Name: Peter Shaver
Change Date: 17 DEC 2004
Birth: 1794 in Palintine Twnshp, Montgomery Co., NY 1 2 3 4 5
Birth: in Camilius, Onondaga Co., NY 6
Death: 23 MAR 1882 in East Wayland, Steuben Co., NY 2 3 4 5
Burial: East Wayland Cemetery, Steuben Co., NY 7 2
Occupation: blacksmith [1880 census] 2
DESCENDANTS OF PETER SHAVER
The Shavers came to America about 1709 to 1710. They were palatine German Lutherans from the Rhine River. They came to New York City, and moved up the Hudson River to East Camp [now Germantown about 15 miles north of Kingston, NY and 35 miles south of Albany] and to West Camp. The palatines numbered about 4,000 men, women and children.
At that time Tryon County was west of Albany and stretched almost to Lake Erie. Tryon County became what is now Montgomery County about 1772 to 1784. The present location of a much smaller Montgomery County is along the Mohawk River 25 to 50 miles west-north-west of Albany.
It appears that the Shaver families continued to move up the Hudson River to the Albany area then westward along the Mohawk river. Peter Shaver was born in 1794. He met Eunice Tryon who was born in 1797 in New Connecticut, Schoharie County, [about 30 miles west of Albany], and married her in 1816 at Camillus, NY, Onondaga County, [about 10 miles west of Syracuse].
Peter and Eunice came to Cohocton, NY, Steuben County, in 1819. They were, however, shown in the 1820 census in Camillus, Onondaga County. The 1830 and 1840 census shows them in Cohocton, called North Wayland after 1847. They had six sons.
Peter died 23 March 1882 at age 88. Eunice died after Peter. Both were buried in the East Wayland Cemetery, near Loon Lake.
Eunice's father was David Tryon, b about 1760 at 9 Partners, NY, and her mother was Mary Wademan Pierson.
[The above information courtesy of William John Shaver, b. 23 Jun 1940, Dansville, NY]
The following is from
courtesy of Kraig W. Ruckel.
The winter of 1708-1709 was very long and cold in the Rhineland. [In 1709 the Rhine was closed with ice for five weeks]. It was a very bleak period. People huddled around their fires as they considered quitting their homes and farms forever. By early April, the land was still frozen and most of the Palatines' vines had been killed by the bitter weather. Since 1702 their country had been enduring war and there was little hope for the future. The Thirty Years War [that began 1618] lay heavy on their minds, a period in which one out of every three Germans had perished. [One source estimates the population was reduced by 40 percent of its prewar size - "Three Hundred Years of German Immigrants in North America", p. 19, edited by Klaus Wust and Heinz Moos].
The Palatines were heavily taxed and endured religious persecution. As the people considered their future, the older ones remembered that, in 1677, William Penn had visited the area, encouraging the people to go to Pennsylvania in America, a place where a man and his family could be free of the problems they were now encountering.
To go to America meant a long, dreadful ocean voyage and a future in an unknown land, away from their past and family. Everyone knew that the German Elector [Johann Wilhelm] would stop any migration as soon as it was noticed. Only a mass exodus from the Palatinate could be successful. Many wondered how they could ever finance such a journey even if they wanted to attempt it. Small boats, known as scows, would have to be acquired for the long ride down the Rhine River and then there was the price for the ocean voyage. While some of the people had relatives that could assist them financially, many were very poor. Soon enough, their minds were made up for them as France's King Louis XIV invaded their land, ravaging especially the towns in the Lower Palatinate.
In masses, the Palatines boarded their small boats and headed down the Rhine for Rotterdam. It was April 1709 and the first parties were afloat on the Rhine, many with only their most basic goods and their faith in God as their only possessions. The river voyage took an average of 4-6 weeks through extremely cold bitter weather. By June, 1709, the people streamed into Rotterdam at a rate of one thousand per week. The Elector, as expected, issued an edict forbidding the migration, but almost everyone ignored it. By October, 1709, more than 10,000 Palatines had completed the Rhine river journey.
The Duke of Marlborough was assigned by Queen Anne to transport the immigrants to England. British troop ships were also used. The Queen assumed these Protestants would help fuel the anti-Roman feelings developing in England. The ships from Rotterdam landed, in part, at Deptford and the refugees were sent to one of three camps at Deptford, Camberwell, and blackheath outside the city wall of London. Many Londoner's welcomed the Palatines, but the poor were not, as they felt their English food was being taken from them to feed the Germans. British newspapers published mixed accounts of the Palatines, some praising them while others cursed them.
Over 3,000 of these Palatines were sent to Ireland, again to reinforce the Protestant faith in that land. The trip from England to Ireland was short, taking only about 24 hours.
Meanwhile, streams of Palatines went to America, with most going to Pennsylvania. The ocean voyage was harsh, with over-crowded, under-supplied, and unsanitary ships. What provisions were supplied were generally the least expensive available to the ship's master. Water frequently ran out, as did food. Dreadful mortality occurred on many voyages. In addition to those woes, the Palatines faced robbery, deception, and worse from those transporting them.
Estimates on the number of Germans in Pennsylvania during this period varies from author to author, but a common estimate is 10,000 - 15,000 by 1727 and 70,000 - 80,000 by 1750. A good source for reviewing German arrivals to Pennsylvania is Rupp's "Thirty Thousand Immigrants in Pennsylvania" which contains numerous ship passenger lists and has an excellent surname index. Another good resource is Walter Knittle's "Early Eighteenth-Century Palatine Emigration".
The State of the Poor Palatines As Humbly Represented By Themselves Upon Their First Arrival In This Kingdom, About June, 1709 (from London, England)
We the poor distressed Palatines, whose utter Ruin was occasioned by the merciless Cruelty of a Blood Enemy, the French, whose prevailing Power some years past, like a Torrent rushed into our Country, and overwhelmed us at once; and being not content with Money and Food necessary for their Occasions, not only dispossessed us of all Support but inhumanely burnt our House to the ground, where being deprived of all Shelter, we were turned into open Fields, and there drove with our Families, to seek what Shelter we could find, being obliged to make the cold Earth our Lodgings, and the Clouds our Covering. In this deplorable condition we made our Humble Supplications and Cries to Almighty God, who has promised to relieve them that put their Trust in him, whose Goodness we have largely Experienced, in disposing the Hearts of Pious Princes to a Christian Compassion and Charity towards us in this miserable condition, who by their royal Bounties and large Donations, and the exemplary Kindness of well-disposed Nobility, Gentry, and Others, We and our poor Children have been preserved from Perishing; specially since our Arrival into this happy Kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN. While not only like the Land of Canaan, abounds with all things necessary for human Life, but also with a Religious People, who as freely give to the distressed for Christ's sake, as it was given to them by the Almighty Donor of all they enjoy. Blessed Land and Happy People! Governed by the Nursing Mother of Europe, and the Best of Queens! Whose unbounded Mercy and Charity has received us despicable Strangers from afar off into Her own Dominions, where we have found a Supply of all things Necessary for our present Subsistence; for which we bless and praise Almighty God, the Queen's most Excellent Majesty and all Her good subjects, from the Highest Degree to those of the meanest Capacity; and do sincerely and faithfully promise to all our utmost Powers, for the future, to render ourselves Thankful to God, and Serviceable to Her Majesty, and all her Good Subjects, in what way soever her goodness is pleased to dispose of Us: and in the mean time be constant in our Prayers, that God would return the Charity of well disposed People a thousand fold into their own Bosoms, which is all the Requittal that can present be made by us poor distressed Protestants.
Whittier's Ship "Palantine"
(from his "Tent on the Beach")
And old men mending their nets of twine,
Talk together of dream and sign,
Talk of the lost ship Palantine.
"The ship that a hundred years before,
Freighted deep with its goodly store,
In the gales of the equinox went ashore.
"Into the teeth of death she sped:
(May God forgive the hands that fed
The false lights over the rocky head!)
"And then, with ghastly shimmer and shine
Over the rocks and the seething brine,
They burned the wreck of the Palantine.
"And still on many a moonless night,
From Kingston head and the Montauk light,
The spectre kindles and burns in sight.
"And the wise Sound skippers, through skies be fine,
Reef their sails when they see the sign
Of the blazing wreck of the Palantine."
NY State census, Cohocton, Steuben, 1825: 3 males, 1 female, 1 male age 18 - 45, 1 male voter, 1 married female under age 45.
NY State census, Cohocton, Steuben, 1835: 5 males, 1 female, 2 males age 18 - 45, 1 male voter, 1 married female under age 45, "3 acres, 9 sheep, 4 hogs, linnen & cotton made by family year before 96"
Bill Shaver has the following note: "Grantee Book 27, Pg 551 Pultney Estate, April 1, 1937 Cohocton Lot 58, 50 acres"
Bill Shaver says "He [Peter] is German and Native American.
Peter and Eunice arrived in Cohocton, Steuben Co., NY in 1819. The 1820 census shows them in Camillus, Onondaga County, but by 1824 they had definately settled in Cohocton. The 1820 Census for Camelius lists Peter, his wife & 1 son under 5 years. The 1830 and 1840 census' show them still living in in Cohocton. In 1847 North Wayland was formed from portions of South Dansville and Cohocton. [Lorraine Glover's data claim he was born in Camillus, NY]. In 1870 census they were in Wayland, using the Cohocton Post Office. His age was shown as 75, which means he was probably born in Fall or Winter of 1795. The 1880 Census for Wayland has Peter and Eunice living alone. The only Peter Shaver listed on the Steuben County website for any Wayland cemetery was a transcription for the East Wayland Cemetery, b. 1860, d. 1906, spouse not listed. Eunice Shaver is also listed but without dates, and her spouse was not listed. [I am not sure how readable the actual inscriptions are].
2 3 4 5
Loraine Glover, in WFT 28-2452, says: [Peter Shaver]: "Lived on the road to Dansville and kept a noted tavern and blacksmith shop. In the early times this tavern was the resort of many persons of rather unenviable notoriety, and stories are told of things being done there which would not bear being brought to the light."
Lorraine Jewel Shaver says of this tavern: "Building removed in 1933 by Helen Shaver Babcock."
Note #1: Onondaga Co. court house record 54-344, 24 March 1825 states that Peter Shaver of the Town of Camelius in Onondaga County and Eunice his wife, sold to Daniel Bennett of same place for 300.00 part of lot number 87 in said town of Camillius, 6 acres, and recorded of 24 April 1834. [Bill Shaver].
Note #2: In Bath, Steuben Co., NY, land record of Peter Shaver of Cohocton Liber. 27-551, April 1, 1837, Pultney Estate to Peter Shaver of Cohocton, Lot No. 58 North of Patchins Mills. [Bill Shaver]. Additional information on this transfer: "$200.00 for 50 acres in Wayland" [Lorraine Jewel Shaver].
The 1800 census of Palatine Twp., Montgomery Co., NY pg 294 has a Peter Shaver over 45 yr. This was probably the father of the Peter who married Eunice Tryon. Note John Shaver Jr is NOT our Peter's father [Note 3 Mar 2004 from Bill Shaver]. 5 2
Father: John Shaver b: Bef 1755
Eunice Tryon b: 1797 in Middleburgh Twp., Schoharie Co.
in Camillus, Onondaga Co., NY 8 2
- Freeman Shaver b: JUNE 1817 in Onandaga Co., NY
- Peter Shaver b: 1825 in Cohocton, Steuben Co., NY
- Stephen Shaver b: 20 APR 1827 in Cohocton, NY, (now Wayland)
- Enoch P. Shaver b: 1829 in Cohocton [East Wayland], Steuben Co., NY
- Abbrev: Birthplace, Steve Riddle, PO Box 10314, Costa Mesa, CA 92627-0129,
Birthplace, Steve Riddle, PO Box 10314, Costa Mesa, CA 92627-0129, sriddle@LNX.net He has decendants of John Shaver, Jr down to William John Shaver b. 1940, but only of Peter's son Enoch.
- Author: William John Shaver, email@example.com
Title: William John Shaver, Shaver Family Genealogist
Abbrev: William Shaver
Publication: 5 Elizabeth St., Dansville, NY 14437
- Author: Brenda Yeoman firstname.lastname@example.org
Title: Randy's Family
Abbrev: Randy's Family
Publication: Ancestry.com, 25 Sep 2003
- Author: Steve Riddle sriddle@LNX.net
Title: Steve Riddle's Family Tree
Abbrev: Steve Riddle's Family Tree
Publication: GEDCOM file 19 Jan 2004
- Author: Lorraine Jewel Shaver
Title: Descendants of Peter Shaver
Abbrev: Descendants of Peter Shaver
- Author: Pat Harter
Title: Martin Shaver Ancestors and Descendants
Abbrev: Martin Shaver Ancestors and Descendants
Publication: Shaver Family Genealogy Forum at Genealogy.com, 25 Sep 2001
- Title: East Wayland Cemetery transcription
Abbrev: East Wayland Cemetery transcription
East Wayland Cemetery records
- Abbrev: Steve Riddle says married in Onlon Co., NY
Steve Riddle says married in Onlon Co., NY