than
    grain. The hated excise tax imposed by the newly established American government
    in 1791 led President Washington to call out the troops in 1794 to suppress the
    Whisky Rebellion in Western Pennsylvania?.

    Norella Brandenburg, a descendant of Jeremiah Teagarden, wrote the following to
    Helen White in 1942 (in part) - The Thomas' (Samuel) were gentle folk, wealthy and
    first settlers of Augusta, Ky. Samuel Thomas and Rachel Perry came in flatboats
    long before 1796; Rachel was of the Oliver Hazard Perry clan. The flatboat on which
    the families embarked at Redstone Old Fort, was 60 feet long and 18 to 20 feet wide
    and the cost ranged from $1 to $1.25 per foot. The hull was made from big square
    timbers of hardwood which they used for the cabins later on; when fully laden they
    drew from one to one and a half feet. Upright timbers were set on top of the hull and
    the whole enclosed with heavy planks, like a house.

    Norella Brandenburg goes on to tell how the Thomas family was attacked by
    Indians on a trip down the Ohio River in the early 1790's. Samuel Thomas' wife,
    Rachel Perry Thomas had a sister "Aunt Mollie Perry" who was with the Thomas
    family during this attack. "The Indians would send poisoned arrows into the boats
    and Aunt Mollie made a barricade of the feather beds, pillows and soft goods -
    arrows could not get out of the soft material. She saved the lives of our great
    Granddaddy Thomas' folks".

    By coincidence, William Harrod migrated from Pennsylvania to Bracken County, Kentucky during the same time period as did Samuel Thomas. William Harrod settled there in the spring of 1795, "at the head of Locust Creek", where he died in 1801, following a high fever. Will Harrod's place in Bracken County was very close to the Sam Thomas family. Samuel Thomas' daughter and eldest child, Catherine and Jeremiah Teagarden had a total of 11 children. She died giving birth to twin daughters Feb. 20, 1820, in Augusta, Kentucky. Catherine was buried with her twin daughters in a single grave in the small cemetery her father donated at the eastern portion of Augusta, Kentucky, for the first pioneers of Bracken County. Some of Samuel Thomas' other children and grandchildren moved to nearby Pendleton County and other Kentucky counties as well as to the state of Ohio and possibly West Virginia. William Harrod is buried in the Old Sharon Church Cemetery located near what is now the village of Chatham, Kentucky a little south of Augusta. Sam Thomas kept a residence in the town of Augusta but records prove his actual home was ?down from Augusta?. This appears to be very close to Chatham. It is apparent that Sam was in good financial shape. His estate settlement/sale in Bracken County was extensive.

    The Augusta, Kentucky newspaper article fits exactly with prior research material found on the Thomas' that state that Henry Simmons, later father-in-law of Henry Thomas, lived next to George Teagarden. The Thomas' lived at what was known as "Thomas Town" and ?Thomas Station? which is also very close to George Teagarden. George was the father of Jeremiah Teagarden, son-in-law of Samuel Thomas. According to the book "Descendants of Abraham Teagarden", an "early burial ground is lost in a tangle of brambles and brush on the hill back of (present day) Pit Gas School on a rise of ground overlooking Ten Mile Creek. The cemetery has been vandalized over the years and there are but a few monuments (gravestones) to members of the Teagarden, Simmons, and Bowser families still standing". George Teagarden is said to be buried in this cemetery, as well. This same book states that George Teagarden lived about a mile up the Ten Mile from the Monongahela River. Records prove he owned land on both sides of Ten Mile (Washington and Greene Counties) in 1782. His Washington County land was adjacent to the Hupp family.

    A humorous tale comes down from the Teagarden family on the young George Teagarden as follows: ?After selecting a site for his house, George called the neighbors in to assist in rearing it. When the work was about to begin, a raw-boned denizen of the forest made his appearance and claimed the ground? no further progress could be made in building until the question of ownership was settled. As no legal tribunal had yet been established over this territory, the only method of deciding was by personal combat? agreed that whoever proved himself the better man would be entitled to his claim. The contest was long and bloody, but the youthful vigor of Teagarden was in the end triumphant. His antagonist, after having washed and dressed his wounds, in which the young wife is said to have assisted, remained and helped build the cabin?ever after on friendly terms?.

    Samuel Thomas is listed as a resident of Washington County, Pennsylvania for the year 1790. The Federal census enumerated the family with one male over 16 years of age, three males less than 16 and three females in the household. No township for Samuel is listed.

    Samuel sold his ?Zikleg? Pennsylvania property to a John Shoider on August 23, 1808. In addition, he and Rachel also sold his Pennsylvania property called ?Hartman?s Hall? on that same date. No signatures were in the deed transfer indicating they were in Kentucky at the time of the sale.

    The 1810 Federal census for the town of Augusta, Bracken County, Kentucky states that Samuel was over 45 years of age. His home included 1 son less than 10 years old, 3 sons between 16 and 26 years of age, and 3 females between 26 and 45 years. Samuel also owned 7 slaves at that time. Living next door was a Jacob Thomas, age 26 to 45. The 1820 census lists Samuel, George, Henry and Michael Thomas as 26 to 45 years old. No listing for Samuel Thomas Sr. or Jacob Thomas.

    The old Samuel Thomas grave marker states that he was born June 16, 1740 and then states that he was ?buried? on October 7, ?1812?. His old hand-made tombstone is still readable (barely) and the ?S? in the name Thomas is turned backwards. The fact that he was ?buried? on the 7th of October may indicate the exact date of death was uncertain. The 1812 death date was very hard to interpret and subject to correction. We know that Sam was alive in 1811 and dead before 1820. No record of Sam has been found between those two dates so the ?1812? death date may be accurate.

    Samuel Thomas is buried in Bracken County, Kentucky in an old cemetery in the eastern portion of Augusta, Kentucky. This is possibly the same cemetery he donated to the early pioneers, and in which his older daughter, Katherine, is buried. Eight field stones lie around the Sam Thomas grave but all, save one, are now unreadable. It reads D. Thomas died Aug. 16, 1894.

    Jeremiah Teagarden married again to Mary Fop Roland on 30 May, 1824 and had five more children. He died in 1853. Jeremiah Teagarden was buried at the ?Payne Cemetery? which appears to be a different cemetery than his first wife is buried. This cemetery was all but destroyed in the severe flooding of 1883-84.

    Norella Brandenburg wrote an article in the Bracken County News on Thursday, June 27, 1935 about Mary Fopp Roland that goes in part:

    ?Ole? mother and grandmother affectionately known by her step children and her own children. She came from Virginia in 1824 to marry Jeremiah Teegarden and mother his 9 children. She did mother them with love. This love was returned with very great respect until they were grey-haired men and women. She was Mary Fopp Roland, the widow of Thomas Roland of Virginia. She and brother William (Roland) came on horseback from Virginia to Augusta. She was married to Jeremiah May 30, 1824. Her children were John R. Teegarden (Jeff?s father), Mrs. Mary Hargett, Manassa (Matt) Teegarden, Frank Teegarden, (and) Lizzie Woods?.

    ?After the death in 1853 of Jeremiah, she sold her farm on Little Bracken to the late George Teegarden (father of Mrs. Laura Gebhardt). She settled on a farm near old Belmont Church on Oakland Road. She with many of her descendants, rest in the church yard?.

    My father (Leo Thomas Sr.) and I visited the grave of William Harrod and we searched and old cemetery located on a steep hill in the eastern side of present day Augusta hoping of locate Sam Thomas? grave, with no luck. It turned out that Sam was buried very nearby in a smaller ?Thomas? (one acre) Cemetery. Most of the old markers are so weather worn that the inscriptions are totally gone or entirely unreadable. The vital dates for Sam Thomas were recorded and documented at an earlier time and provided to this writer by Ms. Mary Ann Ashworth.

    Sam Thomas lived a rich full adventurous life and did more than his share in conquering the American West of the 18th century. He was well respected in southwest Pennsylvania and later Bracken County, Kentucky.

    Child #3

    Jesse Thomas- Jesse was born about 1746 in Culpepper County, Virginia. He may not have moved to Ten Mile Creek with other members of the family because a Jesse Thomas fought in the Lord Dunmore War with Colonel John Field(s) Company. This Jesse Thomas was in the same company as Jesse Coffer, Augustine Rucker, Christopher Barlow, George Hupp, Mark Finks, John Wilhoit, Lewis Garr, Mathias Broyles, Bernard Fisher, Angus Rucker, Samuel Blankenbaker, John Carpenter, Henry Wayman, John Broyles and William Butler, all Germans from Culpepper County, Virginia. There was two Jesse Thomas? at that time from Culpepper County. One was English and the other of German origin. The writer believes that the German Jesse Thomas is the one in Colonel Fields command during the Dunmore War due to the large number of known Germans included. It is noted that Colonel Field?s company arrived at the scene of battle just in time to turn back the tide which was fast developing towards the Indians favor. Colonel Fields was killed in this action. William Fields, a friend of Henry Thomas? is noted as a Lieutenant in this command.

    Jesse Thomas served in the Revolutionary War in ?Shrauders Rangers? in far West Virginia. He appears to be the same Jesse Thomas that drifted down from Washington County, Pennsylvania (Monongalia County, VA) to Harrison County, Virginia (West Virginia) where in 1791 he was recorded as a witness in a law suit brought by John Wickwire against Benjamin Shinn. He later (10 April 1797) was recorded in the same District Court as a material witness in a slander suit brought by Bartholomew Clark against Hugh McNeely, in Harrison County, Virginia (West Virginia). The suit stated that Jesse "was about to remove down the river". Other family members also lived in now West Virginia in the late 1770?s

    In the year 1782, he served in the Revolutionary War with brother Abraham in Captain Samuel Kirkman?s Company. Also serving in this same company were William Crow, John Crow, Isaac Lawrence, James Thompson, Jacob Holtzclaw, William Barbee, Joshua Barbee, and William Fields. These names can be found with the Thomas? on several other documents before and after 1782. Some researchers say that Jesse moved to Fayette County, KY near his brother, Abraham and father, Michael. However, no listing for Jesse can be found on the Fayette County tax records between 1787 and 1804. The names of his wife and family are not known to the writer.

    Child #4

    John Thomas- Born about 1748. He is recorded as a soldier during the Dunmore War of 1774 in Michael Cresap's command. John enlisted early in the War of the Revolution in Captain James Hook's Company, under Colonel Gibson's command at Fort Pitt called "The Calico Hunting Shirt Company". This company marched down to Maryland to join Colonel Morgan's famed Rifle Company and took part in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. John lived for a time in 1790?s at Henry Thomas Station where he is on record as renting land from his older brother. John lived briefly in Hardin County, Kentucky in 1799. John fought in the Kentucky Militia in the early 1780's. In August of 1782, he can be found in the Kentucky Militia with Michael Myers, in Lieutenant James Brown's Company.

    Their are disputes over the wife and family of John Thomas. Some say her name was Jemima Miller, others say Elizabeth Brunner. Still others mention different women as the wife of John. The name John Thomas is so common that it is easy to get confused.

    John purchased three parcels of land from his cousin, Barnet Fisher 28 April, 1795 totaling 1,960 acres located on the Salt River in Mercer County, Kentucky. This was close to Henry Thomas' Station and the Danville/Harrodsburg area. We also know that John Thomas lived in what is now West Virginia, with others in his family, at a very early date.

    John Thomas is said to have later moved to Adams County, Ohio and from there to the town of Knox, county of Columbiana, Ohio where he is said died on 18 April, 1817. The writer has been unable to prove this was the same John Thomas, however.

    Child #5

    Margaret Thomas- Margaret Thomas was born in Culpepper County, Virginia
    in 1751. She married Everhart (Everhard) Hupp at a young age. To repeat, Margaret is said to be the first white woman to reside west of the Monongahela River. She and her husband resided in a popular home that was a place for entertainment, perhaps for a price, located near the mouth of Ten-Mile Creek in Pennsylvania. Their home was a gathering place for men of the settlement of Sandy Plains. Hospitality was extended to white and red men alike. They brought their game to Margaret to prepare when they tired of their own cooking. The Hupp cabin stood on the hill just west of what is now Black Dog Hollow. The Hupp?s wisely cultivated the friendship of the Indians, and purchased the land from them, paying ?one black mare and one rifle gun.? The hospitality of the Hupp home soon became famous among both Indians and whites on the frontier, and no man, red or white, ever left it hungry. During the long years of Indian warfare that held the border in its bloody grip, this cabin was never molested.

    The story is told that on one occasion Hupp was returning home and saw several Indians ?marching around his cabin?. Rushing to the house, he met his wife Margaret coming from the springhouse with a pan of milk. The savages were invited in to a hearty meal, after which they went on their way, well pleased with the white man?s hospitality. Source: History of Washington County, Pennsylvania, by Earle Robert Forrest, S.J. Clarke Pub. Co., 1926.

    The Hupp's homestead "was well-known as a stopping-place for General George Washington on his western trips". According to the Boyd Crumine book "History of Washington County, Pennsylvania (see pages. 764-774)" "The first white settlers within the territory of Washington County were Everhard Hupp, George Bumgarner, and Abraham Teagarden. All of these families located in the vicinity of the mouth of Ten-Mile Creek. Everhard Hupp and George Bumgarner came together in the year 1766 from Culpepper County, Virginia and each made a settlement, as stated, in the southern part of the present township of East Bethlehem. Hupp's land was about two miles from the mouth of Ten-Mile Creek on the north side". It included two tracts. One called "Hupp's Regard" and the other "Hupp's Bottom". The two tracts combined totaled nearly 700 acres, granted Everhard Hupp June 3, 1769 (warrant 3318) and April 7, 1784 respectively. The 1784 certificate is described as including his actual settlement made in the year 1769. Everhart served as a Lieutenant in the ?Washington County Rangers? during the Revolutionary War.

    Everhart and Margaret had known children George, Phillip, Michael, Lewis "Resin", John, Henry, David, Elizabeth, Annie, and Margaret". His and Margaret's home was a two story log structure that stood until the late 1920's when it was dismantled by a coal company, hauled down hill, and used to build houses for the miners. The home had two front doors, such as two smaller log homes together (See photo in Chapter 34)

    Margaret Thomas Hupp is said to have died at Ten-Mile Creek Pennsylvania but the exact year is unknown. She was still alive in 1810. Some state that Everhart Hupp died in the year 1824. However, according to the census, he was alive and living in the East Bethlehem Township in 1830, age about 85.

    Child #6

    Anna Maria "Mary" Thomas- Mary was born in Virginia about 1752. She moved to Pennsylvania with many others in the family in the late 1760's. About the year 1771, Mary married early Ten Mile Creek Pennsylvania pioneer, Hans Michael Debolt Jr., son of Hans Michael Debolt and Elizabeth Burt. On April 1, 1773, Michael Debolt Jr. took out a warrant for land on Michael Catt's Run close to the Monongahela River. According to Internet research, Michael's brothers, George and Nicolas, were captured by Shawnee Indians at an early date, but George later managed to escape. Younger Nicolas, however, remained with the Shawnee, adopted their ways, and later became a Shawnee Chief. Michael Debolt Jr. died in Fayette County, Pennsylvania at a young age (about 1778). Anna Maria Thomas had five children by Michael Debolt Jr., and died in Pennsylvania, February 12, 1831, outliving her first husband by forty seven years. Their children were: 1. Catherine, b. 9 May 1772, d. 21 May 1851. She married George Mason. 2. Michael Jr., b. 12 May 1774, d. 21 May 1859 in Beaver Co., Pa. 3. Mary Magdalena b. August 1775, d. 16 Jan 1841. Mary married William Eckles. 4. Mary Ann, b. 1778, d. abt 1815, Beaver Co. Pa. 5. George, b. 1779, Beaver Co., Pa. Anna Maria Mary Thomas married (2) Michael Cristler (Christler, Crisler) and had children: Samuel, b. 31 May 1780, Rosanna, b. 2 June 1782, Martha, b. 1784, John, b. 11 Nov. 1786, and George, b. 31 May 1788. Mary and Michael moved to Beaver County, Pennsylvania with other family members and lived there the remainder of their lives. Michael Cristler died 29 Nov. 1836 (born 12 Dec. 1752).

    There is an interesting side note about Elizabeth Burt, mother of Hans Michael Debolt Jr. She was linked to the Chartier family of Quebec, Canada. She is said to be the daughter of Mary Seaworth Chartier and John Diburt Her grandmother was a Shawnee Indian and her grandfather was Martin Chartier. Elizabeth?s daughter, Mary Debolt, sister of Han Michael Debolt Jr., married Ephraim Walters and she practiced medicine as a frontier doctor, using mostly herbs and Indian type remedies. Ephraim Walters was once kidnapped by Indians and his release was arranged by General Boquet.

    His story goes as follows:

    ?On Sunday morning, July 8, 1756, the farm of Casper and Barbara Baer Walter in the Conococheague settlement in what is now Franklin County, PA, was attacked by a small
    Band of Indians. Casper Walter, who was sitting on the porch reading his Bible, was killed instantly. His wife, Barbara was tortured, but survived. She later married Henry Householder, a neighbor. The three younger Walter children were killed, at least one by dashing its head against a tree. The four older children were spared and carried off by the Indians. These children were John, b. 1743; Ephraim, b. 1744; Mary, b.1745; and Rebecca Regina, b.1746. John Walters was playing with a neighbor boy by the name of Galloday and escaped the attack and ran to nearby Kesecker's Mill, from which point an alarm was sent out to Fort Allison, about one quarter mile away. Rev. John Steele was conducting Sunday services at the fort, which were terminated and a party of men left, joining Capt. Potter at Kesecker's Mill. This happened so quickly that the party arrived at the Walter?s home soon enough to prevent the scalping of Casper. The dead were buried in a nearby meadow. While in captivity, these children were taken through much of what is now Ohio and Western Pennsylvania. It is said the children witnessed the fall of Fort Duquesne. Ephraim Walters, while in captivity, was 'adopted' by a Shawnee Indian chief by the name of ?Yougashaw? to replace a son who had been killed. Rebecca Regina was returned by the Moravian Christian, Frederick Post, in 1762. Her mother, Barbara Baer Walter appeared at Lancaster, PA to claim her. She later married Casper Statler, and settled in Shade Twp., Somerset County, PA. Mary returned later in 1762. Ephraim was 'liberated' by Col. Henry Bouquet in November 1764, as reported by the Pennsylvania Gazette of January 17, 1765. John Walters was apparently returned at the same time as Ephraim. Ephraim Walters, upon his return from captivity, settled his father's estate, and then moved to Augusta County, VA (now Hampshire Co., WV) and married in 1769, Mary Debolt (sister of Hans Michael Debolt Jr.), whose grandmother was allegedly a full blood Shawnee Indian. Her uncle was Peter Chartier, a Shawnee Indian chief who attempted to ban all liquor trade between the English and the Indians. About 1773, Ephraim and Mary Walters settled in what is now Fayette County, PA, where they raised a large family. John Walters served in the Sandusky Expedition in 1782, under the command of Col. Crawford, who was burnt at the stake during the operation. After the rout of this army by the Indians in what is now known as Wyandot County, OH, including the death of nearly half of the whites, many of the men simply fled on foot, never to have been heard from again. No later record of John Walters has been found, but family legend states that he returned to the Indians, being dissatisfied with the ways of the Whites. It is reported that he married an Indian woman of "strong Christian character" and raised a large family with her?.

    According to the book ?Historical Events of South side Beaver County? compiled by Robert M. Bryan, 1924, Michael Cristler was a great hunter and Indian Scout. He settled near the village now known as Shippingport and built a block house in 1796. Many descendants of Michael Cristler are living in or near place of early settlement.

    Child #7

    Elizabeth Thomas- Born about 1754. This Elizabeth was a daughter of Michael Thomas by his first wife. Sources say both wives had a daughter Elizabeth and the evidence is very strong to substantiate this. Elizabeth married Anthony Berry, b. about 1750, son of John (born 1706, died 1779) and Jemima (Weatherall) Berry of Culpepper County, Virginia. The Berry families were prominent in the settling of America and were conspicuous in the famous ?Bacon?s Rebellion? at an earlier date.

    Anthony was related to the pioneer Berry clan that settled Kentucky. Members of the Berry family were among the very first in Kentucky, residing at Boonesboro in the 1770?s. The Berry?s were closely related to the Broyles who were likewise closely related to the Thomas?.

    In 1776, records in Culpepper County, Virginia prove that Anthony and Elizabeth had their son, William Berry (born 17 December 1776), baptized in the Lutheran Church. The sponsors were Nicholas Broyles, Elizabeth?s second cousin, Mary Barlow, Elizabeth?s first cousin, and Catherine Barlow, another second cousin.

    In Culpepper County, Virginia 19 June 1780, the estate sale of John Berry was recorded with purchasers: Anthony Berry, Elijah Berry, Aaron Berry, Acrey Berry, Elisha Berry, John Berry and Malachia Berry.

    By the year 1794, the Anthony Berry family disappeared from all Madison County, Virginia (changed from Culpepper County in 1792) records. They are said to have moved to Orange County, VA. where Elizabeth died about 1810. Anthony married (2) Jane Lee in 1813. Anthony?s will was dated 5 May, 1817 and proved in court (Orange County, Virginia) 17 December 1817. His will mentions the son William, which he left but a single dollar, and a grandson Thomas Striplin Berry, which he left land, and a daughter Sarah Frances which he left the balance of his estate and ?to continue to be raised by Patsey Lee?. There is known to be a son Anthony Jr., as well. Anthony Berry Jr. married Margaret ?Peggy? Ward and had children, Cassandra Ann, Buckner, Benjamin Franklin, Lawson, and Wesley. William Berry, son of Anthony Sr. married Jemima Weakley.

    Child #8

    Abraham Thomas- Abraham was born in Culpepper County, Virginia about 1756. He later wrote a long story about his life that describes him and an older brother driving a flock of sheep 150 miles from Culpepper to Ten-Mile Creek in Pennsylvania. Abraham was with Henry Thomas on the 1780 trip to Kentucky down the Ohio River. He married Susannah Smith, daughter of Adam Smith, a cousin and neighbor of Henry and Abraham Thomas in Kentucky. Abraham lived for several years in Fayette County, Kentucky before moving to Ohio in 1808 (some say 1805). He was a blacksmith by trade. His father, Michael, lived very nearby (perhaps in the same place) through most of the 1790's. Abe died in Concord, Ohio April 5, 1843 (Miami County). He is buried in the old Thomas Cemetery there next to his two wives. Abraham and Susannah had children- William B., b. 1777, Michael, b. 1779, Adam, b.25 May 1782, Ezekial, b. 1784, Catherine, b. 1786, Abraham, b. 1788, Samuel, b. 23 Feb 1790 d. 3 July 1878, Mary Ann, b. 1793, and Peter, b. 21 May 1798. Abraham married (2) Mary Swailes (b. 1761, d. 5 Apr 1842) after his first wife died on 25 Jan., 1821.

    Early genealogical information on Abraham Thomas state that his father (Michael Thomas) took his family to the frontiers of Virginia, and Abraham, as a small boy, became an excellent hunter and marksman. He had no opportunity for even a crude education but grew to a wise border hunter and frontiersman. He served with Michael Cressup in the 1774 Lord Dunmore War.

    In the fall of 1774, an expedition led by Lord Dunmore and General Lewis, went into the Ohio Territory, the objective being the Indian towns of old Chillicothe, on the Scioto River. Young Abraham left home without leave and joined the border army. The Indians were met in battle and defeated. In 1775, the fort near Wheeling was threatened by the Indians, and an appeal went out to frontiersmen of Pennsylvania and Virginia. Abraham Thomas, with twenty others from the Ten Mile country, went to their rescue. Following a long standoff, the Indians withdrew from that settlement.

    Abraham Thomas was granted land in Harrison County, (now Calhoun County) in present day West Virginia after the Dunmore War and settled his family there. According to the West Virginia Public Affairs Report, vol. 21, No. 1, page 12, ?Abraham Thomas was probably the first permanent settler in Calhoun County. In 1774, he was granted 400 acres in the county and built a cabin on his land along the banks of the Little Kanawha River?. He then moved to Kentucky (1780) and later (1796) sold his Harrison County land to his brother, Michael Thomas Jr.

    Abraham Thomas was in the company of brave adventurers in the spring of 1780 when they descended the Ohio River in route to a new settlement in Kentucky. In the summer of 1780, Abe Thomas went with General G.R. Clark on an expedition into the Ohio Indian country to destroy their villages on the Mad River and acted as a scout for Daniel Boone in this process. Upon crossing the Ohio River with Boone, Abraham cut into a beech tree with a tomahawk, ?which I verily believe was the first tree cut into by a white man on the present site of Cincinnati?. The Indians were defeated following a severe battle. Abraham Thomas was again under Clark?s command in 1782 in Captain Samuel Kirkman?s company when he joined over 1,000 men in their march into Ohio, near present Dayton, and destroyed villages and Indians stores. His brother, Henry Thomas, was also in this expedition.

    Captain Samuel Kirkman?s Company:

    Lt. Henry Grider, Ensign William Crow, Sgt. George Campbell, Sgt. Daniel Brown, Sgt. James Fisher, Adjutant John Crow, P.H. Master James Thompson, Joseph Wilson, John Sellers, Josiah Boone, Jeremiah Boone, James Stephenson, Samuel Laurence, Isaac Laurence, Solomon Laurence, William Gracey, Benjamin White, George Wilson, George Reading, Edward Daugherty, Samuel Brinton, William Brinton, Robert Brinton, John Brinton, James Brinton, Edward Taylor, William Stone, Nicholas Pix, Jesse Thomas, Abraham Thomas, Jacob Holzclaw, William Barbour, Joshua Barbour, William Kern, William Fields, George Yunt, John Harris, Peter Watts, Robert Foreman, Moses Cherry, Ash Emmison, Absalom Yager, Cornelius Yager, Stephen Archer, Jacob Crow, Isaac Romine, and Elisha Scott.

    (See Ky Historical Society Reg. Vol. 29 (1931), p. 221; Vol. II, Kentucky Court and other Records, MS. W.B. Ardery for the Lincoln County, Militia Officers.

    In 1783, Abraham Thomas joined an army of mounted volunteer riflemen under James Harrod and Hugh McGary on an expedition against the Macacheek towns near the Mad River. This campaign was also a complete success.

    Abraham lived at or near Fisher?s Station in now Boyle County, Kentucky for a time in the 1780?s before moving to Fayette County. His father, Michael Thomas Sr., moved from Pennsylvania to Fisher?s Station sometime prior to 1790 and moved to Fayette County, Kentucky with Abraham in 1790. Abraham later moved from Fayette County, Kentucky to Miami County, Ohio in 1804 [6].

    The History of Miami County, Ohio by W.H. Beers published in 1880 adds more information on Abraham Thomas that goes in part:

    ?Abraham Thomas came (to Miami County, Ohio) in 1805 with two boys and as many girls, and located north of Mr. Peck (John)?. ?Mr. Thomas was in both campaigns of G. R. Clark against the Indians in this vicinity, in 1780-82?. The history relates that Abraham lived on the west side of the Miami River, ?on the north?. ?The first meeting (church services) was held by the New Lights at the cabin of Mr. (Abraham) Thomas, in 1807. Mr. Thomas Kyle, preaching?. ?Subsequently, the Baptists organized a church, and had preaching sometimes at Mr. Thomas? (Abraham), the first preacher being Stephen Riddle. Who had lived with and fought for the Indians, and killed white men until his back ache?had his ears slit and wore ornaments in them of lead?.

    ?The first blacksmith (in Miami County) was Mr. (Abraham) Thomas, who held forth in a log pen for a shop, burned his own charcoal for the forge, shod their horses but once a year?.?

    The Miami County, Ohio 1809 ?May term Grand Jury? included Abraham Thomas.

    Abraham applied for a pension under the act of Congress passed 7 June, 1832, at age of 76 that was accepted. Abraham?s tombstone reads, ?Abraham Thomas, died 4-5-1843 aged 88y?. It further reads ?A Soldier of the Revolution. It is my will that this lot shall remain a burying ground forever. A. Thomas?

    ?Messrs. Thomas (Abraham) and (Thomas) Kyle started the first graveyard in the neighborhood, but the first regular cemetery was in Troy?.

    The Abraham Thomas Revolutionary War pension application abstract record:

    Abraham Thomas - Pennsylvania & Virginia Lines, Wife: Polly, W11622, BLW #84012-160-55, Soldier married Polly Swailes on 5 July 1821, in Miami County, Ohio. Soldier was born in 1756[7], in Virginia, and in 1780, he moved to Kentucky, and in 1804, he moved to Miami County, Ohio. He applied there 30 April 1833, aged 76. Soldier died 25 April 1843, and his widow applied 19 July 1855, Miami County, Ohio, aged 79, and she applied for BLW on 21 May 1855, and a William Swailes and Charles H. Culbertson were her witnesses.

    Source: "Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files", abstracted by Virgil D. White. All THOMAS Soldiers are on pages 3460 - 3469.

    See a very old photograph of Abraham Thomas? son, Adam Thomas, at the end of this chapter.
    Perhaps the tribute given by William Bosson, on March 27, 1839, and published in the Troy Times, best sums up the life of Abraham Thomas: "In this neighborhood lives one who manfully bears up under the experience of eighty-four years. He is yet playful and facetious, though dignified and tolerant; and is altogether one of nature's finished noblemen, such as is rarely to be met with in the more pretending, more polished and higher educated walks of life. This gentleman has been a pioneer in the western forests from his earliest boyhood days. He bore himself manfully in the savage conflicts of early history; and is now the contented proprietor of a small farm where those who can appreciate him love to partake of his frugal though liberally dispensed hospitality, while they listen with delight to his cheerful details of past exposure to the privations and dangers of the wilderness. Books have never been the instructors of this sylvan warrior. Other and more hardy objects of care and solicitude claimed his attention, yet the accuracy of his perceptions, the generosity of his sentiments, and the liberality of his mind, redeem him from the usual destiny of those who, like him, have passed the best years of life amidst the toils and dangers of primitive and belligerent settlements. This is Abraham Thomas, familiarly and endearingly called ?Father Thomas?.

    The following was taken from the Crawfordsville, Indiana (Montgomery County) Weekly Journal, June 1897. It is concerning some children of Abraham Thomas and a few of their relations:

    The Thomas Family: from Crawfordsville Weekly Journal, June 1897

    Thirty-five years ago there lived in this county within a circumference of five miles and within
    three miles of the town of Pleasant Hill, thirteen Thomas' heads of families as follows: Smith,
    Robert, Joel, Asa, George, Solomon, John M., William, Abe, Mike, Ludlow, James and Silas.
    Today but two of middle life remain, William H.H. and James D. Such is the change wrought in
    a few brief fleeting years.

    The Thomases were of German descent and came to this country at a very early date.
    The great grandfather lived in Virginia and died there at a great age (about 80) was Michael. His son Abraham was a Revolutionary soldier and came to Ohio at an early date. He died at the age of 88 years and is remembered by a number of the grandsons mentioned above. Marvelous stories are told of the strength and activity, courage and endurances of the early Thomases.

    The Thomases came here from Ohio. Adam, the father of Smith, Joel, Asa, George and Sol. (Solomon) settled three miles south of Pleasant Hill. He was a minister of the Christian Church and was a preacher of some prominence in his day. He died at the age of 77, and has been dead nearly forty years; he is buried at Turkey Run Cemetery.

    Smith, his son, partly reared his family here, living south of town. He is now living with a son in Missouri and is 90 years old. A daughter of Smith, Mrs. John McWhinney, lives near Waynetown.

    Robert Thomas (son of Adam) was for many years a resident of Pleasant Hill. He was lame and walked with a cane from boyhood. He was Justice of the Peace, worked at plastering and clerked some. He was Secretary of the Western Indiana Christian Conference for thirty years. He was a good singer and considered a leader of old time church music. He had no family save his wife. Both have been dead for a number of years.

    Joel, the well known minister in the Christian Church, lived on a farm two miles south of town. He has been a preacher for fifty five years and is noted for his force of character and plain practical preaching. On his second marriage he moved to Ohio where he has since lived. He is in the 82nd year of his age. He has one son, J.W.S. Thomas, in Keithsville, Ill., and one, Wm. H.H. here on his father's old farm.

    Asa lived near town and was a plasterer by trade. He went away from here years ago and now lives in Brazil. His wife, Betsy, who recently died, was a daughter of his cousin Dr. John M. Thomas.
    George, another brother, lived on a farm three miles east of town. On the death of his wife, he went away and now lives in Winona, Indiana. Sol.(Solomon) lived here a few years after his marriage, then later went west.

    Michael Thomas was a brother of Adam, and the father of Dr. John M., William and Mike. He died in Ohio more than seventy-five years ago.

    Dr. John M. Thomas lived on a farm near town and was a prominent physician in his day, having a lucrative practice. He had an interesting family, the oldest of whom was Ludlow, who owned a farm two miles east of town, from whom the "Lud Thomas School House" derived its name. Ludlow was a prominent citizen here for many years. He died in 1891 in Mariton, Ill., and none of his family are near save a daughter, Mrs. Luella Lee, in Mellott. His son Dr. C.M., is in southern Indiana.

    Seth, (Dr. Seth Thomas) one of the sons of Dr. John M., was one of the most noted characters in this county. He is said to be practicing medicine in Nebraska.

    Franklin Fry, the youngest son, is the only representative of the Doctor's family in this county; he lives near Crawfordsville.

    William, brother of John M., lived four miles south of town where he owned a farm. He has long since been dead. He had a son Alonzo, in this county. Abram owned a farm near his brother William. He and his wife have both been dead more than thirty years. None of their family are here. Mike owned the farm that Mr. Rust bought of William H. H. Thomas. He went back to Ohio thirty years ago.

    James Thomas (son of William B. Thomas) lived on Bristle Ridge and was a neighbor of Abe Clough, with whom he was always at political enmity; Mr. Clough being a radical Democrat and Thomas a conservative Republican. William, his father, a brother to Adam and Michael, spent his declining years with his son and died at the age of 83; he is buried at Turkey Run Cemetery. James was a prosperous farmer and had an interesting family. He died at the age of 61. After his death, his widow, as did the widow of the Doctor, lived in Pleasant Hill [Indiana] to a ripe old age. Representatives of his family here are: Mrs. John C. Dunwiddie, Mrs. H.M. Tiffany, Mrs. Dr. Detchon of New Richmond and Mrs. Dr. Hurt of Waynestown. One son, William, lives in Rossville, Ill.

    Silas Thomas came here from Ohio 40 years ago. His father, Samuel, a brother to Adam,
    Michael and William, died in Ohio at the age of 88. Silas is in the 79th year of his age and is in
    feeble health. He has one son, James D., who lives with him.

    The Doctor, Abram and Mike each lost a son in the army.

    Child #9

    Michael Thomas Jr.- Michael was born in Culpepper County, Virginia in 1759. Records indicate he fought in the Revolution in Col. Richard Campbell?s company at Fort Pitt. He was also in Kentucky in 1782 and fought in the Kentucky Militia. Michael married Elizabeth Bennett (b. 1763) in Pennsylvania about the year 1784. He signed a petition in 1779, with his father to form a new state called "Westsylvania".

    Michael Jr. bought property from his brother, Abraham, (1796) in Harrison County (now Calhoun County, West Virginia) along the Kanawha River. Soon after his move there, his wife Elizabeth Bennett Thomas died.

    Michael Jr. then heard of property being given away for free in Ross County, Ohio to the first 100 claimants. This was an attempt to entice settlers to that area. Michael and a good friend named Duncan McArthur, traveled by horseback to Ross County and were included in the first claimants. They were rewarded with an in-lot (in the town of Huntington) and an out-lot (outside the town, but still in the township). This makes Michael Thomas Jr. one of the first settlers in Ross County, Ohio. This is according to the History of the ?County of Ross?, by Henry Holcomb Bennett, 1902. This history goes on to describe how Michael Thomas bought 100 acres of land near Chillicothe, but traded it for 500 acres in the township of Huntington. ?Mr. Thomas served as a scout for General Wayne, and was with that commander on his expedition to the Maumee Valley?. ?He had many narrow escapes from Indian bullets and tomahawks in the discharge of his perilous duty?. ?He was twice married, and had nine children?.

    He married Bridget Ann Downing as his second wife. It is not known whether he married Bridget in now West Virginia or in Ohio. Michael died in Ross County about the year 1849, age about 90.

    Michael Thomas Jr. and Elizabeth Bennett had children: Abraham, b. 12 Dec 1785, Tabitha, b. 18 Mar 1788, and Elizabeth b. 1790.

    Michael?s children by Bridget Ann Downing were: Samuel, born 16 August, 1800 Mary, b. about 1801, Daniel, b. about 1802, Michael, b. about 1805, William, b. 13 June 1808, and Rachel, b. 1814.

    Child #10

    Eva Thomas- Eva is thought to be born about 1761, but some say she was a twin sister of Michael, born 1759 in the County of Culpepper, Virginia. Eva married William Y. Earley in 1782 and moved with him to Adams County, Ohio in 1799. Eva Thomas and William Earley had eleven children with many familiar names including, Rachel, George, Michael, Catherine, Elizabeth, Anthony, Daniel, Mary Israel, Susan, and Solomon. Only the name "Anthony" appears to vary from the well established Thomas names. However, she did have a brother-in-law named Anthony. Eva died at a place called "Irish Bottoms" in Adams County, Ohio approximately the year 1831. Eva Thomas' husband, William Y. Earley, was born in the County of Tyrone, Ireland. The Adams County, Ohio Genealogy web site has a biographical portrait of William Y. Earley that goes in part:

    "William Y. Early was of pure Irish stock and was orphaned by the death of both parents when quite young. The friendless and homeless boy was taken in charge by a man who proved a tyrannical master, and from whom he ran away at the age of fourteen years and succeeded in boarding a vessel bound for America. He hid himself until it was well under way, and landed in New York City without means, among strangers and in debt for his passage, the latter amounting to $30. For this he was to work three years, but after working two years he considered he had fully liquidated the debt, and he once more ran away, going this time to Kentucky, and locating near Vanceburg, on the Ohio River, over which he ran a ferry a number of years.

    While living in the Blue Grass State Grandfather (William) Earley met and married Miss Eva Thomas, and they removed to Adams County, this State, settling upon a tract of wild land. There was nothing, however, to sustain life, and so grandfather Earley hunted bears for a living, the meat of which he sold throughout the county, and in winter realized from this $400. Later he opened up his farm and became well-to-do. He had located in different parts of the state more than sixteen hundred acres of land. He made his home, however, continuously in Adams County, on the Ohio River, in what is now known as Irish Bottoms, and died there at the advanced age of eighty years. His wife had passed away ten years prior to the decease of her husband, aged threescore and ten."

    Other located records in Adams County state that William died in the year 1835, age 80
    and his wife died four or five years before him, age 70. If this is true, then Eva was
    born about 1761 and William about 1755.

    William Early was a Presbyterian.



    The names of Lucy, James, Barbara, Sarah, Richard, Jane, Stephany, Levi, and William have each been mentioned as children of Michael Thomas by his first wife. No strong evidence, discovered by this writer, supports this. Stephany is thought to be a slave girl belonging to Michael Thomas, based on his will.

    However, the name William is recognized as a son of Catherine and Michael Thomas by several researchers. Samuel Thomas did serve in the same company during the Revolutionary War (in 1779) as did a William Thomas and William's name can be found in the Ten-Mile Country at an early date.

    There was a Lucy Thomas from Albemarle County, Virginia that almost fits this age bracket. Lucy was a daughter of a Michael Thomas. She also had a brother named Michael Thomas Jr. Lucy died in Amherst County, Virginia in September of 1795. She was not a daughter of ?our? Michael, however. Many researchers state that Lucy?s brother, Michael Jr., was our German Michael Thomas. This Michael had a second wife named Elizabeth Staiton (Stanton, Stratton) that was born about 1745. Somehow, many researchers have confused the two Michael?s. In- depth research on Elizabeth Staiton indicates that this is flawed information. Michael Thomas Jr. from Albemarle County, Virginia (brother of Lucy, above) and his second wife, Elizabeth ?Staiton?s? births, deaths, life-spans, counties of residence, etc., do not match our Culpepper County, Virginia Michael Thomas. Not to mention the unfamiliar names of that Michael and Lucy Thomas? siblings.

    Research on Elizabeth Staiton and her husband Michael Thomas:

    Michael Thomas, born 1685 in Henrico Co., VA, son of Phillip Thomas. Michael married Susannah Hughes (or Mosby) and had the following known children-
    1- John Thomas b. 1715 d. 1760, married Winifred Dameron
    2- Edward Thomas, b. 1718 owned land in Buckingham County
    3- Henry Thomas b. unk., owned land in Albemarle County, VA
    4- William Thomas, b. unk., owned land in Albemarle County, VA
    5- Joseph Thomas, b. 1725, married Ann, died 1797 Oglethorpe Co., GA
    6- Michael Thomas Jr., b. abt 1726, married 1 Mary Joplin, M2 Elizabeth Stanton (Staiton,Stratton). Michael died in 1802 in either Albemarle Co., VA or Bertie County, NC) Most information points to Bertie Co., NC. Elizabeth died in 1809, Bertie Co., NC
    7- Lucy Thomas, b. 1732, M1 Col. James Neville of Amherst County, VA, M2 Abraham Childress of Amherst Co., VA. She died in 1795


    [1] Found in the ?Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia?- Wednesday, September 27, 1757, page 25.

    [2] What is now Washington County, Pennsylvania, was formed in 1781. Before that time the territory was claimed
    by both Pennsylvania and Virginia. Pennsylvania started giving land grants in 1769. This was Cumberland
    County until 1771 when it became a part of Bedford County. In 1773, it became a part of Westmoreland
    County. However, Virginia claimed this first as a part of Augusta County and after 1776 northern Washington
    County was called Yohogania County. The southwestern part was called Monongalia County.

    Ten Mile Creek was called Cusuthas Creek until 1770. Ten Mile Creek today separates Washington and Greene
    County, Pennsylvania.

    [3] Oliver Evans was Americas answer to Britain?s James Watt. The Columbian High-Pressure Steam Engine that
    Evans patented in 1804 was the prototype for mobile engines that drove the steamships on the Mississippi and
    Ohio, and for the stationary ones that powered Pittsburgh?s industrial development.

    [4] The writer believes that Samuel Thomas, like his friend George Teagarden, made their money as whiskey
    Distillers. Sam Thomas owned a number of Slaves. Michael Thomas is recorded as a resident of
    Washington County, Pennsylvania on December 31, 1782 and is listed with 3 slaves. Washington County had a
    total of 155 slave owners and 448 slaves, at that time. Source: History of Washington County, by Boyd
    Crumrine, p. 258.

    In the 1810 Bracken County, Kentucky census, Samuel is listed with seven (7) slaves. Hints that Sam Thomas was
    a whiskey distiller, were taken from known associates. When things got a little hot during the Whiskey
    Rebellion, Sam took his family and slaves and headed to Kentucky. Slaves in Pennsylvania were not very
    popular, even in those days.

    [5] Apparently, Sam Thomas did not own the property called ?Thomas Town?. He owned the ?Zigleg? property.
    Sam Thomas? name was not on the deed when this(Thomas town) property was sold. (Source: Sherry Thomas)

    [6] Pension application states the year was 1805.

    [7] Abraham?s tombstone indicates he was born in 1755. Comparing several records on Abraham, it is uncertain whether he was
    born in 1755 or 1756.

    (Photo Courtesy Jeanne Jesmore)

    had 2 children all in Neuenberg. This couple came in 1717. John Blankenbaker. Barbara Young in Oklahoma at gives daughter and says she is from this line. She shows him in the 1800 census in Ky. and says he was in Greenbrier, Va. in 1799 and in Harrison Co., In. by 1807. Richard H. Blake of Huntington W.V. gives birth and death dates. Said he died from drinking water which had been poisoned by indians.

    Patent Book 12, pp. 474-483, all of these are in
    St. George Parish, Spotsylvania County, now Madison County):JOHN TOMER & MICHAEL TOMER
    Source material for Chapters 10

    The research of Elise H. Lindenberger, 1963-64 with additional information on the Thomas family received in correspondence with descendants.

    The research of Janel Woodbury- A Descendant of Michael Thomas Sr. by Michael's son Michael Thomas Jr.

    The research of historian, Alma Ray Ison, Harrodsburg, Kentucky, Genealogist and Historian

    The research of Nell Thomas Compton (descendant of Henry Thomas.)

    The research of Juanita and Leo Thomas Sr. (descendant of Henry Thomas.)

    The Troy County, Ohio Historical Society

    The Augusta County, Virginia records by Chalkey- Vol. 2, page 189

    History of Kentucky & Kentuckians, by E. Polk Johnson

    D.A.R. roster for the revolution for Pennsylvania and Virginia troops

    The research of Joan Oney (Husband is a descendant of Abraham Thomas)

    Virginians in the Revolution, by Gwathmey, page 767

    Culpepper County, Virginia Records, Deed Book E, page 734

    The personal knowledge and writings of Harriet Thomas, daughter of George Thomas and granddaughter of Michael Thomas. She died in Union Co., Ohio (Marysville) and her records were published privately by Lucille Thompson/Garrison, in conjunction with 150 letters, photos, and copies of land deeds, military records, and newspaper articles from 1839 to 1910 of Union Co., Ohio

    The will of Abraham Thomas, dated May 23, 1842, Miami County, Ohio.

    The law suit of Samuel Thomas vs, John M Thomas, Book E, Common Pleas Court of Miami County, Ohio, November term, 1826. This lists the children of Michael Thomas, son of Abraham Thomas.

    Before Germanna, The Ancestry of The Clore, Kaifer, and Thomas families, by Gary Zimmerman and Johni Cerny (No.2 January, 1990)

    Scioto County, Ohio biographies on website-

    World Family Tree Vol. 3, Ed.1, by Broderbund Software, Inc.

    Tombstone inscriptions, Thomas Family Cemetery, Troy, Ohio

    William and Mary Quarterly, series 1, vol. 26, pp.89-95

    Dorman, John Frederick, Orange County, Virginia Will Book I, 1735-1743 (Washington D.C., 1958

    Spotsylvania County, Virginia Order Book, 1724-30, fol.388

    Spotsylvania County, Virginia Deed Book 11, p.76

    The Tenmile Country and its Pioneer Families, by Howard Leckey, Clearfield Press, 1977

    Brumbaugh, Gaius M., Revolutionary War Records Vol. I Virginia, c 1936

    Creigh, Alfred, History of Washington County, c1871

    Crumrine, Boyd, History of Washington County, Pennsylvania, c 1882

    Gwathmey, John H., Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, c1895

    Horn, W.F., The Horn Papers, c1945

    Hupp, Ann Moffet, Genealogy Hupp, LDS

    Hupp, Timothy, Hupps from Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, c 1986

    Kellogg, Louise Phelps; Thwaites, Reuben Gold, Frontier Defense on the Upper Ohio, 1777-1819, c1912

    The Pennsylvania Archives

    Scheel, Eugene M., "A New and accurate map of the County of Culpepper and regions of Madison and Rappahannock, Va., 1776

    Thomas, Abraham, "An Account of Pioneer Life and Experiences"

    Sipe, C. Hale, The Indian Wars of Pennsylvania, c1931

    Virginia Revolutionary War Records

    Little, Barbara Vines, Hupp Land Research, c1992
    The research of Mike Lewis (descendant of Eva Thomas)

    The "Germanna" Web Site, notes by John Blankenbaker

    Washington County Will Book 1, pp. 60

    Fayette County Pennsylvania O. C. Docket 1, pp. 13, October 16, 1788

    The 1784 deposition of Henry Simmons, judgement box T, Harrodsburg Courthouse

    The 1785 and 1789 depositions of Henry Thomas, judgement box T, Harrodsburg Courthouse

    The will of John Miller, Lincoln County, Kentucky will book 1, page 157

    The letters of Norella Brandenburg, 1942, descendant of Jeremiah Teagarden

    The research of Helen White, descendant of Samuel Thomas

    Descendants of Abraham Teagarden, June 1988, by George and Shirley Teegarden with revisions compiled by Helen Vogt

    The research of Harold Reed Hibbs,(1940's and 1950's), a descendant of Michael Debolt

    The Draper Collection, # 37J168

    WFT Vol. 3, Ed. 1, Broderbund Software Feb. 9, 1996

    Second Germanna Colony of 1717, Germanna Record #6, Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia, June 1965, Salt Lake City, Family History Library

    The Widow Thomas, Beyond Germanna, by John Blankenbaker (a newsletter) 3 May, 1992

    "Doo-dah!, Stephen Foster and the Rise of American Culture", by Ken Emerson
    Simon & Schuster

    A History of Kentucky and Kentuckians, by E. Polk Johnson, published by: The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago-New York 1912, Volume II Pages 814 to 817

    The Library of Congress online Catalog, Miscellaneous Halberts and other pre-Revolutionary Records.

    Web site- http:/

    Fredericktown 1790-1990: Louise Crowthers, Beatrice Walters, Floyd W. Gillis, Scott W. Bower. Tru-Copy Printing, Brownsville, Pa. 1995, p.13

    The Hupp Family: John Clemens Hupp, circa 1950 (draft)

    Descendants of Gordon Charles Bowser and Sarah Corine Arnold: William Ola P. Bowser 1994.

    Collection: Crayne L. Myers: Cornerstone Genealogy Society, Bowlby Library, Waynesburg, Greene Co. Pa

    Collection: Sara I. Scott 1910-1995. Cornerstone Genealogical Society, Bowlby Library, Waynesburg, Green Co. PA, 1996.

    Descendants of Abraham Lee Hupp as complied by Letha Fern Hupp

    Descendants chart of Everhart Hupp and his brothers: Virginia Lee Simms Toney, compiled from the John Clemens Hupp book.

    ?Hupp?s Regard, Descendants of Everhart and Margaret Thomas Hupp?: Compiled by F. Thomas Gayman, March 2000.

    Samuel Thomas information provided by Mary Ann Ashworth

    ?13th/9th Virginia Regiment at Fort Pitt?-1777-1780?, by Peter F. Copeland and Marko Zlatich, (Winter 1966), pp. 120-122, 130

    Tombstone inscriptions, Old Thomas Cemetery, Augusta, Kentucky

    The research of Jenna Brown, a descendant of Anna Maria ?Mary? Thomas and Abraham Teagarden.

    The research of Karen Walker, descendant of George Teagarden

    American Revolutionary Soldiers in Miami County, Ohio- mentioned in website-

    Thomas Cemetery, Miami County, Ohio, Troy Historical Society

    The research of Jeanne Jesmore, descendant of Abraham Thomas

    The History of Miami County, Ohio, by W.H. Beers & Co., 1880

    Troy Times, March 27, 1839, article on Abraham Thomas


    Pennsylvania Archives, Third Series, Vol. XXIII, Pages 198-220 (Washington County Rangers)

    Lord Dumore?s Little War of 1774, by Skidmore and Kaminsky published 2002 by Heritage Books

    Fayette County, Kentucky tax records 1786 to 1804.

    The research of Sherry Thomas, a descendant of Margaret Thomas Hupp.

    The County of Ross, a history of Ross county, Ohio, from the earliest days, by Henry Holcomb Bennett

    "Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files", abstracted by Virgil D. White. All THOMAS Soldiers are on pages 3460 - 3469.
    [1] Found in the ?Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia?- Wednesday, September 27, 1757, page 25.

    [2] What is now Washington County, Pennsylvania, was formed in 1781. Before that time the territory was claimed
    by both Pennsylvania and Virginia. Pennsylvania started giving land grants in 1769. This was Cumberland
    County until 1771 when it became a part of Bedford County. In 1773, it became a part of Westmoreland
    County. However, Virginia claimed this first as a part of Augusta County and after 1776 northern Washington
    County was called Yohogania County. The southwestern part was called Monongalia County.

    Ten Mile Creek was called Cusuthas Creek until 1770. Ten Mile Creek today separates Washington and Greene
    County, Pennsylvania.

    [3] Oliver Evans was Americas answer to Britain?s James Watt. The Columbian High-Pressure Steam Engine that
    Evans patented in 1804 was the prototype for mobile engines that drove the steamships on the Mississippi and
    Ohio, and for the stationary ones that powered Pittsburgh?s industrial development.

    [4] The writer believes that Samuel Thomas, like his friend George Teagarden, made their money as whiskey
    Distillers. Sam Thomas owned a number of Slaves. Michael Thomas is recorded as a resident of
    Washington County, Pennsylvania on December 31, 1782 and is listed with 3 slaves. Washington County had a
    total of 155 slave owners and 448 slaves, at that time. Source: History of Washington County, by Boyd
    Crumrine, p. 258.

    In the 1810 Bracken County, Kentucky census, Samuel is listed with seven (7) slaves. Hints that Sam Thomas was
    a whiskey distiller, were taken from known associates. When things got a little hot during the Whiskey
    Rebellion, Sam took his family and slaves and headed to Kentucky. Slaves in Pennsylvania were not very
    popular, even in those days.

    [5] Apparently, Sam Thomas did not own the property called ?Thomas Town?. He owned the ?Zigleg? property.
    Sam Thomas? name was not on the deed when this(Thomas town) property was sold. (Source: Sherry Thomas)

    If anyone is keeping track of connections -- here is how Henry President Wilhite connects to the Germanna Thomas family. Thanks for the Wilhite information. Henry President married Susan Ann Batteral who descends from Thomas, Blankenbuhler and SMITH lines. Amazing to me that the Thomas and Wilhite descendants took different routes and ended up in Montgomery Co., IN. Genealogy really is THE BEST. Take care. Marilyn Direct Descendants of Johannes Thomas1 Johannes Thomas d: Abt. 1721 in Probably Orange County, Virginia .. +Anna Maria Blankenbuhler d: Bef. December 28, 1762 in Probably Culpeper County, Virginia ...... 2 Anna Magdalena Thomas d: Bet. 1762 - 1771 .......... +John Michael Smith, Jr d: 1785 ............... 3 Adam Smith d: Abt. March 1793 in Mercer County, Kentucky ................... +Elizabeth ....................... 4 [2] Susannah Smith d: January 25, 1821 in Miami County, Ohio ........................... +[1] Abraham Thomas d: April 05, 1843 in Miami County, Ohio ................................ 5 [3] Michael Thomas d: May 24, 1818 in Miami County, Ohio .................................... +[4] Mary (Polly) Clough d: September 03, 1863 in Miami County, Ohio ........................................ 6 [5] Dorinda Thomas d: August 15, 1882 in Montgomery County, Indiana ............................................ +[6] Andrew Batteral d: October 30, 1875 in Wingate, Montgomery County, Indiana ................................................. 7 [7] Susan Ann Batteral ...... 2 Michael Thomas d: October 05, 1799 in Fayette County, Kentucky .......... +Catherine ............... 3 [1] Abraham Thomas d: April 05, 1843 in Miami County, Ohio ................... +[2] Susannah Smith d: January 25, 1821 in Miami County, Ohio ....................... 4 [3] Michael Thomas d: May 24, 1818 in Miami County, Ohio........................... +[4] Mary (Polly) Clough d: September 03, 1863 in Miami County, Ohio ................................ 5 [5] Dorinda Thomas d: August 15, 1882 in Montgomery County, Indiana .................................... +[6] Andrew Batteral d: October 30, 1875 in Wingate, Montgomery County, Indiana ........................................ 6 [7] Susan Ann Batteral

    This is one of those needles in the haystack. Just wondering if the following Willhite gentleman was connected back to the Germanna family. He married into a line of descendants of Michael Thomas of Germanna. 1850 Census Montgomery Co., IN p. 465, #1306 Wilhite, President age 40 b. KY Real Estate value $700 Sarah 36 KY Araminta 17 IN Rebecca A. 15 " Meary E. 13 " James M. 11 " * HENRY P. 9 " Sarah C. 7 " Harry T. 3 " William M. 3/12 " Henry P married Susan BATTERAL 1864 Montgomery Co. IN. According to a Wilhite Bible, his parents President H. and Sarah PLUNKETT were married 1831 Jefferson Co., IN. Susan BATTERAL was the daughter of Andrew and Dorinda THOMAS BATTERAL. President WILHITE was born 1803 Shelby Co., KY. 1880 census has that his parents were born In KY also. Does any of this look familiar? TAke care. Marilyn >

    Barb -- Info on Johannes Thoma and his children. They are not in the Clore book but are in my database online if you want to see notes and sources. Cathi Descendants of Johannes Thoma Generation No. 1 1. Johannes Thoma (son of Albrecht Thoma and Barbara ___) was born 20 December 1685 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany, and died Bet. 1720 - 1721 in Virginia. He married Anna Maria Blanckenbühler 18 November 1711 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany, daughter of Hans Thomas Blanckenbühler and Anna Barbara Schöne. She was born 5 May 1687 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany, and died Bef. 28 December 1762. Children of Johannes Thoma and Anna Blanckenbühler are:+ 2 i. Hans Wendel Thomas, born 17 April 1712 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany; died Bef. 1782.3 ii. Ursula Thomas, born 8 November 1714 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany; died 8 November 1714 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany. + 4 iii. Anna Magdalena Thomas, born 24 November 1715 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany. + 5 iv. Margaret Thomas, born Abt. 1718 in Virginia. + 6 v. Michael Thomas, born Abt. 1720 in Virginia; died 5 October 1799 in Fayette County, Kentucky.Generation No. 2 2. Hans Wendel Thomas was born 17 April 1712 in Neuenbürg, Baden, Germany, and died Bef. 1782. He married (1) Mary ___. She died Bef. 1760. He married (2) Sarah ___ Bef. 20 November 1760. Children of Hans Thomas and Mary are: 7 i. Susanna Thomas. She married Jacob Holtzclaw Abt. 1758. 8 ii. Mary Thomas, died Aft. 1763. She married Joseph Holtzclaw. 9 iii. Mary Barbara Thomas, died Bef. 1785. She married Jacob Blankenbaker Abt. 1751; born Abt. 1725 in Virginia; died 2 January 1801 in Kentucky. 10 iv. Elizabeth Thomas, born 1740; died 1817 in Preble County, Ohio; buried inPottinger Cemetery, Preble County, Ohio. She married John Railsback 1760; baptized 16 September 1731 in Eisern, Nassau-Siegen, Germany; died 1810 in Preble County, Ohio; buried in Pottinger Cemetery, Preble County, Ohio.11 v. Michael Thomas. 4. Anna Magdalena Thomas was born 24 November 1715 in Neuenbürg,Baden, Germany. She married Michael Smith, Jr., son of Hans Michael Schmidt and Anna Margaretha Sauter. He was born 1712, and died 1785. Children of Anna Thomas and Michael Smith are: 12 i. Adam Smith, born Bet. 1735 - 1740; died 1793 in Mercer County, Kentucky. He married Elizabeth. 13 ii. Mary Smith. She married Adam Barlow. 14 iii. Susannah Smith. She married John Berry, Jr.. 15 iv. Zachariah Smith, born Abt. 1735; died Abt. 1816 in Mercer County, Kentucky. He married (1) Anne Elizabeth Fishback Abt. 1760; died Abt. 1770. He married (2) Sarah Ann Watts Abt. 1770; died 1835 in Mercer County, Kentucky. 16 v. John Smith, born 1743; died 1809 in Barren County, Kentucky; buried in Municipal Cemetery, Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky. He married Elizabeth Böhme. 17 vi. Catherine Smith. She married John Marbes. 18 vii. Anna Magdalena Smith, born Abt. 1747 in Culpeper County, Virginia; died 10 January 1824 in Madison County, Virginia. She married John George Christler in Culpeper County, Virginia; born Abt. 1738 in Culpeper County, Virginia; died 13 April 1818 in Madison County,Virginia. 5. Margaret Thomas was born Abt. 1718 in Virginia. She married Georg Heinrich Öhler Bet. 1743 - 1747, son of Hans Öhler and Anna Schneider. He was born 3 October 1718. Children of Margaret Thomas and Georg Öhler are: 19 i. Henry Aylor, born Abt. 1745. He married Barbara Carpenter Abt. 1770; born Abt. 1753. 20 ii. Jacob Aylor, born 1748. He married Frances Sparks; born Bet. 1766 - 1784. 21 iii. Abraham Aylor, born Abt. 1750. He married Anna Mary Shearer 19 October 1791 in Madison County, Virginia. 22 iv. Magdalena Aylor. She married Adam Delph Bef. 1771; born Abt. 1745; died Aft. 1820 in prob. Madison County, Virginia. 23 v. Delilah Aylor, born Abt. 1754 in Virginia; died Aft. 1850. She married Muscoe Newman.24 vi. Mary Aylor, born Abt. 1760. She married Bohannon. 25 vii. Susanna Aylor, born Abt. 1760. She married James Murray. 6. Michael Thomas was born Abt. 1720 in Virginia, and died 5 October 1799 in Fayette County, Kentucky. He married Eva Susannah Margaret Hart, daughter of Vallentin Hart and Anna Maria ___. Children of Michael Thomas and Eva Hart are: 26 i. Abraham Thomas, born Abt. 1755 in Culpeper (now Madison) County, Virginia; died 5 April 1843 in Miami County, Ohio. He married (1) Susannah Smith; born Abt. 1761 in Culpeper County, Virginia; died 25 January 1821 in Miami County, Ohio. He married (2) Mary Swailes; born 3 February 1776; died 3 October 1859. 27 ii. Jesse Thomas. 28 iii. Elizabeth Thomas, born Abt. 1754; died Abt. 1810 in Orange County, Virginia. She married Anthony Berry; born Abt. 1750.
    Here are some patents and deeds I have recorded for John Thomas in my data base, but can't guarantee the accuracy of the deeds because I have not viewed the actual deed books. Hans Wendel Thomas is the brother of my ancestor Anna Magdalena Thomas Smith. 24 June 1726, John Tomer and Michael Tomer [Thomas] of St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania Co., were granted a patent for 156 acres in the forks of the Rappahannock River on both sides of the Robinson River, beginning at two white oaks by the Robinson River side on the north side, thence north 55 degrees east 245 poles to a red and white oak, thence north -- degrees west 80 poles to two white oaks, thence south 55 degrees west 446 poles crossing the Robinson River, thence south 15 degrees east 80 poles, thence north 55 degrees east to the River, said beginning. This was between the patents of George Sheible and Nicholas Blankenbucher. John was fourteen years of age and Michael was perhaps about seven years old. Spotsylvania Co. Patent Book 12-475. 28 Sept. 1728, John Thomas of St. George's Parish in Spotsylvania Co. was granted 400 acres in the Great Fork of the Rappahannock River beginning at a gum, a hickory and Poplar corner to Jacob Broyles, thence north 15 degrees east 320 poles to three chesnut oaks, thence south 25 degrees east 200 poles to three red oaks on the top of a ridge as goes from the Great Mountain,thence south 15 degrees west 320 poles to a chesnut and two white oaks corner to the said Jacob Broyles on a small run sider, thence with the said Broyles line north 75 degrees west 200 poles to the beginning. 24 March 1734, John Thomas was granted 400 acres in the Great Fork of the Rappahannock River in Orange County, which he paid with the head rights, i.e. transportation of three persons to dwell within the Colony; Robert Turner, Mary Turner, Parva Turner, plus 25 shillings. The head rights were those that Robert Tanner had not used, which John could have purchased or otherwise received from Tanner. Description - beginning at three white oaks on the side of a mountain 40 poles from William Banks corner, thence south 85 degrees east 320 poles to two red oaks, thence south 15 degrees west 220 poles to a hickory and three red oaks, thence north 85 degrees west 320 poles to a pine and hickory and two locusts in William Banks line, thence north 15 degrees east 220 poles to the beginning. On 22 Feb. 1742/43, Orange Co. Deed Book 7-98, John Thomas (JT) and wife Mary (X), of Orange Co., Lease & release to Michaell Thomas of same for £10 and 5 shillings, 156 acres in St. Marks Parish in the fork of the Rappahannock on both sides of the Robinson River. See 24 June 1726 grant above. 27 Feb. 1744/45, Orange Co. DB 9-259, John Paul Vought and Mary Catherine (x) to John Thomas for £46, 470 acres on great fork of Rappahannock River, being the remains of a patent granted to Vought 10 Jan. 1735, bounded by Christopher Clemmon, deeds of lease and release. 22 March 1747, Orange Co. DB 11-43, John (x) Thomas of Orange Co. to Henry Aylett [Aylor, wife of Margaret Aylor, his sister] for £32, 400 acres on great fork of Rappahannock River, deed of lease and release. Witnesses, Zach. Taylor, George Utz, Michel (x) Smith. 28 May, 1748, Orange Co. Order Book 5, p. 125, Matthias Wilhoit agst. John Thomas in Assault & Battery. This day came Plt. by Zachary Lewis, Gent., his atty., and Deft. being returned arrested was solemnly called but came not. On motion of Plt. it is ordered that unless he appears at the next Court and answers Plt's action, judgment shall be entered for Plt. against him the Deft. and Edward Spencer, Gent., Sherif of Orange County, for the debt in the Declaration mentioned and costs. The same day, Matthias Wilhoit agst Edward Stubblefield in Assault & Battery was dismissed. On Thu, Aug 20, 2009 at 4:34 PM, Craig Kilby > wrote:
    Wouldn't it be wonderful to find that the sponser for Hans and Anna Maria were related to his grandmother Barbara ---?, wife of Albrecht Evangelical Church records Neuenburg - Ortssippenbuch for Oberoewisheim-Neuenbuerg. On 17 April 1712 there was born and baptized on the same day the baby Hanss Wendel Thoma, The parents were Johann Thoma and Anna Maria (who we know was born Blankenbuehler.) The sponsors at this baptism were Hanss Wendel Neideck of Oberoewisheim and Maria Eleonora the wife of Hanss Jerg Schaiblin. The Schaiblins were Germanna immigrants in 1717. Johannes Thoma and Anna Maria brought Anna Magdalena born 24 November 1715 with Hanss Wendel Neideck of Oberoewisheim and Martha Schaiblin(in) single as sponsors.
  • Change Date: 1 Dec 2010 at 00:00:00

    Father: Albrecht THOMAS b: ABT 1658 in Neuenburg, Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
    Mother: Barbara SCHOEN b: ABT 1660 in Neuenburg, Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

    Marriage 1 Anna Marie BLANKENBAKER b: 5 May 1687 in Neuenberg,Baden, Ger.
    • Married: 18 Nov 1711 in Neuemburg,Baden,Germany
    1. Has Children John Wendel THOMAS b: 17 Apr 1712 in Neuenberg,Baden , Ger.
    2. Has No Children Ursula THOMAS b: 8 Nov 1714 in Neuenberg,Baden , Ger.
    3. Has Children Anna Magdalena THOMAS b: 24 Nov 1715 in Neuenburg, , Baden Ger.
    4. Has Children Anna Margaret THOMAS b: ABT 1718 in ,Spotsylvania , Va.
    5. Has Children Michael THOMAS Sr. b: ABT 1720 in ,Spotsylvania , Va.

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