Name: Nicholas Caillot Dit LACHANCE
Birth: 1785 in Ste. Genevieve, Mo.
Death: AFT 1850 in Madison Co, MO
FILE: ~/Documents/Mary Jo/2 Website gen files/colyott/Madison.jpg
_SIZE: 254.000000 255.000000
Change Date: 7 JAN 2017
Nicholas III is probably my gggg-grandfather.
I haven't been able to definitely prove that my ggg-grandfather, Joseph Colyott, is his son, but it seems to be this way, by deduction.
I have not found a will or anything that shows the names of his children, only census records.
In 1799 14-year-old Nicholas III moved with his father's family to the new settlement of St. Michael's, which in 1814 was swept away by a flood and moved a little ways up the hill to became Fredericktown, and in 1818 it became part of Madison County. (So his marriage in 1804 probably took place in St. Michael's, Ste. Genevieve Co)
[In the deposition shown below, his uncle Francois said in 1833 that Nicholas had lived there for 43 years, which would mean that he moved to St. Michael's in 1790 when he was only 5 years old. The family is supposed to have moved there in 1799, however.]
When the War of 1812 broke out Nicholas III would have been 27 years old. George F. Bollinger recruited local troops for the war, and it's likely that Nicholas had some part in it.
He was 33 years old when Madison County was organized and separated from Ste. Genevieve.
A little history: In 1822 Washington, D.C. let the Delaware Indians have all the southern part of the state. Some Indians rented their land to settlers and other settlers just moved out. But in 1830 the Indian title to the land was revoked by the government and white settlers began moving in. By 1840 400,000 settlers had piled into Missouri, almost tripling its population in 10 years, and completely overpowering the French communities along the Mississippi River.
Nicholas was in Madison Co, Mo in 1830 in Liberty Township (SW corner) as Nicholas Lachance (age 40-50) with 10 children.
Children from 1830 Madison Co census:
1 male 40-50 [Nicholas III, b 1785, age 45]
1 female 40-50 [Cecile Chevalier]
1 female 20-30 [b 1800-10 - might be Judith, b 1808, but she married in 1828]
1 male 20-30 [b 1800-10 - Nicholas IV, b 1810]
1 female 15-20 [b 1810-15 - Madeleine/Magdalene, b 1813]
1 female 10-15 [Cecile, b 1816]
1 male 10-15 [b 1815-1820 - Pierre, b 1818]
1 male 5-10 [b 1820-25 - maybe Joseph, b 1822]
1 female 5-10
1 male 0-5
1 male 0-5
1 female 60-70 [maybe his step-mother-in-law, Pelagie Caillot Chevallier who died in 1842 & was also his father's sister.]
Though several of his neighbors held slaves, Nicholas had none.
The only other LaChance in that twp was his oldest son Francis J. Lachance [married to Frances Lacomb. His daughter Marie Louise was living in St. Michael's twp. with her husband Francois Lachance (son of Francois Lachance & Pelagie Deguire). Daughter Judith was already married to Louis Deguire.
Also in that same township was Nimrod Brewer, father of Polly Brewer who married Joseph Colyott (who I believe was Nicholas' son).
There were land disputes in the 1830s which caused Nicholas to lose his 640 arpens of land. His uncle Paul Deguire also lost his land claim. Both had lived on their land for many years.
Deposition from 1833: "Nicholas Lachance, alias Nich. Caillote Lachance: filed a claim to 640 acres of land situated on the waters of St. Francis. His uncle Francois Caillotte Lachance aged about 66 years . . . saith that he has resided in this country about 46 years. That he is well acquainted with the claimant who came to this county, then the province of Upper Louisiana, about 43 or 44 years ago. This witness, further says that he knows the land claimed that the claimant settled on the same some 31 years ago, and while the country yet belonged to Spain, that he made a cabbin (sic) on the same and made sugar on the land at that time. That in one or two years after he built the cabbin, the claimant moved and settled and that he continued to claim the said land, till one Charles L. Bird pretended he had a concession for the land and compelled him to go off. That he has continued a citizen of the country and cultivator of the soil ever since. Sworn May 31, 1833. Signed F. Calliote Lachance"
"Also came Michel Caillote Lachance, a witness aged about 62 years who after having heard... the above deposition... that he know ... the statements ... are just and true." May 31, 1833. Signed "Michel (X his mark) Caillote Lachance"
It appears later that the Board did not approve Nicholas' claim to this land.
[document from "Citizens of Missouri" by Ingmire, Vol 3, p 114]
Also see: http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/findingaids/landcomm/rg951-2.pdf
Scroll down to records #93 also #92, #12, #15
Also read more about this in the book ?Congressional Edition, Vol. 280? pages 196-200 at
search for ?lachance?
He was still in Madison Co., MO in 1850 living with his daughter Louisa and her husband Francois Caillot LaChance;
Nicholas could not sign his name.
The coroner?s record of Madison County show:
Nicholas LaChance, died 1865 (not sure which Nicholas this was)
Francis LaChance, died 1860, intoxicated, struck with mining shovel by Paul Polite or Robert.
- History of the LaChance Family (says Nicholas had 6 children)
Find A Grave Memorial# 109903041
Father: Nicholas Caillot Dit LACHANCE b: 1758 in Kaskaskia, Illinois
Mother: Judith Louise BOYER b: 23 AUG 1766 in Ste. Genevieve, MO
Cecile CHEVALLIER b: ABT 1787
13 NOV 1804
in Ste. Genevieve Co, Mo
- Marie Louise Caillot LACHANCE b: 27 NOV 1805 in Ste. Genevieve, MO
- Francois J. Caillot dit LACHANCE b: ABT 1807
- Judith Caillot LACHANCE b: 5 NOV 1808
- Nicholas LACHANCE b: 19 JAN 1810
- Magdalene (Madeleine) Caillot LACHANCE b: 8 SEP 1813
- Cecilia Caillot LACHANCE b: 12 JAN 1816
- Pierre LACHANCE b: 1 JAN 1818
- Joseph COLYOTT b: 1822 in Fredericktown, Missouri