Stevens, Marshall, Mitchell, Washington and other Families

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I'm a fifty year member of the SAR , and also a life member of the Jamestowne Society. The asterisk* by a name shows a direct ancestor of mine. I have tried to provide adequate references, but my first postings in the late-1990s might not be footnoted. Please ask if in doubt! No entry here is "mass imported;" each has been individually added. This work is dedicated to those who landed at Jamestown, Virginia over four centuries ago, and to those already here who deserved a better end.

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  • ID: I00387
  • Name: Joseph Henderson* 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1737 in Hanover Co., VA
  • Death: 1812 in Wilkes Co., GA 2
  • Burial: Sardis Baptist Church Cem., near Rayle, Wilkes Co., GA
  • Reference Number: 387
  • Note:
    In the past I have thought this Joseph to be a son of Samuel born 1699/1700, shown elsewhere in these notes. But a text by Worth S. Ray, "Tennessee Cousins," has the information documented by a will as shown below. So I am now placing John Henderson as Joseph's father. I want to see the will in Orange County where it was probated according to Ray.

    A very kind Marie Beckman who does " lookups" at the Yahoo Site "Genealogy Club Library" sent me this:

    "Pat, Glad you like the Library Site. I'm going to type in the text that's ahead of that paragraph... I think Mr. Ray used the numbering on the Paragraph sections and again down in the text when he was talking about that person......it's not very clear (his number system that is.....). I love this book but use it only as a guide because... (editor: he does not cite sources and states assertions... he can state opinions but...) ...just wish we knew what they were. :) .... What follows is how it is shown in the book. It's in a section on Monroe Co. TN which mentions some other Hendersons and Maddox families. I believe this is in a section concerning Hendersons of Virginia.

    '13. John Henderson, of Culpeper County and His Descendents

    This JOHN HENDERSON (Son of William) and the grandson of the emigrant WILLIAM HENDERSON, is the one who took out the patent for 500 acres of land in Culpeper COUNTY- the part afterwards in ORANGE COUNTY, when he was about 21 years old in 1728/9.

    He married SARAH BROCKMAN, daughter of SAMUEL BROCKMAN, from King & Queen County, to Spotsylvania County, perhaps about the time that part was organized. A descendent declares he lived and died on the plantation that comprises most of the 500 acres he patented in 1728.

    This man was the ancestor of the HENDERSONS of CASWELL Co. North Carolina, with whom the HENDERSONS of GRANVILLE COUNTY, are often confused. Also the ancestor of the HENDERSONS of WILKES COUNTY Georgia, and of the JOSEPH HENDERSON (1750-1814) whose wife was ISOBEL DELPHY LEA, daughter of WILLIAM LEA of the Caswell County family of LEAS who broke up and went over into EAST TENNESSEE.

    13. JOHN HENDERSON wrote his will on January 5, 1779, which was probated in ORANGE COUNTY, Virginia August 28, 1783, in which he mentions his wife SARAH HENDERSON and the following list of his
    children:

    1. JOHN HENDERSON m. FRANCES DANIEL
    2. JOSEPH HENDERSON m. DELPHE LEA.
    3. RICHARD HENDERSON
    4. SAMUEL HENDERSON
    5. MARY HENDERSON m. ESTES
    6. SARAH HENDERSON m. THURMAN
    7. SUSANNAH HENDERSON m. JOHN WHITE
    8. ELIZABETH HENDERSON m. MONTAGUE
    9. ANN HENDERSON m.(1)BURRUSS(3)LINNEY
    10. ISABELL HENDERSON m. THOMPSON
    11. HANNAH. 12.RACHEL m. QUISENBERRY.' "

    I do appreciate Marie's kindness in copying this for me!

    There is a record of his joining Sardis Church, Wilkes Co., Ga., by letter, 1808.

    From a letter to Nell Stevens, my great aunt, 28 Feb 1914, Macon, Geo. Signed Cousin James Callaway, op. cit. (the notes are mine): "My grandfather was Isaih (sic) Tucker Irwin, son of Christopher, who moved to Wilkes when Grand Pa was about 13 years of age. Grand Pa married Isabella Bankston, daughter of Lawrence Bankston, whose wife was Nancy Henderson, daughter of Joseph Henderson, who wore knee breeches, silver buckles on his shoes, and powdered hair and was of the Virginia gentry class."
    ---------------------------------------------
    From Mona Herrin's extensive work comes this:
    THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM WALLACE RONALD HENDERSON IN A LETTER TO MY AUNT, BRENDA MOZLEY BURTON.

    From the SARDIS BAPTIST CHURCH HISTORY-200 YEARS:

    DEACONS: Joseph Henderson 1816
    Rueben Stozier 1828

    LIST OF MEMBERS:
    1788-1803 Henderson, Joseph; Anders, Mary
    1808 Henderson, Delphia; Henderson, Peggy; Stozier, Phereby
    1809 Henderson, Polley; Strozier, Reuben
    1820 Lea, Hannah; Strozier, Reuben
    1827 Henderson, Mary

    "The years listed above are when the person named joined the church. Joseph Henderson was a charter member. He and Adelphia are both buried in the church cemetery. I have not found a gravesite, but the church history states that a church annex was built over the cemetery in the late 1800's. The occasion of the printing of the church history is in the Washington-Wilkes County, Ga. public library.

    "Joseph Henderson and his wife Adelphia lived on Clark's Creek in Wilkes Co., Ga. His land was next to Joseph Callaway. In 1794, Joseph owned 6 slaves. he is shown in the tax listing from SOME EARLY TAX RECORDS OF GEORGIA, by Ruth Blair on page 296.

    "In 1776, the year of our United States birth, we find Joseph Henderson in Orange Co., NC. There he, his father-in-law James Lea, and his brothers-in-law John Lea, Major Lea, and William Lea signed a petition to form a new county from the northern half of Orange Co., The new county was formed in 1777 and named Caswell County, North Carolina. You might notice that one of Adelphia's brothers was named Major. That name is repeated several times down through the generations. Adelphia's grandmother's maiden name was Major."

    After the Revolutionary War, he was known as Captain Joseph Henderson with a district in Wilkes County under Major Patterson, Bn. Comdr. The DAR lists Joseph as a Patriot, having performed "Patriotic Service". GEORGIA REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS, VOL II, pg. 725, #114, Joseph Henderson born 1737, died 1810. Served as horseman and wagon guard in the SC Troops under Colonel Thomas Sumter and was at Orangeburg, Stono, and Briar Creek. Further references:
    GEORGIA REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS, SAILORS, PATRIOTS AND DESCENDANTS, VOL. I, pg. 106.
    ROSTER OF REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS IN GEORGIA, pg. 255.
    ROSTER OF SOUTH CAROLINA PATRIOTS IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, pg. 435.

    MCCALL-TIDWELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES: He was given a grant of land as a Rev War soldier in Wilkes Co., Ga., 1784, and moved with his family to Wilkes County in 1785. Joseph Henderson and wife Delphy sold for $400.00 to Griffin Smith, 200 acres of land granted to Samuel Henderson, 1784, and conveyed by him to Joseph Henderson, October 25, 1789.

    RECORDED IN THE WILKES Co. COURT HOUSE IN WASHINGTON, GA.: Joseph and Delphey Henderson- Transfer of property to their son Major Henderson-5 June 1799. Joseph and Delphey enter into a bond with their son Major for the sum of $5000 to be paid to Joseph and Delphy and in return Major promises to attend to the support, to wait and attend on them at all times and to attend to the business of Joseph and Delphey for the term of their natural lives or for the term of the survivor's natural live. This is witnessed and signed by Isaac Calloway, Major Henderson, and Edward Butler, J.P. and recorded July 17th, 1799.

    Joseph Henderson wrote an acknowlegement of this bond to attend to the business of his plantation and supporting and waiting and attending his wife who had been for several years unable to help herself. For the sum of $5 Joseph assigned four Negros, a "Rhone" mare and her two colts and their future increase to Major and his heirs forever. This was written 5 June 1799. Witnessed and signed by Isaac Calloway, Joseph Henderson, and Edward Butler, J.P. and recorded 17 July 1799.
    ________________________

    Raymond Leslie Prince, 121 Indian Ridge Drive, Laurens, South Carolina 29360
    says: "Child of Joseph Henderson and Isabella Lea is: Mary Henderson, born August 08, 1768 in Orange County, Virginia; died February 04, 1861 in Greenville District, South Carolina; married Israel Miller Abt. 1784."
    __________________________________

    But note: Posted by George Davis on January 20, 1999, Lea GenForum page:

    In Reply to: William Lea/Frances Major - Descendants posted by Patty Smoot on October 19, 1998
    After the death of his first wife, Lucinda Lea (d. ca 1769), Joseph Henderson married his sister-in-law, Adelphia Lea ca. 1770. I think your indicated second marriage for Lucinda must be a mistake.

    Children of Joseph Henderson and Adelphia Lea as I have them:
    1. Isabella Graves Henderson, m. Joshua Callaway in Wilkes Co., GA;
    2. Adelphia Henderson m. Richard Poteet of Caswell Co., NC and Wilkes Co, GA;
    3. Mary Henderson m. Israel Miller;
    4. John Henderson m. Hannah Shaw;
    5. Joseph Henderson Jr. m. Margaret Reynolds;
    6. Major Henderson b. ca 1775, m. Mary (Polly) Strozier 1 Apr 1799 (my gr x4 grandparents);

    I don't know if the order is correct or not.

    Nancy and Sarah Henderson were the children of Joseph and Lucinda. Nancy m. Larry Bankston, and Sarah married John Poteet, also from Caswell Co., NC. Don't know his relationship to Richard above.
    __________________________________

    On April 15th, 2004, my good cousin and friend Cynthia Forde sent these notes:

    "Today, I cleaned up some old notes I had for Joseph Henderson and ran across a piece of good genealogical research by Doris Maxwell Dell; she sent this to me a few years ago and I have been sidetracked with other duties. I added her information and credits to her in these notes.

    "Also, regarding the Lucinda Lea question; she would have only been 12 years old when Nancy Anne Henderson was born. I doubt that James Lea married his daughters at 12. She would not have had a prior marriage to Joseph Peterson or Patterson (her husband's name) and then married Joseph Henderson. Nor would she have divorced her husband at age 14 and married Joseph Peterson.

    "I am in agreement that Adelphia's birthdate is in error. Blessings, Cynthia " (Then follows the attachment):

    Capt. Joseph Henderson was my (Cynthia's) 6th great grandfather.

    Thanks to Mona Herrin (mherrin2020@charter.net) and Patrick Stevens IV for all this material who were the researchers for the following information as well as that of the Mozely, Lea families. Thanks to Doris Dell for information regarding the Early Records of Georgia (dell@lafn.org)

    Joseph I. Henderson was born ca. 1737 in Danville, Pittsylvania County, VA, the 10th of 12 children born to John Henderson and Sarah Brockman. He lived at Caswell County, NC in 1773. Along with his father-in-law, James 'Country Line' Lea, he signed a petition for the formation of Caswell County out of Orange County, NC. He served in the military in the Revolutionary War, North Carolina. He migrated to Wilkes County, GA ca. 1785 where he was awarded a land patent for his service. It appears that he was well thought of in the early days of Wilkes County, GA.

    DOCUMENTATION RE: JOSEPH I. HENDERSON:

    Reference from Patrick M. Stevens IV: pat@patmstevens.com

    "James Callaway's 28 February 1914 letter recorded in the rear of "Martha's Diary, " privately printed by Pat M. Stevens, Jr., about 1960, notes them and their children. "My grandfather was Isaih (sic) Tucker Irwin, son of Christopher, who moved to Wilkes when Grand Pa was about 13 years of age. Grand Pa married Isabella Bankston, daughter of Lawrence Bankston, whose wife was Nancy Henderson, daughter of Joseph Henderson, who wore knee breeches, silver buckles on his shoes, and powdered hair and was of the Virginia gentry class."

    EARLY RECORDS OF GEORGIA

    p. 43 Joseph Henderson pays taxes on 7 slaves, 400 acres in Capt. Nails District.
    p. 62 Joseph Henderson pays taxes on 130 acres in Captain Alexander's District.
    p. 86 Samuel Henderson of Caswell, NC (Joseph's brother) 200 acres adjacent to Joseph's land out of the orginal land grant to Samuel from 1785.

    CHRONICLES OF WILKES COUNTY, GEORGIA (Mary Bondurant Warren) Washington's Newspapers: 1889-1896. 1978. p 263 Joseph Henderson was described in later years as 'A tall man who wore a cocked hat, knee breeches with fancy buckles, and ruffled shirts."

    THE WILKES COUNTY PAPERS 1773-1833

    1785 Jos. Henderson witness of sale William Mangeram to Robt. Shearman.
    1788 Jos. Henderson bought one acre plus 400 acres from Williams.
    1790 Joseph Henderson, Sr. bought 130 acres from James Stanger.
    1798 Joseph Henderson Sr. bought 200 acres from Micaquih Williamson
    1803 Two Draws in the Lottery
    1806 Two Draws in the Lottery

    1787 Receipts of money paid by Elizabeth Lee, administrator of Philip Lee, due from case of TAYLOR BROOKS vs PHILIP LEE. Philip Lee was agent for Mary Taylor, administrator of Armstead Taylor. [s] John Lane before Thomas Wooten, 4 Nov 1795.

    Note of debt by Philip Lee to Arthur Jones, 19 May 1794. [s] Philip Lee before [s] Henry Mosely. Arthur Jones assigned the note to David Martin, 6 Oct. 1794, [s] Arthur Jones (by mark) before [s] David Porterfield. The receipt is dated 4 Nov. 1793, [s] Nathan Gunnel before [s] Holman Freeman, JP.

    1795 p. 223: Receipt for property from the estate of WILLIAM LEA to NANNA LEA, his wife, by Aquilla Burroughs and Joseph Henderson, executors, 27 Oct 1795, [s] Nanna Lea (by Mark) before Spencer Runnels.

    1802 p. 95: NANCY LEE RETURN 1801
    Return of Joseph Henderson and Christopher Irven as "gardens" of Nancy Lea, Sr., 3 Jan 1801. [s] Joseph Henderson before [s] DD. Terrell, CCord., 1 Mar 1802.

    1806 p 143--Aug 7, 1806. Ann Lee, petition that Aquilla Burroughs and Joseph Henderson attend court and render an account as Excrs of William Lee, dec'd.

    1807 p 152--Jan 5, 1807. Thomas Lee same petition.

    1807 p157--Mar. 3, 1807. Excrs made returns and gave security.

    1809 p 206--Sept 5, 1809. Moses Lee dec'd. Wm. Lee appointed admr.

    1814 p. 187: Page 82--Sept. 5, 1814. John Heard, Admr. for Josiah and Thomas Henderson, dec'd., requests a sale of slaves for division. Granted.

    p. 86--Petition of Christopher Orr, Admr. Solomon Patton to sell slaves for a division, granted, they to be sold at Mrs. Henderson's. (WHICH Mrs. Henderson's??? Mona Herrin's note)

    p. 80--Lydia Patton appointed guardian of Solomon, Wilfred, Sabry, and Polly Patton. William Phillips for Matthew Patton, Phillip Orr for Silas Patton, Samuel Patton, Jr., Security.

    p 81--Samuel Patton appointed guardian of Samuel Patton, orphan of Solomon Patton, dec'd.

    p. 166: Page 18--Nancy Lee, lunatic, Jonathan Lee appointed guardian in place of Joseph Henderson and Christopher Irvine resigned, Thomas Lee and Richard Dukins, Security.


    THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM WALLACE RONALD HENDERSON IN A LETTER TO MONA HERRIN'S AUNT, BRENDA MOZLEY BURTON.

    From the SARDIS BAPTIST CHURCH HISTORY-200 YEARS:

    DEACONS: Joseph Henderson 1816
    Rueben Stozier 1828

    LIST OF MEMBERS:
    1788-1803 Henderson, Joseph; Anders, Mary
    1808 Henderson, Delphia; Henderson, Peggy; Stozier, Phereby
    1809 Henderson, Polley; Strozier, Reuben
    1820 Lea, Hannah; Strozier, Reuben
    1827 Henderson, Mary

    "The years listed above are when the person named joined the church. Joseph Henderson was a charter member. He and Adelphia are both buried in the church cemetery. I have not found a gravesite, but the church history states that a church annex was built over the cemetery in the late 1800's. The occasion of the printing of the church history is in the Washington-Wilkes County, Ga. public library.

    "Joseph Henderson and his wife Adelphia lived on Clark's Creek in Wilkes Co., Ga. His land was next to Joseph Callaway. In 1794, Joseph owned 6 slaves. he is shown in the tax listing from SOME EARLY TAX RECORDS OF GEORGIA, by Ruth Blair on page 296.

    "In 1776, the year of our United States birth, we find Joseph Henderson in Orange Co., NC. There he, his father-in-law James Lea, and his brothers-in-law John Lea, Major Lea, and William Lea signed a petition to form a new county from the northern half of Orange Co., The new county was formed in 1777 and named Caswell County, North Carolina. You might notice that one of Adelphia's brothers was named Major. That name is repeated several times down through the generations. Adelphia's grandmother's maiden name was Major."

    After the Revolutionary War, he was known as Captain Joseph Henderson with a district in Wilkes County under Major Patterson, Bn. Comdr. The DAR lists Joseph as a Patriot, having performed "Patriotic Service". GEORGIA REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS, VOL II, pg. 725, #114, Joseph Henderson born 1737, died 1810. Served as horseman and wagon guard in the SC Troops under Colonel Thomas Sumter and was at Orangeburg, Stono, and Briar Creek. Further references:
    1. GEORGIA REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS, SAILORS, PATRIOTS AND DESCENDANTS, VOL. I, pg. 106.
    2. ROSTER OF REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS IN GEORGIA, pg. 255.
    3. ROSTER OF SOUTH CAROLINA PATRIOTS IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, pg. 435.

    MCCALL-TIDWELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES: He was given a grant of land as a Rev War soldier in Wilkes Co., Ga., 1784, and moved with his family to Wilkes County in 1785. Joseph Henderson and wife Delphy sold for $400.00 to Griffin Smith, 200 acres of land granted to Samuel Henderson, 1784, and conveyed by him to Joseph Henderson, October 25, 1789.

    RECORDED IN THE WILKES COUNTY COURT HOUSE IN WASHINGTON, GA.:
    Joseph and Delphey Henderson-Transfer of property to their son Major Henderson-5 June 1799.

    Joseph and Delphey enter into a bond with their son Major for the sum of $5000 to be paid to Joseph and Delphy and in return Major promises to attend to the support, to wait and attend on them at all times and to attend to the business of Joseph and Delphey for the term of their natural lives or for the term of the survivor's natural live. This is witnessed and signed by Isaac Calloway, Major Henderson, and Edward Butler, J.P. and recorded July 17th, 1799.

    Joseph Henderson wrote an acknowlegement of this bond to attend to the business of his plantation and supporting and waiting and attending on his wife who had been for several years unable to help herself. For the sum of $5 Joseph assigned four Negros, a "Rhone" mare and her two colts and their future increase to Major and his heirs forever. This was written 5 June 1799. Witnessed and signed by Isaac Calloway, Joseph Henderson, and Edward Butler, J.P. and recorded 17 July 1799


    From: Wallace Ronald Henderson
    To: Cynthia Forde
    Subject: Re: Kettle Creek Battleground Site
    Date: Wednesday, March 22, 2000 10:32 AM

    Cynthia, I don't know exactly where Joseph lived. His home was not on Kettle Creek but was several miles Southwest of there near the present community of Rayle. Rayle is on US highway 78 Northwest of the county seat of Washington, GA.

    Joseph & Adelphia Henderson were charter members of the Sardis Baptist Church and both are buried in the Church cemetery. Joseph was also a founding Deacon. In looking over the list of early members, I notice a Nancy Bankston who became a member of Sardis Baptist Church in 1809. She joined the Church the same day as my GGG grandmother, Polly Strozier Henderson (wife of Major). In 1828, a slave named Jack (Bankston) joined the Church.

    Joseph did not fight at Kettle Creek. DAR says that he was a "patriot" who served at Stono and Orangeburg. I don't find a Bankston listed on the monuments at the battlefield; however, many fought there who are not listed. They listed only the one who were "documented" as veterans of the battle.

    That's about all I have now. One of the books in the library in Washington, GA states that the creeks in that part of the county were rerouted to accommodate agriculture in the mid 1800's and therefore, the old boundaries referencing creeks would be inaccurate. Of course, I don't know if that's true or just rumor.

    The only thing I remember about Joseph's land is that land was taxed in three categories, Best, Good and Fair. Joseph's land was categorized as Fair.

    Hope this is of interest to you,

    Ron Henderson
    Aiken, SC
    _______________________________-

    Last, Davis Reese sent the below info in Jun 2008:

    Washington Gazette (Wilkes Co., GA) September 8, 1893

    SOME FAMILY HISTORY

    "In 1780 an old gentleman called Joseph Henderson came from Virginia to live in Wilkes County. He was a tall man who wore a cocked hat, knee britches with fancy buckles, and ruffled shirts, as long as he lived. His daughter Nancy married Laurance Bankston, and lived somewhere near the mineral spring. Their daughter Isabella married Isaiah Tucker Irvin and was the grandmother of Messrs B.S. Irvin, C.E. Irvin and brothers now living here. One of Mrs. Irvin's sisters married the father of Alfred Shorter who endowed Shorter Female College.
    "Isaiah T. Irvin and Isabella Bankston were married in 1801. Mr. Irvin was the son of Christopher Irvin and Louisa Tucker. Judge David Irvin of Marietta was the son of Christopher by his second wife.
    "These names are found in the old jury lists of the county. Becoming acquainted with these facts, we put them in print for preservation."

    Davis notes that "The description of Henderson is so vivid that you can picture him walking down the street. I doubt he was that old in 1780. My info says he fought in the Revolution. (b a 1737, m a 1762 Orange Co., NC, d a 1809 GA) Although born in VA, it is probable that he came to GA from NC, not VA, since Bankston lived there. Wonder where the mineral spring is located? Shorter College is NW of Atlanta in Rome, GA."




    Father: John Henderson b: 17 MAR 1706/07 in Orange Co., or Spotsylvania Co.,VA
    Mother: Sarah Brockman b: ABT 1712 in King and Queen Co., VA ?

    Marriage 1 Delphia Lea* b: ABT 1738 in St. Georges Parish, Spotsylvania Co., VA
    • Married: 1758 in Spotsylvania Co., VA 3
    Children
    1. Has Children Nancy* Ann Henderson b: ABT 1758 in VA or Orange Co., NC
    2. Has No Children Joseph Henderson b: ABT 1763
    3. Has Children Major Henderson b: ABT 1766
    4. Has No Children Mary Henderson b: 8 AUG 1768 in Orange Co., VA
    5. Has No Children Isabella Graves Henderson b: ABT 1770

    Sources:
    1. Title: "Tennessee Cousins, " by Worth S. Ray, date unknown, page 415
      Repository:
      Media: Book
    2. Title: 1812 death is from the DAR files, to me from Dr. Cynthia Forde, 2005
    3. Title: Jamestowne Society application, accepted, of Ann Hooper Stacy, 2003

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    The entries in these files are notes for ongoing work and do not represent certainties. I welcome exchange of data! If the footnotes look weird, they might have been randomly shuffled-- yes! I am serious!-- by FTM v.8.0. Post a post-it if it looks weird and I will check....while I welcome your use of my data, I might change it, so please post my name and email as the origin so others might check with me. Thanks!

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