Stevens, Marshall, Mitchell, Washington and other Families

Entries: 18397    Updated: 2014-08-17 22:55:04 UTC (Sun)    Contact: Pat M Stevens IV    Home Page: The Stevens and Allied Families

The asterisk* by a name shows a direct ancestor of mine. I have tried to provide adequate references, but my first postings in the late-1990s might not be footnoted. Please ask if in doubt! No entry here is "mass imported;" each has been individually added. This work is dedicated to those who landed at Jamestown, Virginia over four centuries ago, and to those already here who deserved a better end.

Index | Descendancy | Register | Pedigree | Ahnentafel | Public Profile | Add Post-em

  • ID: I00038
  • Name: Mourning* Burford Floyd 1
  • Sex: F
  • ALIA: Mourning Burford /Stewart/
  • Birth: ABT JUN 1769 in Arcadia on the Pedlar River, Amherst Co., Virginia 2
  • Death: BEF 24 JAN 1848 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA, tombstone marker in the Oak Hill Cemetery 3
  • Reference Number: 38
  • Note:
    -- These are my notes (or I credit others) which I have seen copied without reference to me. Please use them at will, but cite me as your source. Thanks! --

    Mourning is my 3rd great-grandmother and lies near the old plantation house at Oak Hill. She was named as an heir to her father's Kentucky lands, along with her half-siblings. Some of this claim was disallowed in a case that reached the US Supreme Court in 1829: Hunt v. Wickliffe, 27 US 201 (1829). The decision was announced by the Chief Justice, John Marshall. I have a copy of this report. Stewart might not have known the results as he died in April of that year.

    Mourning and her half-brother John, the congressman (known as the father of the Oregon Territory) and governor of Virginia, probably never met. She was his only sister. We do know however, that they were close through correspondence, as noted in this sweet note from the governor's daughter Nicketti to Pauline Crosley. Both Nicketti and Pauline are elsewhere carried in these notes.



    #107 SOUTH FIFTH STREET,
    RICHMOND, VA.
    MARCH 3RD, 1896.

    "My dear Cousin -

    "For kinswoman you surely are, being the descendant of my father's only sister. The kinship may look very remote to you but to me it seems quite near, for I have heard my Father and Mother speak often of my Aunt Mourning. My Father never saw his sister, but they frequently wrote to each other as long as she lived. My Aunt was not my Father's full sister. She was the only child of my Grandfather's first marriage, her Mother being a Miss Burfoot, of what was then Amherst Co., Va. Her given name I never heard. They must have been very young when they married, for he was not yet twenty years old when she died, leaving the little baby girl whom her father named Mourning, to commemorate his grief over her mother's death. The child was brought up by her mother's people, for my Grandfather had no settled home for years after his wife's death, nor did he marry again until he was twenty-seven or -eight years old, when he married Jane Buchanan who moved to Kentucky, where three sons were born to them, William, who died in infancy, George, who lived and died in Ky., and my Father, John Floyd, who was born a few weeks after his father was killed by the Indians near what is now the City of Louisville.

    "My Father married Letitia Preston of Virginia, and as she liked Va. better than she did Kentucky, he made this State his home. Why my Father and his sister never met, was from the fact that she was grown when he was but a little boy, as there must have been a difference of twelve or thirteen years in their ages, she living in Georgia, and he in Virginia, traveling in those days was always fatiguing and sometimes dangerous, and he was always poor in the way of the world's goods but rich, indeed in all that constitutes "a man amongst men", and his personality was equal to King David's beautiful and beloved son Absalom. The tradition in the Floyd family is, that three brothers came to this country from Wales, and settled on the eastern shore of Virginia. Later, one of the brothers went South, one North, the third remaining in Virginia, and it is from that one that we, you and I, are descended. You can go into the organization you wish through your Stewart blood or your Floyd either, but you have no Patton or Preston blood, that coming with the second marriage. There is a gentleman in this City, a Mr. Stannard, who makes a business of tracing family connections for those who want to join the Daughters of the Revolution or the Colonial Dames, but I do not think he would be of any assistance to you, as he failed to trace for Evelyn Steward of St. Louis, some of the facts you desire.

    "She too, is a descendant of my Aunt Mourning, and applied to me for much the same information that you ask but I could only give her what I have told you, which is nothing to the point. I think since her return to St. Louis she has gotten her record all right as to the Stewards, and if you lack on that line she might help you, for you are in the same direct line on both sides of your Steward and Floyd blood. I am living with my daughter Sallie Lee, the widow of Capt. Henry Lee, a grandson of "Light Horse Harry."

    "We are like all Floyds, "poor but eminently respectable", and would be glad indeed if you could come and make us a visit, for it is so seldom that we have had an opportunity of seeing any of our Floyd kin, most of whom have lived in Kentucky and farther West. I have delayed answering your letter, for the reason that I have not been very well of late, being old and infirm, and after all my letter is of little value to you. If it is not asking too much I would be so glad to hear further from you, of your family, of your children, as to where you were born and raised, your home in fact. It is not through idle curiosity I ask, but through sincere interest I feel in all who have a drop of the same blood in their veins, that of my dear Father.

    "Hoping to hear from you again, I am most sincerely and cordially your Cousin - (sig.) Nicketti B. Johnston."

    (This important letter was saved for years and copies typed and passed to her cousins by Pauline Crosley. I have the collection of Pauline's work preserved by my cousin Martha Bullard and given to my grandfather Pat, but recently Terry Honan gave a copy of his set to "Tuck" Wilson, another cousin, op. cit., who kindly set it to disc and passed an electronic copy to me in May 2002)

    Mourning was named in memory of her mother Matilda who died in childbirth, leaving the infant Mourning. She was raised by her mother's relatives, generally believed to be the Burfords, as Daniel Burford signed her marriage release as her guardian. In addition, Brenda Hester has found an Amherst County record (see notes under John Stewart) in which she is identified as Mourning Burford (Floyd), at a time when she was already married to John. So I believe she was called Mourning Burford Floyd, preserving her parent's name as her middle name.

    There has been a story circulating for years, with no substantiation so far as I know, that Mourning had a twin brother. However, there may well have been a half-brother born within a year of Mourning. The John Burford Floyd who married John Stewart's sister Anne is almost certainly the natural son of John Floyd, and Mourning's half-brother.

    As I have shown here, John could be the son of John Floyd and Matilda's younger sister Virginia Burford, who was probably caring for Mourning after her mother's death. Since John (senior) left about 1772 for Kentucky and later went on to captain his privateer, the Phoenix, and to his subsequent capture and imprisonment, he may not have known for some years that Virginia was pregnant with a son. This boy John was raised as John Floyd Burford, later adopting his well-known father's name, and, being close to Mourning's age, may have later been identified as her twin, although I doubt he or Mourning did so. I do believe they may have privately acknowledged their relation, but without detailing the circumstances of the birth. Certainly Judge Floyd (see elsewhere) was clear when he stated that John Floyd was Mourning's brother. Interestingly, this makes the children of General Stewart and Mourning the double first cousins of Judge John J. Floyd, the child of Ann Stewart and John Burford Floyd.

    The basis for these speculations are listed in the notes under Daniel Burford, and come from the Stewart Clan papers. Also, letters from John Burford Floyd's son note his father as a brother to Mourning.

    Mourning lived for almost twenty years after her husband John died. Her daughter Permelia remained unmarried during that period and lived with her mother. Afterwards, Permelia married a Mr. Perkins. She is buried in the Stevens cemetery. I have her photograph, made when she was quite old. She was quite a celebrity with the Stevens children as they grew up at Oak Hill. There were many tales of her debates with Patrick, her nephew, and repeated times of their "burying the hatchet."

    The following letter is in my files: It is addressed to (Miss) P. M. Stevens, Maxeys Ga., and dated 24 Feb., 1896:

    My dear Miss, ( the author, Stewart, thinking Capt. Stevens a girl?)

    Through the courtesy of one of the Floyd family... I am... enclosing the part which relates to the Floyd family, as my cousin, Ora Corbin, had sent me your letter to her and the enclosed clears up so many points in regard to the family and its connections. I understand that one of the descendants of the Floyds intends to publish a book....
    I have not been fortunate in learning the relationship of my ancestor, John Buford Floyd, to the main branch, nor can I learn the relationship between him and your ancestress, Mourning Floyd. It seems to me that somewhere there must be a record of the connection or want of connection between the two, as in either event the question must have often been asked and answered. If you think any of the descendants of John Stewart and Mourning Floyd have in their possession any old documents, letters, etc., bearing on the subject I will be much obliged if you will ask them to look over all such. We may also learn the name of the father of John Stewart from the family bible if its whereabouts can be discovered.......Yours respect' Seymour Stewart"

    On the back of the envelope, written in an unknown hand (but one of the Stevens children, probably either Pearl or Rose, who were at Oak Hill in 1896) is the following: "My great grandmother was Mourning Floyd of Amherst Co., Va. & a sister of 1st Gov. Floyd as Gen. John B. Floyd was her nephew. She married Gen. John B. Stewart, who in command of all the armies of Ga during the Indian War & held an office in the Continental War. His daughter said he was a Gen. in the Revolution & another said he was a Colonel. He was an officer in Va. The old Stewart homestead was burned & in it the family bible & all family relicts. My father who is a grandson of Gen. John B. Stewart & Mourning Floyd is now 74 years old & remembers nothing about the family all of whom are dead."
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------
    In Jan 2013, Alex Luken, op. cit. in these pages, sent these notes:

    Lewis, Virgil A., History of Virginia from Settlement to Close of the Civil War. Revised by Dr. R A Brock, Secretary of the Virginia Historical Society, 1888: "John Floyd...had a daughter in 1769 and he soon moved to Botetourt Co. with his brother in-laws, Sturgis, LeMaster, and Pryor." (Of interest is that Pryor's son was Sergt Pryor of the Lewis and Clark journey.)

    Draper, Lyman C., The Life of Daniel Boone: "Settling temporarily on John's Creek in Botetourt County, where his father was then residing, Captain Floyd acted as commissary to supply the militia in service for the defence of frontiers. "

    Alex: "Botetourt Co. was founded from Augusta in 1770. Floyd property went from Tobacco Row Mountain, northwest of Lynchburg, on SR 130, to Enchanted Creek, which I could not find, but I did find a reference for Enchanted Mountain, near the Lynchburg Reservoir. The move from there to Botetourt would be about 40 miles, southwest. The James River would have taken them there. We know the Floyds moved en masse to KY. I will look for proof of "the family" presence in Botetourt..."
    _____________________________________________________________

    Amherst County
    Virginia, Marriage Bonds 1784

    KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that we John Stewart and Hugh Rose are held and firmly bound to the Commonwealth of Virginia in the sum of Fifty Pounds Virginia Currency to which payment well and truly to be made to the said Commonwealth we bind ourselves and each of us and each of our heirs executors and administrators jointly and severally firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals and dated this Thirteenth day of April, 1784.
    The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the abovebound John Stewart Batchelor and Mourning Floyd, Spinster, if there be no lawful marriage to obstruct the said marriage, then the above obligation to be void and of none effect.

    J. Stewart (SEAL)
    J. Stewart for Hugh Rose (SEAL)

    Signed sealed and deld.
    in the presence of
    Wm. Loving, Jr.


    Certificate

    Sir:
    As guardian to Miss Mourning Floyd I do hereby authorize you to grant a license for the solemnization of her nuptials with the bearer Captn. John Stewart.

    Dan. Burford (SEAL)
    April 9th, 1784
    John Fowler
    Edward Taylor

    Certificate

    If Captn. Stewart should be disappointed in procuring security for obtaining his License, I do hereby oblige myself upon the honour of a Gentm. to enter into bond for him for that purpose whenever you shall require it. Yr. Friend and obt. Servt.

    Hugh Rose.
    Geddes Apl. 13th 1784
    Captn. Wm. Loving
    ------------------------------------------------------------
    In 1789, the Stewarts sold some land Mourning had inherited from her father. By that year, they had decided to move to Oglethorpe County, Georgia and sold the land in Jefferson County, now Kentucky. (from Alex Luken):

    "Book 2 '34' page 27

    "21. John Steward and Mourning Ux, of Amherst County, VA
    To Lawrence Ross of Jefferson County , September 2, 1789 350 pounds. 328 acres of land on Beargrass, being part of a tract of Col John Floyd, including Houghlands old station, beginning at the southeast bank of Beargrass below Breckinridge's still-house, thence to the corner of William Merriwether's field. Signed John Steward, by his attorney Samuel Shackelford Proved in court by three witnesses, Oct. 6, 1789"
    ______________________________

    Oglethorpe County Georgia-Deed Book E-1806-1809-Page 21
    JOHN FLOYD deceased-of the State of Kentucky-by his last Will and
    Testament-devised to his wife, JANE FLOYD, now JANE BRACKENRIDGE-and his
    children, MOURNING FLOYD, now MOURNING STEWART, wife of JOHN STEWART,
    WILLIAM FLOYD, GEORGE R.C. FLOYD and JOHN FLOYD, lands in Kentucky.
    JOHN STEWART and his wife MOURNING, relinquish to GEORGE R.C. FLOYD any
    claim they might have in case G.R.C.FLOYD dies without heir.
    Signed JOHN and MOURNING STEWART
    March 12-1806
    Oglethorpe County Georgia.
    _________________________________

    OGLETHORPE COUNTY WILL BOOK D Page 228, Year 1833-1866

    The Last Will and Testament of Mourning Stewart. I Mourning Stewart of the County and State aforesaid

    Considering the uncertainty of this mortal life and being weak and feeble in body but of sound mind and memory, do make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following.

    Item 1st I give and bequeath to my son Floyd Stewart one yoke of oxen and one cow and calf as his full share of all my estate and effects.

    Item 2nd I give and bequeath to my beloved daughter Parmelia Perkins my tract of land lying in the State of Kentucky also the pension due to me as the widow of a Revolutionary Soldier, now in the bank of Savannah-- and I further give and bequeath to my daughter Permelia (after my debts are discharged) all my effects viz. negroes household and kitchen furniture, carriage, stock of all kinds and everything whereof I am possessed. And I hereby appoint her the said Permelia Perkins my sole executrix of this my last will and testament. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 26th day of September in the year of Our Lord Eighteen Hundred and Forty Four.

    Mourning (her mark x) Stewart

    signed, sealed published and declared in the presence of

    D.P. Parham
    W. H. C. Cone
    C. L. Tarpley

    COURT OF THE ORDINARY JANUARY ADJOURNED TERM, JANUARY 24TH, 1848.

    Having been duly proven at this adjourned term in the open court upon the oath of Wm. H. C. Cone one of the subscribing witnesses to the same, and ordered to be laid over until the regular term of the court for record.

    Recorded the 5th day of April, 1848 Henry Britain, CCS
    _____________________________

    From this will we may take it that Cherry Hill stood at Mourning's death in 1844, and its sad burning came later. For this and a description of the site in 1927, see the wonderful letter recorded at the page for Linton E. Floyd, who was there that spring. The lands she mentions in Kentucky are probably those noted in the notes under her step-brother George Rogers Clark Floyd in this work. She and her husband contested much land left to her in Jefferson and other counties by her father: those lands that were occupied by the Breckenridges.

    The Floyds finally gave up contesting the Breckenridge claims on their land, although those claims were weak and resulted from Jenny Floyd Breckenridge's sad end.




    Father: John* Floyd b: 1750 in the lowlands near the banks of the Pedlar River, Amherst Co., VA
    Mother: Matilda* Burford b: ABT 1753 in Henrico Co., VA

    Marriage 1 John* Stewart b: 1760 in Amherst Co., VA
    • Married: 13 APR 1784 in Amherst Co., VA
    • Note:
      Amherst County Marriage Bond, 1784, Virginia

      KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that we John Stewart and Hugh Rose are held and firmly bound to the Commonwealth of Virginia in the sum of Fifty Pounds Virginia Currency to which payment well and truly to be made to the said Commonwealth we bind ourselves and each of us and each of our heirs executors and administrators jointly and severally firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals and dated this Thirteenth day of April, 1784.
      The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the abovebound John Stewart Batchelor and Mourning Floyd, Spinster, if there be no lawful marriage to obstruct the said marriage, then the above obligation to be void and of none effect.
      J. Stewart (SEAL)
      J. Stewart for Hugh Rose (SEAL)

      Signed sealed and deld.

      in the presence of
      Wm. Loving, Jr.

      Certificate

      Sir:
      As guardian to Miss Mourning Floyd I do hereby authorize you to grant a license for the solemnization of her nuptials with the bearer Captn. John Stewart.

      Dan. Burford (SEAL)
      April 9th, 1784
      John Fowler
      Edward Taylor

      Certificate

      If Captn. Stewart should be disappointed in procuring security for obtaining his License, I do hereby oblige myself upon the honour of a Gentm. to enter into bond for him for that purpose whenever you shall require it. Yr. Friend and obt. Servt.

      Hugh Rose.
      Geddes Apl. 13th 1784
      Captn. Wm. Loving
    Children
    1. Has Children Floyd Stewart b: 1786 in Amherst Co., VA
    2. Has No Children James Stewart b: ABT 1788
    3. Has Children Evalina Stewart b: ABT 1791 in Amherst Co., VA
    4. Has Children Matilda Stewart b: 24 DEC 1795 in probably Cherry Hill Plantation, Oglethorpe Co., GA
    5. Has Children Sarah* Floyd Stewart b: ABT 1798 in Cherry Hill, Bairdstown, Oglethorpe Co., GA
    6. Has No Children Permelia Stewart b: ABT 1804
    7. Has No Children John Berrien Stewart b: 1802
    8. Has Children Lorenzo R. Stewart b: ABT 1806 in Cherry Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA

    Sources:
    1. Title: Family notes verify the direct line below this point. William is on the Hall Co US censuses for 1850,60,and 70
    2. Title: Supporting this birth year is that she is "over 70" in the 1840 census
    3. Title: Reported that she died 10 Dec., 1847. (Anna Cartlidge)

  • Index | Descendancy | Register | Pedigree | Ahnentafel | Public Profile | Add Post-em

    The entries in these files are notes for ongoing work and do not represent certainties. I welcome exchange of data! If the footnotes look weird, they might have been randomly shuffled-- yes! I am serious!-- by FTM v.8.0. Post a post-it if it looks weird and I will check....while I welcome your use of my data, I might change it, so please post my name and email as the origin so others might check with me. Thanks!

    Printer Friendly Version Printer Friendly Version Search Ancestry Search Ancestry Search WorldConnect Search WorldConnect Join Ancestry.com Today! Join Ancestry.com Today!

    WorldConnect Home | WorldConnect Global Search | WorldConnect Help

    RootsWeb.com, Inc. is NOT responsible for the content of the GEDCOMs uploaded through the WorldConnect Program. If you have a problem with a particular entry, please contact the submitter of said entry. You have full control over your GEDCOM. You can change or remove it at any time.