From the History of Warren County, page 927 and 928
Calder, John: retired farmer and stock-raiser, Warren County, has a most interesting personal history. Born in Somersetshire, England, 12 January 1819, a son of William and Elizabeth Lockyer) Calder, he obtained a meager education in private schools and, at fourteen years of age was apprenticed to learn the butcher?s trade. After working for about seven years as a butcher in Bridgewater, he went to London, and in April 1840, shipped on board of a vessel to South Australia, whence he went to China where he remained several months, going thence to Bombay, India, and after spending six months there, returned to England. Six months later he embarked for Van Dieman?s Land, whence he went up the Persian Gulf enroute to India where he remained six months. Returning to England he stopped at various points in Urauguay and the Argentine Republic a little more than two years, then going to Brazil, whence, after about six months stay, he returned to England, arriving March 1848. The same year he joined Sir James Ross? expedition to the Artic regions in search of Sir John Franklin, shipping in the ?Investigator? under command of Captain Bird. After a memorable voyage which has taken its place in history, he returned to England in November 1849. In January 1850, the ?Investigator? under command of Captain McClure and the ?Enterprise? under command of Captain Collinson, set sail for the Artic region and parted company after passing the Straits of Magellan. Mr. Calder sailed on board of the ?Investigator? as captain of the forecastle. The vessel passed the winter of 1850-51 on Princess Isles, in Prince of Wales Straits, Artic Ocean, where the thermometer went down to sixty-six degrees below zero. In the spring of 1851 Captain McClure sailed his vessel around the southern extremity of Behring Island and began to force a passage to the northward, but the ?Investigator? was soon hedged in by icebergs, never to move again. In the summer of 1852 Commander McClure with Captain Calder and others of his crew crossed the ice to Melville Island and there deposited some papers which were later instrumental in giving a relief party a clue to their whereabouts. From the winter of 1851-52 to the winter of 1852-53 McClure?s supply of provisions ran low and all hands were restricted to short rations, and they were able to procure water only by melting snow. During that winter the thermometer ranged from sixty to sixty-six degrees below zero. In the spring of 1853, when McClure and his men had arranged to abandon the ?Investigator,? they were rescued by the ?Resolute,? Captain Kellet and the ?Intrepid.? Leaving the ?Investigator? on 4 June 1853 they embarked on the ?Resolute? but had sailed only about fifty miles in Melville Sound when both vessels were caught in the ice. It was their home during the winter of 1853-54 and 14 April 1854 they abandoned the vessles and walked down along Beachey Island to a point where they found the ?North Star? awaiting them. They arrived in England after an absence of four years, nine months and fifteen days, having made one of the most remarkable voyages recorded in the history of exploration and having left in the Artic three sailing vessels and two steamships. With fifty-nine others, Captain Calder participated in the distribution of five thousand pounds sterling which was voted by the British parliament in recognition of their bravery and the hardships which they had endured, and in addition, he was personally presented with two medals for meritorious service. In 1855 he came to America and until 1863 was engaged in the butcher and cattle business at Chicago. Then, because of failing health, he sought the country and bought a farm in Section 8, Kelly Township, where he has since given his attention successfully to farming and stock-raising. He has gradually increased his holdings until he owns six hundred and forty acres and his operations in live-stock have been quite extensive. He is a member of the Church of England and of the Republican party. On 20 February 1855 he was married in England to Fannie Elizabeth Cattle, who was born in Somerset, 22 June 1829, a daughter of William and Esther (Tillery) Cattle, both of whom lived out their days in England. Mrs. Calder has borne her husband children as follows: John, 9 October 1858, Katie, 6 May 1864, Elizabeth E., 4 July 1866; Frederick, 28 January 1870 and three otehrs who died young. Kattie died at the age of twenty-six years. Elizabeth E. married J.B. Porter, a popular hardware merchant at Alexis.
He has a long obituary in the Monmouth Review, much of it the same as his sketch in the Warren county history.
An old resident of Warren county who made trips to the Arctic for the relief of Sir John Franklin died at his home in Alexis 7 January 1905 at the age of 86 years. He had been ill for some time and during the winter went to Eureka Springs in hope of bettering his health, but the physicians there advised him to return home and he reached Alexis two days before his death. He was a native of Somersetshire, having been born there in January of 1819. Two years before his death he moved from Kelly township to Alexis. His wife, the former Fanny Castle survived him with three of his children, Mrs. J.B. Porter of Lewistown, Missouri, John Calder Jr. of North Henderson and Fred Calder of farmer in Kelly township.
Marriage 1 Fanny Eliza Castle b: 22 JUN 1829 in Somersetshire, England
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