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  • ID: I13615
  • Title: Sir 1
  • Name: Thomas CAVE of Stanford, co. Northampton; 1st Baronet 1
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 12 SEP 2013
  • Birth: ABT 1622 2
  • Event: Title 1641
  • Note:
    Knighted at Whitehall, 24 June 1641. Created a Baronet a few days later, 30 June 1641.
    The Complete Baronetage states that, like his father, he was a strenuous supporter of the Royal cause. This is significant in view of the following, from the Complete Baronetage, Memorandum p.84:
    'In and after May 1641 down to the end of the reign of Charles I the enrolment of any patent was the exception. Among the 116 Baronetcies that are given in the Creations, 1483 1646 (ap. 47th Rep. D.K. Pub. Records) as having been created during that period, no patents, in as many as 85 cases, are enrolled, though, as to 67, the date of the signet bill, warrant, or privy seal is therein given as under, viz. ... Cave, 28 June 1641 ... ' [a discrepancy between the dates]
    From the Complete Baronetage, Memorandum p.152:
    'All Baronetcies conferred by Charles I, after 4 Jan. 1641/2, were (until the Restoration) disallowed under the act of [the Rump] Parliament, dated 4 Feb. 1651/2, whereby "all and every honours, titles, dignities and precedences whatsoever granted, confirmed and given by the late King since 4 Jan. 1641" were made "null and void" ; no one, after 25 March 1662, being allowed to assume them ; each Peer so doing to forfeit 100, each Baronet or Knight to forfeit 40 ; all such patents to be brought into the Court of Chancery so that they might be cancelled.
    All Royalist Baronetcies conferred after 22 May 1642 had previously been so disallowed by Parl., 11 Nov. 1643, under the act which made void "all grants since 22 May 1642 of any honours, dignities, baronies, hereditaments or other thing whatsoever to any person or persons which have voluntarily contributed, or shall voluntarily contribute any aid or assistance to the maintenance of the unnatural war raised against the Parliament." The new Great Seal "already made and provided [i.e.,on 28 Sep. 1643] was then placed in the hands of six Commissioners for use. Thus, for nearly three years there were two (rival) Great Seals of England, until, on 11 Aug. 1646, the King's Great Seal (which was taken at Oxford) was broken to pieces with great solemnity in the presence of both houses of Parliament. After that date this seal of 1643 would, presumably, be, even after the Restoration of the Monarchy, considered as the legitimate Great Seal of the realm, but it seems a moot point how far the Parliamentary Great Seal, when for nearly three years (1643 1646) it ran concurrently with, and often in opposition to, that of the King, would be thus acknowledged. On 9 Jan. 1648/9, a new Great Seal was ordered. [Ex inform. W. D. Pink].'
    From the Complete Baronetage, p.152 note (a):
    'The date of 4 Jan. 1641/2, appears to have been chosen as being that on which the King attempted the arrest of the five members of the House of Commons, and so to have been looked on as the date of the commencement of the Civil War, after which everything done by the King alone was considered illegal.'
    2 3
  • Death: ABT 1671 2

    Father: Thomas CAVE of Stanford-on-Avon, co. Northampton
    Mother: Elizabeth CROFT

    Marriage 1 Penelope WENMAN
    • Married: ABT 1651
    • Note: Sir Thomas's second marriage. 1 2
    1. Has Children Mary CAVE b: ABT 1651

    Marriage 2 Katharine HASLEWOOD
    • Married: BEF 1651
    • Note: Sir Thomas's first marriage. Katherine died childless. 2

    1. Title: The Complete Baronetage
      Abbrev: Complete Baronetage
      Author: Compiler: 'GEC', G E Cokayne
      Publication: William Pollard & Co Ltd, Exeter, 1904
      Page: Bridgeman, Vol.4 (1665-1707) p.56-57
    2. Title: The Complete Baronetage
      Abbrev: Complete Baronetage
      Author: Compiler: 'GEC', G E Cokayne
      Publication: William Pollard & Co Ltd, Exeter, 1904
      Page: Cave, Vol.2 (1625-1649) pp.93-94
    3. Title: The Complete Baronetage
      Abbrev: Complete Baronetage
      Author: Compiler: 'GEC', G E Cokayne
      Publication: William Pollard & Co Ltd, Exeter, 1904
      Page: Memoranda, Vol.2 (1625-1649), p. 84 and p.152

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