History of the Roberts and Trudeau Families of Quebec & Michigan

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  • ID: I195
  • Name: Marie Anne (Annetje) Louise CHRISTIAANSZ
  • Given Name: Marie Anne (Annetje) Louise
  • Surname: CHRISTIAANSZ 1
  • Sex: F
  • Birth: Abt 1675-1676 in Corlaer (Schenectady), NY, USA 2
  • Christening: 12 Jul 1699 Notre-Dame-de-Montréal, Québec, Canada 3 4 5
  • Death: 26 Oct 1750 in Laprairie, Québec, Canada 6
  • Burial: 27 Oct 1750 La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Laprairie, Québec, Canada 6 7
  • Reference Number: 195 8
  • Event: Presence 1675-1690 Corlaer (Schenectady), NY, USA
  • Note: Probably taken captive by the French/Indians during one of the many raids on Corlear in the period 1690-1695. 9 10
  • NATU: May 1710 Canada
  • Note: Became a naturalized citizen of Canada along with several other former captives. 10
  • _UID: 1F00F09CAFE94F3AB1FCB9B9D6366548A4BE
  • Change Date: 13 Feb 2017 at 18:58
  • Note:
    Marie Anne (Annetje) Louise Christiaanse:

    Preface: There is great disagreement amongst genealogists and descendents on the parentage of Marie Anne (Annetje) Louise and on the identification of her as the "semi-black" mother, named only as Anna, at the baptism of an illegitimate child of she and "Moses De Puis", baptized in the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany on 27 Dec 1696. The following is one interpretation, but certainly not the only interpretation, that can be drawn from the meager data discovered about this individual. Should additional information become available in the future, this analysis could change significantly. And should a different interpretation of the data seem to be more reasonable, this interpretation may be modified.

    Background: Marie Anne was reportedly born ca. 1675/1676 in Corlaer (Schenectady), NY(1). A record of her birth has not been found. She married Moise DUPUIS ("Moses De Puis") on 21 Jun 1697 in the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, NY(2). Moise was indicated as being from Canada, but both were living in Albany at the time of the marriage. On 12 Jul 1699, Marie Anne was baptized into the Roman Catholic religion in Montreal, Quebec(3). According to the PRDH, based on the marriage certificate provided by Moise, Marie-Anne's father was Christian CHRISTIANE, although this has never been confirmed.

    Moise DUPUIS ("Moyse Depuis") and a "semi-black" woman named Anna had an illegitimate child, christened Jean-Baptiste, who was baptized in the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany on 27 Dec 1696(5). The question is whether or not the "semi-black" woman referred to as Anna was Marie Anne CHRISTIAANSE. (One researcher suggests that the term, "semi-black" could have referred to a person with part African, Indian or even Portuguese ancestry. However, in the church records, Indians are generally referred to as heathens.) A Jean-Baptiste DUPUIS was not subsequently associated with this couple, suggesting that he died at a very young age or that he was not, in fact, the offspring of this couple.

    By at least July 1703, Marie Anne and Moise were in Laprairie County, New France when their 3rd legitimate child, Marie Francoise was born and baptized(4).

    Also playing into this analysis is the information that one Marie Louise CHRISTANCIEN, living "at La Prairie" in 1702, who had been a captive of the Indians in New France, was compensated 60 livre, apparently having been previously ransomed from the Indians by the French and deciding to remain in New France(6). There should be little doubt that this is the same individual as Marie Anne CHRISTIAANSE, the wife of Moise DUPUIS.

    It is likely that Marie Anne had been abducted during one of the French and Indian forays into New England and New Amsterdam. And she then being raised by the Indians for a period of time, was ransomed by the French. The French-Indian raid on Corlaer, Marie Anne's reported birth place, in 1690 could have resulted in her capture and transport to Canada, but according to an account of this event by Peter Schuyler on 15 Feb 1690, no women were taken captive(7). Specifically he indicates that Corlaer was burned and they brought back prisoners and horses laden with spoils and he states: "But ye Snow was so Extream Deep yet it was impossible for any woman to march a mile. So yet they took one but men and boys that could march". However, there were at least 6 such attacks against Corlaer during the last decade of the 17th century, any one of which could have resulted in her capture and transport to New France.

    Based on the above information, this is what I believe:

    Marie Anne CHRISTIAANSE, born Corlaer in 1675/1676, was taken captive as a young girl and carried to New France during one of the raids by the French and Indians in the period 1690-1695. She remained in New France for several years being partially assimilated into the French-Canadian or Indian culture. Upon being ransomed by the French in about 1696, she returned to her family in the Albany-Corlaer area of NY. In my opinion it is possible, but doubtful, that the Anna, mother of the illegitimate child with Moise DUPUIS, was the same person as Marie Anne CHRISTIAANSE. However, Marie Anne was identified by her full name ("Annetje Christiaansz") in the same church book, barely 6 months later and it would seem that had she been the same person as Anna, mother of the illegitimate child, her full name would have been given in the baptism of the illegitimate child.

    Because of the uncertainty of her birth date, a possibility suggested by some researchers is that Marie Anne was an illegitimate child, the product of a liaison between a Christian man--possibly Christian CHRISTIANSEN--and an African slave or Indian during the familys' time in Corlaer(8). The uncertainty of Marie Anne's birth year in source materials, but in all sources seen to date, apparently prior to the first marriage of Christian CHRISTIAANSE, would tend to support this theory. If true, it is possible the Marie Anne was the same as Anna, mother of the illegitimate child, Jean Baptiste, baptized in 1696.

    An alternative analysis might state that possibly at some time during her forced stay in New France, Marie Anne may have met Moise DUPUIS and maintained an acquaintance with him after returning to NY. Or perhaps Moise was a member of the raiding party that captured Marie Anne and first met her in that manner. In 1696, this relationship produced the illegitimate child baptized Jean Baptiste, and then in Jul 1697 they married.

    At some point following their marriage in 1697, they returned to New France. Their first born legitimate child was Charles, reportedly having been born before 1699 at an undetermined location in New France(9). Their second child, Marie-Angelique, was born before 1701, also in an undetermined location in New France. Their third child, Marie-Francoise, was born and baptized in Laprairie in Jul 1703, showing that the family was definitely in New France at least by this time. Most of the children born to them following this time were baptized in Laprairie.
    ----------------------
    (1) In the 1600's, Schenectady was known by the French and Indians as Corlaer. The name Corlaer came from the name of Arent Van Curler (or Van Corlaer), a Dutch colonist who came to "New Netherland" in 1637 to assist in the management of Rensselaerswyck, the estate of his cousin Kiliaen Van Rensselaer. Arent made friends with the Native Americans, mediating on several occasions between the Indians and the colonists. In 1662 he purchased a tract of land in the Mohawk Valley and founded there what today is Schenectady.
    (2) Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809, excerpted from Year Books of the Holland Society of New York, p. 29. http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/gen/albany/refchurch.html.
    (3) The Population of Quebec Before 1800, Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique (PRDH), Universite de Montreal, Gaetan Morin, Editeur. Subventionne par le Fonds de L'autoroute de L'information (http://www.genealogy.umontreal.ca/en/main.htm). Certificates #210975 & #21959.
    (4) PRDH Certificate #18059.
    (5) Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809, p. 73.
    (6) New England Captives Carried to Canada Between 1677 and 1760 During the French and Indian Wars; Coleman, Emma Lewis; Portland, Maine 1925, Volume One, pp.121-124.
    (7) New England Captives Carried to Canada Between 1677 and 1760 During the French and Indian Wars, pp. 181-182.
    (8) Moise Dupuis-Coureur de Bois; Campbell, Rita (http://ourworld.cs.com/_ht_a/raymdupuis/Moise.html?mtbrand=CS_US[No longer active])
    (9) PRDH Certificate #7851.




    Father: Christiaan CHRISTIAANSZ
    Mother: Elizabeth Eldersz YSBRANTS b: Abt 1660 in Rensselaerswyck, NY, USA

    Marriage 1 Moise DUPUIS b: 10 Jul 1673 in Québec, Québec, Canada c: 18 Jul 1673 in Notre-Dame-de-Québec, Québec, Canada
    • Married: 21 Jul 1697 in Reformed Dutch Church, Albany, NY, USA 11 12 13 14
    • Change Date: 26 Dec 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Charles DUPUIS b: Bef 1699 in Location Indeterminate, Québec, Canada
    2. Has Children Marie-Angelique DUPUIS b: Bef 1701 in Location Indeterminate, Québec, Canada
    3. Has Children Marie-Francoise DUPUIS b: 11 Jul 1703 in Laprairie, Québec, Canada c: 11 Jul 1703 in La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Laprairie, Québec, Canada
    4. Has No Children Anne-Marguerite DUPUIS b: 4 Jun 1705 in Laprairie, Québec, Canada c: 4 Jun 1705 in La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Laprairie, Québec, Canada
    5. Has No Children Marie-Anne DUPUIS b: Bef 1707 in Location Indeterminate, Québec, Canada
    6. Has Children Francois DUPUIS b: 14 Feb 1709 in Laprairie, Québec, Canada c: 14 Feb 1709 in La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Laprairie, Québec, Canada
    7. Has No Children Moise DUPUIS c: 7 Sep 1710 in La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Laprairie, Québec, Canada
    8. Has No Children Marie-Charlotte DUPUIS c: 16 Nov 1711 in La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Laprairie, Québec, Canada
    9. Has Children Barbe DUPUIS b: 12 Jun 1715 in Laprairie, Québec, Canada c: 12 Jun 1715 in La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Laprairie, Québec, Canada

    Sources:
    1. Media: On-line Database
      Abbrev: Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Title: The Population of Quebec Before 1800, Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Author: Universite de Montréal, Gaetan Morin, Editeur
      Publication: Subventionne par le Fonds de l'autoroute de l'information
      Note:
      Data from the PRDH on-line database.http://www.genealogie.umontreal.ca/en/
      Repository:
        Name: Internet Site
        Note:
        Sites on the World Wide Web, which may or may not continue to exist in the future.

      Page: Certificate #21959 (updated 2004)
      Quality: 3
      Note: Individual record.
      Text: MARIE ANNE ANNETTE CHRISTIANE Modifier Status: Immigrante

      Naissance :vers 1676 NOUVELLE-HOLLANDE
      Décès : 1750-10-26 Laprairie

      Premier mariage: 1697-07-21 Colonies anglaises (États-Unis)

      MOISE DUPUY
      Père : FRANCOIS DUPUY
      Mère : GEORGETTE RICHER RICHARD
      Famille <http://prdh3.demo.umontreal.ca/visu/Famille.asp?3373>

      Commentaires: NÉE À CORLAER (SCHENECTADY), NEW-YORK, D'APRÈS SON ACTE DE MARIAGE. ON A AFFIRMÉ QUE CHRISTIAN CHRISTIANSEN ÉTAIT SON PÈRE MAIS CECI N'A JAMAIS ÉTÉ PROUVÉ. ELLE EST PROBABLEMENT LA "ANNA", MÈRE MÉTISSE ("SEMI-BLACK") D'UN ENFANT DE MOISE DUPUIS BAPTISÉ LE 27 DÉCEMBRE 1696 À LA DUTCH REFORMED CHURCH D'ALBANY.

      Translation: Born in Corlaer (Schenectady), New York. According to her marriage certificate, it is stated that Christian Christiansen was her father but this has never been proven. She is probably the "Anna", mixed-blood ("semi-black") mother of a child of Moise Dupuis baptized on December 27, 1696 at the Dutch Reformed Church of Albany [NY].
    2. Abbrev: Dictionnaire General des Familles du Québec (aka, Jette)
      Title: Dictionnaire General des Familles du Québec
      Author: Jette, Rene
      Publication: Les Presses de l'Universite de Montréal
      Note:
      CS88.Q4J47 1983 LH&G
      Repository:
        Name: The Library of Congress
        101 Independence Ave., SE
        Washington, DC 20540

      Page: p.391
      Quality: 3
      Note: See Notes associated with this individual for an analysis of her parentage.
    3. Abbrev: Dictionnaire General des Familles du Québec (aka, Jette)
      Title: Dictionnaire General des Familles du Québec
      Author: Jette, Rene
      Publication: Les Presses de l'Universite de Montréal
      Note:
      CS88.Q4J47 1983 LH&G
      Repository:
        Name: The Library of Congress
        101 Independence Ave., SE
        Washington, DC 20540

      Page: p.391
      Quality: 3
    4. Media: On-line Database
      Abbrev: Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Title: The Population of Quebec Before 1800, Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Author: Universite de Montréal, Gaetan Morin, Editeur
      Publication: Subventionne par le Fonds de l'autoroute de l'information
      Note:
      Data from the PRDH on-line database.http://www.genealogie.umontreal.ca/en/
      Repository:
        Name: Internet Site
        Note:
        Sites on the World Wide Web, which may or may not continue to exist in the future.

      Page: Certificate #210975
      Quality: 3
      Note: Baptism record. Marie Anne (Annetje) Louise Christiansen was baptized in the Catholic church following her marriage to Moise Dupuy in Albany, NY..
      Text: S'est mariee dans le pays des Flamands
    5. Media: Church Records
      Abbrev: Parish Register, Notre-Dame-de-Montréal, 1643-1876, Québec, Canada
      Title: Parish Register, Notre-Dame-de-Montréal, 1643-1876, Québec, Canada
      Author: Eglise Catholique
      Note:
      Many FHL microfilms.
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library
        35 North West Temple
        Salt Lake City, Utah 84150-0000 USA

      Page: FHL Film #375840
      Quality: 3
      Note: Baptism record. Age given as 23 or 24. The individuals present at this baptism were officials of the government of New France.
    6. Media: On-line Database
      Abbrev: Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Title: The Population of Quebec Before 1800, Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Author: Universite de Montréal, Gaetan Morin, Editeur
      Publication: Subventionne par le Fonds de l'autoroute de l'information
      Note:
      Data from the PRDH on-line database.http://www.genealogie.umontreal.ca/en/
      Repository:
        Name: Internet Site
        Note:
        Sites on the World Wide Web, which may or may not continue to exist in the future.

      Page: Certificate #318895
      Quality: 3
      Note: Burial record. Age given as 78 years.
    7. Media: Church Records
      Abbrev: Parish Register, La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, 1670-1877, Laprairie, Québec, Canada, 1670-1877
      Title: Parish Register, La Nativité-de-la-Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, 1670-1877, Laprairie, Québec, Canada, 1670-1877
      Author: Eglise Catholique
      Note:
      Several FHL microfilms.
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library
        35 North West Temple
        Salt Lake City, Utah 84150-0000 USA

      Page: FHL Film #1288833
      Quality: 3
      Note: Burial #66 in the parish register for 1750. Age about 78 years.
    8. Media: On-line Database
      Abbrev: Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Title: The Population of Quebec Before 1800, Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Author: Universite de Montréal, Gaetan Morin, Editeur
      Publication: Subventionne par le Fonds de l'autoroute de l'information
      Note:
      Data from the PRDH on-line database.http://www.genealogie.umontreal.ca/en/
      Repository:
        Name: Internet Site
        Note:
        Sites on the World Wide Web, which may or may not continue to exist in the future.

      Page: Certificate #21959 (see updated version)
      Quality: 3
      Note: Married in the "Colonies Anglaise (Etats-Unis)". Wifes name given in this PRDH certificate as Marie Anne Annette CHRISTIANE.
    9. Media: Book
      Abbrev: Indian Captive Naratives, Various articles
      Title: Indian Captive Naratives, Various articles
      Author: Various
      Publication: CD102. Quintin Publications, 22 Delta Dr., Pawtucket, RI 02860 (www.quintinpublications), 401-723-6797
      Repository:
        Name: Personal Holdings
        Fayetteville, PA USA

      Note: One article provides an account of one of the Indian raids on Corlear (Schenectady), NY, where Marie-Anne was reportedly born..
    10. Abbrev: De la Nouvelle-Angleterre à Nouvelle-France, "L'histoire des captifs anglo-américains au Canada entre 1675 et 1760"
      Title: De la Nouvelle-Angleterre à Nouvelle-France, "L'histoire des captifs anglo-américains au Canada entre 1675 et 1760"
      Author: Fournier, Marcel
      Publication: Société Généalogique Canadienne-Français, Montréal, 1992.
      Repository:
        Name: Personal Holdings
        Fayetteville, PA USA

      Page: p.113, individual #49.
      Quality: 3
    11. Abbrev: Dictionnaire General des Familles du Québec (aka, Jette)
      Title: Dictionnaire General des Familles du Québec
      Author: Jette, Rene
      Publication: Les Presses de l'Universite de Montréal
      Note:
      CS88.Q4J47 1983 LH&G
      Repository:
        Name: The Library of Congress
        101 Independence Ave., SE
        Washington, DC 20540

      Page: p.390-392
      Note: Marriage took place "Within the land of the Flamands" (Corlar, au Jour d'hui: Schenectady, NY).
    12. Abbrev: Dictionnaire Genealogique Familles Canadiennes (aka, Tanguay)
      Title: Dictionnaire Genealogique Familles Canadiennes (7 volumes)
      Author: Tanguay, L'Abbe Cyprien
      Publication: Province de Quebéc, Eusebe Senecal, Imprimeur-Editeur
      Note:
      CS81.T312 LH&G. Also available from Quintin Publications as CD3.
      Repository:
        Name: The Library of Congress
        101 Independence Ave., SE
        Washington, DC 20540

      Page: V1, p.217-218; V3, p.555-562
    13. Media: Book
      Abbrev: Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, 1683-1809, New York, US
      Title: Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, 1683-1809, New York, US
      Author: Joyce, D.
      Note:
      ISBN: 0-8063-0808-7; LOC Cat. Card No: 78-54063. Also available on-line at: http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/gen/albany/refchurch.html
      Repository:
        Name: Personal Holdings
        Fayetteville, PA USA

      Page: p.29, 1697
      Note: Marriage record. Moses De Puis, young male, from Canada and Annetje CHRISTIAANSZ, young damsel, both living here [Albany].
    14. Media: On-line Database
      Abbrev: Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Title: The Population of Quebec Before 1800, Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique [aka, PRDH]
      Author: Universite de Montréal, Gaetan Morin, Editeur
      Publication: Subventionne par le Fonds de l'autoroute de l'information
      Note:
      Data from the PRDH on-line database.http://www.genealogie.umontreal.ca/en/
      Repository:
        Name: Internet Site
        Note:
        Sites on the World Wide Web, which may or may not continue to exist in the future.

      Page: Certificate #21959 (see updated version)
      Note: Married in the "Colonies Anglaise (Etats-Unis)". Wifes name given in this PRDH certificate as Marie Anne Annette CHRISTIANE.
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