Pioneers of Benton County Oregon

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  • ID: I16629
  • Name: Marshall Winchester SIMPSON
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 13 JUL 1838 in Lawrence Co., Kentucky 1
  • Burial: Eugene 2
  • Census: 1870 Elk City
  • Residence: 1866 Benton Co, OR
  • Event: Came to Oregon BEF 1866 Elk City
  • Death: 26 AUG 1930 in Eugene, Lane Co, OR 3
  • Event: Came to Oregon 1845
  • Note:
    SIMPSON, Marshall 13 July 1838, Lawrence Co. KY 1845
    1870 CENSUS: Benton County, OR:
    SIMPSON, M.W. 32 AR farmer;
    Joicey A 27 MO;
    Hettie 10 OR;
    Owen 6 OR;
    Olive A. 6/12 OR
    SIMPSON, M. W. State: OR Year: 1880 County: Benton Township: Elk City Page: 096
    1880 CENSUS: Elk Precinct, Benton co, OR:
    SIMPSON, M. 41 farmer, ARK, ARK, ARK
    Joicy Ann, 31, wife, MO, MO,MO
    Hetty, 20, dau, IA, ARK, MO
    Owen C. 16, son, IA, ARK, MO
    Olive 10, dau, OR
    Arthur W. 2, son, OR
    JENKS, G. 22, boarder, ENG, ENG, ENG
    IGO, Albert G. 38, laborer, MO, MO, MO
    Fagan, David; History of Benton County, Oregon
    SIMPSON, Marshall W.--this early pioneer of Oregon and well-known resident of Benton county, was born in Lawrence county, Kentucky, 13 July 1838. Early in the spring of 1844 his parents moved to Jackson county, Missouri, and one year later, the spring of 1845, with his father and mother, one brother and one sister, and ox-teams he joined a small train and started to cross the dreary and almost unknown plains from their home to the Pacific Ocean. After many severe trials they were finally guided safely into The Dalles by that famous guide Steve MEEKS. They came on direct to what is now Polk county, and there began farming. Our subject resided with his parents until 1859, when he was united in marriage, in Polk county, to Miss Joice A. BEVENS. He then engaged in farming for himself until 1866, when he came to Benton county, and located the land on which is the present town of Elk City, where he has since lived, and at the present time owns a large estate and is now the proprietor of the Simpson House, postmaster and store keeper of Elk City. He has a family of 2 sons, and 2 daughters, viz: Hattie, Owen C., Olive M., and William E.
    Elk City, a point of departure for hunting and fishing parties, is located at the mouth of Elk Creek on Yaquina River, about four miles east of Toledo. Marys Peak is the most prominent mountain in the Coast Range as it crosses Benton County. Down its western slope flows a clear, sparking stream typical of those in coastal Oregon. Near its banks, in 1856, was camped a party of explorers in search of grazing land. Food supplies were low and supper was expected to be beans as usual. Then one man saw a fine bull elk standing on a hill, an easy mark for his gun. In memory of this provident event the stream became Elk Creek. The first settlement at Elk City was made by the Corvallis and Yaquina Bay Wagon Road Company, who erected a warehouse here in 1866. Here was the overland terminus of the stage and mail route, the rest of the distance to the bay being by water. The settlement was named Newton for the man who laid out the plat in 1868, Albitha Newton, and placed it as far up the Yaquina as boats could go. During normal low water periods the stream was quite narrow, branches hanging low and sometimes brushing the heads of boat passengers. Water-soaked snags lurked on the bottom of the none too deep waterway to scrape bottoms or rip holes in them. At times of high water the menace of low trees and branches became worse but the influence of ocean tides became noticeable. As Newton grew more and more travel came up the river from Toledo. At Yaquina City and Newport below on the bay, efforts were made to clear the waterway by removing snags and cutting branches. A small dock was prefabricated at Toledo, brought up on a barge and installed on the bank. Then it was possible for small steamboats to tie up at the town and regular service was instituted. A flat-bottomed stern wheeler was the first to make regular runs, down the bay one day and back the next. The railroad was also completed through Newton and on to bay points. Two saloons, a hotel, store, and Odd Fellows Lodge which was shared by other fraternal orders, many cabins and housesóall grew up on the site, giving the place the appearance of a real town. During the major active period of the Oregon Pacific Railroad, Elk City flourished as an important point on the route but as the railroad declined so did the town. The first post office had been established in 1868 with Edwin A. ́Kitî Abbey the postmaster. Marshall W. Simpson held the job next, was out of the office for a while and then returned Nov. 23, 1888. He came full of ideas about advancing the status of the little town and one of the first efforts he made was getting the name changed from Newton to Elk City to conform to the name of the post office. The town flourished until automobiles took away the need for river traffic. And as logging in the area declined so did Elk City. Another blow was the abandonment of the rock quarries which had provided a live industry with workers living and buying supplies in the town. The old grocery which for years housed the post office is the only business still going in the town by the Yaquina.
    Newton, now known as Elk City, is located on the Yaquina at the mouth of Elk Creek. It is said to have been the first settlement in what is now Lincoln County. Postal records show that Newton post office was established in Jul. 14, 1868, with Edwin Alden Abbey, first postmaster. Abbey, who was fondly called Kit, was born in New York in 1824. Marshall Winchester Simpson became postmaster in Nov. 1869. He was out of the office for a few years, but held the position again on Nov. 23, 1888, when the name of the office was changed from Newton to Elk City.

    Marriage 1 Joice A. BEVENS b: 1843 in MO
    • Married: 1859 in Polk Co, OR 1
    1. Has No Children Tom SIMPSON b: in Oregon
    2. Has No Children Hattie SIMPSON b: ABT 1860 in Polk Co., OR
    3. Has No Children Owen C. SIMPSON b: ABT 1864 in Polk Co., OR
    4. Has No Children Olive A. SIMPSON b: JAN 1870 in Little Elk, Benton Co., OR
    5. Has No Children Arthur W. SIMPSON b: ABT 1878 in Little Elk, Benton Co., OR
    6. Has No Children William Edgerton SIMPSON b: 1881 in Little Elk, Benton Co., OR

    1. Author: David D. Fagan
      Title: History of Benton Co., OR
      Publication: Name: A.G. Walling, Printer, Lithographer, Etc. Portland, Oregon - 1885;
      Source Medium: Book

      ABBR History of Benton County, Oregon
    2. Title: At Rest in Lincoln County, Oregon
      Source Medium: Book
    3. Author: Jerry Bonnell, Phyllis Hanna, Eddie Symington
      Title: Elk Grove Cemetery
      Publication: Name: Lincoln County, OR Genealogical Society; Location: Toledo, Lincoln Co, Oregon; Date: 2009;
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