Name: Jakob VONALLMEN
Birth: 19 MAR 1810 in Unterseen, Canton of Bern, Switzerland
Death: BEF 1870 in Richland Co, IL
Burial: prob Haven Hill Cem, Richland Co, IL
Change Date: 25 DEC 2013
Jacob is my gg-grandfather.
See also my page at:
He was christened Mar 25, 1810 in Unterseen, Switzerland.
for map of the area in Switzerland where they came from, go to:
Jakob von Allmen was born Mar 19, 1810 in Unterseen, Switzerland; christened Mar 25. (familysearch.org has his birthdate as Mar 10, 1810). He lived in Spielmatte (an island in the river between Unterseen and Interlaken.
He married in Gsteig, Switzerland July 13, 1832 to Margarita von Allmen. Marriage banns for Jakob & Margaritta were proclaimed June 17, June 24, and July 1.
Historical note on "The Publication of Banns"
In order to place a check upon clandestine marriages, to discover any impediments which may exist, to prevent deceptions and surprises, to afford parents and others interested an opportunity to interpose if needful, and to procure the prayers of the faithful that God may give grace and prosperity to the contracting parties, the Council of Trent (1545-63) decreed that the promise of marriage be published on three successive Sundays or holidays at the principal Mass by the parish priest of the parties.
Jacob?s brother Christian emigrated to Illinois in 1844. His brother, Johannes, also did not have a death certificate in Unterseen, so very likely he also moved to Illinois.
Jacob & Margarita had 6 children in Switzerland before emigrating to the United States in 1850. They traveled to Havre, France where they boarded the ship, Lemuel Dyer, and arrived in the port of New Orleans Dec. 5, 1850. Then they probably boarded a steamboat for the trip to St. Louis, where they disembarked and traveled East to Richland County.
Ship's Name: Lemuel Dyer
Manifest ID Number: 18024
Date of Arrival: Dec 5, 1850
Final Destination: United States
Port of Embarkation: Havre
Port of Debarkation: New Orleans
Passenger's Name: Jacob Vonalmann, Age: 40, Occupation: Farmer, Last Residence: France in Switzerland
Passenger's Name: Margarite Vonalmann, Age: 43
Passenger's Name: Margarite Vonalmann, Age: 14
Passenger's Name: Jacob Vonalmann, Age: 9
Passenger's Name: Johann Vonalmann, Age: 5
Passenger's Name: Suzanne Vonalmann, Age: 4
Passenger's Name: Marianne Vonalmann, Age: 3
Passenger's Name: Johann Vonalmann, Age: 23 [may have been a nephew or something]
[Broderbund Family Archive #355, Ed. 1, Passenger and Immigration Lists: Germans to America, 1850-1874]
They settled in Richland County, Illinois near many other Swiss immigrants, many by the name of VonAllmen. These were several VonAllmen families in Richland County in that time period, but I don't know how they are all connected. I also don't know who Jacob's daughters married (except Mary).
Jacob VonAllmen bought land in Olney, IL, Jan. 25, 1861. Margarita seems to have gone by the name, Mary, after coming to the US.
It is only since comparatively recently that Switzerland has been able to feed all its inhabitants, and this inevitably led to a continual stream of emigration over the years. The last major waves of emigration were after the great famine of 1816/1817, between 1845-1855, and between 1880-1885. Our VonAllmen ancestors emigrated to the United States in 1851.
During the 19th century, many Swiss left to start a new life in America. Work was very hard to find in Switzerland, and America seemed like a paradise where men could grow rich and acquire their own land. In some places, the local council gave them a financial incentive to do so (typically 400 Swiss francs, or 6 months wages for a working man), in order to have one less mouth to feed during a period of economic recession. The money was given to the emigrants on the condition that they never returned to Europe. If they ever returned to their native land, they would be obliged to reimburse it. Sometimes the Swiss authorities took advantage of the situation to get rid of the local undesirables - the indigent poor and the work-shy - by placing them on a boat with the emigration subsidy in their pocket. It is doubtful whether this cheap and effective method of reducing population pressure on the local councils was appreciated at the unwilling emigrants' port of destination! Many local councils in Aargau (Argovia) adopted this strategy in the middle of the last century.
Advertisements appeared regularly in local newspapers, placed by travel agencies based at Basle, Bern, or Belfort, in neighboring France. These agencies offered organized crossings of the Atlantic from Le Havre for 80-100 Swiss francs, depending on the number of passengers. Food on board cost 40 Swiss francs, and consisted of biscuits, flour, butter, ham, salt, potatoes and vinegar. With this the emigrants prepared their own meals. In addition, there was the cost of transport to Le Havre (about 60 Swiss francs) and food for the 4 or 5 days spent in the diligence. Clippers such as the "Savanah" and the "Sirius" crossed the Atlantic in less than 20 days. In 1857, the agency of Andre Zwilchenbart at Basle advertised regular packetboat sailings for New York, and 3-mast American ships sailing to New Orleans. [Jacok von Allmen and family came through the port of New Orleans.]
The majority of emigrants came from the agricultural cantons, and mostly preferred to continue a rural existence in their new homeland, rather than accept a subordinate place in the national industries.
1860 IL census - Richland Co, Olney twp, p 44:
Jac VanAlman - 51, b Switz, farmer, 1200/300
. . . . Marg't - 54, b Sw
. . . . Jac - 24, b Sw, laborer
. . . . Eliz't - 19, b Sw
. . . . Jno - 18, b Sw
. . . . Susan - 16, b Sw
. . . . Mary - 13, b Sw
Jakob VonAllmen bought land in Olney, Ill., Jan. 25, 1861.
He probably died before 1877 when the county began keeping death records.
He probably died in Olney before 1877, and he was probably buried in either Haven Hill Cemetery in Olney, Richland Co, IL, where his daughter Mary Steward was buried (1897) -- or he was buried in Linden Lawn Cem (1 mi SW of Olney) where his son Jacob was buried (1919). HIs daughter Elizabeth Walden was buried in Noble Cem (1920)
Haven Hill is the oldest cemetery in the city of Olney. Cemetery deeds and burial records are on file at City Hall (618) 395-7302, but I haven?t contacted them yet.
Olney township was in the center of the county. See map at:
There is no stone for him in either Haven Hill Cem (in Olney, where daug Mary Steward is buried 1897) or Linden Lawn Cem (1 mi sw of Olney, formerly known as Old German Cemetery, where son Jacob is buried). (The VonAlmens in Saron Cemetery seem to be unrelated.) I?m sure the stone is long gone or worn away.
According to the Haven Hill records there are 3 graves owned by VonAllmen marked unknown occupant in lot 110 plus one other marked "Family Stone" in lot 1519. There are 12 known VonAllmen graves in Haven Hill: Augusta, Carl, Elsie, Emma, John 1864-1868, John 1875-1948, Josephine, Margaret, Rosa, Susanna, William 1823-1890, and William 1868-1891.
I am hoping to find proof in a original plot book. City Hall (618 395-7302) might have more information about original burial plots.
*Find A Grave Memorial# 46613586
Father: Johannes VONALLMEN b: 17 SEP 1786 in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland
Mother: Barbara BRUNNER b: 1784 in Iseltwald, Bern, Switzerland
Margarita (Margaret) VONALLMEN b: 31 MAY 1807 in Unterseen, Canton of Bern, Switzerland
13 JUL 1832
in Gsteig, Bern, Switzerland
- Margarita VONALLMEN b: 24 FEB 1833 in Unterseen, Switzerland
- Jacob VONALLMEN b: 15 NOV 1834 in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland
- Elisabeth VONALLMEN b: 15 MAR 1838 in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland
- John VONALLMEN b: 10 DEC 1840 in Unterseen, Canton of Bern, Switzerland
- Susanna VONALLMEN b: 30 JUL 1843 in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland
- Maria Ann ?Mary? VONALLMEN b: 22 APR 1846 in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland