My Sawyer and Touchstone Ancestors

Entries: 1791    Updated: 2010-08-03 17:39:03 UTC (Tue)    Owner: Sawyer-Touchstone

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  • ID: I679
  • Name: Phillip Lafayette TRAMMELL
  • Given Name: Phillip Lafayette
  • Surname: Trammell
  • Prefix: Capt.
  • Suffix: Sr
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1732-1733 in Fairfax Co, VA 1 2 3
  • Death: <1819> in Shawneetown, Gallatin Co, Illinois 4 5 6
  • Note:
    PHILIP (old philip) TRAMMELL was born in 1732 in Fairfax County, Virginia. He died in 1819 in Shawneetown, Gallatin County, Illinois. He was described as tall with dark hair and Irish blue eyes. The Trammells were further described as loving horses, horse racing, gambling, and having close associations with drinking and taverns. He and his family moved into Kentucky, Logan County about 1796. His grandson Nick was with him in 1799. Here he bought land and with Israel and Sampson divided it.

    After the Revolutionary War, he led the Trammells and allied families into the newly established territories, ending in Illinois.

    By 1810, six Trammell families were enumerated in the Illinois Territory.

    From The Huddleston Family Website:
    Philip was elected as a representative to the Illinois Territory Legislature, October 1812, and was re-elected in 1814. (see information below)
    In the territorial Legislature of 1814, on the subject of common schools, "On motion of Mr. Trammell, a committee was appointed to draft a bill to incorporate the inhabitants of the respective townships, to enable them to choose trustees to lease and appropriate the profits of the sixteen sections in each township, for the benefit of Public Schools, in conformity to the act of congress."

    You can view the muster roll of the mounted militia commanded by Philip Trammell, as well as his various other military assignments at this site: Illinois Trails History and Genealogy: The War of 1812 in the Illinois Territory <>

    "On February 12, 1812, congress created the Shawneetown land district. Leonard White, Willis Hargrave, and Philip Trammel constituted a committee to set aside the land adjacent to these salt works as a "reservation" for the benefit of the salt works. The timber was needed for fuel to boil down the brine. Something like 100,000 acres of land was reserved from sale in the immediate vicinity of the Great Half Moon Lick which was found near Equality. An additional 84,000 acres were reserved in other southern Illinois communities."
    George W. Smith. 1912. A History of Southern Illinois: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People, and its Principal Interests. Chicago, Ill.: Lewis Publishing Co. 1:469-474.

    In the court order book of Gallatin County we find the court orders a road to be laid out from Flynn's Ferry on the Ohio River to Saline Tavern... then with the same to Trammell's Field. Then another order saying that Philip Trammell and Nathaniel Lacy shall be exempt from working on public roads on account of their age.

    Philip and Jemima
    Added by nnimblett < on 18 Apr 2008
    The records of Fairfax County show that Philip Trammell married Jemima Grimes and her father, Nicholas Grimes, was a man of means and distinction. For her wedding present, Nicholas game his daughter a pony so she would be free to visit her friends and family. This is where the name Nicholas comes into the Trammell family, and distinguishes the heirs from the other branches appearing in the records of the War Department. Philip and Jemima started life peacefully and elegantly in their plantation home in Fairfax County, Virginia; but even then the war of the American Revolution was brewing and since their sentiments were with Democracy, they were destined to be catapulted across many frontiers and end gloriously with their sons west of the Mississippi River.

    The first brave move was to cross the Potomac and join their relatives in Maryland in signing the Association Test of Loyalty, which preceded the Declaration of Independence. This brave band took their stand against the unjust treatment imposed on the colonies of England. Maryland was a better place to declare their stand than Virginia, for Maryland was founded on Religious Freedom and had long been a neutral ground between the straight lace Puritans and the eas indolece of Tide Water Virginia.

    Philip and Jemima well knew they were committed to civil war, for they had many friends who would fight with the Tories and be loyal to England, while their sons would join them in fighting for their rights in the west. As we see them renounce the ease and luxury of Virginia, to start the long migration through the wilderness we are better able to understnad how the concept of freedom became a fixation with each succeeding generation. Philip and Jemima were really casting their lot with their sons who were already trading in the West.

    Their oldest son, John, and his cousin, B. S. Trammell, from Maryland, were trading down the Carolina coast to New Orleans. Phillips two brothers Dennis and William Trammell and left Fairfax County and settled below the James River, until they joined the migration to Carolina where there was more resistence to King George's effort to regulate commerce. John trammell and staked a claim on Pearl River and established a commission-house to accommodate trade from the guld. The grant was described as, "all that part of Louisiana east of the Mississippi River and the island of New Orleans, and west of Pearl River."

    Philip Trammell, Jr. and his brother Nicholas had a trading party that reached from Georgia to Kaskaskia on the Mississippi river, as has been said. The younger brothers, Gerrard, James, Thomas and David appear in the early land records of Kentucky, in the settlement where land granted "for service rendered the Continental Army."
    In the year 1796, Phililp and Jemima were living in Logan County, Kentucky with their land adjoing their son Philip, Jr. in what was known as the Georgia settlement. In 1797 Philip Trammell Sr. is taxed for 200 acres of land belonging to his son Gerrard, not yet 21 years of age. Philip Jr., John and Sampson Trammell owned land on Terripin Creek while David and Gerrard Trammell each had 200 acres on Spring Creek.

    In the descriptions it is interesting to note Philip Jr. and Nicholas Trammell owned land on Duck Lick, for in the autobiography of Andrew Davis who was born at Old Jonesboro on Red River, he says that his father Daniel Davis, was the son of John Davis and moved from Virginia to Tennessee and settle on Duck River. In his autobiography, Mr. Davis said his family moved to Texas with Nick Trammell and states further that he was with him when he cut the trace.

    It is interesting to note that David Trammell, Nick's uncle (this is 'Old Nick' son of Nicholas son of Philip Sr.) had married the daughter of John Davis, and that Jesse Davis and John Trammell had married the daughters of Joel Dickinson. The families of the early migration were so intermarried it was quite impossible to establish all relations, but one thing is certain, they moved together, and the best evidence of this is the documents recorded by the courts. Often they gave much information about relationships.

    In the land descriptions they usually named the owners of the land adjoining and often gave little bits of information about them. A case in point, a suit brought to clear title for overlapping of a survey. The deed had been given to Ninian Edwards and his wife, on the original grant belonging to Gerrard Trammell. The suit brought by Philip Trammell involved Willoughby Powell and Leonard West. The record stated that it was "a friendly suit to clear title, since these men were friends and neighbors back in Fairfax County, Virginia."

    Before the title was clear, Philip and Jemima had moved with Ninian Edwards to Shawneetown, Illinois, on the Ohio River in the settlement of southern Illinois. Here the old trail from Kentucky dropped down to New Madrid where Colonel Morgan had founded a settlement west of the Mississippi River, and continued to Ste. Genevieve where Moses Austin was mining lead at Mine a Burton. David Trammell had joined the New Madrid colony with the Bowies and other old friends from Maryland. Among them were Dr. Robert Dawson and Dr. Samuel Dorsey.

    New Madrid was located on the old rendezvous point of the French traders called "Greasy Bend", because bear oil was obtained there for the New Orleans Market. The grant extended from the mouth of the St. Francis River, (near present day Helena, Arkansas) northward to Cape Cinque Hommes (Perry County Missouri) and was to extend two degree back from the Mississippi River.

    Philip took an active part in the Illinois settlement. He was Captain of the company of militia called into service by Governor Ninian Edwards, and he had leased the Government Salines in order to supply salt for the trade to the west. The record states "Philip Trammell not only possessed a good discriminating mind, he had a strong inclination to military affairs."

    Salt had become an essential commodity of trade. It was selling for thirty dollars a bushel in the Tennessee settlement, and the government had imposed a heavy tax on all salt shipped through the port of New Orleans. Philip Trammell with his son Gerrard, employed expert men to help produce salt from the government salines. Anthony Hart, a friend of Nicholas Trammell, Sr., who had operated the salt licks at Nashville since 1790, came to his assistance, as did Claiborne Wright from the Duck river settlement. Claiborne Wright remained with Philip Trammell at the salt works for two years before he returned to Tennessee and moved his family to Red River settlement of Jonesboro.

    While surplus hams and bacon continued to arrive for the New Orleans market, proving that the pioneers were using salt to cure their surplus meat, government agents reported to congress that western scouts were smuggling salt to the Indians by means of pack horses, and it was believed that salt from Government salines was being carried to Texas. In an address to congress, President Jefferson, explained the delicate balance the Indians held in the crisis of the frontier and he said, "it is not only necessary to distribute salt among the Indians, but we should subsidize the salt workers, for the trading posts that satisfy the Indians are our only safety in the west."

    It is to be noted how the maufacture of salt thrived in this section rich with saline springs. Mark Bean's salt works in Old Hempstead County are given a prominent place in early records. One of particular interest is found in the papers of Governor Izar of Arkansas Territory, when he tried to get the govenment to give the Bean brothers a lease of the salines in 1825, and was continually ignored by the federal Government. So that Governor Izard writes a very strong letter in which he points out how necessary salt is to the settlers and the Indians, and how the Bean Brothers have long manufactured good salt at low costs, and with or without the consent of the Government the Governors of Arksansas Territory had granted them a lease, and he would continue to do so.

    Philip Trammell was appointed Colonel in the Illinois Militia to see that rangers in the west kept the trails open for wagon trains and supplies. The original papers of the muster rolls are signed by Philip Trammell Colonel for Ferguson battalion. Here we find the names of Capt. Edward Hempstead, Capt. Joseph Conway, William Morrison, David and James Music, William Ashley, Samuel Judy, Charles Lucus, Robert Gray, James Calloway, the grandson of Daniel Boone and many names that are prominent in the history of migration to Texas. Stephen F. Austin was commissioned Ensign in the 6th regiment for Missouri Territory.

    Philip resigned his commission as Colonel of the Illinois Militia on March 12, 1814, and was elected as representative of the Illinois House of Representatives.

    In the Illinois State Historical Archives we read, "Philip Trammell ranger, from Gallation County, was elected representative of Illinois Territory Legislature October 1812. He was re-elected, the only member of the house to be so honored, in 1814." From the Annals of the West we find a record of Philip Trammell's service which give some idea of what he established in the government of the West. In the Territorial Legislature of 1814 on the subject of common schools, "On motion of Mr. Trammell, a committee was appointed to draft a bill to incorporate the inhabitants of the respective townships, to enable them to choose trustees to lease and appropriate the profits of the sixteen sections in each township, for the benefit of Public Schools, in conformity to the act of congress."

    In the court order book of Gallation County we find the court orders a road to be laid out "from Flynn's Ferry on the Ohio river to Saline Tavern...then with the same to Trammell's Field." The another order saying that Philip Trammell and Nathaniel Lacy shall be exempt from working on public roads on account of their age. Colonel Philip Trammell lived to be eighty-five years of age and his Will is recorded in Shawneetown, Illinois (1818). Jemima's Will is recorded in McLearsboror, Hamilton County, Illinois and is dated 1826. So we find the grandparents of Nick Trammell of Texas, left a good account of their deeds in the west and the friends and relatives who settled at many river crossing on the Southwest Trail were doubtless friends of Nick Trammell and followed him to remote settlements in the West.
    It is apparent that the Great Southwest Trail was opened as far as the Ouachita River crossing as early as 1811. Indeed a venerable beech tree bears the carving 1800 and another "killed a bear 1811, W.H.G." This may have been William H. Glass who was an indian trader from Arkansas Post and later went to Texas with the Trammells.

    From Larry Anderson:
    History: Had a home on the Accotink River, Fairfax Co. VA; and then migrated into the Tennessee Territory (then a part of NC and claimed by VA). Sumner Co TN probate records of 1787-1808, p. 53, shows "Philip Trammel" (no double ll's) appointed as guardian over Nicholas to handle the sale of the estate. Prior to 1818, he and Jemima moved to Illinois.

    From John Byrd:
    1808: Sons David, Philip, and Garrot (sic) petition Congress for Indian Territory. The area later became part of Randolph Co, Il.
  • Will: Shawneetown, Gallatin Co, Illinois 8
  • Event: Major, US Troop of the Great Territory of "Northwest of the Ohio" Military Service 1775 IL 9
  • Event: Capt. War of 1812 Military Service 1812 Illinois Militia 10
  • Residence: 1818 IL Territory, White Co. 11
  • DSCR: "Tall with dark hair and Irish blue eyes." 12
  • Event: Alt. Birth 1733 13
  • Event: Military 1776 Maryland 14
  • Event: received a soldier's bounty of land in the "Georgia Settlement". Property 1796 Logan County, Kentucky
  • Residence: after War, led Trammells and allied families into newly established territories, ending in Illinois. Abt 1800 Illinois
  • Event: Military Abt 1808 Great Territory Of "Northwest Of The Ohio"
  • Event: sons David, Phillip, and Gerrard petition Congress for area that later becomes Randolph County. Property 1808 Indian Territory, Illinois
  • Census: six Trammell families enumerated. 1810 Illinois Territory
  • _UID: AAD9DF80FE80D511AC7A44455354616F6C7C
  • Change Date: 5 JAN 2009 at 09:10

    Father: Gerrard (Garrard) TRAMMELL b: 1702 in Truco Parish, Stafford County, Virginia
    Mother: Mary English Fields JAVAN b: 1707 in Fairfax County, Virginia

    Marriage 1 Jemima GRYMES b: 1736-1737 in Fairfax, Loudoun County, Virginia
    • Married: FEB 1754 in Fairfax Co, VA 15 16
    • Change Date: 5 JAN 2009
    1. Has No Children Elijah TRAMMELL
    2. Has No Children William TRAMMELL
    3. Has No Children Sampson TRAMMELL b: Aft 1754
    4. Has No Children Thomas TRAMMELL b: Aft 1754
    5. Has No Children John TRAMMELL b: Aft 1754
    6. Has No Children James TRAMMELL b: Aft 1754
    7. Has No Children Phillip TRAMMELL b: 22 APR 1756 in Fairfax County, Virginia
    8. Has Children Nicholas TRAMMELL b: 1758 in Fairfax, Virginia
    9. Has No Children Lucy TRAMMELL b: 1765
    10. Has No Children David TRAMMELL b: 1765 in Virginia
    11. Has No Children Gerrard (Jarrard, Jarrett, Jarrot) TRAMMELL b: 1777 in Washington Co, MD, KY Or GA

    1. Abbrev:
      Author: Ila East
      449 Craighead 701 Road
      Jonesboro, Arkansas 72401-0753
      Note: 1732, Fairfax, VA
    2. Abbrev:
      Note: John Byrd has b.Abt 1732, Fairfax Co, VA
    3. Abbrev: Larry Anderson's web site
      Title: Larry Anderson's web site
      Author: Larry Anderson
      Note: 1733
      Fairfax Co, VA
    4. Abbrev:
      Note: John Byrd has d.Abt 1819
    5. Abbrev: GenForum
      Title: GenForum
      Note: Janet Trammel has:
      d. 1819
    6. Abbrev: Larry Anderson's web site
      Title: Larry Anderson's web site
      Author: Larry Anderson
      Note: 1818 Shawneetown
      Gallatin Co, IL
    7. Abbrev: see page field
      Title: see page field
      Page: 6,7
      Quality: 3
    8. Abbrev: Huddleston Family Website
      Title: Huddleston Family Website
      Author: Brandon S. Huddleston <>
    9. Abbrev:
      Note: Chris Tramel
    10. Abbrev: Huddleston Family Website
      Title: Huddleston Family Website
      Author: Brandon S. Huddleston <>
      Note: He resigned from the militia on Mar 12, 1814.
    11. Abbrev: 1818 Illinois Territory-White Co. Interpretation
      Title: 1818 Illinois Territory-White Co. Interpretation
      Note: 86 yo living with son, Garrard.
    12. Abbrev: Betty J. Zeno
      Title: Betty J. Zeno
      In email forwarded and annotated by Lonnie Tumlinson, 13 Jun 2008.
    13. Abbrev: U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
      Title: U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
      Author: Yates Publishing
      Publication: - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004. - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived from an array of materials i
      Page: Source number: 2187.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: MZS.
      Quality: 3
      Text: Name: Philip TrammellBirth: 1733
    14. Abbrev: Rootsweb WorldConnect Family Tree Project
      Title: Rootsweb WorldConnect Family Tree Project
      Page: Stimson cousins, contact John Beardsley
      Quality: 3
    15. Abbrev:
      Note: John Byrd had m.Feb 1754
    16. Abbrev: Huddleston Family Website
      Title: Huddleston Family Website
      Author: Brandon S. Huddleston <>
      Note: Feb 1754 Fairfax Co, VA
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