Name: Jacob \ John Jacob Kline \ Klein
Birth: 15 MAR 1756 in what is now Montgomery Co , PA
Death: 15 SEP 1847 in PA - buried St. Paul's Luth Ch Cem, Red Hill, Montgomery Co
Source of all data on this family: Eileen Gebhart w ho wrote the following:
Johann Jacob Klein, yeoman and farmer, lived with his fami ly in Milford Township, Bucks County. In the 1785-1787 tax list, he owns 1 50 acres, four horses and four cattle, and is taxed 13.11. On 5 November 1 792, he was one of 25 signers of a petition for a wagon road from the Mont gomery County line, in the area of Geryville, to the church and schoolhou se in Trumbauersville. He was also a trusted elder of the St. Paul's Luthe ran Church in Red Hill.
Jacob settled in an area of Pennsylvania that has had several name ch anges over the years. This area was originally surveyed as Richland Mano r, Bucks County. In 1734, the east half of Richland Manor became kno wn as Richland Township (where Quakertown is located), and the west hal f, Milford Township. In 1752 when Bucks County was sized down, the coun ty line ran through Milford Township. The part located in Northampton Coun ty (Lehigh County was formed from Northampton in 1812) was known as Upp er Milford. The part that remained in Bucks County was known as Lower Milf ord. By the turn of the century, "Lower Milford" reverted to "Milford."
A marker at Jacob's grave site signifies his Revolutionary War servi ce as a Private in the Associators and Militia of the Lower Milford Compan y, Bucks County, in 1775 under Captain Henry Huber. The Lower Milford Comp any was one of eight companies of the Second Battalion with Colonel John K eller of Haycock as Commander. He served with his friends and our ancestor s, Nicholas2 Mumbauer and his son Philip Mumbauer. The "Associators" w as a voluntary organization to train men to repel invasion. In 1777, enrol lment became compulsory for able bodied white men ages 18-53. The name "As sociators" was changed to "Militia" with the primary purpose to garrison n earby forts, guard prisoners or serve in local campaigns while line troo ps bore the brunt of fighting. In the fall of 1777 the Milford Militia w as called out to reinforce the Continental Army at White Marsh.
Ironically, Jacob and his son, Jacob Jr., along with Henry and Geor ge Mumbauer, (the sons of Nicholaus Mumbauer), were involved in one of t he early challenges to the new Federal Government called "Fries Rebellion ;" also known as the "Window Tax War," sometimes called the "Hot Water War ."
In 1798, a threat of French hostilities caused President John Ada ms to approve a new tax for raising an army. The tax was levied on owne rs of slaves, houses and/or land. Because there were few slaves in Pennsyl vania, the state's share of the tax fell mainly on house and land owner s. The tax was based on the assessed value. The value of a house was deter mined by the size and kind of house, the number of stories, the size and t ype of other buildings, the amount of land, and the number and size of win dows. It was the number and size of windows that upset the people. In ord er to save tax, some farmers put small windows in their houses, with pan es no larger than 8 x 10 inches in dimension.
When the assessors reached the counties of Bucks, Montgomery, Lehi gh and Northampton, they were met with opposition. The German people did n ot understand the law, and many knew nothing of the tax law until the asse ssor came around. Many of the older people remembered the old hearth t ax of Germany.
In February 1799, a meeting was held at John Kline's tavern near t he point where Montgomery, Lehigh, Berks and Bucks Counties join. A petiti on was signed by 52 people who pledged resistance to the tax. Jacob Fri es pledged to raise 700 men to help resist the tax. These people used vari ous ways to resist the attempts of the assessor to measure windows and col lect taxes. For example, women set their dogs on the assessors and pour ed scalding water on them when they did not heed warnings to leave their p roperty. Finally, additional assessors had to be sent in to enforce the la w. On one occasion, after the assessors counted windows of 50 houses in Mi lford Township they went to Jacob Fries' tavern (now the Colonial Inn of T rumbauersville) for dinner. Fries entered the tavern and forbade th em to go any further. The assessors ignored his warning and proceeded anyw ay. Before completing their work they were met by Fries and four of his as sistants. They pursued the assessors to Quakertown, were they encounter ed a mob that abducted two of the assessors.
Alarmed, the Federal Government issued warrants and 30 men from Upp er Milford, Emmaus and Macungie were arrested and sent to Bethleh em to be confined at the Sun Inn. The arrest and confinement of these peop le was considered by many as an act of tyranny and oppression on the pa rt of the government. Fries organized a group of men to march to Bethleh em and rescue the prisoners taken in Upper Milford. When they reached t he wooden bridge that had recently been put across the Lehigh River, th ey met a Northampton County group that were on the same mission. It w as at this point Jacob Fries took command. He marched his company across t he bridge and up to the Sun Inn with the two Northampton companies right b ehind him. They threatened to burn the town if the prisoners were not rele ased. When Fries and his men entered the inn and declared to the Marsha ll that they would now take the prisoners by force if necessary, the Marsh all released them!
This event caused the Federal Government to become even more alarme d, so President Adams issued a proclamation demanding the rioters be dispe rsed. The Pennsylvania militiaman and cavalry were mustered to carry out t his order. Eventually Fries and 30 men were arrested. Among those arrest ed and taken to Philadelphia for trial were Jacob Klein Sr. and his son Ja cob, who were charged with treason. Henry and George Mumbower were charg ed with a misdemeanor. Jacob Fries and two others were found guilty of tre ason. Fries was sentenced to be hanged, but he was later pardoned by Presi dent Adams after pleas by several local ministers. The other men were giv en light sentences.
The people were eventually calmed by the appearance of the large mili tia force in the German communities, the numerous arrests and trials and D r. Mulhenburg and others going through the counties explaining the l aw to the people in their native German tongue.
Jacob lived to the age of 93 years and 7 months. On his headsto ne at the St. Paul's Lutheran Church in Red Hill is inscribed, "Jacob Klei n, lived in wedlock with Eva, nee Heilig, for 65 yrs. 12 children surviv ed him. Was widower 1 yr 7m." The settlement of Jacob's estate was fil ed on 24 July 1848 (#8521) at the Bucks County Courthouse. The administrat ors were Peter and Jacob Klein. After payment of debts, the administrato rs had a balance of $5273.74.
Eva Heilig, one of twelve children, was the daughter of George Heil ig and Elizabeth Barbara Mueller. Eva is buried beside her husband. In Geo rge Heilig's will, Eva's husband, Jacob, signed his name as "Jacob Kline."
Father: Michael \ Hans Michael Klein b: 15 NOV 1715
Mother: Maria Catherine Kuntz b: 13 JAN 1730
Eva Elizabeth Heilig b: 12 NOV 1762 in what is now Montgomery Co, PA
- Lizabetha Barbara Kline \ Klein b: 24 APR 1781 in what is now Montgomery Co, PA
- Peter Kline \ Klein b: 18 JUN 1782 in what is now Montgomery Co, PA
- Eva Elizabeth Kline \ Klein b: 27 FEB 1786 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Christina \ Catherine Kline \ Klein b: 13 SEP 1788 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Jacob Kline \ Klein , Jr b: 13 OCT 1790 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Daniel H. Kline \ Klein b: 23 SEP 1791 in Montgomery Co, PA
- George H. Kline \ Klein b: 4 AUG 1794 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Elizabeth Kline \ Klein b: 5 OCT 1796 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Philip Kline \ Klein b: 6 MAR 1799 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Michael Kline \ Klein b: 28 JAN 1801 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Solomon Kline \ Klein b: ABT 1804 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Anna Maria Kline \ Klein b: 1 JAN 1806 in Montgomery Co, PA
- Jonas Klein \ Kline b: 14 FEB 1812 in Montgomery Co, PA