The Ancestors of Brian Doig

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  • ID: I15324
  • Name: Joseph COMBS
  • Surname: Combs
  • Given Name: Joseph
  • _AKA: the Younger
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1725 in Of Louden Co., Va
  • Death: ABT 1808
  • _UID: CF99EFA4457BD511AA29444553540000A465
  • Note:
    Joseph Combs II was the only known Combs in the area of Berry's Ferry in the 1750s (during wh ich period he was charged with fornication with a Sarah ASHBY. By 1764, Joseph had removed fr om Frederick to Loudoun Co., VA.

    in 1756, Joseph Combs I of Stafford Co, VA, signed a series of deeds of gifts to his children , including land in Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co, VA, including, to his son, Joseph Comb s II, whom he designated "Joseph the Younger of Frederick:"

    (Stafford Co VA DB P:121-125) " 1000 acs., all that tract of land in Overwharton Parish on t he north side of beaver dam run b/b the North bank of sd. run as far as Brent Town Road & the n by sd. road. Said Jos. the younger and heirs shall not by virtue of the presents claim an y right to any profit arising from or appertaining to the said Stream called beaver dam run o r any part thereof nor build or attempt to build any mill or mills upon any part f sd. strea m nor any way disturb John Combs brother to the sd. Joseph...in possession of the mill now up on that stream or of the stream itself with all its profits and provided further that nothin g hereby granted shall restrain John from bulding & erecting as many mills on sd. stream as h e shall think proper.

    It is not yet known when Joseph Combs the Younger (Joseph1) removed to Frederick from Staffor d, but it is known that he and his brother-in-law and sister, John and Jane (a.k.a. Jean) Com bs Ashby, were both in Winchester, Frederick County, by 1755 at the latest:

    To Captain John Ashby
    Winchester [Frederick Co VA], December 28, 1755.

    I am very much surprised to hear the great irregularities which were allowed of in your Camp . The Rum, although sold by Joseph Combs I am credibly informed, is your property. There ar e continual complaints to me of the misbehavior of your wife; who I am told sows sedition amo ng the men, and is chief of every mutiny. If she is not immediately sent from the Camp, o r I hear any more complaints of such irregular behavior upon my arrival there; I shall take c are to drive her out myself, and suspend you.

    It is impossible to get clothing here for our men. I think none so proper for Rangers as Matc h-coats; therefore would advise you to procure them. Those who have not received clothing fo r the future will receive their full pay without stoppages; and those already made, will be r epaid them.

    Those who have been clothed must either return them or allow stoppages. I would have you cons ult your men, and fall upon some method to supply them immediately. I have heard very great c omplaints about the mens pay; and that it has been misapplied; to prevent any for the futur e I Order, that you have your accounts with the men properly stated against I come up, and al ways after you make payments thereafter, to make two receipts from each man; one of which yo u are to have entered in a Book kept for that purpose for your own use; the other must be tak en upon sheet of paper and transmitted to me monthly.

    I have sent you one of the mutiny Bills which you are (as far as it related to the men) to ha ve frequently read to them, Further; acquaint them, that if any Soldier deserts, altho he ret urn himself, he shall be hanged. [signature not included]
    ("Colonial George Washington versus Jane Combs Ashby," Combs Family Newsletter, Luke Combs, C FA Historian, submitter).

    Joseph Combs the Younger (Joseph1) was still of Frederick in 1758 when he appears in a variet y of VA records, including military:

    Virginia Militia Records

    Bill from Joseph Combs to John KEATING, 10 May 1758 (County not stated)

    Joseph Combs, on list of Regimental Disbursement made to Geo. WASHINGTON'S Reg.15 Jun 1758 (C ounty not stated)

    (Frederick VA Poll) Jo:h Combs, poll taken in Frederick Co. 24 Jul 1758

    (Frederick VA Poll) Jo:s Combs, poll taken, Frederick Co 24 Jul 1758
    (Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774, Murtie June Clark, 1983)

    Although the above appears to indicate the possibility of two Joseph Combs in Frederick in 17 58, in fact, a list was prepared for each vote and what may appear to be double entries are n ot unusual. No evidence has been found as yet that more than one Joseph Combs was in early Fr ederick Co, VA. Also note that the close association (even if not always warm) between Georg e WASHINGTON and the ASHBY and Combs Families is one that appears not only in Virginia, but m ay have also extended to Bedford Co, PA (land originally in Westmoreland, then Cumberland) i n the late 1760s.

    Joseph Combs the Younger continued to appear in the records of Frederick over the next few ye ars. He was listed on the Frederick County Rent Rolls in 1758 and again in 1764, the last yea r he has been found recorded (thus far - research incomplete) in Frederick.

    By 1764, Joseph owned land in Loudoun County on Goose Creek where his brother-in-law, Levin P OWELL (h/o Elizabeth's sister, Sarah HARRISON) resided:

    01 Jun 1764-23 Dec 1790 (Loudoun Co. VA NN Grants V, pp. 60-61) ....Joseph Combs granted a tr act or parcel of land containing 206 acres, by survey bearing the date (1 Jun 1764), in Loudo un County, on the branches of Goose Creek and bounded as follows- beginning at two white oak s corner to Major {Thomas} WARING and beginning corner to George GRIGG {GREGG}, thence runnin g with said WARING line south 15 degrees West 188 poles to a block marked R S in line of Co l John CARLYLE and Captain DALTON, then with their line North 30 degrees West 71 poles to a s take in a ------ field corner to said CARLYLE and DALTON still running and bending with thei r line West 160 poles to a red oak there (corner?) crossing a branch 118 poles at ... the mou ntain road at 140, then the same course off West continued 30 poles to a line of Col Catesb y COCK{E}, then bending with his line north 15 degrees west 70 poles to a red oak on a branch , this corner still bending ......... north 45 degrees west ....... poles to two black {oaks? }, the north side said .... corner to said COCK{E}, thence with his line North 11 degrees Eas t 25 poles to a white oak corner to Mary McGEACH, thence bending with her line, North 84 degr ees East 180 poles to a stake in a ....... field corner to George GRIGG {GREGG}, thence wit h his given line, South 75 degrees East 174 poles to the beginning. (Transcribed & excerpte d 1998 from copy of original by Combs Researcher Dick Field, 1998 who adds: Names contained i n {} are based on further research)

    It is probable that Joseph lived on this or other land in Loudoun since his first appearanc e on that County's tax lists was in 1765 (for 1764). He is the only early Joseph Combs foun d in Loudoun and, from the beginning, was termed "Capt. Joseph Combs." Other Combs, most part icularly brothers Samuel and Andrew, were already in the Shelburne Parish area of Loudoun whe n Joseph first appeared there; however, it is not yet known whether they were kin to Joseph w ho continued to appear on the county's tax lists.

    Joseph's first child is documented in 1767 when his daughter, Violet, marries Daniel FEAGIN:

    3 Feb 1767 (Loudoun VA Marriage Records) Violet Combs, daughter of Joseph, married Daniel FEA GIN Feb 3, 1767 in Loudon County, VA. (Combs Researcher, the late Merry Stacy)

    Violet's marriage is confirmed by Daniel's Revolutionary war pension, which identifies his mi litary service as in Loudoun County, and his wife as "Lettie, daughter of Joe Combs" (See bel ow).

    Joseph does not appear on the 1768 Loudoun County tax lists (possibly not complete), but in 1 768, he appears in the records of Fauquier Co, VA with wife Elizabeth (for the first time), i dentified as "of Loudoun" when he sells land formerly his father's, part of the 1756 deed o f gift:

    1768-9 (Fauquier Co., VA Deed Book 3, pp. 205 & 373). Joseph Combs, and his wife Elizabeth, o f Loudon County sell 100 acres on Brenttown Road to Original YOUNG. The land was part of a gi ft of land given to him in 1756 by his father, Joseph Sr. (Fauquier Families, 1759-1799: Comp rehensive indexed abstracts of Tax and Tithable Lists, Marriage Bonds and Minute, Deed, and W ill Books, and Others, John P. Alcock (Athens, GA: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994)

    Also Note: Original YOUNG was a witness to the Oct 1780 Fauquier Co, VA, nuncupative (verbal ) will of Joseph's nephew, John Combs, Jr. (John2, Joseph1).

    Other Combs continue to appear and disappear on the tax lists of Loudoun County, but in 177 0 (for 1769), Joseph tithes both John and Robert Combs in addition to himself, who may have b oth been his sons (See Below and also note that If both men were Joseph's sons coming of age , this would place their births ca 1748). John and Robert are again tithed by Joseph in 177 1 (for 1770) and Robert probably again in 1772 (research in progress); however, John has disa ppeared from Loudoun's records, and in the meantime, Joseph appears again in records with Gen . George WASHINGTON and other Virginians in then-Cumberland Co, PA when various of them paten t land in that part of the county which was to become later Westmoreland, then Fayette, inclu ding a 282 acre survey in 1769, half of which Joseph sold in 1773:

    05 Dec 1773 - 27 Nov 1790 (Fayette Co., PA Book A, page 354, item 434) Know all men by thes e presents that I Joseph Combs of Loudan County in the colony of Virginia have bargin'd sol d and by these presence do deliver to John MASTERSON of Westmoreland County in Pennsylvania , a part or half of a tract of land surveyed by ( SHORT & McLANE?) the 23rd day of May 1770 b y order of survey (...torn out...) 3087 dated the 17th day of April 1769. For and in consider ation of forty five pounds to me in hand paid, and with the receipt hereof I acknowledge myse lf fully satisfied and do warnt and defend the same from me, my heirs, executors, administrat ors, and from all persons that shall or may lay right claim or challenge thereson, the lord o f the soul excepted, and to John MASTERSONS, his heirs and assigns the above land containin g one hundred and fo (...torn...) nine acres and a half (........torn out.........) accordin g to the laws of the province as witness my hand and seal this 5th day of December 1773. s/Jo seph Combs (S.S.). Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of Jack NEALL , Abel? McPHERSO N.

    Fayette County: Personally appeared this day, Alexander McPHERSON before me the subscribe r a Justice of the Peace of Common Pleas in aforesaid county and being duly qualified accordi ng to law, on his solemn affirmation declareth that he did see the within named Joseph Comb s sign, seal and deliver the within Bill of Sale or instrument of writing as his act and (dec lared) he the said McPHERSON being one of the subscribing witnesses, witness my my hand & sea l this 27th day of November 1790. Robert RICHEY (S.S.)

    Note: Whether Joseph ever actually resided in Pennsylvania remains uncertain. At least two Jo seph Combs, were also "in and out" of Fayette County, and research is still underway to segre gate their records.

    In the meantime, Joseph continues to appear in the records of Loudoun with the 1773 titheable s (for 1772) including a Stephen Combs whom later records show was also tithed by Joseph (se e also below). That same year, 1773, Joseph is also listed as a vestryman for Shelburne Paris h, and is listed as the administrator of the estate of a William HARRISON (record still neede d).

    In 1774, Joseph, Robert and Stephen Combs were among the signers of a Loudoun county resoluti on "condemning the British Parliament and agreeing to sever connections untill they repeal th e discriminating tax..." and Joseph is named in Shelburne Parish tax records as the builder o f Ketockton Church. In 1775 (for 1774), Joseph continues to tithe Robert, but Stephen now ha s his own household, and is listed immediately below Joseph.

    In 1776 and 1777 (for the years 1775 and 1776), Joseph, Robert and Stephen are missing from L oudoun tax lists - possibly exempt due to military service. In 1778 and 1779 (for 1777 and 17 78), however, Joseph and Stephen are again both listed.

    In 1779, Joseph again sells land:

    1779? (Fauquier Co, VA Loose Papers, Land Records, Unrecorded Deeds, ID: 327, Record Location : 1779-003, Box #: 11) Joseph and Elizabeth Combs of Loudoun Co VA to John Combs. Fragmented . Date Missing. Synopsis: 242 ac. of land in Stafford Co. in Overwharton Parish on north sid e of Beaver Dam Run. Title History: remainder of greater tract bought by grantee of grantor ( Extracted by Combs Researcher Ann Musser)

    1779 (Fauquier Co, VA Deed Book 7, p. 242, 1779). Joseph Combs, and wife Elizabeth, of Loudou n County, sell 105 acres where Brenttown Road fords Dorrells Run to James HOLMES; another par t of 1756 gift by father. (Extracted by Combs Researcher Jeff Duvall from "Fauquier Families , 1759-1799: Comprehensive indexed abstracts of Tax and Tithable Lists, Marriage Bonds and Mi nute, Deed, and Will Books, and Others" by John P. Alcock (Athens, GA: Iberian Publishing Com pany, 1994)

    In 1780 and 1781 (for 1779 and 1780), Joseph and Stephen are both listed on Loudoun County ta x lists, and in 1781 Joseph is again named as a vestryman of Shelburn Parish. It is in 1781 , according to the bible record of her brother, Cuthbert HARRISON, that Joseph's wife, Elizab eth, died.

    In 1782 (for 1781) Joseph is not listed on Loudoun's tax lists (although Stephen still is), b ut in 1783 he appears in the Shelburne Parish records and in 1784 (for 1783), Joseph is agai n listed on Loudoun tax lists.

    In 1785 (for 1784), both Joseph and Stephen are missing from Loudoun's tax lists (possibly no t complete?) as is also true in 1786 (for 1785). In 1786, Joseph is sued by Shelburn Parish i n respect to the "upper church" and in 1787 (for 1786), both Joseph and Stephen are again o n the county tax lists.

    In 1790, Joseph, again with a wife named Elizabeth, sells yet more land:

    1790 (Fauquier Co VA Deed Book 10, pp. 373 & 375) Joseph Combs and wife Elizabeth, of Loudou n County, sell 265 acres on Dorrells Run to Joseph Jr. of Stafford County. (Extracted by Comb s Researcher Jeff Duvall from "Fauquier Families, 1759-1799: Comprehensive indexed abstract s of Tax and Tithable Lists, Marriage Bonds and Minute, Deed, and Will Books, and Others" b y John P. Alcock (Athens, GA: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994)

    1790 (Fauquier Co, VA DB10:373 & 375) Joseph Combs of Loudoun Co, VA to Robert ASHBY alias Co mbs, 158 a. and to Henry WASHINGTON of Prince William adj. 163 a. [land in Fauquier] (Extract ed by Combs Researcher Jeff Duvall from "Fauquier Families, 1759-1799: Comprehensive indexe d abstracts of Tax and Tithable Lists, Marriage Bonds and Minute, Deed, and Will Books, and O thers" by John P. Alcock (Athens, GA: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994)

    Note: The first record above has occasioned confusion due to the use of the word "Jr.," whic h some researchers have believed indicated that Joseph Jr. was the s/o Joseph of Loudoun, whe reas other records document that Joseph, Jr. was the s/o Joseph's brother, John Combs, Sr. an d his wife, Seth BULLITT, with the "Jr." simply being the manner of differentiating the two J osephs. The second record may be the basis for the statement in Josiah H. Combs' Combes Genea logy that Joseph had a "natural son" Robert.

    So far these records are the last year that any record is found in Loudoun Co, VA for Josep h Combs - except that since wills, deeds and estate admins and inventories not yet fully rese arched, who knows? Not to mention that he may have moved up to Bedford and/or Fayette Co, PA . According to the above Josiah H. Combs, Joseph d in 1808; however, no evidence of that ha s been found as yet (not researched?).

    Of the probable children of Joseph, see also Stephen and Barbara ALLEN Combs and Robert Comb s of Fauquier who may have been the above Robert ASHBY alias Combs who appears to be the Revo lutionary War pensioner who later declared in his 1832 Fauquier Co, VA application that he wa s born ca 1753 near "Berry Ferry on the Shenandoah River in Frederick Co, Virginia," a locati on that would intersect with Joseph II's residency in that county. Robert also declared tha t included in his service were several enlistments in Loudoun Co, VA, beginning with a perio d in the volunteer militia company raised by Capt. Levin POWELL in Loudoun Co., Va. (his mate rnal uncle?), another under Capt. Simon TRIPLETT of Loudoun, another under Capt. McMICKENS i n Loudoun in 1777, another under Capt. Simon HANCOCK, and then in 1781, service in Fauquier C o, VA under both Capt. JENNINGS and WINN.

    He may be the Joseph Combs who recorded a will on 5 May 1773 in Louden Co., VA, Book B., pag e 91.

    See .
  • Change Date: 18 Feb 2016 at 09:23:07



    Father: Joseph COMBS b: 1684/1690 in Of Rappahanock Co.,VA
    Mother: Mary EDWARDS b: ABT 1708 in Of Stafford Co., VA

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth HARRISON b: 30 Jan 1731 in Of Louden Co., Va
      Children
      1. Has No Children Joseph COMBS b: ABT 1748 in Of Louden Co., Va
      2. Has Children Stephen COMBS b: ABT 1750 in Of Louden Co., VA

      Marriage 2 Sarah ASHBY
      • Married: NOT MARRIED
      Children
      1. Has No Children Robert Ashby COMBS b: 1753 in Louden Co., VA
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