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  • ID: I32345
  • Name: John Miller
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Saucy Jack /Miller/
  • Birth: BEF 1736
  • Death: 1814 in Napier Twp., Bedford Co., PA
  • Census: 1790 Bedford Co., PA
  • Census: 1800 St. Clair Twp., Bedford Co., PA, pg. 42
  • Census: 1810 St. Clair Twp., Bedford Co., PA, pg. 486
  • Note:

    commonly known as "Saucy Jack" for his devil-may-care attitude. A cousin has researched this term and reports that the pronunciation at the time would have been equivalent to today's "Sassy Jack;" B. before 1736 at Pa? Del? Eng?; Estimated from various sources. Probably of English or Scots descent. D. between 1814 and 1815 at Napier Twp, Bedford Co, Pa; Will written 24 Mar 1814 and probated 6 Nov 1815. His estate was probated on 6 Nov 1815 at Napier Twp, Bedford Co, Pa; (1815) Co., Will Book Bedford Will written 24 March 1814. Occ: Hunter, Innkeepr. He served in the French and Indian War starting in 1758 at Somerset Co, Pa; Packhorse driver on the Forbes Expedition of 1758. On 31 Mar 1762, John Miller (2140) lived at Edmond's Swamp, Shade Twp, Somerset Co, Pa. In Aug 1786, John Miller (2140) lived at Miller Tavern at site of Fort Dewart, Napier Twp, Bedford Co, Pa. Cs HoH in 1790 at Bedford Co, Pa, 3M<16, 1M>16, 3F.4 Unfiled data: From online deed records of Bedford Co., Pa: "Bedford County Genealogy Project Deed Board

    Land Applications; Samuel Adams
    Samuel ADAMS applied for 400 acres adjoining John MILLER's claim on the east and State Road on the north, on the waters of Breastwork Run in Bedford Twp. Price: 50 shillings per 100 acres, with interest to commence from 25 Jul 1794. Warrant granted 25 Jul 1794; executed (-blank-). "Betwixt the 2 roads".

    (Source: Early Land Applications, Warrant Book III, p. 5, Register and Recorders Office, Bedford County Courthouse, Bedford County, PA). "

    He was on 12 Nov 1796 at Napier Twp, Bedford Co, Pa.5 Cs HoH in 1800 at St Clair Twp, Bedford Co, Pa, age 45+. 1F20-30. 36, p. 42. 1M16-26, 1M45+, 1F 486. 16-26, 26-45, 45+. He was tax list in 1808 at St. Clair Twp, Bedford, Pa; John Miller an innkeeper, St. Clair Twp., 1808. 200 locations [acres?]; 3 horses; 4 cattle; $700; Tax $3.50. Michael Miller, $10; tax $.06. Per "Fulton County Historical Society, Inc.", vol. 12, McConnellsburg, Pa., 1990, p. 141; 1808 Triennial Tax Assessment of Bedford Co., Pa. Cs HoH in 1810 at St Clair Twp, Bedford Co, Pa, age 45+. 1F20-30. 53, p. attitude 2M<10, 1M26-45, 1M45+, 1F<10, <10 45+. He was on 7 May 1811 at (Fountain Inn), Napier Twp, Bedford Co, Pa.6 He left a will on 24 Mar 1814 at Napier Twp, Bedford Co, Pa.7 He was in Oct 1817 at Fountain Inn, Napier Twp, Bedford Co, Pa.8

    The family records on the Miller and allied lines are very limited. This line intersects the Gull line at the marriage of John Gull to Agnes Miller in 1852. Two letters from a descendant state that the Millers came from Wilmington, Delaware, and were intermarried with the Springer line. This latter line is descended from Charles Springer of Sweden and Delaware. The letter writer states that her sister had been to Wilmington and had seen Miller and Springer deeds and gravesites. Unfortunately, no details were available! The jump to Wilmington from Somerset County will be a very hard one to document, if it is indeed accurate.
    Family records do extend back to Michael Miller, grandson of John Miller. Wills, census records, and land records provided a fairly easy linkup between Michael and John, after the crucial document was found by Mary M. Wilson of the Pioneer Historical Society of Bedford County, Pa. John Miller's will was filed in Bedford County, though he lived in neighboring Somerset County for many years. The will does a marvelous job of tying things together because it clearly locates the land owned by John Miller.
    The first known record concerning John Miller is his identification in various sources as a packhorse man with the Forbes Expedition in 1758. This doesn't help us much in determining John's origins, since many thousands of colonials from Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia , and Delaware helped cut the Forbes Road. This does establish that John Miller went through the Bedford and Somerset County areas during the French and Indian War. By 1762, he had returned to the wilderness to stay. He settled near the site of one of the fortified camps along the Forbes Road. This area was called Edmond's Swamp, after Edmond Cartledge, an early trader who established a post at the spot. Land records in Frederick, Md. indicate that Cartledge had moved on to the area of Augusta, Ga. by the time that Miller settled at Edmond's Swamp. The stream running through the area is now called Miller's Run.
    Multiple sources state that John is the first settler whose presence in northern Somerset County was documented by a contemporary source. John and his family lived at Edmond's Swamp until 1786, though they probably spent some time in Eastern Pennsylvania during the worst periods of the various Indian wars. My belief is that John had two or three children who were killed by Indians during King Pontiac's War in 1763. One local legend says that three children of a John Miller were killed during an Indian attack, and the mother escaped. Across the entire frontier, some 2000 settlers were killed during this Indian uprising, and most people headed for the nearest fort, or to the East if they could get there. During the American Revolution, Daniel Stoy is known to have moved his family back to Eastern Pennsylvania to avoid the Indian threat. It is very likely that John Miller did the same.
    In August of 1786, John started building a stone inn about eight miles east of Edmond's Swamp. This inn may have been called the Fountain Inn, according to John Finnigan, a Forbes Road researcher. The inn was close to the edge of Allegheny Mountain, about a mile north of today's Route 30 between Bedford and Stoystown. Breastwork Run flows right by the inn. A new State Road was built after 1786, and the inn was positioned on that road. The old Forbes Road also ran nearby. The inn was within yards of the remains of Fort Dewart, also known as Allen McClain's Breastwork. The inn was originally considered to be in Stony creek Twp., then Allegheny Twp., both in Somerset County. When the county lines were clarified, the inn turned out to be in St. Clair Twp. in Bedford County, by the barest of margins. It then 'moved' to Napier Twp. when that township was formed from St. Clair Twp. This makes the records very entertaining to study. Records for John Miller are found in all these townships, without him ever moving away from the inn site! John appears to have lived at the inn until he died. While no cemetery is currently visible in the area, there is good reason to believe that many of the Millers are buried in the area.
    A few sources state that John Miller lived at Breastwork Run in the early 1760s. All contemporary sources clearly place him at Edmond's Swamp, as does a note on the patent survey for the Edmond's Swamp land. The mistake is one of timing, not of location. John Miller lived at both Edmond's Swamp and Breastwork Run. However, the confusion as to where he lived in 1762 appears to stem from one early source that was incorrect. Some later sources picked up the incorrect data and repeated it, while others did more research and correctly placed John at Edmond's Swamp in the 1760s.
    The inn was 46 feet square, and many of the foundation stones can still be seen outlining its location. Some archaeological work was done on the site during the 1960s, and many artifacts were found. Unfortunately, a dispute between the workers and the landowner at the time resulted in all of the finds and data remaining unpublished and unexhibited. I can only hope that the parties involved will someday resolve their differences so that the rest of us can enjoy what was discovered. The land has now passed to another owner, but the original parties to the dispute are still a round.
    Again, in 1786, the Millers all moved to the inn site at Breastwork Run. This move may have been prompted by economics, since there was a well-advertised plan in the making to change the path of the main road between Bedford and Pittsburgh. In any case, the Millers were present in Bedford County in the 1790 census. When he was old enough, John's son William moved back to Edmond's Swamp. William's older brother John may have farmed there for a while, also, but John Jr. was living near his father in 1800 and 1810. The Edmond's Swamp land stayed in the William Miller family until the 1870s. It is commonly known as the Park Lohr farm, after one of its subsequent owners. It lies in a pleasant valley among low hills, and looks like a normal farm, that is, not swampy. Miller's Run still flows through the valley, and until recently, a small Miller cemetery still existed a few hundred yards above the main farmhouse. As I understand it, this cemetery was destroyed by a strip mining operation.
    Half of John Miller's land on Allegheny Mountain was sold to his son-in-law Adam Ross in 1810. Adam's house appears to have been built adjacent to what is now called Route 30. The inn and the remaining land passed to John's son Michael in 1815. Michael died circa 1837, and the inn and land then passed out of the Miller family. John Miller Jr. did not receive any land as he died before his father.
    Since today's main road bypasses the site of the inn by about a mile, the site has been largely reclaimed by the woods. Only one house is nearby, maybe 300-400 yards away and invisible from the site even in winter. When my wife and I visited the site for the first time, the owner of the house warned us to be somewhat noisy so the local bear would be aware we were around (and would then avoid us). We weren't sure how seriously to take this, but I have spent enough time in the woods to know that bears are found in similar places. I certainly saw many deer in that area on a previous visit. To the north, the forest continues for many miles and is sparsely populated. One cousin who grew up in that area told me that he never really liked those woods or felt comfortable in them as a boy - too dark and extensive. I found the area rather beautiful, but then again, I never was there during a storm or during the winter!
    The current land owner is selling five acre plots in these woods for recreational development, but he first set aside the old Forbes Road, the Fort Dewart site, and the inn site as parkland. Maybe someday John Miller's descendants can place a memorial to the family on this site. And what little we know of John Miller's personality tells us that John loved to live in wild places but also loved company. It strikes me as very appropriate that more than one family will be able to own and enjoy the mountain lands that John once owned.
    John Miller died between March of 1814 and November of 1815. Jennie apparently died prior to 1814 since she was not mentioned in John's will. John Miller Jr. died before 1814, possibly in the War of 1812.
    As you will see from the texts that follow, John was quite a colorful character, lucky for us, because it is very hard to trace families with common surnames like Miller. There were a number of Miller families in northern Somerset County in the 1800s. Fortunately, there are a few Miller lines that have been well documented, all coming from German stock. Our Miller family does not appear tied to any of the documented Miller families. As research progressed, it became more and more clear that this family was of English or Scots-Irish descent. One family source reported of William Miller's son William that 'This William's father's father [John Miller] was born in England.'. It was possible to isolate our branch of the Millers somewhat by a process of elimination since they were not a German family.
    I have no clues concerning the parents of John Miller. If the family source is correct, he was born in England. Given his obvious skill in living on the frontier, he is just as likely to have been American born, probably on or near the frontier. There may be ties to Wilmington, Delaware, though I tend to believe those ties relate to the Higgins family. He was living in Somerset County by 1762, and had at least two sons old enough to carry rifles in deep snow.. He was a member of the 1758 military expedition that went through the county. These two facts give him a probable birthdate of 1736 or earlier. The rumored Springer line may be through his wife or through his own ancestors. A Philip Springer did live in Somerset County in the 1790s, but this appears to have been a German family. The Springers of Delaware were of Swedish descent.

    The material below covers the details known about John Miller the pioneer, and about some of his contemporaries.
    First, the will of John Miller (will book #1, estate #20 in 1815, Bedford Co., Pa.):
    'In the name of God Amen, Be it remembered that I, John Miller Senr of Napier Township, Bedford County in the State of Pennsylvania, being of sound and perfect mind and memory, But weak in body, Considering the uncertainty of this mortal life, Blessed be Almighty God for the same, do make and publish this my last will and Testament in manner and form following, (That is to say) First I Commend my Soul to my God that give it and my Body to the earth from where it Came. Secondly, I give and bequeath unto my beloved Son William Miller, a tract of land situate in Stoney Creek Township and in Somerset County, Containing three hundred acres (It being the same tract of land he now occupies) [Edmond's Swamp. Shade Township was created in 1816.]. Thirdly I give and bequeath unto my beloved son Michael Miller The tract of land my Son Michael now occupies Containing one hundred and fifty acres more or less (and situate on the old Pennsylvania Road on Breastwork run) and all my Personal Property I now own and is in the Possession of my Son Michael Vis Horses, Cows and all other like Cattle and my house hold furniture. I Also Give and bequeath unto my beloved Daughter in law Mary Ann Miller widow of my oldest son John Miller Dcd the Sum of thirty dollars in money in the following payments Vis...ten dollars thereof to be paid one year after my death, ten dollars to be paid two years after my death and ten dol lars thereof to be paid three years after my death, I Also Give and bequeath unto my son in law Adam Ross the Sum of Thirty dollars in money in the following payments Vis...ten dollars thereof to be paid one year after my Death, ten dollars thereof to be paid two years after my Death, ten dollars thereof to be paid three years after my death. I Also Give and bequeath unto my Son in law James Evens thirty dollars in money to be paid in the following payments Vis...ten dollars thereof to be paid one year after my death, ten dollars thereof to be paid in two years after my death and ten dollars thereof to be paid in three years after my death, I Also Give and bequeath unto Johana Miller my Grand Child Daughter of my Son William one three year old Heffer which she is to get one year after my death and if She Continues living with my son Michael he is to feed said Heffer for the one half of the Increase of said Heffer and when she think proper to discontinue living with my son Michael She Shall then take the said Heffer and the one half of all the Increase of said heffer with her. Fourthly. If my son Michael is not satisfied or agreed after my death to pay the before mentioned Shares particular as described and as the payment becomes due, Then all my personal property Shall Be sold, and Divided in Equal Shares among the whole of my Children. Except the Heffer given to Johana. Fifthly I nominate and appoint my friends James Burns and Henry Snider Both of the Township and County aforesaid my lawful Executors to Execute this my last will and Testament; hereby revoking all former Wills by me made.
    In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the twenty fourth day of March in the year of our Lord one Thousand Eight hundred and fourteen. The words Inserted or Interlined those 'my lawful Executors' wardon before Signed. [This is signed Jno Miller, with a big flourish. This text is taken from a photocopy of the original, not of a clerk's rewrite].
    Signed Sealed Published and declared by the above named John Miller to be his last will and Testament in the Presence of us who at his Request and at his Presence have hereunto Subscribed our names as Witnesses to the same.'[Signed by John Stotler and Peter Schell][The will was proved 6 November 1815 when the two witnesses attested to the validity of the will in the usual fashion right to executorship 14 Dec 1816.]. From A Narrative of the Mission of the United Brethren Among the Delaware and Mohegan Indians , by Rev. John Heckewelder, edited by William Elsey Connelley, The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, Ohio, 1907. This edition contains the quote that follows, taken from Heckewelder's Journal of a trip in 1762 where he was the assistant to the Rev. Christian Frederick Post. Heckewelder was 19 at the time. Both of these two men are well-known historical figures of the period, due to the influence they had on the various Indians in Pennsylvania and Ohio. They were also important members of the Moravian Church.
    '[30 March 1762] At last, after a hard day's journey, and just as night came on, we succeeded in reaching the cabin of a hunter, whose name was Jack Miller, (also Saucy Jack,) in Edmond's Swamp. Scarcely had we entered, when the wolves began their dismal howl, which was the hunter's night music all the year round. Jack had no stable; but our horses found tolerable pasture on a piece of land of about three acres, which had been cleared and fenced in by the hunter and his sons. The young men offered to watch our beasts, and protect them from the wolves. A bell was fastened to the neck of each horse, a few fires were kindled, the hunters took their guns, and, followed by their dogs, began their watch, while we tried to refresh ourselves by a good night's sleep. But in this we were disappointed. The howling of the wolves, the barking of the dogs, the tinkling of the bells, by means of which the young men were enabled to tell where the horses were, and more than all the continual shouting of the guard from without, to assure their father of their watchfulness, and the answering cry of the old hunter from within, drove sleep from our eyes. Still we were thankful for the safety in which we were permitted to pass the night, and the next morning we took an affectionate leave of this wild but hospitable family.'

    From A History of the Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania , Volume I, edited by Dr. George P. Donehoo, The Susquehanna History Association, Harrisburg, Pa., 1930, p. 212. An extract from the journal of Rev. Charles Beatty on a 'Tour to the Ohio' taken in 1766:
    '2nd, Tuesday [September 1766]. Sat out for Fort Pitt, being brought on our way by our friends Messrs. Ormsby and Dougherty. After riding about fifteen miles, we came to the foot of Al-legh-geny mountain, and having fed our horses, we began to ascend the steep, which is two miles from the foot to the top of the mountain. We travelled about eight miles farther, along a bad road, to Edmund's Swamp, and lodged at Mr. John Miller's.' From History of Bedford and Somerset Counties Pennsylvania , by E. Howard Blackburn and William H. Welfley, ed. by the Hon. William H. Koontz, The Lewis Publishing Company, New York and Chicago, 1906, pp. 73-75:
    'The original 'Forbes' or 'Bouquet' road traversed the present townships of Shade, Quemahoning, and Jenner. It passed through all of these townships at a greater or less distance north of the present turnpike....It was along this early thoroughfare that the first settlers in the northern part of the county located...The best information that we have on the subject tells us that those who first came did so prior to the time that this region became open to legal settlement, and that they settled or located on the road under the permission or sufferance of the military authorities...it can not be doubted but that these settlers, being along the road, enabled such persons as passed over it to obtain more or less accomodation in the way of lodging and the like...Be the time of first settlement what it will, of these settlers along this road John Miller is the first of whom we have any definite account. He seems to have first come into the country as a pack-horse man... [describes Heckewelder's narration] ... To return to John Miller. While Heckewelder speaks of him as being a hunter, the fact that he also says that his sons assisted in guarding their horses against the wolves would go to show that his family was there also at that time. The next account we have of this man is derived from Harmon Husband, who came into the county some years later, first stating that the Forbes road was at that time well traveled, and a number of persons had built cabins along it for the entertainment of wayfarers. John Miller is mentioned as one of these settlers and as living near the top of the mountain. He had been a pack-horse man and was employed by and accompanied the first military expedition over the road, and, being a loose-tongued, devil-may-care sort of a fellow, was known as 'Saucy Jack'. Among the stories told of him is that on one occasion, in a convoy that was crossing the mountain, one of Miller's horses carried a couple of kegs of whiskey. Somewhere along the road they were fired on from an Indian ambush. Some of the horses were killed and a couple of bullets took Jack's whiskey kegs in their course. While others were getting out of the way Jack was holding shut the kegs with a finger of each hand, and shouting lustily for some one to make stoppers and save the whiskey. The name of John Miller also appears on the first assessment list for Brothers Valley township, with ten acres of cleared land. While John Miller may have been temporarily run out of the country at the time of the Indian outbreaks, it is evident that he was a permanent settler as early as 1762, and that he was here to stay.'

    From Early Somerset County , by Fredric Doyle, Somerset, Pa., 1945. Published by the Somerset County Histo rical Society, pp. 43-44:
    '...1762...Jacob Heckewelder, a Moravian missionary, with Charles Frederick Post came over this same route [across the Stony Glades area of Somerset County], leaving a written record of their findings. Traveling west across the Allegheny Mountains they made their first overnight stop with Jack Miller at Edmond's Swamp, March 30, 1762...At other points along this road we find [Benjamin Jolly] Daniel Stoy, Casper Statler, Richard Wells, James McMullen, Robert Smiley, and Calender...Jack Miller with his clearing and cabin at Edmond's Swamp is jogging along the old Forbes Road at the head of a convoy of pack horses. Suddenly the stillness of the mountains explodes with Indian war whoops and the roar of musketry. Several of the horses stagger, and fall with blood spurting from their flanks. Turning about, Saucy Jack sees his drivers ducking behind stumps and rocks to escape the whining rifle balls. In the same sweeping glance Miller is whipped into action at seeing his precious cargo of whiskey spouting from bullet holes in several of the kegs. Jumping from his horse he races to the casks, stops the leaks with his fingers, all the while yelling wildly for someone to make stoppers to save the firewater.'
    From Two Hundred Years in Shade Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania, 1762-1962 , by N. Leroy Baldwin, self-published, Central City, Pa. 15926:
    1. pp. 35-36, 'The opening of the Forbes Road in 1758 west of the Alleghenies through what is now Shade Township made it easier for the early settlers to enter this region in search of new homes. Among these early settlers who came and founded homes here were John Miller, Casper Stotler, Jacob Moses, Daniel Gibler, Daniel Stoy, Michael Wagner, and George Lambert. Many of these men had served in the French and Indian War with the Provincial troops in the Forbes Expedition which passed through this region, thus partly accounting for their settling here later.
    JOHN MILLER - John Miller built a cabin about 1760 on the boundary line between what is now Shade and Allegheny townships near the headwaters of Breastwork Run, the foundation of which is still standing. This is one-half mile north of the Lincoln Highway at the village of McNealtown. Miller was a trader and packer and had been a pack horse driver in Colonel Henry Bouquet's Regiment in 1758. Harmon Husband and John Heckewelder, a Moravian minister, passed over the Forbes Road as early as 1762. Both reported settlers along this road west of the mountains at that time, mentioning such names as John Miller, Casper Stotler, and Daniel Stoy. The assessment lists of 1772 of Somerset County show Miller as assessed with ten acres of land, and on the assessment lists of Bedford County for the same year he was assessed with 300 acres of land, one horse, and two cows. There remains little doubt that John Miller was one of the first settlers in Shade Township.'
    2. pp. 58-59, 'Saucy Jack - John Miller, who was one of the earliest settlers in Shade Township, a trader and packer, settled in the extreme southeastern part of the township, near the Bedford County line. Among the many stories told about Miller is this one: One time when crossing the mountains his pack train was fired upon by some Indians in ambush. One of his horses was carrying a couple of kegs of whiskey at the time. Several of his horses were killed and a couple of bullets hit Jack's whiskey kegs. While the others were trying to get out of the way of the bullets, Jack was holding the holes in the kegs shut with the fingers of each hand and shouting lustily for someone to make stoppers to save the whiskey from running away. Miller was given the name, 'Saucy Jack', because of the devil-may-care sort of attitude he possessed.'
    3. p. 120, '...Wheat flour was a luxury among the early settlers of Shade Township. John Miller, Casper Stotler, and George Lambert, the first settlers in the township, made long, tedious journeys of more than sixty miles over the mountains to Carlisle, Cumberland County, and to Greencastle, Franklin County, for such articles as wheat flour, tools, shoes and clothing, and cooking utensils.'
    4. p. 75, John Miller listed as a veteran of the French and Indian War.
    5. Maps on page 4 show the location of Edmond's Swamp and Miller Run Creek.
    6. p. 121, In 1822, the Shade Furnace Company erected a gristmill on Miller Run Creek, about one mile southwest of the junction of Miller Run and Shade Creek and near the present village of Miller Run.'

    All the following is from The Somerset County Outline , by John C. Cassady, 1932, Somerset Co., Pa.:
    p. 169: 'At the time of the French and Indian War, the region which is now known as Somerset County had no settlers, and therefore it had no military history for that period. About a score of men who served in the French and Indian War afterwards became settlers of what is now Somerset County. The most noted of these men were Francis Phillippi, Casper Harbaugh, Casper Statler, and John Miller.'
    pp. 119 - 121: '...Captain John Steele's Commission in 1768...appointed by Lieutenant Governor John Penn to visit the region west of the Allegheny Mountain and explain the law to the trespassing settlers. They were to induce all unlawful settlers to remove from the Indians' land...It was considered as Indian territory until the Fort Stanwix treaty which was held on November 5, 1768... On October 7, 1763, King George III of England issued a royal proclamation forbidding any white people to settle on the Indians' land lying west of the Allegheny Mountain, unless by permission of the military authorities of the posts along the Forbes Road and the Braddock Road... The King learned that settlements were made...in defiance of his proclamation... he instructed the Governors of Virginia and Pennsylvania, in October 1765, to strictly enforce his laws and cause all unlawful settlers west of the Allegheny Mountain to immediately evacuate their settlements...by far the greater part remained and were not disturbed by the troops... On February 3, 1768 an act was passed...to remove the persons now settled...except those who had permission from the military authorities to settle along the main roads leading to Fort Pitt. These settlers were to remain to accomodate the officers and soldiers traveling over the military roads... Other early settlers of what is now Somerset County, whose names do not appear on the first assessment lists but which are found on later assessment lists, are Casper Harbaugh, Casper Phillippi, Casper Statler, and Daniel Stoy. Most of these men served in the French and Indian War and crossed what is now Somerset County, but they did not make actual settlements until several years later than those before mentioned.'
    pp. 117 - 118: 'FIRST SETTLERS - The first account of any white settlers in what is now Somerset County is from the records of John Heckewelder and Frederick Post. These Moravian ministers, or missionaries, with some other men, made a journey from Lititz, Lancaster County, to the Muskingum Valley in Ohio, early in 1762, for the purpose of holding a friendly council with the Indians. They wished to break up Pontiac 's Conspiracy and keep peace. These ministers and their friends traveled over the old Forbes Road. They found a strong garrison at Fort Bedford. They ascended the Allegheny Mountain on March 30, 1762. The snow was three and one half feet deep on the mountain and still falling. After a hard day's ride they reached the top of the mountain and came to the cabin of John Miller, which was near Fort Dewart on the head-waters of Breastwork Run in what is now Somerset County. John Miller. -- The records of the Reverends John Heckewelder and Frederic

    Marriage 1 Jennie Higgins b: BEF 1736
      1. Has No Children Son Miller b: BEF 1753
      2. Has No Children Son Miller b: BEF 1754
      3. Has Children Mary Miller b: ABT 1766
      4. Has No Children Michael Miller b: ABT 1766
      5. Has Children William Miller b: ABT 1770
      6. Has Children John Miller b: ABT 1772
      7. Has Children Phoebe Miller b: BEF 1790
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