Browne (Mayflower descendents)

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  • ID: I427
  • Name: Peter Browne
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: BET. 1580 - 1600 in Hawkedon, Suffolk, , England
  • Death: 4 OCT 1633 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA
  • Burial: 1633 Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA
  • Note:

    Millennium File
    about Peter Brown
    Name: Peter Brown
    Spouse: , Martha Ford
    Birth Date: 1566
    Birth City: Inkberrow
    Birth County: Worcs
    Birth Country: England
    Death Date: 14 Apr 1633
    Children: Edward Brown
    Mary Brown
    Pricilla Brown
    Other Information: Notes

    Family Data Collection - Deaths
    about Peter Brown
    Name: Peter Brown
    Death Date: 1633
    City: Plymouth
    County: Plymouth
    State: MA
    Country: USA


    Millennium File
    about Peter Brown
    Name: Peter Brown
    Spouse: , Mary
    Birth Date: 1582
    Birth City: Inkburrow
    Birth County: Worcester
    Birth Country: England
    Death Date: 4 Dec 1633
    Death City: Plymouth
    Death County: Plymouth
    Death State: Massachusetts
    Death Country: USA
    Parents:
    Children: Isabel Brown
    Other Information: Notes


    Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s
    about Peter Brown
    Name: Peter Brown
    Year: 1620
    Place: Massachusetts
    Source Publication Code: 9151
    Primary Immigrant: Brown, Peter
    Annotation: Contains 35 articles excerpted from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1847-1961. About 17,000 names. Similar lists in Boyer, nos. 0702, 0714, 0717, 0720.
    Source Bibliography: TEPPER, MICHAEL, editor. Passengers to America: A Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists from "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register." Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1977. 554p. Reprinted with new introduction and indexes, 1978. Repr. 1980.
    Page: 6


    Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s
    about Peter Browne
    Name: Peter Browne
    Year: 1620
    Age: 20
    Estimated birth year: abt 1600
    Place: Plymouth, Massachusetts
    Source Publication Code: 1058.20
    Primary Immigrant: Browne, Peter
    Annotation: Date and port of arrival. Excerpted author's book The Mayflower, Stine & Day, New York, 1974. Name of ship and other historical information are also provided.
    Source Bibliography: CAFFREY, KATE. "Passengers on the Mayflower, Fortune, Anne, and Little James." In The Ark Valley Crossroads (Wichita [KS] Genealogical Society), vol. 6:1 (January 1995), pp. 25-27.
    Page: 25


    U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
    about Peter Brown
    Name: Peter Brown
    Gender: male
    Birth Place: En
    Birth Year: 1600
    Spouse Name: Martha ???
    Spouse
    Birth Place: En
    Spouse Birth Year: 1580
    Marriage
    Year: 1624
    Marriage State: MA
    Number Pages: 1


    U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
    about Peter Brown
    Name: Peter Brown
    Gender: male
    Birth Place: En
    Birth Year: 1600
    Spouse Name: Martha ???
    Spouse
    Birth Place: En
    Spouse Birth Year: 1580
    Marriage
    Year: 1624
    Marriage State: MA
    Number Pages: 1


    U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
    about Peter Browne
    Name: Peter Browne
    Gender: male
    Birth Year: 1596
    Spouse Name: Martha ???
    Spouse Birth Year: 1580
    Marriage
    Year: 1624
    Marriage State: MA
    Number Pages: 1


    U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
    about Peter Browne
    Name: Peter Browne
    Gender: male
    Birth Place: En
    Birth Year: 1600
    Spouse Name: Martha Ford
    Spouse
    Birth Place: En
    Marriage
    Year: 1624
    Marriage State: MA
    Number Pages: 1


    U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
    about Peter Brown
    Name: Peter Brown
    Gender: male
    Birth Place: En
    Birth Year: 1600
    Spouse Name: Mary ???
    Marriage
    Year: 1630
    Marriage State: MA
    Number Pages: 1

    Peter Brown came to New England on the ship "Mayflower" in 1620, and was one of the original settlers of Plymouth, Massachusetts. He married, first, in 1624 or 1625, widow Marsha Ford who had come to New England, on the ship "Fortune", in 1621, with her first husband, William Ford. Peter and Marsha had two children - Mary, born about 1626, who married Ephram Tinkham and Priscilla, born about 1629, who married William Allen. After Marsha died in 1629 or 1630, Peter married Mary _______.
    Peter's home in Plymouth was on the south side of "The Streete" adjacent to that of John Goodman as shown on a map of the plots first laid out in 1620. On October 28, 1633, Mary Browne, widow of Peter Browne, deceased, presented an inventory of his estate. On November 11, 1633, the Court ordered money set aside for Peter's daughters (by his first wife) Mary Browne and Priscilla Browne, with the rest of his estate given to his widow to bring up her two children by Peter. Mary died between March 1634 when she was taxed, and October 27, 1647.

    PETER BROWN
    ORIGIN: Unknown
    MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower
    FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth
    FREEMAN: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen ahead of those made free on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4].
    EDUCATION: Inventory includes one Bible valued at 3s.
    ESTATE: In list of "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" on south side of street next to John Goodman [PCR 1:3].
    In 1623 Plymouth land division "Peter Browen" received one acre as a passenger on the Mayflower [PCR 12:4]. In 1627 Plymouth cattle division Peter Brown, Martha Brown and Mary Brown were the fourth, fifth and sixth persons in the eighth company [PCR 12:11].
    Peter Brown assessed 18s. in Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 [PCR 1:10]; widow Brown assessed 9s. in list of 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:28].
    The inventory of the estate of "Peter Browne of New Plymouth deceased" was taken 10 October 1633 and presented at court on 28 October 1633, on which date the widow, Mary Brown, was granted administration [MD 1:79-82, citing PCPR 1:7-8; PCR 1:17].
    On 11 November 1633 a court of assistants at Plymouth ordered that "whereas Peter Browne died without will, having diverse children by diverse wives, his estate amounting to an hundred pounds, or thereabouts, it is ordered, that Mary, his wife, who is allowed the administra~trix of the said Peter, forthwith pay down fifteen pounds for the use of Mary Browne, daughter of the said Peter, to Mr. Joh. Done, of Plymoth aforesaid, with whom the said Court have placed the said Mary for nine years; at the end whereof the said John is to make good the said fifteen pounds to her or her heirs, if in case she die. Also it is further ordered, that the said widow Mary Browne pay or cause to be paid into the hands of Mr. Will[iam] Gilson the full sum of fifteen pounds, for the use of Prisilla Browne, another of the daughters of the said Peter, the Court having placed the said Prisilla with the said Will[iam] for 12 years, at the end whereof the said Will[iam] is to make good the same unto her, as her father's legacy as aforesaid; & to that end the said John & Will[iam] either stand bound for other for performance of the several payments, as also for such other performances of meat, drink, clothing, &c., during the said term, as is meet.
    "And for the rest of the estate, the widow having two children by the said Peter, together with her own 3d, it is allowed her for bringing up the said children, provided that she discharge whatsoever debts shall be proved to be owing by the said Peter, & the legacies given by the Court. For performance whereof she & Mr. Will[iam] Brewster bound in two hundred pounds" [PCR 1:18-19].
    BIRTH: By about 1600 based on estimated date of marriage.
    DEATH: Plymouth between 25 March 1633 (tax list) and 10 October 1633 (inventory).
    MARRIAGE: (1) By 1626 widow MARTHA FORD, who died in 1630 or 1631 [TAG 42:35-42].
    (2) By 1631 Mary _____, who survived her husband by at least one year [PCR 1:28], but was probably dead by 1647 when one of her daughters sold land without referring to the widow's dower rights.
    CHILDREN:
    With first wife Martha (_____) Ford
    i MARY, b. about 1626 (and certainly before the division of cattle on 22 May 1627); m. by 27 October 1647 Ephraim Tinkham [PCLR 1:146; PCR 12:146].
    ii PRISCILLA, b. about 1628; m. Sandwich 21 March 1649 William Allen [PCR 8:9].
    With second wife Mary
    iii REBECCA, b. about 1631; m. by about 1654 William Snow [PCLR 5:197].
    iv Child, b. by 1633; d. by 1647.
    ASSOCIATIONS: JOHN BROWN of Plymouth by 1632 was brother of PETER BROWN.
    COMMENTS: In his list of those who came on the Mayflower Bradford included Peter Browne in a group of men without families [Bradford 443]. In his accounting of the Mayflower passengers as of 1651, Bradford tells us that "Peter Browne married twice. By his first wife he had two children who are living and both of them married; and the one of them hath two children. By his second wife he had two more. He died about sixteen years since" [Bradford 447].
    The evidence for the marriages of Peter Brown's three daughters is largely from deeds in which his land was sold by his sons-in-law, with the consent of his daughters. The earliest and best treatment in print on this point is an article published in 1966 by Florence Barclay [TAG 42:35-42, citing PCLR 1:146, 186, 5:197 (bis)]. The claim has also been made that Peter Brown of Windsor was son of the Plymouth Peter, but these same deeds, showing that each of the three daughters controlled one-third of the real estate, provide the best evidence that there was no such son, and Robert S. Wakefield argued this in greater detail in 1979 [NGSQ 67:253-54]. Barbara Merrick has argued for some estimated dates slightly different from those used here [MQ 53:10-13].
    The seventh volume of the Five Generations Project, prepared by Robert S. Wakefield and published in 1992, covers the descendants of Peter Brown [Robert S. Wakefield, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Volume Seven, Peter Brown (Plymouth 1992)
    The Great Migration Begins
    Sketches
    PRESERVED PURITAN

    Peter Browne's English origins were just recently discovered. I published the results of my research and discoveries into his origins in The American Genealogist, 79(July 2004, came out in October):161-178. Peter Browne was baptized in Dorking, co. Surrey, England on 26 January 1594/5, the son of William Browne. The Browne family appears to have had several associations with the Mullins family of Dorking, who also came on the Mayflower. Peter Browne's brother John Browne came to America about 1632, and settled in Duxbury, just to the north of Plymouth. John Browne was baptized in Dorking on 29 June 1600.
    On 12 January 1621, Peter Browne and John Goodman had been cutting thatch for house roofing all morning. They ate some meat and went for a short walk to refresh themselves, when their two dogs (an English mastiff and a English spaniel) spied a great deer and gave chance. Peter and John followed and quickly got lost. They wandered around the entire afternoon in the rain, and spent the night in a tree (and pacing back and forth under it) fearing that they had heard lions roaring in the woods. The next day they made their way up a hill, spotted the Bay, reoriented themselves, and made it back home to an extremely worried Colony that had already sent out two exploring parties in an attempt to find them.
    In a partial list of the house locations of the Pilgrims made out in 1620, John Goodman and Peter Browne appear to have been neighbors on the south side of the Street and the ocean side of the Highway. Peter Browne was apparently still living there during the 1623 Division of Land. By about 1626, he married Martha Ford, who arrived as one of the only female passengers on the ship Fortune in 1621. She gave birth almost immediately after arriving, but husband Ford apparently died during the voyage or shortly after arrival. In the 1627 Division of Cattle he, his wife Martha (Ford), his daughter Mary Browne, and his stepchildren John and Martha Ford were included with the Samuel Fuller and Anthony Anable families. About a year later, Peter and Martha would have daughter Priscilla (perhaps named after Mayflower passenger Priscilla Mullins who was also from Dorking), but wife Martha would die shortly thereafter. Peter remarried to a woman named Mary, whose maiden name has not been discovered. With her, he had a daughter Rebecca born about 1631, and another child who was born about 1633 and died before reaching adulthood (the name of this child has not been discovered).
    Peter Browne died in 1633, probably during the general sickness that occurred that autumn and also killed neighbor Samuel Fuller, Mayflower passenger Francis Eaton, and several others in Plymouth. His estate inventory taken 10 October 1633 shows that he owned 130 bushels of corn, six melch goats, one cow, eight sheep, and a number of pigs, among other things.

    Migration from England allowed the colony to grow, albeit slowly. In 1624 Plymouth Colony's population stood at 124. By 1637 it reached 549. By 1643 settlers had founded nine additional towns. Compared to its neighbor Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth Colony grew very modestly, reaching a population of only about 7,000 by 1691.
    Government and Politics
    Since the Pilgrims did not settle in Virginia, their patent was worthless, and they established Plymouth without any legal underpinning. Needing to formulate some kind of legal frame for the colony's government, the Pilgrims crafted the Mayflower Compact, in which the signers agreed to institute colonial self-government. The ship's free adult men signed the compact on 11 November 1620 before the settlers went ashore. They agreed to establish a civil government based upon congregational church compact government, in which freemen elected the governor and his assistants, just as congregational church members chose their own ministers.

    As the colonists spread out and founded new towns, the system needed modification. Having meetings of all freemen (most adult men) in Plymouth town to elect officials became impractical. Starting in 1638, assemblies of freemen in individual towns chose deputies for a "General Court." William Bradford dominated political life in Plymouth for a generation, being elected thirty times between 1621 and 1656, but the governor's power lessened as the General Court became a true representative assembly. The General Court became a powerful legislature, with sole authority to levy taxes, declare war, and define voter qualifications. Plymouth, however, never received a legal charter from the crown, and based its existence as a self-governing entity entirely on the Mayflower Compact and the two patents issued by the Council for New England in 1621 and 1630, the latter defining the colony's physical boundaries.
    Economy and Society
    Plymouth was intended for family settlement and commerce, not staple production or resource extraction like many other colonies. The Pilgrims, bound together by their faith and social covenant, envisioned building a self-sustaining agricultural community that would be a refuge for Separatist dissenters. Thus life in Plymouth revolved around family and religion. Every person had a place and set of duties according to his or her position within the colony and family, and was expected to live according to God's law. Those who did not, or those who openly challenged Separatist religious doctrine, were severely punished or driven from the colony entirely.
    Small, family farms remained at the heart of Plymouth's economy throughout its history. Land was divided fairly evenly, with each colonist initially receiving 100 acres of land, with 1,500 acres reserved for common use. Apart from home plots, acreage was initially assigned on a yearly basis. When Pilgrim leaders broke with their London merchant partners in 1627, every man was assigned a permanent, private allotment. The venture's assets and debts were divided among the Pilgrim colonists, with single men receiving one share (twenty acres and livestock) and heads of families receiving one share per family member. Farming proved productive enough to make the colony essentially self-sufficient in food production by 1624. The fur trade (initially run by government monopoly) proved very profitable, and allowed the colony to pay off its debt to the London merchants.

    Peter Brown was born in 1582 in Inkburrow, Worcester, England. Some sources report that he was born in 1586 at Swan Hall, Hawkedon, Suffolk, England to Thomas and Joan Sayre Browne. Whatever the case may be, he is listed on the Pilgrim Plaque at the Mayflower Museum, Barbican/Plymouth, England, as having emigrated from Great Burstead, Essex. He was a passenger on the Mayflower which sailed from Barbican/Plymouth on September 6, 1620. The Mayflower arrived in the new world in November, 1620. Although they were headed for the colonies in Virginia, storms at sea blew them off course and they landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, instead. Peter signed the Mayflower Compact (along with 41 other male passengers) while it lay at anchor off of Provincetown, Massachusetts. He was alotted a section of land in the new town of Plymouth/New Plymouth. In 1624, he married Martha Ford/Foorde, the widow of Mr. Ford. Peter and Martha had 2 daughters, Mary and Priscilla. He died in Plymouth in 1633/34. His life is well documented in all sources related to the Mayflower, its passengers and their descendants.




    Father: William Browne

    Marriage 1 Martha Ford b: 1580 in Inkburrow, Worcestershire, England
    • Married: 1624
    Children
    1. Has No Children Mary Browne b: ABT. 1626 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA
    2. Has No Children Priscilla Browne b: ABT. 1629 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA

    Marriage 2 Mary Unknown
    • Married: 1630
    Children
    1. Has Children Isabel Browne b: 9 JUN 1636 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA

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