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  • ID: I6090
  • Name: Geroge Hunt Pendleton
  • Given Name: Geroge Hunt
  • Surname: Pendleton
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 19 Jul 1825 in Cincinnati, Hamilton , Ohio
  • Death: 24 Nov 1889 in Brussels, Belgium
  • Note:
    HISTORY OF CINCINNATI AND HAMILTON COUNTY. - 547

    HON. GEORGE HUNT PENDLETON was born in Cincinnati, July 19, 1825, and died at
    Brussels, Belgium, November 24, 1889. If it would add anything to his fame,
    his ancestry might be traced far back into the period of the struggles of the
    English people against the tyranny of kings and the encroachment of arbitrary
    power. The name of Pendleton is intimately associated with our Revolutionary
    war and with the patriots who shared in its hardships and its glory. Among the
    most distinguished of these was Nathaniel Pendleton, the grandfather of George
    H. Pendleton, who served through the Revolutionary struggle on the staff of
    Gen. Greene, and was present at the battles of Trenton, Brandywine, Monmouth,
    Cowpens, Guilford Court House and Eutaw Springs. He was the friend and enjoyed
    the confidence of Washington, and was appointed by him judge of the United
    States District Court of Georgia. Nathaniel Greene Pendleton, the father of George
    H. Pendleton, was a famous Whig politician, an intimate friend of Gen.
    Harrison, and one of the most distinguished men of his day. He was elected a member
    of Congress in 1840. Mr. Pendleton's mother, a daughter of Jesse Hunt, one of
    the earliest pioneers of the western country, was a woman of strong character
    and extraordinary will, combined with great loveliness of disposition, and was
    beloved by all who knew her.

    The future of a youth of shining and winning abilities descended from such
    ancestry could not be a matter of doubt. He was untrammeled by poverty, and was
    given every advantage which the educational facilities of the time afforded.
    >From his earliest consciousness he was associated with the brightest minds of
    the age, and be was ambitious and precocious beyond most of his boyish
    comrades. For eleven years, two of which were spent in Woodward High School, six years
    under Prof. O. M. Mitchell and at the old Cincinnati College, and three years
    under private instruction at home, he prosecuted his studies in this city
    with the greatest zeal and Industry, and gained a thorough and complete classical
    education. Finding his health somewhat impaired, but still desiring to enrich
    his mind by observation, he spent two years in travel through a large part of
    Europe, Asia and Africa, meanwhile continuing his studies with unabated
    devotion, and was for a time a student at the University of Heidelberg. From 1846,
    the time of his return to America, until 1853, he studied and practiced law.
    Not only did he study municipal law, but he made himself familiar with the
    fundamental principles and science of government, making profound researches in
    civil law and the law of nations. In 1853 be was elected senator for Hamilton
    county, and served two years. From that date to the time of his death, about
    thirty-six years, he was prominent in the politics of his country, and for twenty
    years he held the highest offices in the gift of the State, and offices as
    important as any in the gift of the administration at Washington. Inheriting
    from his father and grandfather a natural taste for public affairs; brought in
    contact from his boyhood with the leading public men of his day; having imbibed
    some of the intensity of feeling which characterized all political contests in
    the exciting period from the first administration of Jackson to the election
    of Buchanan, it is not remarkable that Mr. Pendleton early entered upon a
    political career; nor to the student of the history of his time is it at all
    strange that, while his grandfather was a Federalist and his father a Whig, he
    should have attached himself to the Democratic party.

    At the early age of thirty-two he first entered Congress. He was elected in
    1856, re-elected in 1858, 1860 and 1862, and served from December, 1857, until
    March 4, 1865. His former legislative experience was invaluable to him when he
    began this service. During his first term he devoted himself to the study of
    parliamentary law, and did much laborious work upon the committee of military
    affairs. By his charming manner, fidelity to duty and high sense of honor, he
    won the confidence of the House, and made a strong impression upon the
    country. At the next congressional election not a man on the Democratic county ticket
    was successful, yet Mr. Pendleton was returned by a handsome majority.
    This was the last Congress before the war, and it has passed into history as
    one of extreme party violence; but Mr. Pendleton conducted himself with such
    conservatism and good sense that he obtained a political prestige which he
    never thereafter lost. He stood with Douglas against the whole power of the
    administration, and in favor of the right of the people to form their own
    territorial governments with or without slavery. In common with many leading men of the
    North of both political parties he believed that it was possible to save the
    Union without the arbitration of war. He gave his ardent support to the
    Crittenden compromise and his most cordial approval to the Peace Convention held by
    the Northern States at Washington, in February, 1861. During Mr. Lincoln's
    administration be differed widely from the governmental policy and the management
    of the war, and had the courage of his convictions to vote against every
    measure which he regarded as violating the fundamental principle of liberty, or as
    being an infraction of the constitution of his country. He opposed the
    suspension of the writ of habeas corpus in portions of the country remote from the
    theater of war, contended against the declaration of martial law, except in
    sections occupied by opposing forces, opposed every attempt to make the civil
    inferior to the military authority, and ,discouraged the centralization of the
    powers of the government; but never directly or indirectly did he give any aid or
    encouragement to the enemies of his country; and all his private acts and
    public speeches show an unalterable devotion to the union of the States. After
    the beginning of hostilities, in the extra session of Congress in 1861, he
    declared that he would vote for every measure necessary to enable the government to
    maintain its honor and dignity, to prevent the dismemberment of the Union or
    the dishonor of its flag. At every step in the progress of the war he voted to
    raise men and money to carry on the operations of the government.

    When Gen. McClellan was nominated for President of the United States in 1864,
    Mr. Pendleton received the unanimous vote of the convention for
    Vice-President. In 1868 he was the choice of the great body of his party for President, and
    was defeated by Mr. Seymour at the last moment by only a few votes. He was,
    against his will, a candidate for governor of Ohio in 1869. During the six
    years from 1878 to 1884, while senator of the United States, he took an active
    part in all matters of national legislation. His influence was exerted for good
    upon several important questions, but as the author of the civil service
    measure he made for himself a place in our legislative history which would have
    distinguished him even had his previous career been one of obscurity. Without his
    untiring efforts in its behalf, it is thought that the bill would not have
    then become a law of the United States, and it is believed by many public men
    that to its passage and the faithful application and advocacy of its principles,
    Mr. Cleveland owed his election to the Presidency in 1884. Shortly after Mr.
    Pendleton's term as senator had expired, in March, 1885, he was appointed
    minister to the German Empire. On the eve of his departure, in recognition of the
    esteem in which he was held by his fellow-citizens, and for his long, faithful
    and distinguished public service, a banquet was tendered him by leading
    Cincinnatians, irrespective of party. Upon this occasion Senator Pendleton spoke
    briefly of his official career, thus referring to his political course: "I have
    always trusted in the people, and have found inspiration in the assured
    confidence that with them the right would always vindicate the act. And now, looking
    back at these long years of service, acknowledging with due humility my
    shortcomings, consulting my own conscience, I have to say to you, my friends and
    constituents, that no single important vote have I ever cast, no single important
    measure have I advocated, without a full sense of my responsibility to you,
    without the full conviction that it was for your good and without, complete
    assurance that it deserved and would have your absolute approval, and I would not
    change any of these votes if I could."
    This was the last, time that Mr. Pendleton spoke in public in Cincinnati. Seeming to have a premonition of the
    sorrowful event to come, almost overcome with emotion, he said: The future may have
    long years in store for us-I do not know, but whenever the lengthening
    shadows indicate my life's sunset. the memory of this night shall cast a mellow
    light over every sombre hue, and illumine by its reflected rays the pathway of the
    dark valley." The German government received him with distinction and honor,
    and for more than two years he discharged all the delicate duties of his
    position with the greatest tact and credit. His hopes were wrecked by the
    accidental death of his wife who had been his companion and the comfort and consolation
    of his life for more than thirty years. Stunned and oppressed by this
    blighting loss, he was himself soon thereafter stricken with disease from which,.
    though he rallied for a time, he never fully recovered. He longed for his native
    land, and prayed that he might die in the city of his birth. On his homeward
    way he stopped at Brussels, and there his life closed. He was married in 1847
    to Miss Alice Key, the daughter of Francis Scott Key, the author of the " Star
    Spangled Banner." He left a son, Frank Key Pendleton, one of New York's
    successful lawyers, and two daughters, Miss Pendleton and Mrs. Arthur Brice, both of
    Washington, D. C.

    Mr. Pendleton had few, if any, superiors among the public men of his day.
    From his youth he had assiduously cultivated the art of public speaking, and yet
    he seldom spoke without long and careful preparation. His argument against the
    expulsion of Alexander Long from the House of Representatives, for words
    spoken in debate, for legal ability and thorough knowledge of the nature and
    character of our government, has never been surpassed in our Congress, and is
    worthy to be regarded as a classic in the English language, and many others of his
    addresses and orations were scarcely less noteworthy. He never spoke as a
    partisan, but always as a statesman and lover of his country. He was as chivalrous
    a knight as ever entered the lists of debate, and it was a maxim of his life
    never to be personal in debate or to abuse his antagonists, and to deal only
    with their opinions and their actions and with their party as a political
    organization. His style and manner of speaking were ornate. In all his relations of
    life he was guided by deep and profound conviction. His mind was strongly
    imbued with a moral and religious element, but he did not believe in mere dogmas
    and creeds, and was neither bigoted nor sectarian. He had a high sense of
    honor, and refused fellowship with any but honorable men. Proud of his good name,
    he lived a life without reproach, and his private character was unspotted as
    the untrodden snow. He was all his life a student, and in knowledge of
    political economy, history and the science of government he was unsurpassed by any man
    of his time.
  • Burial: Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinati, Hamilton, Ohio
  • _PPEXCLUDE:
  • _UID: 31CEB4B4D7FB48F7A2C35E95EEBE10FD890B
  • Change Date: 26 Feb 2013 at 12:25
  • Note:
    GEORGE HUNT , b. July 25, 1825, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio; d. November 24, 1889, Brussels, Belgium; m. MARY ALICIA LLOYD NEVINS KEY, June 02, 1846. MARY ALICIA LLOYD NEVINS KEY was the daughter of Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and poet, who wrote the lyrics for "The Star-Spangled Banner," the United States national anthem. During the War of 1812 Key witnessed the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor. The sight of the American flag still flying over the fort at daybreak inspired him to write the poem "The Star-Spangled Banner," which he set to the tune of an English drinking song, "To Anacreon in Heaven." The Star-Spangled Banner became the official United States national anthem in 1931.

    GEORGE HUNT PENDLETON was a Representative and a Senator from Ohio; attended the local schools and Cincinnati College; attended Heidelberg University, Germany; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1847 and commenced practice in Cincinnati; member, State senate 1854-1856; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1854 to the 34th Congress; elected as a Democrat to the 35th and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1857-March 3, 1865); appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Germany in 1885, and served until his death; interment in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio



    In 1881, ground was broken for the construction of a distinctive Queen Anne revival residence on a tract of land just north of Senator Came- ron's house then nearing completion on Scott Circle. The property, consisting of five lots (51 through 55), was purchased in June 1881 by Senator George H. Pendleton of Ohio from James . Blaine, a presidential hopeful from Maine (Liber 975, folio 144). Blaine, as secretaiy of state during the abbreviated administration of James Garfield, had originally acquired the land with the idea of building a large residence on the site. (See MAA 2, 2000 Massachusetts Avenue). He actually had gone so far as to grade the proper- ty and have plans drawn up for the house when he abruptly changed his mind about the loca- tion. Less than enthused by the proximity of nearby stables, their noise and odor, Blaine applied his house plans to a more prominent site just west of Dupont Circle.

    Apparently not so easily dissuaded, Pendle- ton commissioned the Baltimore architect, James Wyatt of Wyatt & Sperry, to design his new resi- dence. On 2 June 1881, a permit for construc- tion was obtained (permit no. 1344), citing Robert L Fleming as the builder. In applying for the permit, Fleming also filled in his own name in the space provided for the architect, an oversight that often occurred especially on these occasions when the real architects were located outside of Washington. Nevertheless, the house as designed and built was an instant success, receiving praise from a variety of sources, includ- ing Harper's New Monthly Magazine:

    An example of unusually good composition is the residence of Senator Pendleton, near Scott Circle, by Mr. Wyatt of Baltimore. In it there is little ornamentation, and the twin oriel win- dows in the front, and the balustraded porches and balconies stuck here and there, . . . give it an extremely airy, cheerful, and inviting charac- ter. There is a pretty sweep of lawn on the south, which is bounded in turn by the stately residence of Senator Cameron of Pennsylvania.' In 1884, Pendleton lost his bid for renomination to the Senate. That August he borrowed $15,000 on a one year note, using the house as collateral (Liber 1092, folio 358).

    The following year, Pendleton was appointed minister to Ger- many, taking his family with him. Mention is made of the note because of the events that followed. Mrs. Pendleton was killed in a carriage accident in May 1886, which may have prompted her husband to place his own affairs in order. In September, he sold the northern half of the propertv on which the house stood to Alexander T. Britton (Liber 1203, folio 365) for $15,117.72, including lot 54, the north 6.5 feet of lot 53 and the south 18 feet of lot 55. Thirteen days later Pendleton's note was cancelled

    The identity of the tenant(s) occupying the house during the following six years remains unknown. However, George Pendleton died in 1889 while still in Germany, leaving the Washing- ton house to his three children: Francis Key, Mary Lloyd and Jane Frances. Francis Pendleton of New York and his wife, Elizabeth, deeded their one-third interest in the property to his two sisters in December 1891 (Liber 1639, folio 117). On 16 May 1894, Jane (Pendleton) Brice, having recently married Arthur J. Brice, and Mary Pendleton sold the house to Henrietta B. Huff (Liber 1904, folio 371), whose husband, George F. Huff, was a wealthy banker, industri- alist and congressman from Pennsylvania. Both he and his wife were active in Washington real estate. Under the circumstances, it seems that some sort of property exchange between the par- ties had taken place. The day before the sale was recorded, George Huff sold lots 31 and 68 in Square 153 (presently 1726 New Hampshire Ave- nue, N.W.) to the two sisters (Liber 1904, folio 362).

    Name: George Pendleton Age: 25 Birth Year: abt 1825 Birthplace: Ohio Home in 1850: Cincinnati Ward 1, Hamilton, Ohio Gender: Male Family Number: 691 Household Members:
    Name Age
    George Pendleton 25
    Alice Pendleton 21
    Francis Pendleton 0
    Sarah Pendleton 8
    Mary Carrrigeux 24




    Name: Geo H Pendleton
    [George Hunt Pendleton] Age in 1860: 34 Birth Year: abt 1826 Birthplace: Ohio Home in 1860: Cincinnati Ward 9, Hamilton, Ohio Gender: Male Post Office: Cincinnati Value of real estate

    Household Members:
    Name Age
    Geo H Pendleton 34
    Alice Pendleton 34
    Frank R Key Pendleton 10
    Mary L Pendleton 8
    Jane F Pendleton 8/12
    Jas S Key 7 mary brother son of Philip Barton Key

    Alice Key 5 mary brother daughter of Philip Barton Key

    Emeline Eagle 40
    Mary Mcguire 25


    Name: George H Pendleton Age in 1870: 45 Birth Year: abt 1825 Birthplace: Ohio Home in 1870: Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio Race: White Gender: Male Post Office: Cincinnati Value of real estate: View imageHousehold Members:
    Name Age
    George H Pendleton 45
    Mary Pendleton 40
    Elliotte Pendleton 25
    Jane Pendleton 24




    Name: Geo. Pendleton Age: 54 Birth Year: abt 1826 Birthplace: Ohio Home in 1880: Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio Race: White Gender: Male Relation to Head of House: Self (Head) Marital Status: Married Spouse's Name: Alice Kay Pendleton Father's Birthplace: Georgia Mother's Birthplace: Ohio
    Household Members:
    Name Age
    Geo. Pendleton 54
    Alice Kay Pendleton 54
    Mary Lloyd Pendleton 27
    Jane Francis Pendleton 19
    Martin Hogan 19




    Father: Nathaniel Greene Pendleton b: 25 Aug 1793 in Savannah, Georgia
    Mother: Jane Frances Hunt b: 1802 in Virginia

    Marriage 1 Mary Alice Lloyd Nevins Key b: 20 Nov 1823 in Ohio
    • Married: 2 Jun 1846
    • Change Date: 16 Feb 2013
    Children
    1. Has No Children Sarah Pendleton b: Abt 1846 in Ireland
    2. Has Children Francies Key Pendleton b: 3 Dec 1850 in Cincinnati, Hamilton , Ohio
    3. Has No Children Mary Lloyd Pendleton b: 26 Mar 1852 in Cincinnati, Hamilton , Ohio
    4. Has No Children Jane Francis Pendleton b: 22 Apr 1860 in District Of Columbia

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