Name: Peter Studebaker
Birth: ABT 16 OCT 1695 in Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Death: BEF 8 JUN 1754 in Frederick Co, Maryland
Burial: Studebaker Long Cem-Bakers Lookout, Maryland
Baptism: 16 OCT 1695 Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Immigration: 1 SEP 1736 Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co, Pennsylvania
Change Date: 30 SEP 2009
He and his brother Clement were the founders of the Studebaker Wagon and car makers.
Peter Stoutbecker was the name listed on the Harle Ship List upon his arrival in 1736. Studebaker Family in America", 148
In Daniel Rupp's book "300 Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776" the name appears as Peter Slottenbecker. The names of Clemens and Heinrich Slottenbecker also appear.
"From accounts of ships of the period, we know their trip was long, perhaps as long as four months. Food & water were not the best. Most ships crowded passengers in & we have no reason to expect the "Harie" to be better than others of its day. There no doubt were some bad sailing days, but in general the summer period would have better weather than any other time of the year. No doubt there were many friendships started, for we find many of the passengers ending up as neighbors in the Western frontier within a few yrs after their arrival. Most of them spent a year or two near Philadelphia or Germantown, perhaps getting their supplies ready for the trip to the frontiers.
E.T. Schultz in First Settlements of Germans in Maryland states that the route of travel from Lancaster Co, Pennsylvania to Virginia was over an Indian trail for pack horses extending across the territory, now York & Adams Counties, to a point on the Monocacy River near the boundary line of Maryland and Pennsylvania, then to the Potomac River, crossing the Blue or South Mountain at "Crampton's Gap." By this route the Germans drifted into Maryland about 1729. Very likely the route hadn't changed much when Peter Studebaker (also John Long) and his Family moved there about 1738. He was with Clement as of Oct, 1737 when they wrote the famous letter to Germany telling of the conditions in America, and Peter signed a petition dated May 11, 1739 from the back parts of Prince George's Co., Maryland. Obviously he had moved there some time between those dates.
Schultz further states that the settlements at Conogocheague and Hagarstown were mainly of the Reformed and Lutheran churches who came soon after 1735. The first German Church in America had been built between 1732 & 1734, ten miles above Frederickstown. We know Peter Studebaker had been baptized into the Reformed Church. It seems likely his choice of a settlement in America was influenced by hearing of the German Church in Western Maryland. The tone of Clement & Peter's letter shows they were religious and if not Dunkard at the time, they admired those of that faith. Certainly some time before 1755 they had become members of that church because Heinrich's Family apparently did not fight in the "Dunkard Massacre" which occurred at the beginning of the French and Indian War. Because they did not believe in violence, Heinrich's Family was murdered leaving only three children. Clement's son became a minister of the Dunkards, so probably Clement had a membership or at least a strong leaning towards the Dunkard faith. Many of Peter's children were Dunkards. Since people didn't quickly change from one belief to another, it appears that the Studebaker immigrants became Dunkards soon after they came to America, while they were still living close together, probably in Germantown. We know the Studebakers lived in Germantown at the time they wrote to Germany in 1737 for they say "Over in Philadelphia" and "However, at Germantown." the first Church of the Brethren in America was established in Germantown in 1723 and was rapidly growing when the Studebakers were there. No doubt Peter Becker, John Naas, Christopher Sower, and other early leaders of the Church of the Brethren, called Dunkers, or Dunkards were well known because of their method of baptism. Just to know these peopie would have been an inspiration, and if the Studebakers had not been Brethren in Germany, they must have become members early in their life in America. Peter Studebaker's intention was to settle near Germantown. He picked out a piece of land in Philadelphia Co. situated along the Andelauney Creek, joining Peter and Clement Dunkelberger, and received a Warranty Dec 7, 1736, which was to be fulfilled within six months, otherwise the agreement would become void. Something made him change his mind, for he did not take up the land, but he was still in the Germantown area as of Oct, 1737. No doubt the news from the frontiers, from friends who had already moved there, coupled with strength and courage gave him a new resolve . . . to go to the frontiers where land was cheap and where he could be free. About the spring of 1738, he took his Family to the Conogocheaque and Hagarstown area, which was then part of the back country of Prince George's County, MD. It was not even named the Hagarstown area at that time, for Jonathan Hagar named the area Elizabethtown to honor his wife, but as time went by his own Family name took over and it became generally called Hagarstown. The first record in this area, of Peter Studebaker was on a petition dated May 11, 1739 asking for the erection of a Court House at Salisbury Plain.
Peter Studebaker found land to his liking and made agreement to buy a piece called "Bakers Purchase" on Oct 5, 1740, which was surveyed & recorded Nov 10, 1740 in Prince George's County, MD. This was a 200 acre start in what must have been wild country. Such phrases as "big White oak", "tall hickory," "near the spring," & "on a draft of Conogocheiqe Creek" appear in various land records in which Peter's name occurs as buyer or seller. The name of one Parcel of land was "Baker's Lookout" which indicated a hill or ridge from which Peter could look out toward the west over his land. Presumably Peter built a log cabin on the land called "Baker's Purchase" as was the custom on the frontier. But it wasn't until after 1746, when he bought "Baker's Lott" and "Baker's Lookout" with the 165 acres of contiguous land that he found a better spot for his home. His house is stated to have been one half mile west of a big hickory tree that was used as boundary mark for his last purchase, the "Shoemaker's Purchase" of Sep 9, 1751. The house would have been a few rods in from the eastern side of "Baker's Lott" about in the middle of a rough reverse "S" shaped 628 acre farm (see sketch bibl. #22). Peter owned yet another piece of land, 150 acres which he sold to Peter Rentch for 150 pounds, Maryland money, on Sep 9, 1749 & recorded Nov 21, 1749. This was called Strife." Could he have named it during the bitter period in his life, such as when Ann Margaret, his wife, died Peter Studebaker sold 100 acres to John Long; deed recorded Mar 10, 1751, for 50 pounds. Since the land seemed to be valued at L 1 per acre, this reduced rate to John Long seems to indicate close Family connection. Tradition claims Family intermarriage. The metes & bounds fit exactly with the western contiguous land, and cuts off a corner of "Baker's Lookout." Harvey Long wrote of his genealogical field trip of 1968 to Martin's Comers, Maryland. He states that Martin's Comers is 4 1/2 miles from Hagarstown, and that the Long farm is at the northeast corner of Martin's Corners. About 10 rods to the left rear of the Martin home is the Long Family private burial plot where David Long, who died 1816, is the last known Long to be buried there. It seems very likely that Peter Studebaker and his Family lie buried in this plot. It would have been about a half or three quarters of a mile from his home.
the final record on Peter Studebaker is in the settlement papers on the estate of Peter Studenbaker, deceased, late of Frederick County, Maryland, dated June 8, 1754. Traditions give his death as early as 1751 and 1752, but frontiersmen were generally quite direct and prompt, so it seems more likely Peter died about February or March, 1754. If our guess is right, he was the last of about six deaths in his Family, four sons, a wife, and himself, as the result of some disease. He would have been aged 58, which was quite a ripe old age in a period when age 45 was considered old. Obituaries were not written then, but if one were to be written, we could say: He was a brave man, for only the brave left their homes in Europe to cross an ocean and strike out into the frontier regions of his time. He was a religious man as gleaned from the letter Clement & Peter wrote to Europe expressing admiration of the moral conditions they found in America. Peter was a hard worker and a good provider. He had to be, for his Family was large, and at the time of his death he had accumulated a fairly good estate. He was a man acquainted with sorrow for two wives and nine children died before him."
Studebaker Family in America 1736-1976", the Studebaker
Family National Association, Tipp City, Ohio. Pages 148 - 149.
the land was surveyed from a given starting point, usually a large tree or rock on the land. Line 1 proceeded according to a compass direction for a specified number of rods (called Perches) to station 2. Then a new compass reading for line 2 to Station 3, and the survey proceeded until all the land was enclosed, ending at the starting point. Both Baker's Lookout and Baker's Lott start from the same Big Tree and have the same first three lines. The survey for the Contiguous land starts at the tree but goes to the fifth station of the survey for Baker's Lott. The survey for John Long gives identical figures for lines 4 through 12 of the Contiguous land.
Original Sketch by Alvin G. Faust, Some details added by Walter
Studebaker Family in America", 151
Father: John Studebaker b: ABT 1670 in Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Mother: Catharina Rau b: ABT 1672 in Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Susanna Gibbons b: ABT 1715
in Frederick Co, Maryland
- Peter Studebaker b: ABT 1740 in Frederick Co, Maryland
- Jacob Studebaker b: ABT 1752 in Frederick Co, Maryland
Anna Margaretha Aschauer b: 24 MAY 1702 in Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
24 MAR 1725
in Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
- John Peter Studebaker b: 1725 in Germany
- Anna Catharina Studebaker b: 1728 in Germany
- Johannes Studebaker b: 1730 in Germany
- Anna Catharina Studebaker b: 26 APR 1732 in Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
- Maria Christina Studebaker b: 9 NOV 1734 in Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
- Johannes William Studebaker b: 1735 in Germany
- Elizabeth Studebaker b: ABT 1737 in Maryland or Pennsylvania
- Abraham Studebaker b: ABT 1739 in Frederick Co, Maryland
- Margaret Studebaker b: 1740 in Solingen, Germany