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  • ID: I00662
  • Name: Joseph ACHESON
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 20 JUL 1827 in County Down, Ireland
  • Death: 29 JAN 1912 in Portage La Prairie, Manitoba
  • Occupation: Weaver
  • Religion: 1901 Presbyterian
  • Immigration: 1880 Ireland to Ontario, Canada
  • Residence: 1901 With daughter, Annie Maria (Hornsby)
  • Note:
    1881 Census
    Joseph ACHESON M Male Irish 61 Ireland Weaver Presbyteri
    Eliza Jane ACHESON M Female Irish 52 Ireland Presbyteri an
    John ACHESON Male Irish 24 Ireland Farm Labourer Presbyter ian
    Joseph ACHESON Male Irish 20 Ireland Farm Labourer Presbyt erian
    James ACHESON Male Irish 20 Ireland Farm Labourer Presbyte rian
    Annie Maria ACHESON Female Irish 26 Ireland Presbyteri an
    Sarah Jane ACHESON Female Irish 17 Ireland Dress Maker Pre sbyterian
    Martha Eliza ACHESON Female Irish 15 Ireland Presbyteri an

    Census Place Egremont, Grey South, Ontario
    Family History Library Film 1375896
    NA Film Number C-13260
    District 154
    Sub-district E
    Division 1
    Page Number 58
    Household Number 241

    Patterson Letters

    These are a sample of the letters sent from Ireland and of the journal ke pt on the voyage from Ireland.
    Donated by Margaret McMillan (Orchardville, Ontario) through Walter Proct or (Calgary, Alberta).
    ________________________________________________________________________ __ ___

    Oct 6, 1849

    Letter from J. Nolans, New York, America
    To John Patterson, Glenloughan, Ireland

    Letter from apparently earlier emigrant friend, advising John of employme nt prospects in New York. Makes reference to John's prospects as a "Presen ter", which is a person who led the congregation in hymns and responsive B ible readings.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    April 25, 1850

    Letter from George Burrows, Wesleyan minister, Gilford, Co. Down
    To Rev. D. Robinson, Port Jefferson, Long Island, New York

    Bears testimony to the good character of John Patterson, and his talent f or the singing of sacred music. "He is the first singer in our country" a nd "has .... taught numerous singing schools throughout the country" (Lat er letters from others suggest that the term "country" was used in the sen se of "surrounding area", not in the sense of Ireland as a country)
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    March 7, 1851

    Letter from Samuel Patterson, Glenloughan, Ireland
    To John and Mary Patterson, in New York State (possibly Albany)

    Samuel Patterson is the father of John, Hugh, Eliza Jane, and Mary Ann
    John and Mary Patterson were both born in 1820.
    Acknowledges John's letter of Oct 13, 1850 ...... which indicates John a nd Mary emigrated sometime between Apr 25, 1850 and Oct 13, 1850 (via N ew York City)
    Samuel and his wife are not well. Hugh, Eliza Jane, and Mary Ann are in go od health.
    Eliza Jane was married to Joseph Acheson Dec 31, 1850 ..... without the as sent of
    either set of parents. Joseph's father and friends apparently did not appr ove. Samuel did.
    Eliza Jane and Joseph are living with her parents, and Samuel has s et up a loom for Joseph to work at.
    Following were all well: John Brothern and family, Thomas Acheson and fami ly, Aunt Jane, John Patterson, of Banbridge, Old Mrs. McCaldon, Samuel Ach eson, William Acheson, James Balie and family
    Following were not well: Uncle John .... poorly but still alive, James McC aldon ... pleurisy, but better now, Joseph Balie .... dead of consumptio n, Thomas Kennedy and Susan .... dead of consumption.
    Samuel now has six cows, five of which will calve in March, Wheat has be en sown, and hayseed will be sown. Expect to plant one half acre of potato es, 50 pounds remains owing to the landlord (Out of an original amou nt of 100 pounds).... payable at 5 pounds/year for 10 years. Was able to p ay all debts and demands during the year past
    Since John left, there has been no vocal music taught in the neighbourhood
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    March 11, 1851

    Letter from Thomas Acheson, Egremont Township, Ontario
    To John and Mary Patterson, in care of Mr. Joseph Strain, Albany, New York

    Thomas Acheson is Mary Patterson's brother (John Patterson's brother-in-la w) According to Marg MacMillan, John and Mary Patterson's first child, Sam uel, was born in (probably) Albany area on July 11, 1850.
    Thomas Acheson's wife's name is Mary .... children Samuel, Stewart, Joh n, and James
    First page talks of the duties of his sister as the wife of John Patterso n, and also her duties as a mother.
    Thomas has delayed responding to John Pattterson's letter of Dec 15 unt il after he has gone to see Thomas's brother John (in the latter part of F eb.) , who they have not seen for 18
    John Acheson and his wife now have a five month old son, Samuel. Jo hn is on a farm, and has 70 or 80 acres cleared, and it is pretty well sto cked.
    Thomas describes the countryside around Durham, in response to John Patter son's request, and asks if they will be coming.
    Thomas writes a long paragraph detailing the vagaries of the internation al postal system, counselling John on how much to pay whom and when on let ters between New York and Ontario.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***
    July 13, 1852

    Letter from Samuel Patterson, Glenloughan, Ireland
    To John and Mary Patterson, Egremont, Bentic Post Office, Owen Sound Settl ement,

    Upper Canada, America Postmarked at Loughbrickland July 15, 1852 and at Be ntic August 5

    John and Mary moved to Egremont Twp in 1852 from the Albany, N.Y. area.
    Mary's father and family are well, as are James (?) and his family, Aunt J ane Brotherton in improved but not in good health, John (?), John Aches on and family, and James Acheson and his family are in good health
    HUGH PATTERSON has married ELIZA BLACK, July 9, 1852 and both are in go od health. They were married at the Loughbrickland Presbyterian Church, lo cated to the south-east of the town of Loughbrickland. (Location per lett er and map from Banbridge Heritage Ltd)
    Joseph Acheson and Eliza Jane are in good health, and their daughter An na Morria is learning
    to walk. David Wilson is dead. Aunt Jane that was married to Clark was le ft to fend for herself after Clark ran through her dowry of 30 or 40 pound s, and then deserted her. Mary Ann Moore has married the old soldier Jam es Patterson The mare has had a fine colt and the cattle are well ..... ex cept one heifer died
    The potatoes are rotten again this year ... earlier than in the past.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    July 19, 1854

    letter from Samuel Patterson, Glenloughan, Ireland
    To John Patterson, Egremont Twp

    Was expecting some money for allowing a rail line (Scarva to Banbridg e) to go through his farmland, but plans have not yet materialized.
    Samuel and his wife are not in good health, and do not appear optimist ic of a long future ahead.
    Hugh, Eliza, and "little Mary" are in good health ....(no mention of Josep h, born 1854, who must have been still in utero). Joseph Black and Eliza J ane and their little family are in good health.
    "Your father-in-law" and family are in good health, and are waiting for yo ur letter. (overdue). Aunt Jane Brotherton and John are in good health .. .. John has married a girl of about 20 from the Adamson family, and Aunt J ane, John, and his bride are living together. "Your cousin" John Patters on is in good health ... His sons James and William have married. James Ac heson and his family are in good health. "Your cousin" Nancy Acheson is we ll, but her youngest child has died of brain fever. Joseph Derbie has le ft the congregation at Loughbrickland, and has joined the Bruins of Banbri dge for the gain of 4 pounds a year. William Fealor of Breague is in his r oom in Loughbrickland. Archie McCrearey and his family are in good health.
    James Patterson was called to serve in the Army, and has left the pensi on with Mary Ann to keep her and the two children until he returns.
    Samuel thanks John for his invitation to join him in Ontario, and declin es the invite ... as it would be folly for he and his wife to go on the se a, and they might not survive the voyage.
    Crops are doing well ..... except for the potatoes.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    July 22, 1854

    letter from Mary Patterson, Egremont Twp
    To John Patterson, care of Mr. Hugh Patten, South Dumfries, St. Georges, C anada West
    (Marg MacMillan indicates John was working in Hamilton at the time)
    Mary received his letter of July 9 on the 20th

    Mary and the children are well. She had heard that the cholera was bad aro und Hamilton, and was worried that John might catch it. Crop report ... wh eat, oats, potatoes all good .... turnips thin due to dry weather.
    Neighbours are wishing that they had gone with John, on account of the go od wages he is earning.
    John Acheson left for Adjala on July 13th. Margaret and children are stayi ng with the Thomas Achesons. Thomas and Mary are well. (Adjala was a towns hip in Simcoe county). Thomas Fleming and family are well
    Let me know when you are coming home.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    October 23, 1856
    letter from Samuel Acheson (Mary Patterson's father), Mullabrack, Co. Dow n, Ireland
    To Mary and John Patterson, Egremont Twp

    Acknowledges receipt of their letter of June 12, which included news of il lness (John? Mary?) and he was glad to hear they were still alive
    Sarah came to stay with us until her confinement was over .... she had a d aughter two weeks ago, and intends to go home shortly. She had a letter fr om (husband) Samuel, and he is well.
    Have received a letter from your brother Robert (Acheson) who is worki ng in a factory in Limerick City
    Your mother and I are in good health, considering our time.
    "Your father and mother are still able to stir about. (Your)brother Hugh a nd wife and child (singular ???) are all well". (John's father/mother/brot her) (Several key words missing due to holes worn in the letter)
    Uncle William is still living
    William Acheson and Glenery and Betty are all well. Wm Acheson and Samu el Acheson "still continues to Clark in Scarva first Sabbath in our commun ion and we expect Mr. Read down then. He is placed near Balibay. Young M r. Brison is now in the fourtons congregation" "It is not unlikely that y ou will hear Mr. Hume, as he and his sister has gone out to Canad a, he as a missionary"
    Samuel laments not having any family to speak to now, after having h ad so many at home at one time.
    Sarah is enclosing a note for Mary.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    April 24, 1857

    letter from Samuel Acheson, Mullabrack, Co. Down, Ireland
    to John Patterson, Egremont Twp

    "Your mother-in-law" has been very poorly this winter, but is now stirri ng about again, but greatly fatigued.
    Bella and James are well, but have got no letter from their father yet whe ther he will send for them or not.
    "Your mother is still alive but has been very poorly this winter" (One mu st assume here that John's father is now dead). "Hugh and his family are a ll well. He had a good deal of trouble with Mr. Reily, who was going
    to put him out of his place (farm) last November without any remuneratio n. They have come to a settlement ..... Hugh has to leave the place aga in November 1st(1857), and Mr. Reily has to pay him all the money that w as given for it and according to your father's will the third of th at is to go to your mother, that is if the place was ever sold". Joseph Bl ack and his family are well. Joseph Acheson and his family are all wel l, as are Robert Acheson and his family. Samuel W. Flynn is much as he wa s. He is able to stir about. Sarah and little Mary are well.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    August 21, 1858

    letter from Joseph and Mary Ann (Patterson) Black, Terryhoogan, Co. Armag h, Ireland
    to John Patterson, Egremont Twp
    (Mary Ann is one of John and Hugh Patterson's sisters)

    Delay in answering John's letter of March 6 was that they wanted to wait u ntil they had heard that Hugh Patterson and family had safely made the tr ip from Glenloughan to Ontario.
    Hugh has written to his mother that they had experienced a rough voyage, b ut had arrived safely at Egremont. Thomas Acheson has also written to Jose ph and Mary Ann Black to advise of the safety of Hugh and family. John Bro therton has been delicate for a while with pleurisy. His mother, Aunt Ja ne Brotherton's condition is unchanged since the time Hugh left Ireland. M r. Joseph Black (Eliza's father) wants Hugh and Eliza to write and tell h im the full particulars of their place in Canada.
    "Mother" wishes to be remembered to Hugh, and to little Joseph. Mother h as not been well, and doesn't expect to be "rid of her complaints until t he almighty be pleased to call her to himself". She wants to be remember ed to John's wife Mary and their family, and also to Eliza (Hugh's wife) a nd Mary (Hugh's daughter). Hugh is to be mindful of Mary, and if she wan ts any more of the (missing word... probably "medicine" ) that she had wi th her, (presumably for the voyage), it is called Saint Wealem.
    "Your father-in-law" (Mr. Acheson) and family are in good health. He h ad a letter from Thomas Acheson four days ago. Joseph and Eliza Jane (Jo hn and Hugh's other sister) and their family are in good health. James a nd Martha (Acheson) and Robert (Acheson) and their families are in good he alth.
    Eliza's (Hugh Patterson's wife) father, Joseph Black and his family are we ll.
    The Orangemen marched in some places on the 12th and they had the sham bat tle at Scarva as usual, but they did not come into town with it.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    September 27, 1864

    letter from Joseph and Eliza Jane Acheson, Mullabrack, Co. Down, (mailed f rom Portadown)
    to Mary and John Patterson, Egremont, Ontario

    Joseph and Eliza Jane (one of John and Hugh's sisters) are well. Eliza Jan e's mother is delicate since she came to live with Joseph and Eliza Jan e, but she is able to be up for some part of the day.
    "My mother" (Mrs. Acheson) is delicate, but more so in the winter. "My fat her" is still able to go about and do the chores. Mrs. Flynn has had a dau ghter on the 16th of Sept. James and Martha, Robert and Elizabeth, Jose ph Black and Mary Ann (John and Hugh's other sister) are all well. Jose ph Hunter and Isabella are in good health, but their child has died. Hu gh was to have sent his mother enough money to keep her for the rest of h er life. It could not come at a better time than at the present, as she fi nished her own money a year ago, and I am not able to give her much as tra de is "off" due to the US civil war. There are nine of them, and Jose ph is the only one able to earn anything. He says that he is not as stout- hearty as he used to be. Joseph Black (Mary Ann Patterson's husband) h as no spare funds for his mother-in-law's keep, as his father left a gre at burden on him. "You can read this to Hugh and see if he can send someth ing" (could Hugh not read ?) to help to keep his mother in the decli

    life. Let not Hugh think that I have any interest in asking for the mon ey .... it's for his mother.
    John Brothern had four children the last time Joseph and Eliza Jane hea rd from John and Mary's friends in County Armagh. Comparison is made betwe en state of the country USA vs Ireland , as the Romanists are causing as m uch disturbance as they can think of. In Belfast, they came and wrecked Pr otestant houses, and there were a great number killed and wounded in the e nsuing confrontations. The blame for it all has been put at the door of t he
    Protestants by the other side. Crops are pretty good. There was a windsto rm on the 9th that did damage to the standing corn. Potatoes appe ar to be better this year than in the past. "Vittling" (?) is not so hi gh at the present, if there was any trend to make money at it. "You mig ht let us know where Mary Quinn and the man is living as the last letter t hat came from her father she was never named in it came to
    James Ruddock." Our youngest is now able to walk about. Apologies for penm anship, due to lack of practice.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***

    Diary written by Joseph Acheson (Eliza Jane Patterson's husband)

    When the family emigrated to Canada (year unstated), Joseph Acheson ke pt a diary of the
    June 4 Arrived in Derry about half past three o'clock on the throw. Paid f or board and lodging and for porterage. Left Derry at half past two (mu st be in the a.m.) to meet the Moravian in the tug belonging to the compan y
    June 5 Met the vessel and left the Sough about six o'clock.(probably a.m .) Was a little sick that night, but is all right today and is getting alo ng first rate. Is able for the grubb that we get. It appearst to be very g ood stuff that we got to our diner. Today plenty of potatoes and beef wi th soup.
    June 6 Sunday .. was a little sick most of the day as it was a little roug h, but is all right.
    June 7 Today has got breakfast and is prepayring for to go out on the deck .
    June 9 Wednesday ... Saw some ice in the forenoon, and at night there w as an iceberge. Went by the side of the ship. There has been a fog this t wo days and they are constantly blowing the fog horn and two men on the lo ok out for ice or danger.
    June 12 Saturday ... a death of one of the crew.......saw a light hou se on the left of the ship.n Sunday was a fine day up the ? Finer band ed on (orr) ?
    June 14 Monday ... about nine in the morning and is now in the train for T oronto. She is to
    leave about three o'clock. Left Point Levi at four on Monday and arriv ed in Toronto at 10
    0'clock on Tuesday night. Left on Tuesday at 8 o'clock for Mount Forest. ( Timeline
    problem.... must have left on Wednesday at 8 o'clock) ( These dates are co incident with these days in the years 1869, 1875, 1880, and 1886 )

    The last page of the diary reads:
    In memory of Mary beloved wife of John Patterson, Aged 53 years also sev en infant children

    A loving wife with children dear ( ? )
    she loves all ( ? )
    All lie sleeping
    How great is the loss that we sustain,
    But hope in heaven to meet again.

    ************************************************************************ ** ***
    A copy of "Valuation of Tenements", (1860), obtained from the Irish P RO by M. MacMillan shows Joseph Black living on a plot 1 acre, 2 rood s, 0 perch , in the townland of Terryhoogan, Armagh.
    The Duke of Manchester was the lessor. The total value of land and buildin gs was 2 pounds, 5 shillings. The buildings were valued at 1 pound.
    Joseph Black was married to Mary Ann Patterson, one of John and Hugh Patte rson's sisters. His sister, Eliza, was married to Hugh Patterson.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***
    Joseph Acheson and Eliza Jane (Patterson) Acheson most likely sailed to Qu ebec aboard the SS Moravian in June, 1869.
    Joseph Acheson's diary of the trip identifies June 6 as a Sunday. This da te / day coincidence occurs in 1869, 1875, 1880, and 1886.
    As per extracts (below) from reference books, the ship first sailed for Qu ebec in 1865, and was out of service in 1874 / 1875 for rebuild, after whi ch she sailed the Liverpool to Portland rout, and was wrecked Dec 30, 1881 .
    Internet sources confirm sailing date ex Liverpool as June 4, 1869, and al lowing one day for transit to Londonderry, the ship would have been prepar ed to board passengers at 'Derry on the early morning of June 5, 186 9, as per the diary. It would therefore appear that 1869 is the only ye ar that fits the scenario of the Joseph Patterson diary.
    ************************************************************************ ** ***
    The SS Moravian, Allan Line, 100 saloon berths
    Years of service 1864 - 1881
    2500 tons, 320 x 39 feet, lengthened to 389 feet, 3300 tons in 1874 / 75
    One funnel, three masts, iron hull
    Wrecked on Flat Island, off the Nova Scotia coast, Dec 30, 1881
    ************************************************************************ ** ***
    The SS Moravian was built by R. Steele & Co., Greenock, in 1864 for the Al lan Line.
    This was a 2481 gross ton ship, 320.9 ft x 39.5 ft, clipper stem, one funn el, three masts (barque rigged for sails), iron construction, single scre w, speed 11 knots.
    Accommodation for 80 - 1st class and 600 - 3rd class passengers.
    Launched on July 5, 1864, she made her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Por tland on Nov 10, 1864. On May 11, 1865, she commenced her first voyage fr om Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal, and in 1875 was rebuilt to 3323 ton s, 389.3 ft in length, and compound engines fitted by Laird Bros., Birkenh ead, after which she resumed sailing from Liverpool to Portland. On D ec 7, 1881 she left Liverpool and was wrecked near Cape Sable on Dec 30, 1 881, with no loss of life.

    Death Index of Manitoba:
    DATE OF DEATH: 01/29/1912
    AGE: 84
    REGISTRATION NUMBER: 1912,001565

    Father: Samuel Thomas ACHESON b: 1788 in Mullabrack Townland, Markethill, Co. Armagh, Ireland
    Mother: Isabella DAVIS b: ABT 1785 in Ireland

    Marriage 1 Eliza Jane PATTERSON b: 1824 in Co. Down, Ireland
    • Married: ABT 1844 in County Down, Ireland
    1. Has Children Annie Maria ACHESON b: 15 JUL 1847 in County Down, Ireland
    2. Has Children Samuel ACHESON b: 1851
    3. Has Children Joseph ACHESON b: 12 APR 1856 in County Down, Ireland
    4. Has Children John ACHESON b: 1857 in Mullabrack/Mullaghbrack, County Down, Ireland
    5. Has No Children James ACHESON b: 1861
    6. Has Children Sarah Jane ACHESON b: 1864 in Ireland
    7. Has Children Martha Elizabeth ACHESON b: 27 APR 1866
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