The Olney Connection

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  • ID: I124343
  • Name: Richard TOZIER
  • Surname: Tozier
  • Given Name: Richard
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: Abt. 1630 in Dover, England
  • Death: 16 Oct 1675 in Berwick, Maine
  • Note:
    Richard Tozer was born about 1631. His orgin is unknown but he may have
    beenborn in Dover, England. He was living in Boston when he married
    Judith Smith on July 3, 1656. The two had the following children;
    Thomas, Richard, Simon, Elizabeth Blanchant, Martha Lord, and John.
    Richard married Elizabeth, the daughter of William Wentworth. She was
    captured by Indians during a raid on March 18, 1690
    Richard and Judith left Boston about 1657. By 1659 whey hadsettled in
    Kittery, Maine, where the town granted Richard 60 acres "adjoiningto
    William Pyles lott above the Salmon falls. Richard built a garrison
    house at this site.
    In 1675 the King Phillips War was in full force. The area around Kittery
    was a scene of much fighting and bloodshed. In the fall of 1675:
    "the house of Richard Tozer, at Salmon Falls, wherein were fifteen women
    and children, were attacked by two Indians, Andrew and Hope-hood, but
    were valiantly defended by a young woman who held fast the door till all
    the others escaped and till it was hewn in pieces by the Indians who then
    entering struckher down, leaving her dead, while they followed the
    others to the next housewhich better fotified, the Indians did not
    attack. Two children were captured who were of this company, and could
    not keep up with the others, one of three years was killed, the other of
    seven was carried into captivity, but afterwards returned by them."
    On October 16, 1675 Richard Tozer and his son, Thomas, were at his home
    when they were surprised by a large Indian raiding party.Richard was
    killed and his son was captured. A letter written at the timeto Major
    Walderne describes what happened:
    "Mr. Richard Waldren and Lt. Coffin, these are to inform you, that just
    now the Indians are engaging us with at least 100 men, and have slain
    four of our men already, Richard Tozer, JamesBarney, Issack Bottes and
    Tozer's son and burnt Benoni Hodsden's house; Sir,if ever you have any
    love for us, and this country, now show yourself with men to help us, or
    else we are all in great danger to be slain, unless our Godwonderfully
    appear for our deliverance. They that cannot fight, let them pray;
    nought else, but I rest,
    Yours to serve you
    Signed by Roger Plaisted, George Broughton."
    Major Walderne was unable to supply any help. Lt. Plaistedand his men
    and settlers would have been safe if they remained in their garrisons but
    Lt. Plaisted decided to leave the garrison with 20 men to recover the
    bodies of the slain. After recovering Richard Tozer's body, the details
    was itself ambushed. Lt. Plaisted and one of his sons were among the
    dead.Another son of Plaisted was mortally wounded. Some of the burial
    crew did manage to reach the safety of the garrison. Captain Charles
    Frost came up andburied the dead without incident.
    Judith survived the raids but died about 1683 at which time her son
    Richard, was appointed administrator of her estate.Her daugher Martha
    married Nathan Lord on November 22, 1678. They settled inthe garrison
    house built by her father.
  • Change Date: 12 Mar 2002 at 01:00:00

    Marriage 1 Judith SMITH b: Abt. 1636 in Boston, Ma
    • Married: 3 Jul 1656
    1. Has No Children Thomas TOZIER b: 1657
    2. Has No Children Richard TOZIER b: Abt. 1660
    3. Has No Children Simon TOZIER
    4. Has No Children Elizabeth TOZIER
    5. Has No Children John TOZIER b: Abt. 1663
    6. Has Children Martha TOZIER b: Abt. 1660
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