Name: John Low
Given Name: John
Birth: in Bewdly, Worcestershire, England
Death: 24 Apr 1638 in Chapelizod, Co Dublin, Ireland
Burial: St Laurences, Chapelizod, Co Dublin, Ireland
From St. Hugh of Rathue: His Church, His Life, His Tiems, in Royal Society of the Antiquaries of Ireland, from Google Books (I think); full bibliographic info wasn't easy to find, which is unusual.
Change Date: 21 Jun 2009 at 09:53:18
Refers to John Low as "a Dublin citizen". Which doesn't tell us why he was buried at Chapelizod, but makes it sound like he did not live there and could have had more than one connection to the place. If he had lived at Chapelizod in 1638 he would virtually have had to have been associated with the military, which notion would be consistent with the fact that his sons served in the military.
Also allows that the Low family are "now exctinct, atleast as landlords". All the Lowe's in the area in the Griffiths Evaluations of the mid 19th century were renters, though they often rented what for that area was a large quantity of land (20 to 30 acres), sometimes rented some of it out to others, or, in one case, to the Royal Irish Constabulary barracks; and often held houses with offices regardless of whether they held any land. Not extinct, but not landords.
The name Edward Lowe appears on the Subsidy Rolls and Hearth-Money Returns for 1664 in the Record OFfcice, among the names of the Puritan colonists of 1650 in teh parish of Rahue, which seems to include the lands given to William, even though it still exists today as a parish that is not Newtown (I guess). Could Edward Lowe have been another son of John?
Egan says that the last of teh Lowe family is said to have died in a mental institution around the beginning of the nineteenth century. I bet that's the last of a particular line of this Lowe family as the family seem to have continued in the area through the 19th century and sent offshoots everywhere; my Nathaniel appears to belong to it. Egan quotes Cogan in his History of the Diocese of Meath, 'The Lowes of Newtown have been wed out, root and branch and teh family is now extinct."
Inscription on the Low Tomb at Chapelizod Church, Co Dublin (Richard Emerson email 13 Jun 2008) (also http://www.linleyfh.com/oursecondsite-p/p463.htm; and Chapelizod Parish in A History of the County Dublin: the people, parishes and antiquities from the earliest times to the close of the 19th century, by Francis Elrington Ball, originally published in six volumes (1902-1920))
This tomb was erected by John Low, gent. who was born at
Bewdly in Worcestershire, and departed this life the 24 of April, 1638,
and was here interred. Here also lie the bodies of Joan, wife of Major
William Low, his son, who died the 30 of Septem. 1677 ; Elizabeth, wife
of Ebenezer Low, Esq. son of the sd William Low, who died ye 2 of
January, 1677; Major William Low departed this life ye 2 of May, 1678 ;
Joan his daughter departed this life ye 20th of March, 1678; Lieu.
George Low, second soil of John Low, died ye 8 of July, 1681 ;
Catherin, second wife of Ebenezer Low, died ye 8 of July, 1687;
Ebenezer Low, Esq. repaired and enlarged this tomb, and departed this
life ye 2nd of July, 1690. Here lie also the bodies of William,
William, Elizabeth, Joan Low, Catherine Low, Ebenezer, John, Joseph son
of [-]tin Cuppaidge, gent. by Mary his wife, daughter of Major William
Chapters of Dublin, http://www.chaptersofdublin.com/books/ball1-6/Ball4/ball4.16.htm
The present church at Chapelizod is a modern structure, but is attached to a tower of considerable antiquity, and there are two mural tablets within the building (The tablets bear the following inscriptions :-" I.H.S. Heaven hath ye souls and here lie ye bodies of Henry and Elizabeth Dr. James Hierom's virs and religs. wives, ye 1st born in Fra. died Dec.29, 1670; ye 2nd in Irl. Oct.23; 1675, and was Bp. Spotwood's daughter." "Here lyeth the body of Gyles Curwen who departed this life May ye 6th 1688 in ye 77th year of his age. Also Luci his wife who dept. July ye 10th 1689 and 2 of their Grandchildren who died in their infancy.") and a large tomb in the churchyard (The tomb bears a coat of arms and the following inscription:-" This tomb was erected by John Low, gent. who was born at Bewdly in Worcestershire, and departed this life the 24 of April, 1638, and was here interred. Here also lie the bodies of Joan, wife of Major William Low, his son, who died the 30 of Septem. 1677 ; Elizabeth, wife of Ebenezer Low, Esq. son of the sd William Low, who died ye 2 of January, 1677; Major William Low departed this life ye 2 of May, 1678 ; Joan his daughter departed this life ye 20th of March, 1678; Lieu. George Low, second soil of John Low, died ye 8 of July, 1681 ; Catherin, second wife of Ebenezer Low, died ye 8 of July, 1687; Ebenezer Low, Esq. repaired and enlarged this tomb, and departed this life ye 2nd of July, 1690. Here lie also the bodies of William, William, Elizabeth, Joan Low, Catherine Low, Ebenezer, John, Joseph son of [-]tin Cuppaidge, gent. by Mary his wife, daughter of Major William Low.") dating from the seventeenth century.
John Low was also known as Lowe in some records. He was born at Bewdley, Worcestershire, England.
John died on 24 April 1638 at Chapelizod, Dublin, Ireland. He was buried after 24 April 1638 at St Laurence, Chapelizod. His memorial inscription reads: This tomb was erected by John Low, gent. who was born at Bewdly in Worcestershire, and departed this life the 24 of April, 1638, and was here interred. Here also lie the bodies of Joan, wife of Major William Low, his son, who died the 30 of Septem. 1677 ; Elizabeth, wife of Ebenezer Low, Esq. son of the sd William Low, who died ye 2 of January, 1677; Major William Low departed this life ye 2 of May, 1678 ;
Joan his daughter departed this life ye 20th of March, 1678; Lieu. George Low, second son of John Low, died ye 8 of July, 1681 ;
Catherin, second wife of Ebenezer Low, died ye 8 of July, 1687; Ebenezer Low, Esq. repaired and enlarged this tomb, and departed this
life ye 2nd of July, 1690. Here lie also the bodies of William, William, Elizabeth, Joan Low, Catherine Low, Ebenezer, John, Joseph son of [-]tin Cuppaidge, gent. by Mary his wife, daughter of Major William Low.
Parliamentary Memoirs of Fermanagh and Tyrone. Google Books.
Samuel Low's family came from Brittany to Bewilley (name mangled) in Worcestershire. Three sons joined Cromwell's army; of whom William (a Major) obtained the estaet of Newtown in Westmeath; and George (a Lieutenant) obtained lands in Moy-Cashel Barony, County Westmeath, and had a son named Samuel, who was the father of the Member for Clogher.
"A History of the County Dublin" by Francis Ball (Google Books) tells the same story but contains more information, with a startling detail or two.
Chapelizod was some sort of suburb of Dublin where the Parliament liked to go for fun. The present church at Chapelizod is a modern structure with a very old tower and several historical items. One of these is a large tomb in the churchyard that dates from the seventeenth century. Now, Major William was evidently a member of Parliament, maybe that is why, don't know.
"The tomb BEARS A COAT OF ARMS and the following inscription: - "This tomb was erected by John Low, gent. who was born at Bewdly in Worcestershire, and departed this life the 24 of April, 1638, and was here interred. Here also lie the bodies of Joan..." etc.
This church is St. Laurence's. http://www.irish-architecture.com/buildings_ireland/dublin/chapelizod/church_of_ireland.html
Diocese of Dublin 01 4966981 086 3117803 firstname.lastname@example.org
Dublin City Council The Heritage Council 01 222 3824 email@example.com
Wonder if this note on a page on the history of Chapelizod provides any clues?
The village of Chapelizod, which lies between Island Bridge and Palmerston, and is picturesquely situated on the northern bank of the river Liffey, contains now a flour mill and distillery, and is mainly occupied by persons employed in them. Although here and there one sees an old time house that has seen better days, the thought would never suggest itself that Chapelizod had once been the site of a great mansion. Yet such was the case, and in a field sloping down to the Liffey on the south of the road from Dublin stood what was known as the King's House in which William III. held his court for some days.
A few years later, in 1224, Nicholas, son of Richard de la Felde, offered four times as much for the lands as his father had given, but the lands were then divided, and those of Chapelizod were, in 1225, leased to Richard de Burgh, then Justiciary of Ireland. His tenure was short, and in 1235 his successor was seeking for a new tenant and increased rent for Chapelizod.
The manor, as it was then called, appears to have been for a time in the King's hands. There is mention in the accounts of the Exchequer of seven oxen bought for the plough of Chapelizod, and a weir there is referred to as the property of the Crown.
But the Chapelizod lands were soon leased again, and amongst the farmers or middlemen in the later part of the thirteenth century were William de Lindesay, the Bishop of Meath, Henry de Gorham and his wife Annora, and Nigel le Brun the King's valet, while William de Estdene held for some years the demesne lands.
The town of Chapelizod was surrounded with walls, and it was probably with a view to its improvement that in 1290 the King's mills and houses there were leased to William Pren, the King's carpenter, who is afterwards described as a felon. Amongst those mentioned in connection with Chapelizod at that time we find Richard of Ballyfermot, and Thomas Cantock, the Chancellor of Ireland, referred to under that place.
The Priory of the Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem at Kilmainham appears to have been also connected with Chapelizod, and early in the next century was granted the manor on the death of Richard de Wodehose, who then held it, together with the King's fishery and a mill.
Subsequently, in 1380, the King regranted to the Priory the fishery at Chapelizod together with a weir and a sluice. At that time a small holding there still belonged to the de la Feldes, and was then granted to the parish church by a member of that family.
The Kilmainham Priory continued to hold the manor of Chapelizod for the next hundred years, as appears from numerous charges on the issues of that place made by the Crown, but in 1476 the manor was taken from that establishment and granted to Sir Thomas Daniel. To him succeeded in the sixteenth century Sir William Wyse of Waterford.
The principal resident at that time was Richard Savage, who, in 1536, was described as a yeoman of the Crown, and was granted the office of chief sergeant of all the baronies of the County Dublin, and of the cantred of Newcastle Lyons. Savage was married to Anson Warburton, but had no children, and on his death in 1580 his possessions at Chapelizod passed to his sister, who had married one of the Meys of Kilmactalway.
The Burnells of Balgriffin had become possessed of lands at Chapelizod which, during the sixteenth century, passed to the Bathe family, and John White of Dufferin was also owner of property in the town at the close of that century.
Some information as to the town of Chapelizod at the beginning of the seventeenth century is to be obtained from a grant of three messuages, and some land there made to James the First's celebrated Irish Attorney-General, Sir John Davies. The walls were apparently then still standing as the east gate of the town is mentioned, and amongst the buildings then well known was the mill and "the common bakehouse," which stood close to a path called the blind way. The church stile, and "the old wood called the stucking" are also referred to, and amongst the lands named in the grant are the north park, the cherry park, the stang, the scrubby park, the meadow park, the oaten park, the farm park, the ash park, and the orchard park.
At that time there appears at Chapelizod one of the most distinguished soldiers in the Irish wars at the close of Queen Elizabeth's reign, Sir Henry Power, who was afterwards created Viscount Valentia. Power, who became not only the owner of, but a resident, at Chapelizod, acquired first the property there belonging to the Whites, and afterwards was granted, as the assignee of one Edward Medhop, the entire manor, excepting such portion as belonged to Sir John Davies and to the parish church.
It was in the year 1598 that Power came to Ireland. He had previously seen much service, which had gained for him the honour of knighthood, not only on land but also on sea. A few years before he had accompanied Sir Francis Drake on his last expedition to the West Indies, and he was with the English army in Picardy when the order reached him to come to this country.
He sailed from Dieppe in February with over six hundred men, and after "a very chargeable voyage" landed safely at Waterford He was at once placed in the fighting line, and for the next few years was continuously in the field.
According to the Earl of Ormonde, who was Lord Deputy when he arrived, Power acquitted himself most valiantly, and the Earl of Ormonde's successor, the Earl of Essex, who possibly had previous knowledge of Power, and considered him capable of high military authority, sent him to Munster as commander of the forces in that province.
This Lord Power ran into political troubles and was called home or something.
Under the rule of Sir Arthur Chichester Power was appointed a privy councillor,, and he sat in the Parliament of 1613 as member for the Queen's County. It was doubtless mainly to his ability as a statesman that he owed his elevation in 1621 to the peerage as Viscount Valentia; but three years later military ardour again possessed him, and he crossed to England with the object of obtaining fresh employment in the army.
The command of a troop of horse in Ireland, which he was soon given, did not satisfy him, and in the following year he joined in the expedition then undertaken against Cadiz as Master of the Ordnance. The conduct of this campaign did not meet with his approval, and in a letter written after his return to Ireland he expresses his unwillingness to serve again under similar circumstances, but submits himself to the King's pleasure.
In this letter, which was written in January, 1627, he gives a terrible account of his voyage to Ireland, whence he had come by long sea from London in a transport laden with stores and ordnance, and tells how, near the Scilly Islands, they lost all their masts and sails, and were driven "hither and thither."
With this expedition Viscount Valentia's active service seems to have ended, and on his succeeding in 1634 to the reversion of the office of marshal of the Irish army he seems to have been considered unequal to discharge the duties, and resigned the office before his death, which took place in 1642.
With this expedition Viscount Valentia's active service seems to have ended, and on his succeeding in 1634 to the reversion of the office of marshal of the Irish army he seems to have been considered unequal to discharge the duties, and resigned the office before his death, which took place in 1642.
The King's House at Chapelizod was erected by Lord Valentia. It was a brick building, constructed evidently in the fashion of that time with a courtyard and entrance gateway, and was of great extent, being rated as containing no less than fifteen chimneys.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century the green meadows sloping down from the village of Chapelizod to the river Liffey contained some traces of the foundation of the house, and even now, as a recent writer remarks, they still reveal some indication of former stateliness.
Lord Valentia, who is described in his patent as of Bersham in Denbighshire, married a Welsh lady, a sister of Lancelot Bulkeley, Archbishop of Dublin, who with his family enters so largely into the history of Tallaght parish. She died a year before her husband and was buried with great pomp in St. Patrick's Cathedral.
By her Lord Valentia had no children, and his title, as had been arranged when it was conferred on him, passed on his death to Sir Francis Annesley, then Lord Mountnorris, to whom he was related.
A niece of Lady Valentia appears to have been adopted by her and her husband as their child. This niece married Sir Henry Spottiswood, son of James Spottiswood, Bishop of Clogher, and nephew of the better-known John Spottiswood, Archbishop of St. Andrews, the Scotch historian.
It would appear from an extraordinary account of "the labyrinth of troubles" into which the Bishop of Clogher fell in this country that the marriage was promoted by other people and was not altogether such as he would have desired; but Sir Henry and his wife appear to have lived very happily with their uncle and aunt at Chapelizod, and the latter certainly appear to have been very true friends of the Bishop on an occasion when he seems to have been strangely forgetful of his office.
At Chapelizod there resided in Lord Valentia's time an artificer of great renown, Edmond Tingham, who is described as a stonecutter, but who seems to have been no less skilled in design than in execution, and capable of working in wood as well as in stone.
Later in the 17th century, after 1638, there was more aristocratic turnover in the Great House, adn the town gained a woolen mill of some sort that supplied the army.
Towards the close of the eighteenth century, when the regiment was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Richard Bettesworth who was long connected with it, the Chapelizod barrack is mentioned as a handsome building well adapted for its purpose, and the King's garden is stated to have been given to the Hibernian School in the Phoenix Park which had shortly before been established.
The village was, throughout the eighteenth century, as Mrs. Delany tells us, " a famous place for entertainment." When the meeting of Parliament in 1729 drew near and "the candidates began to do more than distribute printed bills," the Dublin Intelligence informs us that Mr. Summerville treated about a hundred freemen at Chapelizod at a cost of. two hundred pounds, with the result that "a report passed current in discourse that only a native like him should represent the city."
"The event, from which the viceregal residence gained the name of the King's House, next took place upon the arrival there of William III. at the close of the month that had opened with his victory at the Boyne. The King was doubtless delighted to find himself once more in the midst of a Dutch garden, for in this style the Countess of Clarendon says the Chapelizod grounds were laid out, and he found the house, which had been not only improved but enlarged by Lord Clarendon, sufficiently capacious to admit of his holding a more or less formal court." This was an estate at Chapelizod.
It looks as though at the very least, people turning up in Chapelizod jsut before 1638, with sons who later fought under Cromwell, were probably in the military.
The Heraldry of Worcestershire (Google Books)
Lowe of the Lowe, Lindridge. (12 miles SW of Kidderminster) Of this ancient family, Nash gives a copious pedigree, compiled by Bishop Percy, hwo was a descendant of the family. Arthur Lowe, son of Arthur Lowe, of The Lowe, and brother of Elizabeth, wife of John Percy (grandfather of Dr. Percy), married Mary, daugther and co-heiress of Thomas Pakington, by whom he had issue a daughter, Elizabeth, his heiress, married to Joshua Lowe, of Birmingham (15 miles north of Kidderminster), son of William, and grandson of George Lowe, of Warley-Wigoern, Haleswoen. They had issue, and only surviving daughter and heiress, Elizabeth, married, in 1725, to the Rev. William Cleiveland, rector of All Saints', Worcester, son of the Rev. William Cleiveland, vicar of Dudley.
-- Gules, two wolves passant argent. Crest: An ermine proper, collarded, lined, and ringed gules.
These bearings were allowed to a junior branch of the family, at the Visitation of London, in 1633-4. The ancient coat of Lowe, as quartered by Pennel, was a single wolf passant on a field gules.
Lowe, of Bromsgrove, "once (says Penn) High Sheriffe of this countie." Humphrey Lwoe, of Chadwick, near Bromsgrove, served that offce in the 27th of Charles II. The Lowes, of Bromsgrove, are a branch of the Lowes, of The Lowe, springing from Humphrey (who died before 1637), youngest son of Henry Lowe, of The Lwoe. He had two sons: -- Thomas, who died unmarried, and Humphrey, o f Bromsgrove, who married Rebecca, daugther of Benjamin Joliffe, of Cofton Hackett, and was grandfather of Thomas Humphrey Lowe, who married, in 1780, Lucy, the elder of the two daugthers and co-heriesses of Thomas Hill, of Court of Hill, co. Salop, and died in 1798, having had issue two sons, the Rev. Thoams Hill Pergrine Furye Lowe DD, Dean of Exeter, and Arthur Charles Lowe, of Court of Hill, ..
Or, on a bend cottised sable three lion's head erased of the field. Crest: A demi-griffin segreant or.
These bearings were granted to the family, by Bysshe, on the 8th of February, 1657; but, according to Burke, (Commoners, IV., 39), they now bear the bend and cottises sinister charged with three WOLF'S heads, on a field argent. The motto now used is "Spero meliora." Roger Lowe, of Bromsgrove, gent., was fined for not taking knighthood at the coration of Charles I., and his name appears in the list of disclaimers at teh Visitation of 1634; but he is not mentioned in the pedigree of this family, given by Burke, in the Commers and Ladned Gentry.
From Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain; John Burke.
The family of Lowe was established in Enlgand by one of the companions in arms of the Conqueror, and has preserved a male succession since that remote era. "I must not forget," says Mr. Abingdon, in speaking of the abbot and convent of Worcester, "to mention theyre benefactors. There were in thys Lordshyp twoe auncient inhabitantes; one LOWE, wrytten (formerly and still pronounced heere LAWE) whose auncestor was one of the captaynes who fought under Duke William of Normandye, in the conquest of England, as appeaeth in a rowle most exactly drawn and carefully kept in Flanders, one copy wherof was sent mee by a gentleman of this family, to give me light in the obscruity of antiquityes. Neythr can this derogat from Lowe of Shropshire; where Guido Lowe de Clive, 7th Henry VI, was returned into the eschecker to attend teh King, as an esquire, qui portubut arma ab ancestria; for why may they not bothe springe from one roote? (Seems to include no evidence that they spring from one root.) But to return to my purpose; Stephanus de Lawe son of Alanus de Lawe), and direct ancestor of teh family before us) gave all his land in Lawefield, which he held in More, of the monkes of Worcester, to the same priory. He moreover, by teh consent of Dionysis, his wife, gave to his lords the said prior and convent, in pure and perpetual alms, certain assart or new cleared land, called the Seken, lying under teh Meuhey, with all the Grove tehre; but for the surrender of tehse and other lands, the Priour and Monkes yealded him some recompense and were most charitable to him, for being by the Jews at Worcester detained in prison, and loaded with heavy chains.. .his said lords the priour and convent, being moved with pity, and seeing him forsaken of all his friends, did, by the expending of much money, free him from his bonds and restore him to life and liberty. .... The family continued for a long series of years resident at the Lowe, and among the eminent persons it produced in early times, we may mention John Lowe, an Aguustine monk, at Worcester, consecreated bishop of St. Asaph, in 1433, Humphrey Lowe, high shriff of Shropshire in 1439, and Richard Lowe, who was retained to serve in France with one man at arms and three archers, temp. Edward IV. Arms - Quarterly, 1st and 4th argent, on a bend sinister cotised sable three wolves' heads erased for LOWE, of Bromsgrove; 2nd and 3rd erm. on a fesse sa a castletriple towered arg. for Hill, of Corut of Hill.
Crest -- A demi griffin ramp. or.
Motto - Spero meliora.
Estaets - in the parishes of Burford and Silvington, Salop, Kingston, Surrey; Feruham, Berks; and Wanborough, Wilts.
Seats - Court of Hilll, Salop; and Norbiton House, Surrey.
Second oldest Lowe coat of arms on recodr is that of Worcestershire; a shield, three wolves' ehads.
Crest a demi-grifen rampant. Motto, "Spero Meliora". Belonged to the Worcestershire family.
Records of people named Low, Law and Lowe in the Kidderminster area around 1600 reveal a large number of them, all commoners, many shown buying and selling land, which means they were prosperous freemen or yeomen. They tended to use the names found in the Westmeath family. Thomas, Henry, Stephen, George, William, John.
2 The inscription on this tomb in Chapelizod is given in Lyons' " Grand Juries,"
p. 148. It runs as follows : " This tomb was erected by John Low, gent., who was
born at Bewdley, in Worcestershire, and departed this life the 24 th of April, 1638, and
was here interred. Here also lye the bodyes of Joan, wife of Major William Low ;
his son, who died 30 Sep., 1677; Elizabeth, wife of Ebenezer Low, son of the said
William Low, who departed 12 Jany., 1677; Major William Low departed this life
y e 28 th of May, 1678 ; Joan, his daughter, departed this life y e 20 th of March, 1678 ;
Lieut. George Low, son of John Low, died y e 8 th of July, 1681 ; Catherine, second
wife of Ebenezer Low, died y e 8 th of July, 1687. Ebenezer Low, Esq r ., repaired and
enlarged this tomb, and departed this life y e 2 nd of July, 1690. Here lie also the
bodyes of William, Elizabeth, Joan Low, Catherine Low, Ebenezer, John and Joseph
Low, children of Faustin Cuppaidge, gent., by Mary his wife, daughter of Major
William Low." Ebenezer Low's name occurs in the list of Irish Protestants
attainted by the Parliament of 1689. He was Major William Low's eldest son. He
maintained the hereditary opposition of his family to the Stuart dynasty. His
father and two uncles were soldiers in Cromwell's army, and Ebenezer Low was
killed at the battle of the Boyne, and interred apparently at Chapelizod. The Low
family, during the last century, intermarried with the Vignoles and Pilkingtons of
Westmeath. The Low family are now extinct, at least as landlords.
From Grand Juries of the County of Westmeath.
Low. Baracah, 1727 - Samuel 1727 to 1757, Ebenezer, 1736 to 1749, Nathaniel, 1757 to 1759, Ricahrd, 1759 to 1765, Samuel, 1792 to 1795. Newtown. (This may be Grand Jury members.)
The traditional account of the Low family is as follows - Ebenezer Low, the son of Henry, of New Brittany in France, brought from thence with him three sons, William, Ebenezer,and Geroge. They settled at Bewdly, in Worcestershire. The three sons went over to Ireland as volunteers with Strongbow, Earlo of Pembroke, in the year 1173. On the dividions of lands in Ireland amongst teh army, William obtained an estate near Dunboyne, Ebenezer another in the north, and George one in Munster. I apprehend tradition would have been more correct, had it been satisfied with sending the tree sons to Ireland with Cromwell instead of Strongbow. The settlement of the family of Low at Bewdly from France, as above given, may be correct, for we find George Low settled at Bewdly, in Worcestershire, whose son JOhn, was buried at St. Laruence's, Chapel Izod, in 1638, as appears by the following : - (I'm not copying it again.)
He ahd three sons, all of whom joined Cromwell's army.
II George, of whom hereafter.
... I cannot ascertain who the Nathaniel of 1757, or the Ricahrd of 1759 were.
According ot a reference work that a local historian at a public library near Lowville, local history librarian read to me from earlier today, this Thomas was in Co Westmeath in 1662 in some capacity, and I have two sources stating that all three Low brothers settled within five miles of the town of Moate.
O'GORMAN, Tony. ''A History of Fohenagh''. Fohenagh, county Galway: Fohenagh Community Council, 200? pp 49-51.
The Lowes came over with Cromwell. There were three brothers who got grants of land in and around the town of Moate about five miles east and west of the town.
History of Bewdley, John Richard Burton.
Scattered and skimpy parish register in the back of the book doesn't show any Lowe events until the 1660's.
Hugh Lowe was compensated by the town for serving or making wine and cake at my Lord riding through town, and for riding to London on the town's business, in 1611.
Hugh Lowe also laid out money for mending a bridge.
Mr. Lowe, schoolmaster, and usher of the school, in 1625.
In 1643, John Lowe was a benefactor of the grammar school. Not the John Lowe who died in Ireland in 1638. There were two John Lowe's of Bewdley, or with some attachment to the place, of the same generation.
In 1663, Mr. George Lowe, high schoolmaster, was buried in the chapel churchyard.
Bewdley was two or three miles from Kidderminster and may ahve been connected to it by a bridge. Or gate. Or something.
Bewdley is a Saxon name.
A Lowe family was established in Kidderminster. Lowe's lived throughout the area. Greater Ardsley is maybe 10 miles away but part of the same original Norman Kidderminster estate, apparently. The gentry family that claim Norman descent did live in the same area, but all of them appear more Saxon in ancestry, as I noted.
Kidderminster was a hotbed of Puritan fanaticism in the 17th century. See my New England ancestor, Abraham Doolittle, and his ancestry. Rev. Baxter, a noted Puritan extremist, introduced Mr. John Tombs or Tombes to the church (actually a chapel) at Bewdley. Tombes came from a family that had been in Bewdley since Norman times, and the severity of his Anabaptist leanings was apparently not at first apparent. He had been to Magdalen College at Oxford. He was very radically Anabaptist, and spent a career being driven from pillar to post. As a minister of the Church of England, he refused to baptize any infant. He soon came into sharp conflict with Rev. Baxter, and they had several public debates. I don't know if there were any actual religious moderates at that time in Kidderminster OR Bewdley, just Calvinist extremists with sharply differing opinions, despite the fact that Cromwell was only able to get control of the area late in the civil war. The Anabaptists of Bewdley are credited with founding the first Baptist/ Anabaptist church in England.
The actual issue that Wiliam Lowe is likely to have had with the Protectorship is quite specifically that the Anabaptists, especially those in Ireland, held quite hotly that the title of Lord Protector was reserved to God. No Democratic spirit there. In fact, William Lowe was given full traditional feudal powers over his estates. In 1653 Henry Cromwell wrote about Fifth Monarchy men - Aanbaptists who objected to the title of Lord Protector, thinking it applied to God alone, and that is not hte only place where I read that this was their objection to the Protectorate.
But even though they were nuts, however, Baxter said that Mr. JOhn Tombs of Bewdley was reputed to be the most able and learned Anabaptist in England, and "The Society of Baptists at Bewdley was not large, but consisted of men of good esteem for piety and sound judgement. Three eminent Baptist ministers were trained up there." I do have to wonder if that's because the real nuts among them had left for Ireland. One thing Barakah Low hardly had was sound judgement, and there doesn't seem to have been alot of that going around in southern Westmeath.
From http://ahd.exis.net/monaghan/advntrs.htm Naames of the Cromwellian Adventurers for Land in Ireland, from Irish Pedigeres, by John O'Hart, vol 2. To finance Cromwell's campaign to put down the rebellious Irish who just could not accept English rule, Parliament devised a sceme where every person wo contributed was to receive estates and manors of 1000 acres, and lands proportionately for less sums. In Ulster the price was 200 pounds, connaught, 300, Munster, 450, Leinster 600. Tis Act of Subscription began in 1642 adn in 1653 Ireland was declared subdeud and the lands were given out. some of the Adventurers had died or sold or assigned their Adventures. Some of the Adventurers were Irish, living in England or Ireland. Refers to Prendergast's Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland for more info. I followed this up in Google books, found Prendergrast's book, only Low is William Low of Elton in Herefordshire, clerk. This looks like the division of land in which William and George Low, sons of John who had died (earlier) in Dublin, allegedly from Bewdsley in Worcestershire, were given land, but possibly they were given the land separately fo rmilitary service as is claimed.
The English in Ireland in the 18th Century, James Anthony Froude, Google books. In 1642 the English confiscated 2-3 million acres. Debenture bonds were issued, payable in land when the country should be reconquered. Bonds for a million acres had been taken up, and money had been raised on them, for the troops sent to Ireland previous to Cromwell's arrival. Similar debetnures were issued afterwards for Cromwell's own army, not thrown upon the market like the first, but given to the soldiers in lieu of their pay, and the time was come when all these engagments were to be redeemed. the intention was, that hte men who conquiered Ireland should remain to hold it. The country was to be occupied, in old Roman fashion, by military colonies. Many soldiers sold their bonds to adventurers from England. Cromwellian policy in Ireland was about wiping out the pagan faith or whatever. All Catholic clergy were declared traitors and driven from teh land. A dissenting view of this (Pendergrast) is that only clergy who resisted were made traitors. The regiments were kept together as bodies, settled down regiment by regiment and troop by troop. The natives lived under them as a class of servants and undertenants. Ireland was made formally part of England at this time, but the purpose of that was to subjugate its people and instill the True Religion. Cromwell had two relatives, who George and William interacted with, in charge of Ireland. Ireland no longer had a separate parliament and the Irish lost rights.
Father: George Low
- William Low b: ABT 1630 in Dublin, Ireland
- George Low
- Thomas Low b: BEF 1640
- Edward Low