Cooper, Yates, Choctaw, Cherokee and Sephardic in Ga.-Tenn.-Ala. (from

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  • ID: I04297
  • Name: Henry Labon Cooper
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Enrique /Cooper/, Labon Cooper, Henry Laban
  • Birth: ABT. 1745 in Granville Co., North Carolina (?)
  • Death: AFT. 1830 in Rutherford Co., Tennessee (?), Bogue Chitto, Louisiana (?)
  • Event: Land 1 JUN 1801 As Henry Cooper, resident of Sumner Co., bought 640 acres for $900 in Davidson Co. from John Nichols (Nicholas?)
  • Event: Land 1787 Granted 400 acres on Sandy Creek by Spanish Govt.
  • Event: Land BET. 1796 - 1811 Grainger Co., Tenn., indenture no. 908
  • Event: Land 16 AUG 1802 As Henry Labon, sold 200 acres on north side of Holsten River on path between German Creek and Blue Springs to Joseph Bryan, neighboring Thomas Henderson, Grainger Co. (Deeds, Vol. A, p. 279)
  • Event: Land 24 DEC 1814 Granted 80 acres on Beaver Creek, Wayne Co., Ky. (Ky. Land Grants 1/1:291.
  • Residence: 1781 As Enriquez Labon Cooper, Spanish San Esteban de Tombecbe, St. Stephens district (Mobile hinterland), from North Carolina, with William Cooper
  • Residence: 1778 Last mention in records of Bute Co. (now Halifax) as member of a jury
  • Residence: 1787 In Second Creek District, Spanish Natchez, 1792 Spanish Census, Natchez District, Mississippi Territory, Second and Sandy Creek
  • Census: 1777 Caswell Co., N.C. tax list, Gloverson District
  • Census: 1786 Caswell Co., N.C. tax list, Gloucester District, p. 6
  • Census: 1790 Glouchester District, Caswell Co., N.C., with John Cooper
  • Census: 1793 Wilkes Co., N.C., Medlocks District, p. 278 (?)
  • Census: 1800 Rowan Co., N.C. 10010-10010, p. 407 (?), or Wake Co., N.C. p. 714
  • Census: 1803 Davidson Co., Tenn., tax list, with 3 slaves, next to John Cooper
  • Census: 1820 Rutherford Co., Tenn. 02011-10101
  • Census: 1830 Rutherford Co. p. 290 No Twp., could be the son
  • Military Service: ABT. 1787 Corporal, or cabo, head of a district in Spanish Natchez
  • Military Service: BET. 1777 - 1779 North Carolina line in Rev. War, from Hillsboro Dist.
  • Military Service: ABT. 1780 As Laban Cooper, in 2nd Corps D'Elite (Green's) Virginia Militia, 46/602
  • Event: Fact 1769 Bought land from Christopher Edwards in Bute Co., N.C., also from Joseph Bishop, Aug. 15, 1777; was appointed overseer of roads (1777) and apprentice master (wheelwright); in 1771 he gave an oath in Bute Co.
  • Event: Fact 10 FEB 1778 On grand jury in Bute Co., N.C.
  • Event: Fact 1788 Described as a planter of Wake Co., N.C.
  • Event: Fact 1790 List of Tobacco Growers, Spanish Natchez District, with William and Samuel Cooper
  • Note:
    Henry was the son of William Cooper, an Indian trader who lived among the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Cherokee. He married Molly Houston. One of the first mentions of him in historical records is from a tabulation of English settlers in the Tombigbee district of Spanish Mobile in 1781, where he appears with his father and brother William. He is apparently the same as Henry Labon Cooper, also mentioned in the same documents. Labon is either an old spelling for Laban, Jacob's father-in-law and the father of Rachel and Leah or a French surname (La Bon). From 1787 to 1792 Henry Cooper is found in Spanish censuses in the Second and Sandy Creek area of Natchez District with relatives William, Samuel and James, also a son by the name Henry. This became the Tri-state Mussel Shoals area between Corinth, Miss., Florence, Ala. and Waynesboro, Tenn. It is interesting that the Coopers seemed to choose ambiguous areas on state lines to settle; another such area favored by them was the Chattanooga area, and yet another was the Little South Fork area in Tenn./Ky. Before this he lived in Bute Co. and Caswell Co., N.C. where he was overseer of roads and a wheelwright. Late in life he moved to Wayne Co., Ky. where he patented 80 acres on Buffalo Creek. Still later, he hid with his grandson James in Rutherford Co., Tenn., near Black Fox's camp.

    A sample court record is as follows: Bute County, N.C. Minutes of the Court of Please and Quarter Sessions 1767-1779. Henry Cooper is appointed Overseer of the road from the road near Simm's Ford to Port Ridge, and Ordered that he keep the same in repair with the hands usually working thereon. In 1789, a John Lett was apprenticed to Henry Cooper in Wake Co. "to learn occupation of wheelright until age 21."

    From Kinseeker Surname Site on Cooper
    A Henry Cooper married Mary (Molly) Huston, daughter of Robert Huston.

    A Henry Cooper married a Molly Blackman in Bute Co., N.C. Oct. 3, 1770. Could Molly Houston have married a Blackman first and this was her second marriage?

    Acc. to Pierce's Register, N. C. State Records, vol. XVI, 1782-1783, p. 92, Sergt. Henry Cooper served in McGlanhan's Company, enlisting in 1777 and acting as quarter master Dec. 18, 1777 and again Feb. 12, 1779. He was granted 385 acres in Hillsboro District for his service to the Continental Army (vouchers, p. 313, 328). This probably accounted for Henry's move from Bute Co. to Wake Co.

    A Henry Cooper is listed in Davidson Co., Tenn. Register of Deeds 1798-1802 Vol. E (A-G) I: he was a resident of Sumner Co. and bought 640 acres on the west side of the Harpeth River at the mouth of the South Harpeth from John Nichols. Henry's granddaughter Delitha Cooper later married Wilson Nichols. Henry paid John Nichols $900 cash; the deed included "all advantages, ways, water courses, mines and minerals." Henry's daughter Nancy married a Nicholas, perhaps the same surname. Both Nichols and Nicholas are Sephardic Jewish surnames. There is a Nicholas Springs on Copper Ridge near Clinch Mountain. Grants south of Green River, DEED BOOK 1 p. 324, 325 Francis WYATTE to Henry COOPER 1795 Agreement.

    William Blevins had deeded 120 acres on Beaver Creek to John Cooper (Deed Book 1, page 79, October 20, 1777). Coopers and Blevinses were commissioned as lieutenants in the militia in the same county at the outbreak of the Revolution. In Henry Co. in 1790 were:
    Cooper, Benjamin
    Cooper, John
    Cooper, Joseph
    Cooper, Thomas (BC)
    Cooper, Thomas (Marr Ck)
    By 1800 all Coopers were gone or had been cut out of the county with the establishment of Tennessee.

    A Henry Cooper married Rachel Lycan, Jan. 6, 1826, in Morgan Co., Ky.

    A Henry Cooper left a will in 1781 and 1782 in Prince William Co., Va. (Will Book G page 137 and Inventory and Appraisals Book G page 149).

    Henry Cooper's relative William Cooper married Susan King, the daughter of Choctaw chief Moshulatubbee. About him: MOSHULATUBBE

    A Henry Cooper was the former owner of land sold in Pitt Co., N.C. in 1778: F-391 | 2-9-1778 | John Hodges | John Jordan (HYDE) | 150 A; 200. Former owners: William Cannon (Pat. 1740), Henry
    Cooper. Wit.: James Gorham, Joshua James

    The same Henry Cooper is described as a planter of Wake Co. in a deed of the same time: Franklin Co NC- March 15, 1788 #1089 p. 152--Henry Cooper of Wake Co., NC, planter to John Pulliam of Franklin Co, for 118 pds, two
    certain tracts of land in the Parish of Saint Johns in Franklin Co.
    which said Cooper purchased of Christopher Edwards and Joseph Bishop,
    lying on the N side of Buffelow Creek, the first tract adjoining
    Benjamin Moseley, West and Wm Bishop and the second tract adj.
    Moseley, Wm Bishop and said Henry Cooper containing 200 acres Wtn:
    Simon Jeffreys, Joel Parrish.

    Possibly Henry Cooper moved to St. Tammany Parish, La. about 1836, as there is a Henry Jr. and Sr. on the tax list, along with Cornelius and others of the family.

    Henry Cooper (p. 27), listed as Enrico Labon Cooper in the "Mobile Names" of San Esteban de Tombecbe (St. Stephens), was one of the North Carolinians on the surrender list of 1781 when the Spanish established control of the hinterlands of Mobile (Enrico Cooper), a William (Guilielmo) Cooper was with him: Archivo General de Indias in Seville, previously Havana Cuba (Papelas de Cuba) 2359: 417-18. He took an oath of allegiance and served as corporal along with another Enrico, probably Houston Cooper, and Samuel and William (Guilielmo), all appearing on a 1787 Spanish census of Second Creek (p. 105, Anglo Americans in Spanish Archives. Lists of Anglo-American Settlers in the Spanish Colonies of America. A finding Aid, by Lawrence H. Feldman, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1991). In 1789, Henry, Samuel & William Cooper were tobacco growers in Second and Sandy Creek (now TN/AL/MS tri-state area). List of Tobacco Growers, Spanish Natchez District, 1790:

    COOPER, WILLIAM - 11,600 pounds

    COOPER, SAMUEL - 3,600

    COOPER, HENRY - 6,000

    for 1945
    Part II
    This report contains translations of materials from the Spanish Archives now in the Bancroft Library at Berkley, all concerned with Spain in the MS Valley, 1765-1794.

    A letter from Carlos de Grand Pre, Natchez, March 2, 1790, to Governor Don Estavan Miro, enclosed statement of tobacco produced by growers of Natchez, according to the settlers own statements, in 1790. The name of each planter is listed with number of pounds of tobacco reported.The spelling of names is often SPANISH or a PHONETIC spelling of the same.


    2 CORPS


    From Christopher Peek



    Be it known and remembered that on the twenty-first day of July in the year of out Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and twenty five(July 21, 1825) and in the year of the Independence of the United States of America, the fiftieth, before me, Jesse R. Jones, judge of said Parish, duly authorized by law to exercise the powers of Notary Publec, therein personally came and appeared Henry Cooper Senr of the said Parish and State did declare and pay that on the twentieth day of July in the year of our Lord, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirteen (July 20, 1813), he together with his late wife, Elizabeth Cooper, by deed of gift conveyed to their three children, William Cooper, Henry Cooper, and Mary Cooper, certain property therein mentioned which property was then delivered to his said children who recieved but never made any act expressly accepting of the same wherefore the said Henry Cooper Senr. declares that in furtherance of and in consideration of said deed of gift he does hereby for
    and in consideration of his son, William Cooper, give, grant, transfer and convey to him and his heirs and assigns forever one negro boy named Monday, one Negro Girl names Rachel and one Negro Girl named Peggy valued together at the sum of Twelve (Paraphed Ne Varietur, John R. Mortee, Recorder) Hundred Dollars; also the one undivided Third of the tract on which he now resides, adjoining the plantation of General David B. Morgan, valued at one Thousand Dollars; also the one third of the stock of cattle as they were delivered on the said sixteenth of July, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirteen (July 16, 1813) valued at one hundred dollars and in consideration of the good will and affection which he leaves his son, Henry Cooper, Junior, he does hereby give, grant, transfer, and convey to him and his heirs and assigns forever one Negro girl named Seeby, one boy named Tom and a woman named Sue valued together at the sum of Twelve Hundred Dollars. The one undivided third of the same plantation valued at one thousand Dollars and the one third of the stock of cattle valued at one hundred dollars
    and to his daughter Mary Cooper, now Mary Edwards for and in consideration of the good will and affection which he bears for her he does hereby give, grant, transfer, and convey to her and to her heirs and assigns forever one negro woman named Iris, with her two children, Zabel and George and one Negro girl named Mary valued together at twelve hundred dollars and the one undivided third of the aforesaid plantation valued at One Thousand dollars and the one third of the stock of cattle valued at one hundred dollars. Then appeared Daniel Edwards, husband of the aforesaid Mary Cooper and produced a power of attorney from his said wife and declared that in said power of attorney he does hereby accept of the said donatiion in the name of his said wife hereby authorizing of which they have hereunto set their names in presence of David S. Mccay and Thomas J. Montee, witnesses who have also signed their names together with me the Judge aforesaid.
    Henry X Cooper,

    Daniel Edwards,
    On the sixteenth of August one Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-five (Aug. 16, 1825)

    William Cooper appeared and declared that he does hereby accept of the above donation and has signed his name hereto in presence of Davis S. McCay and Joseph Setchwarth, witnesses who have also signed together with me the Judge aforesaid, William Cooper, Joseph Setchwarth, David S. McCay, on the Twelfth of October One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-five (Oct. 12,1825)

    Henry Cooper, Senr. appeared and declared that he does by these presents accept of this donation and has signed his name in presence of Syman Briggs and Jonathon Gilmore, witnesses who have also signed together with me the Judge aforesaid.
    Henry Cooper

    Witnesses; Symon Briggs, Jno. Gillmore, Jesse R. Jones, Parish Judgee, State of Louisiana, Parish of St. Tammany. I certify the foregoing to be truly recorded on the notorial Record Book Page 78 In testimony whereof I hereunto set my hand and offer the seal of Office this 12th day of October, 1825
    Jesse R. Jones
    Parish Judge.
    Truly Recorded this 12th day of October, 1825
    Jesse R. Jones, Register
    A true copy of the original as it appears in St. Tammany Transcript No. 1., page 287.
    Signed by Clerk of Court
    Stamped 1929

    On March 2, 1790, Carlos de Grand Pre wrote a letter to Spanish governor Don Estavan Miro listing the pounds of tobacco producted by growers of Natchez in 1790. Henry Cooper's name appears on it, along with his two brothers William and Samuel:
    COOPER, WILLIAM 11,600
    COOPER, SAMUEL 3,600
    COOPER, HENRY 6,000

    With William Cooper and Samuel Cooper on list of debtors to Benjamin Monsanto who died in N.O. about 1792 (Natchez Court Records C p. 116f.).

    As Henry Cason (transcription error for Labon) Cooper in Natchez Court Records p. 323: 3 Feb. 1799, James White, for $800, 400 acres on Sandy Cr. granted by Spanish Govt. to Henry Cason [sic] Cooper and surveyed 18 Aug. 1787, to James Griffin ... then to Eben Rees, 1804. Witness Samuel Cooper, 16 Apr. 1805. Claim no. 1796.

    Father: William A. Cooper b: ABT. 1725 in Surry Co., Va. (?)
    Mother: Malea Labon b: ABT. 1725 in Chickasaw country (?)

    Marriage 1 Mary (Molly) Houston b: ABT. 1750 in Lancaster Co., Pa. (on the Susquehanna River)
    • Married: ABT. 1767 in Rowan Co., N.C. (?)
    1. Has Children Houston Cooper b: ABT. 1767 in N.C.
    2. Has Children John Cooper b: ABT. 1771 in Northern Mississippi Territory (?), or N.C.
    3. Has No Children James Cooper b: ABT. 1772
    4. Has Children Isaac Cooper b: ABT. 1775 in Rowan Co., N.C. (?)
    5. Has No Children Nancy Cooper b: 1776
    6. Has Children Mary Cooper b: 1783 in S.C.
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