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  • ID: I2780
  • Name: Patrick Leslie Duguid 21st Baron of Balquhain 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 12 DEC 2004
  • Birth: 1700 in Auchinhove, Aberdeenshire, Scotland 2
  • Event: Illness 23 DEC 1745 Inverurie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland 3
  • Event: Battles 1 16 APR 1746 Culloden, Scotland 4
  • Death: 11 APR 1777 in house of Tullos at the foot of Bennachie, Scotland 1
  • Note:

    PATRICK LESLIE Duguid, tenth Baron of Auchinhove, eldest son of Robert Duguid, ninth Baron of Auchinhove, by his wife, Teresa Leslie, third daughter of Patrick, Count Leslie, fifteenth Baron of Balquhain, succeeded his cousin, Peter Leslie Grant, as twenty-first Baron of Balquhain in 1775. Patrick Leslie Duguid was born in 1700, and succeeded his father in the estate of Auchinhove in 1731.

    We find by the evidence given by Patrick Leslie Duguid in the law-process between Peter Leslie Grant and the Counts Leslie regarding the succession to the estate of Balquhain, that he was educated abroad. He stated that his cousins, Counts Joseph and Charles Cajetan Leslie, the sons of his uncle Count James Ernest Leslie, his mother's brother, while making a tour with their tutor, paid a visit to their and his aunt, Lady Betty Leslie, abbess of the Ursuline convent at Lisle; and on her informing them that he, Patrick, their cousin, was at Douai, they came over to see him. He also stated that for several years he used to go from Douai to Lisle and stay there for eight or ten days at a time with his aunt Lady Betty Leslie, and that, since his return to Scotland he had frequently corresponded with her. He also stated that when his half-uncle, George Leslie, second son of Count Patrick Leslie by his second wife, Mary Irvine of Drum, went over to Paris to meet his elder brother, Count James Ernest Leslie, it was arranged that George should succeed their father, Count Patrick Leslie, in the estate of Balquhain, and James Ernest in the German estates; also that Count James Ernest wrote to his sister, Teresa, Patrick Leslie Duguid's mother, that as he never intended to return to Britain, he had sent her by his brother George his picture and a ring set round with diamonds.

    Patrick Leslie Duguid returned from Douai before 1715. On the breaking out of the rebellion in that year, he espoused the cause of the Stuarts with the utmost zeal, so that, though he was only a lad of fifteen years old, he was "out," as the Jacobite expression was. Again, when Prince Charles Edward landed in Scotland in 1745, Patrick Leslie Duguid joined his standard, with a considerable body of men which he had raised on his own estate, and in other parts of Aberdeenshire, and which he maintained at his own expense, for which purpose he borrowed large sums of money on the security of his estate of Auchinhove. He was present and was wounded in the engagement which took place at Inverurie, 23d December 1745. He joined the force under Lord Lewis Gordon at Aberdeen, 27th November 1745, with about fifty men. Lord Lewis Gordon was appointed by the Prince Lord-Lieutenant of the counties of Aberdeen and Banff, where from his family connection he had considerable interest. He commenced immediately to raise men: every proprietor was obliged to furnish a man or 5 sterling for every hundred pounds Scots of his valued rent. By this means two battalions were raised, one of which was placed under the orders of James Moir of Stoneywood, and the other under Gordon of Abbachy. He also raised a considerable sum of money, notwithstanding that his views were much thwarted by his brother, Cosmo, Duke of Gordon, who kept up a fair appearance with the government.

    To put an end to Lord Lewis Gordon's recruiting and exactions, Lord Loudon, the king's Commander-in-chief in the North, dispatched the Laird of Macleod, 10th December 1745, from Inverness with 500 of his clansmen, followed by 200 men under Major Munro of Culcairn, and 500 men under the Laird of Grant. Lord Lewis Gordon ordered his forces to fall back on Aberdeen, where he assembled a number of men raised in Forfarshire and Kincardineshire, and some of Lord John Drummon's French troops, lately landed at Montrose, and 300 Farquharsons and others under the Laird of Monaltrie, and the Aboyne battalion, and the Aberdeen battalion under James Moir of Stoneywood.

    The Laird of Grant, fearing for his own country, returned homeward; Munro took post at Old Meldrum, and Macleod advanced and occupied Inverurie, 16 miles north of Aberdeen. Lord Lewis Gordon, on learning this incautious movement, determined to attack his opponents with all despatch. He moved from Aberdeen on the morning of the 23d December with about 1100 men and five small pieces of cannon, which had been taken from a vessel in the harbor. With the main body of his army he crossed the bridge of Don, and took the route by Fintray up the left bank of the river, while he sent a detachment of 300 men, French and others, by the Tyrebagger road, the usual road to Inverurie, so as to deceive the enemy with regard to the true point of attack.

    About four o'clock in the afternoon, when it was getting dark, the French party, who had marched by the right bank of the Don, dashed into and waded across the river, and attacked the enemy on the south-west side of Inverurie. Lord Lewis Gordon, who had reached the Urie on the east side of the town, hearing the din of battle, immediately crossed that river near the church, and attacked the town on that side. He came on the enemy so unexpectedly, that they were completely surprised. The Macleods opened a fire from the ditches and from behind walls, but being vigorously pressed, they gave way and fled in all directions. Their chief was placed in great peril, particularly as his men were not over zealous in the cause against the Stuarts. He got his followers together as well as he could, and retreated for some time fighting by moonlight. Many of his men were killed or wounded, and about fifty were taken prisoners, among whom were Gordon, younger of Ardoch, Forbes of Echt, and John Chalmers, formerly Principal and Professor of King's College, Aberdeen. The Macleods continued to retreat till they crossed the Spey and reached Elgin. There they told their chief that he had deceived them by making them believe that he had raised them and brought them out of their country to serve the Prince, and had afterwards told them so at Inverness. They promised to follow him still if he would return to his duty, and be faithful to Prince Charles Edward, but otherwise they would return to their country, which later they did.

    Patrick Leslie Duguid was also engaged in the battle of Culloden, fought 16th April 1746. He was excepted from the general pardon granted by the government of King George to those engaged in the rebellion, on account of the bold and active part which he had taken in the unfortunate cause of him whom he considered his rightful sovereign.

    After the suppression of the rebellion, Patrick Leslie Duguid could not return to his own house at Auchinhove, because a party of the king's troops, under Captain Hardy, was quartered on the estate and occupied the castle. He was therefore obliged to skulk about the country. Being a most resolute man, he determined to sell his life as dearly as possible, particularly as Captain Hardy had sworn and declared in the most brutal boasting manner, that if Auchinhove was out of hell, he would take him dead or alive. Patrick Leslie Duguid got a guard for his safety and protection, a band of six faithful old followers and companions in arms, who were well armed, and remained constantly with him in the various places to which he resorted for security, in the fastnesses of Coul, and the neighboring hills and mountains, where he concealed himself and dexterously evaded every attempt of the king's troops to surprise or take him. He frequently observed the soldiers searching the neighborhood for him.

    During this unhappy period, his wife, Lady Auchinhove as she was usually called, remained with her three infant children at the castle of Auchinhove, and was kept in a state of continued alarm and anxiety not only with regard to her husband's safety, but also for her own, and on account of the continual intrusion of the soldiers into her privacy under the pretence of searching for her husband. One day Captain Hardy abruptly entered her room, and hearing some noise in an adjoining closet in which her son James, then a child only five years old, usually slept, he thought that it was perhaps the laird who might have got secretly into the castle, and was concealed there. He rushed in great haste to examine the closet, when, to his great mortification, he found only the little fellow. Captain Hardy was not a little abashed, but, to conceal his chagrin, he flourished his gay cocked hat and feathers, and told the child that he would give it to him if he would cry Hurrah for King George! To his surprise the boy smartly answered, "Na, na; I'm a Prince's man."

    Some time afterwards, Captain Hardy, finding that he had little chance of succeeding in apprehending the Laird of Auchinhove, and becoming enraged at being baffled in all his attempts, cruelly ordered the castle to be burned, without giving notice or warning of any kind to the unfortunate lady or her family. At the hour of midnight, he barbarously gave the order to set fire to the castle. After it was in a blaze, Lady Auchinhove made her escape with her children by a window, and retired to the top of a neighboring hill, where she sat shivering in the cold, mournfully looking on until the castle and all its valuables were reduced to ashes. She took refuge afterwards in the gardener's house.

    Lady Auchinhove, on afterwards seeing Captain Hardy, made no reproach to him, but simply remarked that her uncle General Irvine, the Commander of the Forces in the North, would not thank him for what he had done. The captain was thunderstruck, and tried to excuse himself, saying that if he bad known she was a relation of General Irvine he would not have done it. She replied, "That shows your evil disposition, as you had no orders to do it." His employers were equally culpable, however, as no merited punishment followed the crime, and no redress was ever obtained. The laird witnessed the heartrending sight of his ancient castle in flames from a spot on the hill of Coul, which is still pointed out by the country people. A gable-end and the foundations of the castle of Auchinhove still exist, and the traces of the fire may still be seen in the blackened walls of a house, which formed part of the barnyards or office-houses.

    In addition to his other misfortunes, Patrick Leslie Duguid had incurred large debts in consequence of borrowing money to raise and to maintain his men during the rebellion, so that his barony of Auchinhove was deeply mortgaged. Trustees, one of whom was his brother-in-law, James Irvine of Kingcaussey, were appointed over his estates to manage them and to pay his debts; but, with every endeavor to save the estates, they were obliged to sell them to pay the encumbrances. The estate of Auchinhove passed into the possession of the Farquharsons of Finzean.

    About 1763, Patrick Leslie Duguid got from his cousin, Peter Leslie Grant, twentieth Baron of Balquhain, the house of Tullos, on the estate of Balquhain, to live in, and a small piece of ground, about a boll and a half sowing. There, with his children, he was supported by an allowance of twelve bolls of meal out of a public mortification called Dr. Anderson's, which was managed by several gentlemen, among whom was James Irvine of Kingcaussey, his brother-in-law, and other twelve bolls of meal, which he got for some time from the granary of Balquhain. His miserable situation at this period appears from letters, which he wrote to Mr. Orme, writer in Edinburgh, who produced them in the law-process, which afterwards took place regarding the lease of the estate of Balquhain. He was reduced to the necessity of selling some of the meal allowed to him for the sustenance of his family, in order to get money to pay the wages of the maid-servant.

    On the death of Peter Leslie Grant, twentieth Baron of Balquhain, without issue, in 1775, Patrick Leslie Duguid of Auchinhove, the next heir of entail, succeeded as twenty-first Baron of Balquhain. Patrick Leslie Duguid, eldest son and heir of Teresa Leslie, third daughter of Count Patrick Leslie of Balquhain, was served heir of tailzie to the late Peter Leslie Grant, of Balquhain, in the lands and barony of Balquhain, 17th April 1775. A precept was issued forth of the Chancery for his infeftment as aforesaid, 25th April 1775. Sasine followed thereon 11th May 1775, registered at Aberdeen 22d May 1775.

    On succeeding to the estate of Balquhain, Patrick Leslie Duguid found that he had new difficulties to contend with. The last possessor, Peter Leslie Grant, being of careless habits, by these, and by the expenses incurred in disputing the succession with the Counts Leslie, had involved himself deeply in debt, particularly to David Orme, a lawyer in Edinburgh. To relieve himself from his difficulties, and having no family to provide for, as has been related he granted to this David Orme, in 1769, a lease of the whole estate of Balquhain for five times nineteen years, or ninety-five years, for the small consideration of a yearly rent of 733: 13 : 4, payable to himself and his heirs of entail during the currency of this long lease, in which were included the manor-house and domain of Fetternear. This lease was manifestly unjust, and contrary to all established law, seeing that the whole estate was strictly entailed, and could not in any manner be alienated; and further, the manor-house and domain of Fetternear could in no case by law be let to any tenant beyond the lifetime of the heir of entail in possession.

    By this iniquitous settlement, Patrick Leslie Duguid found himself not only deprived of the revenue from the estate of Balquhain which he had a right to enjoy, but he was also excluded from his own family mansion-house of Fetternear, David Orme having taken possession of the house, and acting as lord and master of the whole estate. Being unwilling to submit to such injustice, Patrick Leslie Duguid, 2d July 1776, raised an action of reduction against David Orme, for reducing the lease. In the meantime he was obliged to continue to occupy the house of Tullos, which had formerly been a hunting-seat of the Barons of Balquhain, and was situated in a small open plain at the foot of Bennachie, which rises majestically behind it.

    Besides his difficulties with David Orme, Patrick Leslie Duguid found himself exposed to new vexations on his accession to the estate of Balquhain. His brother, James Duguid, had an illegitimate son, Joseph Duguid, and this Joseph took advantage of an act of the sixth Parliament of King James VI., entitled "Act anent the youth and others beyond sea suspected to have declined from the true religion," to declare himself a Protestant, and as a Protestant to be the nearest and rightful heir of entail in the estate of Balquhain to Peter Leslie Grant, twentieth Baron of Balquhain. He brought an action against Patrick Leslie Duguid; James Duguid, his eldest son; Charles Duguid, his second son; John Duguid, his third son; Patrick Duguid, his fourth son; Alexander Duguid, his brother-german; and Ernest Leopold Patrick, son of John, third son of Patrick Leslie Duguid who, he contended, should all be passed over and excluded from the possession of the estate of Balquhain, because they all professed the Popish religion. The summons is dated 30th May 1775.

    Patrick Leslie Duguid, finding his age and infirmities increase, and being unable to undergo all the anxieties and trouble attending the management of the legal proceedings and the affairs of his estate, and being desirous of securing his property to his own family, formally renounced his liferent right and title to the lands and barony of Balquhain in favor of his third surviving son, John Leslie, his two elder sons being in holy orders, and being thereby excluded from the succession by the terms of the entail.

    Patrick Duguid granted a bond of corroboration in favor of Count Ernest Leslie, then eighteenth Baron of Balquhain, as heir served and retoured to the deceased Count James Leslie, seventeenth Baron of Balquhain, his brother, for six thousand pounds, dated 14th December 1734. He disponed a piece of moss, part of the Mains of Auchinhove, in favor of Francis Farquharson of Finzean, 11th July 1737. He sold to Francis Farquharson of Finzean the lands of Meikle and Little Tillylair, 17th June 1738; and granted him a disposition of the same, dated 5th July and 13th November 1738. He also granted to him a disposition of heritable tolerance of a road to the Lochs in 1738. Ernest, Count Leslie, eighteenth Baron of Balquhain, disponed and translated the several bonds granted to him by Patrick Duguid, with the letters of inhibition and decreet of adjudication therein contained, in favor of Francis Faxquharson of Finzean, 6th December 1738, who obtained letters of inhibition on the said disposition against Patrick Duguid, 19th February 1740. In 1750, Patrick Duguid paid Elspet M'Combie for a horse taken from her in 1745.

    Patrick Leslie Duguid married, first, Isabella Dickson. Their marriage-contract is dated 27th and 28th August 1731. By it Robert Duguid of Auchinhove, and Teresa Leslie his spouse, disponed the lands of Tillylair and others, under the burden of a bond for 6000, due to James, Count Leslie, seventeenth Baron of Balquhain, in favor of Patrick Leslie, their eldest son, and Isabella Dickson, his spouse, in liferent, and the heirs-male of their marriage. This marriage contract was registered in the Sheriff-Court books of Aberdeen, 29th December 1735. Patrick Leslie Duguid had three sons and one daughter by his first wife, Isabella Dickson, but they all died young. He married, secondly, 16th July, 1740, Amelia Irvine, daughter of James Irvine of Kingcaussey, by his wife, Lady Mary Forbes, daughter of the Earl of Granard. 5

    Father: Robert Duguid
    Mother: Teresa Leslie b: ABT 1664 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland

    Marriage 1 Amelia Irvine b: ABT 1720 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    • Married: 16 JUL 1740 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland 1 6
    1. Has No Children Margaret Duguid b: 12 MAR 1743 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    2. Has No Children Amelia Duguid b: 08 JUL 1744 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    3. Has No Children Charles Duguid b: 08 JAN 1748 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    4. Has No Children Henry Duguid b: 06 MAY 1749 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    5. Has No Children Patrick Duguid b: 24 AUG 1753 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    6. Has No Children Mary Duguid b: 1754 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    7. Has No Children Maryanne Duguid b: 26 MAY 1756 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    8. Has Children Elizabeth Duguid b: 08 NOV 1757 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    9. Has No Children Jacobina Duguid b: 21 OCT 1760 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    10. Has No Children James Duguid b: 21 OCT 1741 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland
    11. Has Children John Leslie Duguid b: 13 JAN 1751 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland

    Marriage 2 Isabella Dickson
    • Marriage Contract: 28 AUG 1731 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland 1 7 6

    Marriage 3 Eliza Grant
    • Married: 1773 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland 1 8

    1. Title: Community, culture, and character: Religion and kinship in two Scottish families 'at home in Indiana'
      Abbrev: Two Scottish families 'at home in Indiana'
      Author: Duguid, Stephen
      Publication: Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, 1995
      Page: 153
    2. Title: Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9 collected from public records and authentic private sources, Volume: Volume III
      Abbrev: Historical records of the family of Leslie
      Author: Leslie, Colonel
      Publication: Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh, 1869
      Page: 176
    3. Title: Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9 collected from public records and authentic private sources, Volume: Volume III
      Abbrev: Historical records of the family of Leslie
      Author: Leslie, Colonel
      Publication: Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh, 1869
      Page: 178
    4. Title: Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9 collected from public records and authentic private sources, Volume: Volume III
      Abbrev: Historical records of the family of Leslie
      Author: Leslie, Colonel
      Publication: Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh, 1869
      Page: 181
    5. Title: Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9 collected from public records and authentic private sources, Volume: Volume III
      Abbrev: Historical records of the family of Leslie
      Author: Leslie, Colonel
      Publication: Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh, 1869
      Page: 176-189
    6. Title: Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9 collected from public records and authentic private sources, Volume: Volume III
      Abbrev: Historical records of the family of Leslie
      Author: Leslie, Colonel
      Publication: Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh, 1869
      Page: 189
    7. Title: Jacobites of Aberdeenshire and Banffshire in the 45, Pages: 145-147
      Abbrev: Jacobites of Aberdeenshire and Banffshire in the 45
      Author: Alister & Henrietta Taylor
      Publication: Milne & Hutcheon, Aberdeen, 1928
    8. Title: Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9 collected from public records and authentic private sources, Volume: Volume III
      Abbrev: Historical records of the family of Leslie
      Author: Leslie, Colonel
      Publication: Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh, 1869
      Page: 191

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