Name: Hans Joist Hite
Given Name: Hans Joist
Birth: 5 Dec 1685 in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
Death: 1761 in , Frederick, Virginia
These records are cited here because the father-in-law of Jacob Chrisman I, principal antecedent subject of this genealogy, was one, Jost Hite. Jacob Chrisman I was married to Jost Hite's daughter, Magdalena Hite, sometime circa 1728-1729 in Pennsylvania. Jost Hite himself had been in the Hudson River Valley work camps, although he did not later go with the other settlers to the Scoharie Valley."
Change Date: 30 Jul 2008 at 17:26:29
Instead, Jost Hite remained in and around Kingston, New York until 1714, when he moved to Germantown, near Philadelphia. He bought his first land in Skippack Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania in 1714, and by 1717 had added other acreage to that land. Sometime between 1720 and 1730 Jost Hite built a grist mill and a home near Schwenksville, Pennsylvania.
In the Colony of Virginia, Governor Gooch, a native of Scotland, in 1730 began to issue the first grants in the Valley of Virginia, that land that lay between the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and the Allegheny Chain to the west. The first settlers filtered into two lower valleys. Jost Hite would become one of the first settlers in the Northern Neck, or the Upper Shenandoah Valley.
Sometime probably in the late spring or early summer of 1731 Hite, with three sons-in-law, Jacob Chrisman I (Christman), George Bowman (Bauman or Baughman) and Paul Froman (Frohman or Froehman) and with what Is reported as 16 families, began his pioneer trek to the Northern Neck of Virginia, or the upper reaches of the Shenandoah Valley. Some historians have said that Hite and his party of families spent the winter of 1731-1732 at what is now Shepherdstown, West Virginia before going further down to a site near Winchester, Virginia.
Throughout Hite's life and the lives of his children and grandchildren a liason was maintained between the Hite, Chrisman and other families of Frederick County, Virginia and Frederick County, Maryland.
Maryland records show that some22 years before Hite's journey to Virginia [page xiii] there was a nucleus of a German settlement in Frederick County, Maryland along the Monocacy River. A proclamation of Charles Calvert, Third Lord Baltimore, had offered 200 acres of land in fee-simple--free--to any person with a family who would settle on the western lands of Maryland between the Susquehanna and the Potomac Rivers. The land would be free from quit rents for three years. Thus, the immigration gates were open to Western Maryland.
An old Indian trail, the Monocacy Path, was used by the first Germans coming out of Pennsylvania into Maryland. The trail led from the present site of Wrightsville, Pennsylvania through what are now York and Adams counties to the Monocacy River. The trail continued along the Monocacy Valley to a point South of present Frederick, Maryland.
It is thought that Hite used this trail, crossed the Blue Ridge at South Mountain through Crampton's Gap, and then followed the Potomac River to a "narrows" point in the river near Williamsport, Maryland where he crossed over into Virginia. Under the best of conditions--the level of the rivers and the weather--the route was a tortuous one, by foot, horseback or in wagons.
Later, during the Hite-MacKay versus Thomas Lord Fairfax land litigations it would be said "for the greatest and most Difficult Parts of the way they were Obliged to make Roads."
Although Hite would have chosen for the rigorous journey younger men such as his sons-in-law, Chrisman, Bowman and Froman, there were almost certainly among his "families" some older people, such as fathers and mothers of the younger men. And it is quite likely that some of the older persons did not survive the journey, but perished along the way, Hite's trip, in two or three stages, took him a year, although it was probably less than 6-700 miles.
It is noteworthy with regard to Hite's expedition that several of the families who accompanied him bore the same names as those who had been in the Hudson River Valley camps, 1710-1712; Stefan, Burger, Garlach, Brock, Falkenburg, Bauman, Chrisman.
Moreover, the names the German Palatines gave to their Scoharie, New York settlements reflect that part of Southwest Germany from which a large number of them came. In 1717, one, Ulrich Semmendinger, himself a 1709 emigrant, but who had returned to Germany, wrote a letter back to the Colonies in which he identified 14 of the Scoharie settlement sites. Among them were Wormsdorff, Neue Stuttgardt, Neue Heidelberg. Jost Hite has been shown in records as born at Bonfeld, Germany and Jacob Christman I at Worms, Germany. Heilbronn, Worms, Heidelberg and Stuttgardt are all in close proximity in Germany.
Ancestry of Magdalena Hite, Wife of Jacob Chrisman I
The author is deeply indebted to Mr. Hank Jones, of Universal City, California for the genealogical data emanating from Germany as contained in this section. Mr. Jones, working with a team of investigators, for a number of years has done research in Germany on the Palatine Families who emigrated to New York in 1710. As of this writing he is completing a voluminous work tracing the lines of more than 800 families. When completed, Mr. Jones' work will be the most comprehensive ever undertaken on this particular migration, fully tracing German and other families, many into the 1600's.
In preceding paragraphs something has been told of the origin, migrations and pioneering in Virginia of Jost Hite, father of Magdalena Hite. A mass of records concerning Jost Hite over the years simply disappeared, many of them suspected of fire, others from the ruins of warfare.
Nevertheless, court records in this country and church records in Germany have given a fairly complete and accurate picture of the origins, migrations and activities of Jost Hite and his relatives.
Jost Hite and his wife, Anna Maria, nee Merckle, are shown among the Palatines arriving in London, 1709, as "Joost Heyt and vrouw, 2 adults and 1 kind (child). The child was Jost and Anna Maria's oldest, Mary Hite. The three of them subsequently arrived in Colonial New York in 1710.
The Kingston Reformed Dutch Church in Ulster County, New York shows that Magdalena Hite, "daughter of Johannes Joosten Haeyt and Anna Maria" was baptized there on September 6, 1713. The sponsors were Jacob and Madalena Capoesyen.
Magdalena Hite Chrisman's brothers and sisters would be:
Mary Hite, born c. 1708, married to George Bowman
Elizabeth Hite, baptized November 4, 1711, married to Paul Frown
John Hite, born 1710-1714, married to Sarah Eltinge
Jacob Hite, born 1719, married to Catherine O'Bannon first, and second to Mrs. Frances Madison Beale
Isaac Hite, born May 12, 1721, married to Eleanor Eltinge
Abraham Hite, born May 10, 1729, married to Rebecca Van Meter
Joseph Hite, born 1731, married to Elizabeth MacKay (?)
Church records at Bonfeld, Germany disclose the birth and marriage of Jost Hite. Bonfeld is in a region once known as the Kraichgau. The area is southeast of Heidelberg and lies between the Rhine and Neckar rivers. It is a lowland between the Black Forest and the Odenwald mountains, 30 miles long and 25 miles wide. Today the region is called Neckarland.
The Bonfeld, Germany church books begin with baptisms and marriages from 1607. They show that Magdalena Hite Chrisman's father, Jost Hite, as Hans Justus Heydt, was born there on December 5, 1685, the son of Johannes Heydt, Sr. and Anna Magdalena Heydt. Jost Hite's siblings are shown in the records as:
Anna Catharine Heydt, born October 18, 1683
Johan Jeremias Heydt, born January 18, 1688, "the little son of Hans Heyd, church warden and butcher here, died March 21, 1688 at age 9 weeks."
Anna Barbara Heydt, baptized January 24, 1689
Anna Rosins. Hite, baptized November 1, 1691, "daughter of Joh. Heyd, erstwhile citizen and butcher here, married to Joh. Jacob Rudolff."
Anna Maria, "daughter of Johannes Hayd, butcher here."
Maria Dorothea, "daughter of Johannes Heyd, citizen and butcher here."
The Bonfeld church records further show that Magdalena Hite Chrisman's grandmother$ "Anna Magdalena Heyd, wife of Hans Heyd, Sr., civic and warden here, died on April 6, 1695 at age 42.11 The record states further that Magdalena's grandmother was devoted to the Roman Catholic Church, and that her request to call in a Christian of her religion from Wimpfen, Germany (also in the Kraichgau) was granted by His Gracious Lordship, but subject to the right of the local Evangelical church. The text from Grandmother Anna Magdalena Heyd's funeral service was Job 14.5: "Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou has appointed his bounds that he cannot pass."
Following Anna Magdalena Heyd's death, "Johannes Heyd, Sr., citizen and civic warden here" was recorded in the Bonfeld church records as remarried on March 6, 1697 to Anna Maria Schultze, widow of the late Caspar Schultze.
To this second marriage of Magdalena Hite Chrisman's grandfather, Johannes Heyd, Sr. and Anna Maria Schultze Heyd were born:
Anna Eva Catharine Heyd, baptized June 29, 1699. One of the three sponsors was Anna Barbara Frey.
Anna Maria Heyd, born October 23, 1701. Anna Barbara Frey, single, a sponsor.
Anna Barbara Heyd, born January 5, 1705
Johannes Martinus Heyd, born August 3, 1707
In connection with the Anna Barbara Frey, baptism sponsor foregoing, it is noted that George Chrisman, a son of Daniel Christman, of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (the home of Jost Hite before his move to Virginia) was married to a Sophia Frey. Daniel Christman had come to the American Colonies in 1730, and his son, George, was born in 1739. A patriarch of the American Frey family, Heinrich Frey, was born in Altheim, Germany, 1652, and had emigrated to the Colonies with his wife, Anna Catherine, nee Levering, in 1685.
On April 25, 1758 one, Jacob Fry, was one of the witnesses to the will of Jost Hite. Later, in 1796, a daughter of this Jacob Frye, Mary Frye, would be married to Abraham Chrisman III, a great-grandson of Jost Hite, and the son of Jacob Chrisman, Jr. II who was Jost Hite's grandson. Jacob Fry was a grandson of Heinrich Frey.
On November 11, 1704 the church at Bonfeld, Germany recorded the marriage of Johan Justus Heyd (Jost Hite), Magdalena Hite Chrisman's father as: "Johan Justus Heyd, linenweaver and son of Johannes Heyd, Sr., butcher and civic councilor here, married to Anna Maria Merckl, daughter of Abraham Merckl, citizen hereoll The name Merckl would subsequently appear in London Palatine records as Merckle, and still later would be Anglicized in the colonial records as Markley.
Anna Maria Merckle, wife of Jost Hite and mother of Magdalena Hite Chrisman, was the daughter of Abraham Merckle who was born March 2, 1664 and married, 1684, to Anna Veronica, maiden name unknown. Abraham Merckle's father was Jorg Merckle who was born in 1603 and died December 16, 1686. Eva, wife of Jorg Merckle, was born in 1617 and died March 13, 1690. Her maiden name has not been determined.
The "Assessment Receipts" of Bonfeld, Germany in the General State Archives at Karlsruhe, Germany reveal the property as owned by Magdalena Hite Chrisman's grandfather, Johannes Heydt, Sr. as:
A two-story house, including a barn
A field of 1 and a field of 8 acres
2,152 square yards of meadows
One-fourth acre (1,076 square yards) of vineyard
One-quarter acre (538 square yards) of garden
Abraham Merckle's property is also described in these tax assessment lists.
The Hite's holdings in Germany would be sizeable, even by modern day standards. In all liklihood, the Hites were by no means paupers upon their arrival in the American Colonies. There is, however, no record to show the arrival of Jost Hite's father, Johannes, Sr. in the colonies, even though the Bonfeld church records record his departure from there.
It is very probable that Jost Hite was the chief, if not the sole, beneficiary of his father's accumulated wealth, as well as making his own way as a skilled linenweaver. Neither the German nor the American records give any indication of what happened to Jost Hite's only brother, a half brother, Johannes Martinus Heyd, born in 1707.
The Bonfeld records, as well as those in London and New York show that, contrary to legends passed down, Jost Hite could not possibly have owned two ships in which he brought German families to the British Colonies, one such ship said to contain a large amount of gold. That Hite did become a very successful entrepreneur first in Pennsylvania and later in Virginia cannot be disputed.
As for his ownership of sailing vessels, the legend may have grown out of the success of his son, Jacob Hite. In a codicil to his will, December 22, 1771, Jacob Hite wrote: "Be it remembered that whereas since the making and publishing of the above will I the subscriber have given to my son, John Hite in the will above mentioned one-sixth part of the Brigantine Swift and her cargo, and one eighth part of the Schooner Friendship without any part of her cargo ... "
The historian, Thomas Cartmell, has reported that Jost Hite's son, Jacob made a voyage to Ireland to induce Scots-Irish families to come to Virginia. It is possible that the first wife of Jacob Hite, Catherine O'Bannon, was the daughter of one of those Scots-Irish families who did leave Ireland for America.
To abandon the kind of property in Germany as described above, Jost Hite and his father, with their families, must have had a good reason. The father owned a vineyard and grazing land. The son, as stated, was a skilled linenweaver. Much the same can be said for Jost Hite's father-in-law, Abraham Merckle, who also left with a wife and five children, as well as a son-in-law, Johannes Jorg Popp, and his wife.
The reasons most likely were because of religion. In the reign of Emperor Henry IV and at the end of the 11th century, Alsace (Palitinate), originally part of Upper Lotharingia, became heriditary land of the Hohenstaufen (Swabian) dukes. It remained so until that line expired in the 13th century.
By 1598 there were 10,000 Protestants in Metz, located on the Moselle River in northeast France in the area of the Palitinate. Persecution increased again after
1660, subsequent to the revocation, 1685, of the Edict of Nantes. This edict had guaranteed relative freedom of worship and when it was no longer in force, emigrations ensued. Heidelberg, the Palatine capital, became the Geneva of Germany. In 1563 the Heidelberg Catechism had been formed as a creed for the German Reformed (Calvinist) Church.
Spain's Ferdinand's Edict of Restitution in 1629 outlawed Calvinism and required Lutherans to return confiscated church properties. Sixteen bishoprics, 28 cities and towns, and 150 monasteries and convents scattered through northern and central Germany were ordered returned to Rome. Among the cities was Augsburg, capital of Swabia, which had been predominantly Protestant for years.
The Treaty of Westphalia, 1650 (virtually a reaffirmation of the Augsburg Formula) excluded Anabaptists and other sects. After 1648 the northern half of Germany was pretty solidly Lutheran and the southern half pretty solidly Catholic, with important pockets of Calvinism along the Rhine River in Germany and France. These religious boundaries existed into the 20th century.
The Treaty of Augsburg, earlier, had set forth the dictum, curia regio, curia religio, i.e., subjects of each state must conform to that state's official religion, Thus, first the movement of many Swabians from the region of Augsburg into the region of the Palitinate. And thus, when religious discrimination followed them there, their movement to the New World.
Finally, the Bonfeld church records show "Emmigrants From This Village." Among those listed were:
1710 - Johannes Heyd, with his family
Justus Heyd, son of Johannes Heyd, with his family
The foregoing year of 1710, of course, is a belated entry, for Jost Hite had sailed from Rotterdam, Holland for London, England on July 15, 1709
By 1708 Jost Hite was living in Treschklingen, Germany, a few miles northwest of Bonfeld. A church record there reveals:
"Maria Elisabetha (later Anglicized to Mary), daughter of Hans Jost Heid and his wife, Anna Maria, from Bonfeldt, was baptized January 2, 1708. The The sponsors were Maria Agatha, wife of Andreas Berger at Bonfeldt; Anna Barbara, daughter of Stoffel Schwinden at Bonfeldt; and Maria Elisabetha, daughter of the late Ludwig Helmstatter at Bonfeldt."
A second entry in the Treschklingen church record:
"This Hans Jost Heid emigrated with wife and child from here ... together with other people to Pennsylvanien in the so-called new world in the month of September in the year 1709.
Since Hite was in Rotterdam in July, 1709, it would seem that when the pastor or church secretary realized that Hite and his family had not been coming to church, inquiries were made--the result of which was that Hite was recorded leaving the town two months later than he actually did.
From the Bonfeld church book:
1710 - Michael Wagele, with his children
Sebastian Wimmer, a widow with her children
Hans Funck, Anabaptista (Mennonite)
1717 - Abraham Merckle, with wife and five children, and his son-in-law,
Hans Jerg Popp, with his wife
In November of 1776 a John Chrisman Popp was deeded land in Augusta County, Virginia. One of the witnesses to the deed was Elizabeth Miller, who is believed to have been the daughter of Jacob Chrisman, Jr. II, and married to Anthony Miller.
Anna Felicitas Merckle, a sister to Anna Maria Merckle Hite, the wife of Jost Hite, was married to Hans Jorg Popp, he who was listed in 1717 at Bonfeld, Germany (above) as leaving Bonfeld with his wife. Thus, the John Chrisman POPP of the 1776 land deed was perhaps the son of Hans Jorg Popp, a brother-in-law of Jost Hite. Some sort of a relationship must have existed between the Popp and Chrisman families, otherwise John Chrisman Popp would not have borne the middle name of Chrisman.
The land deeded to John Chrisman Popp was 100 acres, being a part of a tract of 120 acres first granted to John Bear by patent of March 10, 1755, and afterwards conveyed by John Bear to Eve Sircle in 1761. An Elizabeth Christman, daughter of a Jacob Christman whose property was partly in Lehigh and partly in Berks counties, Pennsylvania was married to one, Melchior Baer.
That John Chrisman Popp was known familiarly as Chrisman Popp, or Pup, is shown by his appearance in the 1782 Rockingham County, Virginia tax list as Chrisman Pup, with a family of six. Subsequent Rockingham County marriages show those of Abraham Pupp; Jacob (Bob) Pupp; Frederick Popp; Elizabeth Pup. In 1786 Elizabeth Pup was married to a John Bair (Bear), and the surety was Bob Popp.
Thus is shown an interrelationship of Hite-Merckle-Chrisman-Popp-Baer families.
Magdalena Hite Chrisman died in Frederick County, Virginia in 1771. She had borne Jacob Chrisman I at least eleven children:
1. Jacob Chrisman, Jr. (c. 1730-1809)
2. Abraham Chrisman (1733-1797-8)
3. Sarah Chrisman (1734-c. 1784-9)
4. Mary (Anna Maria) Chrisman (1735-p. 1777)
5. Isaac Chrisman (1736-1776)
6. Johannes (John) Chrisman (1739-1772)
7. Joseph Chrisman (c. 1740-c. 1762)
8. Rebecca Chrisman (1741-c. 1826)
9. George Chrisman (1745-1816)
10. Magdalena Chrisman (c. 1747- ?)
11. Henry Chrisman (1751-1778)
It is with the descendants of these, the children of Jacob Chrisman I, and his wife, Magdalena, nee Hite, that this work deals, that is insofar as those descendants have been determined.
Father: Johannes Heydt Sr. b: ABT 1650 in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
Mother: Anna Magdalena b: ABT 1653 in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
Anna Maria Merkle b: 16 Jan 1687 in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
11 Nov 1704
in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
- Anna Maria Hite b: ABT 1705 in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
- Anna Barbara Hite b: ABT 1707 in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
- Mary Hite b: ABT 1708 in Treschklingen, , Germany
- Elizabeth Hite c: 4 Nov 1711 in Kingston, Ulster, New York
- Mary Magdalena Hite b: 1713 in Kingston, Ulster, New York c: 13 Sep 1713 in Kingston, Ulster, New York
- John Hite b: ABT 1715 in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Jacob Hite b: 1719 in Perkiomen, Chester, Pennsylvania
- Isaac Hite b: 12 May 1721 in Perkiomen, Chester, Pennsylvania
- Hite b: ABT 1725 in Perkiomen, Chester, Pennsylvania
- Abraham Hite b: 10 May 1729 in Perkiomen, Chester, Pennsylvania
- Joseph Hite b: 1731 in Perkiomen, Chester, Pennsylvania
Maria Magdalena b: ABT 1686 in Bonfeld, Baden, Germany
in of Bonfeld, Baden, Germany