Name: Richard ONEY
Given Name: Richard
Birth: 1755 in New York, USA or Virginia, USA
Change Date: 22 Apr 2010 at 14:35:13
© February 2005
Compiled by Teresa Martin Klaiber
22937 Long Branch Road, Rush, KY 41168
Richard Oney was born in 1755. He was the son of Benjamin Oney. The family settled in Deskins Valley which would later become the western part of Tazewell County, Virginia, in 1773. When they settled it was still a part of Fincastle County. When Richard was 18 years old he was assigned to Captain Joseph CloydŁus Company of Fincastle Soldiers. It is not known if he had further service during the Revolutionary War.
Washington County was formed in 1771 and encompassed the southwestern area of Virginia. In 1780 Richard Oney was appointed a constable to replace John Rodgers. The following year, 30 October 1781, Richard married Sarah Highland.
Richard continued to be active in the county and was among the men appointed to appraise the estate of Samuel Hughes in 1783. It was a difficult trip to court so when "sundry inhabitants along the Clinch and other areas signed a petition in 1785 to form the county of Russell, Richard, William and his father Benjamin were among those who signed the paper. Russell Counties division was complete in 1786. The following year Richard Oney appears on the first tax list of Russell with 2 horses and 6 cattle. William Oney had 4 horses and 8 cattle and RichardŁus father Benjamin had a horse and 6 cows.
As required Richard served several terms of jury duty within the bounds of Russell County. And in 1792 he was paid for killing one grown wolf. On 17 September 1793 Richard Oney received 45 acres, part of a Treasury Warrant dated November 10, 1788 described as lands on both sides of the north fork of the Clinch River in Russell County. The same day he received a Treasury Warrant for 82 acres on the waters of the north fork to the corner of Benjamin OneyŁus property on Deskins Mountain, Russell County. By 1796 Richard was paying tax on a total of 327 acres.
Once again residents realized the need to divide the county and in 1798 a petition to form a county named Tazewell was drafted and signed by inhabitants of Wythe and Russell County. Among those signing were Richard, Benjamin, Joseph and Hezekiah and William Oney. The county was finally created after tax was collected for the year 1799 for the OneyŁus paid one last time within Russell that year. Thus their seventh child, Rebecca, our ancestor, was born in Russell County, while her baby sister Sarah, was born 7 December 1800 in Tazewell County, Virginia. In all Richard and Sarah had nine children, and probably without moving lived in three different counties.
RichardŁus first act as a citizen of Tazewell County was to witness a sale of property to Stephen Deskins in October 1800. He appears on the first tax list along with William and Hezekiah Oney in 1801 and sat on his first jury case within the bounds of Tazewell in March 1801. In June 1801 he acted as surveyor of a road from the ford of the Clinch River to the second ford above his property in room of John Deskins who had resigned. The same fall he acted as security along with William Deskins at the probation of Francis Hinds will. He also was acting as executor to his own fatherŁus will during this time. The tax lists shows him owning six horses during this period of his life.
In 1802 the Commonwealth brought charges against Richard Oney but they were immediately dismissed and the cause was not noted in the Order book. In 1803 he received a grant of 40 acres adjoining his own land described on the Clinch River. The court was always interested in the improvement of roads and all healthy able body men were required to give service in some appointed manner. In 1804 Richard Oney, William Oney, Hezekiah Whitt and John Hankins were required to survey a proposed road leading from Jeffersonville over Rich Mountain.
The 1806 Land Tax of Tazewell County shows Richard Oney with 342 acres. When trouble brewed with his Deskin neighbors he entered into a bond with John Ward showing Rebecca and Stephen Deskins appointment as trustee of John Deskins, a convict, in the penitentiary. John J. Trigg and Co. took Richard to court in 1809 where he acknowledged he owed them $40.50. The following month Richard was paid $4.16 for two old wolves he killed.
Richard Oney, Rebeckah Oney and Polly Oney were requested to appear in Tazewell County in January 1810 to discharge a recognizance. The court opinion was that the defendants "not be further bound for maintaining peace." His troubles must have been meager for the county thought enough of him to add him to the Board of School Commissioners in July 1818.
Son Richard, Jr. was assigned to the 112 Regiment 17th Brigade 3rd Division of the Militia in 1819. In 1820 Richard Jr. over 16 years of age and another son Squire Oney appear on the tax list along with their father. Richard Jr. purchased 110 acres on the north side of OneyŁus Mountain along the south side of Richard in 1823. The last entry that may be for Richard Sr. was a purchase of items at an estate sale for John Hankins in April 1827 in Tazewell County, Virginia.
Children of Richard Oney and Sarah Highland are:
i. Joseph Oney
ii. Highland Oney
iii. Benjamin Oney, died in Kentucky; married Sally Allen.
iv. Jemima Oney
v. Mary Oney
vi. Esquire Oney, born 1794; married Mary Skaggs 22 May 1817 in Russell County VA.
vii. Rebecca Oney, born 1798 in Richlands, Tazewell County Virginia; died 1861 in Lawrence, Douglas County Kansas; married William Correl 06 June 1811 in Tazewell County Virginia.
viii. Sarah Oney, born 07 December 1800; died in Mercer County, Missouri; married William Ballew 22 December 1817 in Tazewell County Virginia; died in Mercer County, Missouri.
ix. Richard Oney, Jr.
Father: Benjamin OLNEY b: ABT 1742 in Simthfield, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Mother: Jemima NORRIS
Sarah HIGHLAND b: ABT 1771 in , Tazewell, Virginia, USA
30 Oct 1781
in , Washington, Va
- Rebecca ONEY b: 26 Aug 1791 in Cedar Bluff, Tazwell, Virginia, USA
- Esquire ONEY b: 1794 in ,Tazewell, Va
- Sarah ONEY b: 7 Dec 1800
- Mary ONEY b: Dec 1800
- Joseph ONEY b: 1802 in , Washington, Va
- Highland Henry ONEY b: 15 Apr 1804 in Washington, Virginia, USA
- Benjamin ONEY b: 1806
- Jemima ONEY b: 1810
- Richard ONEY , Jr.