Name: JOHN BAYLEY
Birth: 22 JUL 1613 in Chippenham, Wiltshire, England
Death: 16 March 1690/1691 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
Change Date: 12 FEB 2010
IN READILY AVAILABLE INTERNET RECORDS, THERE IS A GREAT DEAL OF CONFUSION ABOUT HIS PARENTS.
B.L. Bailey, Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America, 19, pp.
75-76, 1931. Mother given as Eleanor Knight.
L. Bailey, Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America, 32, pp. 61-
62, 1963. Life dates circa 1613 - between 30 December 1690 and 31
March 1691. John Bailey arrived in Newbury, Massachusetts on the
ship Angel Gabriel, with his father John Bailey Sr. They helped
found Salisbury, Massachusetts, in 1640.
Josie Adams, GenServ database ADAQ7FA, 26 November 1899. Died March
Source: Book title - "Certain Comeovers" by Henry Howland Crapo 1912, Certain Comeovers, Chapter XV, JOHN BAILEY ~159 0 - 1651
John Bailey was a weaver by trade and came from Chippenham, Wilts, England. He, with his oldest son, John, came over i n 1635 in the ship Angel Gabriel, sailing from Bristol, with the expectation of making a home in New England and then s ending for his wife and other children, or going back to fetch them over. Unfortunately, he had a terrible experience i n the great storm of August 15, 1635, and was shipwrecked off Pemaquid, now Bristol, in Maine. This storm was probabl y the worst storm which has ever visited the New England coast. It is said that ship timbers and other wreckage were wa shed far up the slopes of Old Town Hill in Newbury and could be still seen there in the last century. In Narragansett B ay, the tide rose fourteen feet higher than ordinary and whole villages of Indians were drowned in their wigwams. Tha t John Bailey never again dared to trust himself on the ocean may be readily understood. He was, perhaps, unwise in wri ting his family about his misadventure, if it was indeed the fear of the passage that deterred them from joining him. A t all events they never came, although constantly urged to do so.
John Bailey, with his son, John, a youth of twenty-two, found their way from the inhospitable shore on which they had b een cast to Newbury, and joined the little settlement at Parker River. For only two years did he abide here, and then w ent in 1637 further into the wilderness, taking with him one William Schooler as a helper, and built a log cabin on th e further side of the Merrimack near the mouth of the Powow River. The ruins of an old cellar on what is known as Baile y's Hill can still be discerned. The land on which it stands, a tract of about fifty acres, triangular in shape, runnin g to the Merrimack on the westerly side, and to the Powow on the northerly side, is clearly traced by recorded deeds ba ck to the solitary settler who was pioneer of this section of the Merrimack country.
A serious trouble came to this well meaning and honest forebear of yours. On June 6, 1637, he and William Schooler wer e arrested for murder and tried at a Court held at Ipswich. At the trial it was demonstrated that John Bailey had naugh t whatever to do with the murder, and he was discharged. I will give the story of the murder in the words of Governor W inthrop: "July 28, 1637. Two men were hanged at Boston....William Schooler was a vintner in London, and had been a comm on adulterer (as himself did confess) and had wounded a man in a duel, for which he fled into the Low Country, and fro m thence he fled from his captain and came to this country, leaving his wife (a handsome, neat woman) in England. He li ved with another fellow at Merrimack, and there being a poor maid at Newbury, one Mary Sholy, who had desired a guide t o go with her to her master who dwelt at Pascataquack" (Portsmouth) "he inquired her out and agreed for fifteen shillin gs to conduct her thither. But two days after he returned, and being asked why he returned so soon, he answered that h e had carried her within two or three miles of the place and that she would go no further. Being examined for this by t he magistrates at Ipswich and no proof found against him, he was let go....The body of the maid was found by an India n about half a year after in the midst of a thick swamp ten miles short of the place he said he left here in ...Whereup on he was committed, arraigned and condemned by due proceeding .." Governor Winthrop reviews the evidence, which is har dly sufficient to sustain the verdict.
In 1639 "the other fellow at Merrimack," your ancestor, John Bailey, was again in trouble. He was brought before the Co urt and fined five pounds, a very heavy fine, "for buying lands of Indians without leave of court, with condition if h e yield up the lands the fine to be remitted.": I have been much impressed with the scrupulous care with which at leas t superficially, the rights of the Indians were guarded both in Massachusetts and Plymouth colonies. The history of th e purchase from the Indians of the territory about the month of the Merrimack discloses a watchful solicitude on the pa rt of the community as a whole to treat the aborigine justly if not liberally.
In 1639 Colchester, afterwards called Salisbury, was settled and John Bailey was one of the proprietors, having lots as signed to him in first division. Probably he and his son resided in what is now the village of Salisbury soon after 163 9. He still retained his holdings up the Merrimack where it would appear he had an exclusive right of fishing, since o n January 10, 1642, at a general meeting of the town of Salisbury, it was "Ordered yat ye sole fishing in Powow River s hall be out of the hands of John Bailey, Senior, for yt he hath forfeited his right given, in not performing ye condit ions on which it was granted him." The conditions which he had broken were doubtless the giving to the town its fair sh are of the fish. In some way Bailey must have satisfied the town that he was not to blame, since the next year it was o rdered that :John Bailey is granted sole fishing in ye Powow River two years on condition that he shall not join any bu t townsmen, so that ye fist shall not be carried out of towne, and he is not to have more than his share of the alewive s, and is use ye wyers to ye full height, so that the towne may not suffer by the fish escaping."
About 1650 John Bailey, who was then an old man, went to live with his son John Bailey in Newbury. Evidently the fact t hat he was living apart from his wife was a scandal in the community. In September 1651, the matter was brought befor e the Court, and John Bailey was tried and sentenced as follows: "That he is injoined to return unto his wife by next s ummer or send for his wife to come over to him." He never went, and if he sent she never came. He died two months later , on November 2, 1651. That he wished his wife to come to him is manifest by his will, by which he directs his son Joh n to pay his wife six pounds "if she comes over." To his son Robert he leaves fifteen pounds, and to his daughters te n pounds a piece, "if they come over to New England," and five pounds if they do not. They evidently preferred the fiv e pounds to coming over. In this will he mentions John Emery (Senior) as his "brother," which suggests that his wife ma y have been a sister of John Emery, in which case you are six times an Emery. John Bailey is a rather pathetic old fell ow with whom the world seemed on the whole to go somewhat awry.
John Bailey, the second of the name, was born probably at Chippenham about 1613, and came over with his father. In th e first allotment of lands in Salisbury he was granted a homestead. He married Eleanor Emery, a daughter (probably) o f John Emery. He was taxed in Salisbury in 1652, 1653, and 1654, and owned land there in 1658. Just when he came over t o Newbury side to live is uncertain. He was living there apparently in 1651 when his father died. He settled "on the pl ain a quarter of a mile from Deer Island." In 1652 he had a dwelling house and twenty acres of lad, which in 1653 he so ld to Joanna Huntington. [his sister]. In 1669 he took the oath of allegiance, and again in 1678. He was elected Consta ble several times, and was a Selectman in 1673 and possibly during other years. He died in March, 1691, and his widow E leanor died in 1700.
Father: JOHN BAYLEY b: 1590 in Chippenham, Wiltshire, England
Mother: ELEANOR KNIGHT b: 1587 in Chippenham, Wiltshire, England
ELEANOR (HELEN) EMERY b: BEF 7 NOV 1624 in Romsey, Hampshire, England
22 MAY 1640
in Chippenham, Wiltshire, England
- Rebecca BAYLEY b: 29 OCT 1641 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- John BAYLEY b: 18 MAY 1643 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Joshua BAYLEY b: 18 MAY 1643 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Sarah BAYLEY b: 17 AUG 1644 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- JOSEPH BAYLEY b: 4 APR 1648 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- James BAYLEY b: 12 SEP 1650 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Joshua BAYLEY b: 7 AUG 1652 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Joshua BAYLEY b: 17 FEB 1653 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Isaac BAYLEY b: 22 JUL 1654 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Joshua BAYLEY b: 20 APR 1657 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Rachel BAYLEY b: 19 OCT 1662 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts
- Judith BAYLEY b: 13 AUG 1665 in Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts