Name: Christopher TIFFANY 1
Birth: 1763 in Of Cambridge, Lamoille Co, Vermont, (Germany)? 1
Death: 21 MAR 1809 in Cambridge, Lamoille, Vermont, USA 1
Burial: Cambridge, Lamoille, Vermont, USA 1
LDS Baptism: 22 JUN 1864 1
Endowment: 10 APR 1895 1
Reference Number: 2JCX-TG
In the Vermont census of 1790 we found Christopher Tiffany living in Cambridge, Lamoille County. The family is listed as 1 male and 5 females. This would have consisted of Christopher, the father; his wife, Rebecca Ellis Tiffany; and their four oldest daughters, Betsy, Lovisa, Susan, and Sarah (or Sally, our ancestor). Searching through the early town records of Cambridge, Vermont we found recorded there: 2 June 1787 a page filled with births of children to quite a number of different families. Many of the older children were listed as having been born in Bennington, Vermont. Others showed no place of birth. Among those without a place of birth shown were Betsy Tiffany who was born 15 Aug 1784, and her sister Lovisa, born 20 December 1786, born to Christopher Tiffany and his wife Rebeccah. From this record it appears that many of these people had once lived in Bennington, but they had arrived in Cambridge as a
. group shortly before the recording of the names of their children. We then looked in the volumes of the Vermont Gazetteer to see if we could find any further information on the Tiffany family. In volume II, pages 611 and 622, we found lists of the names of the early settlers of Cambridge. Following the name of Christopher Tiffany we read that he was one of Burgoyne's Dutch soldiers. The writer further pointed out that most of the settlers of Cambridge from 1780 to 1800 had immigrated from Bennington.
From the Encyclopedia Britannica, 1965, 19, p 988 we quote: "Burgoyne, with about 8,000 men, including seven regiments of British regulars and 3,000 Germans, reached Ticonderoga July 1 , ....A German detachment,....was sent to Bennington to seize horses and supplies, but was surrounded and almost annihilated by the Green Mountain militia, under John Stark (Aug. 16)."
Another quote from the same reference, 3, 482; gives further information: "...as Green Mountain Boys under the leadership of Ethan Allen and Seth Warner, they organized in August 1777 to resist Gen. John Burgoyne and his Loyalists and Hessians on their march to capture the Bennington stores of arms and supplies. The patriots set forth from the Catamount tavern under Gen. John Stark and defeated the British at the battle of Bennington August 16, 1777, a battle which was a turning point in the American Revolution."
From Salde's State Papers of Vermont (pg 62) we learn that prisoners taken in this battle were held for security in a church in Bennington. Vermont Gazetteer, I, pg 666, states that on 17 Oct. 1777, Gen. Burgoyne, after exhausting his food and ammunition was compelled to surrender 5751 British and German troops to Gen. Gates at Saratoga. The British campaign began in Canada the early part of June. Burgoyne's proud troops, Hessians and others, ascended Lakes Champlain and George. They captured Crown Point and Ticonderoga. The strategy was that they were to receive reinforcements from the west and south. These troops never arrived and the campaign failed to attain its objectives. Other references say these Hessian soldiers from Germany, who made up a substantial part of Burgoyne's forces, were not merely hired rabble, but were professionals...well paid and well fed. They were well disciplined, both in warfare and in their mode of life. Religion was a powerful influence in their lives. Since England didn't have sufficient army for the American War, these Hessian soldiers were hired because they were not needed for home defense, and money was needed in their countries. They did their duty bravely and faithfully. They made a good impression on the Americas. Very few deserted during the war, but after, many remained in America.
In reading of these battles against Burgoyne, we learned that many members of the Ellis family served with the Americas. Barnabas Ellis, who came from Hebron, Conn. ---the same town where Rebecca Ellis was born-- was a member of an expedition under the command of Ethan Allen in defending Ticonderoga and Crown Point. In the battle of Bennington he served as a lieutenant under General Stark. Lyman Ellis was in Bennington and saw the Hessian Prisoners. His unit took part in the pursuit of General Burgoyne at Saratoga, New York.
Facts which led us to look to the Bennington, Vermont records were as follows: 1) Many early settlers of Cambridge, Vermont came from Bennington; 2) Christopher Tiffany served under Gen. Burgoyne; 3) Burgoyne's troops (at least some of them) were held as prisoners in a Bennington church; 4) Christopher Tiffany's wife was Rebecca Ellis; and 5) the Ellis' were active in the battles against Burgoyne.
In the genealogical library in Salt Lake the Bennington town records are given on film 6615, pt. 1. On page 195 we found the following entry: "March 23, 1784 Christopher Tiffiner took Rebeckah Ellis to his wedded wife and likewise Rebeckah Ellis took the said Christopher Tiffener to (blank) her wedded husband
Justice of the peace"
We continued through the records, looking for births of children to this couple, but we found none. On page 198, however, we found the following entry: "To the Constable In the name and by the authority of the freemen of the state of Vermont you are hereby commanded to warn Christopher Tiffeney and Rebeckah his wife to depart immediately. Given under our hands 21st day of April 1784 Bennington"
We found the same notice given to many other families also. We were told that during that period of time families who supported or were sympathetic to the British were asked to leave settled communities. It is quite probable that these families who were asked to leave, left as a group and traveled together to find new homes...with babies being born along the way. They settled in north central Vermont in the settlement of Cambridge in Lamoille County. Christopher took the freeman oath in Cambridge 6 September 1785, a year and a half after being expelled from Bennington. Almost two years later on 2 June 1787, he registered the births of his two oldest daughters on the same page with births of the children of many other families. Since Betsey was born in 1784, she was probably born somewhere en route, and Lovisa was born in 1786 in Cambridge, a year after her father became a freeman.
Volume II of the Vermont Gazetteer states that Christopher Tiffany was a Congregationalist who had "helped lay foundations of Cambridge's social institutions in rite and thruth." These early settlers of Cambridge, with Christopher listed as one of them, were all good citizens of their community.
Christopher Tiffany signed his name with a cross when he sold land in Cambridge 19 December 1793. Between 1787 and 1800 four more daughters and two sons were born to Christopher and Rebecca Tiffany in Cambridge, making eight children in all.
Rebecca died 14 June 1805. Christopher then married Abigail ______and had two sons by her. Hyrum was born 19 May 1807 and Christopher was born 21 May 1808, two months after the death of his father, Christopher who died 21 March 1809.
After Christopher's death, Abigail married Theolopus Larabee on 31 December 1816. Births and deaths of this family are recorded in film 2593, pts. 255 and 256. Christopher's will was probated six weeks after Abigail's marriage or on 17 February 1817. [Film 6741, pt.3 G vol]. The will is given on pages 164 to 174. The estate totaled 1558.02. Although no dollar mark is given, it is assumed to a sum in dollars. In part, the will states: "Christopher Tiffany late of Cambridge Co of Franklin, District of Georgia, 3 day of January 1816 to Abigail Tiffany of Cambridge...." Mentioned besides Abigail was a minor daughter, Phebe Tiffany, unmarried, and 17 years old.
In volume H of the Cambridge records, pages 354-365, under the date of 17 February 1817 it lists Abigail Tiffany as having married Theopholes Larabee. Heirs listed as receiving due notice were: Ebenzer Bellow, Cyral Call, Stephen Phillips, Robert Griswald, and Johnathan Turrell. [These 5 are all son in law]
Abigail received '1 full part of all real estate of late Christopher Tiffany and 1/3 of homes, barns, etc. except two rooms.'
Hiram Tiffiner received '27 acres and 1/3 of home and barns, but 2 rooms.'
Christopher Tiffiner received '24 acres and 1/3 of home and barns, except 2 rooms.'
Phebe Tiffiner received '7 acres of land, 2 rooms of house, $37.62.'
The 5 married daughters were remembered as follows:
Betsy Turrell: '3.4 acres and 1/5 part of square room in house.'
Louise Bellows: '3 acres and 1/5 part of square room in house.'
Sally Call: '3 acres and 1/5 part of square room in house.'
Susanna Phillips: '5 1/3 acres and 1/5 part of square room in house.'
Polly Griswald: 3.8 acres and 1/5 part of square room in house.'
All the children have common privilege to the well in the widow's premises, and sufficient land around the house for depositing wood. All received use of common road through farm to get wood to the house. All received free access to such parts of the house as they respectfully own. All receive common privilege to the cellar and oven for all necessary uses. All have free access to the kitchen fire for one day in each week for washing. Fifty dollars was to be paid to the judge for administering the will or estate.
Film 6741, pt.3 H pages 12-16 records that Samuel Tiffany of Cambridge died 3 January 1816 and that Cyril Call was appointed to administer his estate. He received $8 from the estate of Christopher, and had properties and cash amounting to $315.40. This included 40 areas of land. The signers, or those who agreed to the settlement, leaving most everything to Phebe Tiffany, were: Cyril Call, Ebenezer Bellows, Robert Griswald, and Stephen Phillips. It was dated 24 Aug 1816.
To try to get data on the ancestry of Christopher Tiffany in Germany, or possibly Holland, is an interesting genealogical challenge.
Compiled by Ara O. And Annie R. Call.
Rebecca ELLIS b: 10 DEC 1755 in Of Cambridge, Lamoille, VT
23 MAR 1784
in Bennington, Bennington, VT 1
- Marriage fact:
16 MAY 1955 1
- Sealing Spouse:
16 MAY 1955 1
- Sally OR Sarah TIFFANY b: 27 NOV 1790 in Fletcher, Franklin County, Vermont, USA
- Title: Van Jensen.FTW
Text: Date of Import: Dec 17, 1999