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  • ID: I20423
  • _UID: CDE1A85C6BD44ABF98C68F3C822113D3ACAA
  • Name: John Calder
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 12 JAN 1819 in Somersetshire, England
  • Death: 7 JAN 1905 in Alexis, Mercer county, Illinois
  • Burial: Alexis, Mercer county, Illinois, Alexis cemetery
  • Note: 1

    John Calder is found in the 1860 Illinois census, Cook county, Chicago, 7th ward. He is a butcher, age 38 and born in England. He has $800 in personal property. They have a servant and another butcher living with them.
    John is found in the 1870 Illinois census, Warren county, Kelly township. He is a farmer with $7000 in real estate and $300 in personal property.
    John Calder is found in the 1880 Illinois census, Warren county, Kelly township. He is age 61, a farmer born in England as were his parents.

    He has a very long sketch in the History of Warren county. He was the son of William and Elizabeth Calder of England. John remained at home until age 14 when he was apprenticed to a butcher. He then went to London until the winter of 1839/40 and in the spring shipped to South Australia, from there he went to China and then to India, returning to England. He grew restless again and shipped for Aden and then to the Persian Gulf and again to India. He returned to England for the winter but then went to South America. In 1848, he shipped out with Captain Byrd to look for the missing Sir John Franklin in Baffin?s Bay. That expedition had to return but in 1849, John Calder again joined an expedition and he spent the winters of 1850 and 1851 at Prince Edward Island in the Arctic ocean. The ship, The Investigator became trapped but they were finally rescued in the spring of 1853. He returned to England having spent 4 years, 9 months and 15 days. In 1855, he came to America and settled in Chicago where again he was engaged in butchering. In 1863, he came to Kelly township where he engaged in farming and stock raising.
    John is found in the 1900 Illinois census, Warren county, Kelly township. He is age 81 and born in England as were his parents. He had been married 46 years. He was a farmer who owned his farm free of mortgage. He could read and write.
    2
  • _BIO:
    From the History of Warren County, page 927 and 928
    Calder, John: retired farmer and stock-raiser, Warren County, has a most interesting personal history. Born in Somersetshire, England, 12 January 1819, a son of William and Elizabeth Lockyer) Calder, he obtained a meager education in private schools and, at fourteen years of age was apprenticed to learn the butcher?s trade. After working for about seven years as a butcher in Bridgewater, he went to London, and in April 1840, shipped on board of a vessel to South Australia, whence he went to China where he remained several months, going thence to Bombay, India, and after spending six months there, returned to England. Six months later he embarked for Van Dieman?s Land, whence he went up the Persian Gulf enroute to India where he remained six months. Returning to England he stopped at various points in Urauguay and the Argentine Republic a little more than two years, then going to Brazil, whence, after about six months stay, he returned to England, arriving March 1848. The same year he joined Sir James Ross? expedition to the Artic regions in search of Sir John Franklin, shipping in the ?Investigator? under command of Captain Bird. After a memorable voyage which has taken its place in history, he returned to England in November 1849. In January 1850, the ?Investigator? under command of Captain McClure and the ?Enterprise? under command of Captain Collinson, set sail for the Artic region and parted company after passing the Straits of Magellan. Mr. Calder sailed on board of the ?Investigator? as captain of the forecastle. The vessel passed the winter of 1850-51 on Princess Isles, in Prince of Wales Straits, Artic Ocean, where the thermometer went down to sixty-six degrees below zero. In the spring of 1851 Captain McClure sailed his vessel around the southern extremity of Behring Island and began to force a passage to the northward, but the ?Investigator? was soon hedged in by icebergs, never to move again. In the summer of 1852 Commander McClure with Captain Calder and others of his crew crossed the ice to Melville Island and there deposited some papers which were later instrumental in giving a relief party a clue to their whereabouts. From the winter of 1851-52 to the winter of 1852-53 McClure?s supply of provisions ran low and all hands were restricted to short rations, and they were able to procure water only by melting snow. During that winter the thermometer ranged from sixty to sixty-six degrees below zero. In the spring of 1853, when McClure and his men had arranged to abandon the ?Investigator,? they were rescued by the ?Resolute,? Captain Kellet and the ?Intrepid.? Leaving the ?Investigator? on 4 June 1853 they embarked on the ?Resolute? but had sailed only about fifty miles in Melville Sound when both vessels were caught in the ice. It was their home during the winter of 1853-54 and 14 April 1854 they abandoned the vessles and walked down along Beachey Island to a point where they found the ?North Star? awaiting them. They arrived in England after an absence of four years, nine months and fifteen days, having made one of the most remarkable voyages recorded in the history of exploration and having left in the Artic three sailing vessels and two steamships. With fifty-nine others, Captain Calder participated in the distribution of five thousand pounds sterling which was voted by the British parliament in recognition of their bravery and the hardships which they had endured, and in addition, he was personally presented with two medals for meritorious service. In 1855 he came to America and until 1863 was engaged in the butcher and cattle business at Chicago. Then, because of failing health, he sought the country and bought a farm in Section 8, Kelly Township, where he has since given his attention successfully to farming and stock-raising. He has gradually increased his holdings until he owns six hundred and forty acres and his operations in live-stock have been quite extensive. He is a member of the Church of England and of the Republican party. On 20 February 1855 he was married in England to Fannie Elizabeth Cattle, who was born in Somerset, 22 June 1829, a daughter of William and Esther (Tillery) Cattle, both of whom lived out their days in England. Mrs. Calder has borne her husband children as follows: John, 9 October 1858, Katie, 6 May 1864, Elizabeth E., 4 July 1866; Frederick, 28 January 1870 and three otehrs who died young. Kattie died at the age of twenty-six years. Elizabeth E. married J.B. Porter, a popular hardware merchant at Alexis.
  • _OBI:
    He has a long obituary in the Monmouth Review, much of it the same as his sketch in the Warren county history.
    An old resident of Warren county who made trips to the Arctic for the relief of Sir John Franklin died at his home in Alexis 7 January 1905 at the age of 86 years. He had been ill for some time and during the winter went to Eureka Springs in hope of bettering his health, but the physicians there advised him to return home and he reached Alexis two days before his death. He was a native of Somersetshire, having been born there in January of 1819. Two years before his death he moved from Kelly township to Alexis. His wife, the former Fanny Castle survived him with three of his children, Mrs. J.B. Porter of Lewistown, Missouri, John Calder Jr. of North Henderson and Fred Calder of farmer in Kelly township.
  • Change Date: 20 JAN 2007



    Marriage 1 Fanny Eliza Castle b: 22 JUN 1829 in Somersetshire, England
    • Married: 20 FEB 1855 in Somersetshire, England 1
    Children
    1. Has No Children Fanny Calder b: 1856 in Illinois
    2. Has No Children John Robert Calder b: 9 OCT 1858 in Illinois
    3. Has No Children Eliza Calder b: 1860 in Illinois
    4. Has No Children Hester Calder b: 1863 in Illinois
    5. Has No Children Katie Calder b: 6 MAY 1864 in Kelly township, Warren county, Illinois
    6. Has Children Elizabeth H Calder b: 4 JUL 1866 in Kelly township, Warren county, Illinois
    7. Has No Children William Frederick Calder b: 28 JAN 1870 in Kelly township, Warren county, Illinois

    Sources:
    1. Type: Book
      Author: Portrait and Biographical Album of Warren County
      Publication: Chapman Brothers, Chicago, 1886
    2. Type: Book
      Periodical: Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Warren County
      Publication: Munsell Publishing Company 1903 Chicago

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