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  • ID: I305116
  • Name: Ralph De MORTIMER
  • Given Name: Ralph De
  • Surname: MORTIMER
  • Suffix: BARON MONTHERMER
  • Sex: M
  • _UID: 87A4342B57D9CB43B5F216472F9C18E19091
  • Change Date: 12 MAR 2007
  • _COLOR: 3
  • Note:

    THE MORTIMER/MORTIMORE/DE MONTHERMER FAMILY IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

    The Mortimer/Mortimore family derives its name from the village of Mortemer (Mortuo-Mari) in Pays-de-Caux at the source of the Eaulne River in Normandy, France (near Neufchatel en Bray).

    In 911, King Charles of France ceeded Normandy to a Viking chieftain named Rollo. By 1066, Viking descendants making up the Norman upper hierarchy in France consisted of 22 honours or baronies which virtually controlled all of Normandy and contributed largely to Duke William of Normandy's invasion and conquest of England in 1066. Among these baronies were the Mortimer and the Warrene families. The first Mortimer (Mortimore) in England evidently was a Norman born about 1040 named Ralph de Mortemer in Normandy, who is believed to have fought with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Evidently, the Falaise Roll listing the Norman knights who accompanied Duke William includes him. After the Norman Conquest of England, Ralph was sent to the marches (borders) of Wales to seige Wigmore Castle and subdue Edric, Earl of Shrewsbury who resisted the Norman domination. For this service, he was given Edric's estates and Wigmore Castle. Ralph de Mortimer is entered in the Domesday Book in 1086, "Ralph de Mortimer holds Wigmore Castle," chief seat of his barony in northern Herefordshire, as well as 123 manors. Ralph died after 1104 in Wigmore. The names Ralph, Roger, Hugh and later Edmund repeat throughout many generations.Ralph's father was Roger de Mortimer born in Normandy about 990, and his mother was Hawisa (De Valois). Roger's family name was de Warrene. Roger's father is believed to be William de Warrene born about 950, or possibly William's brother Walter de St. Martin. A William de Warrene is also listed as being with Duke William at the Battle of Hastings, most likely a cousin, who later became Earl of Surrey.Roger was given the de Mortemer title by Duke William after a victorious battle at Mortemer en Brai in Northern France. In 1054 the King of France attacked Normandy on two fronts and Roger defended the eastern boundary of Normandy. It was at the village of Mortemer-sur-Eaulne that Roger defeated the French forces. Although too old to fight at the Battle of Hastings, Roger provided sixty longboats of the type used by his Viking ancestors to transport knights, horses, and troops to England in 1066.The Mortimers in England were archetypical "Marcher Lords", a class of noblemen established by the Norman kings of England to police "the marches," an Anglo-Saxon term for the borders between England and Wales. They were given vast territories and were afforded wide-ranging powers such as being allowed to raise their own armies, exact taxes, and build castles without the sovereign's consent.The House of Mortimer was to become one of the most powerful families in England for over four centuries, holding vast estates all across the south of England and in Ireland. In addition to Wigmore Castle and township in north Herefordshire, the Mortimer family held townships and castles in Harlech (near Gyynedd, North Wales), Ludlow (Shropshire), and Narberth (Pembrokeshire), among others. In Ireland, they held estates in Ulster, Meath, and Connaught, meriting the addition of Earl of Ulster to the Mortimer titles. Reflecting this powerful position, the motto of the House of Mortimer, "Not we from kings but kings from us" says it all. A later Ralph de Mortimer (Monthermer) was born about 1262 in Durham, England and died April 5, 1325. This Ralph de Mortimer in about 1296 married Joan of Acre Plantagenet after the death in 1295 of her husband Gilbert de Claire. Joan of Acre was born in the Crusader fortress/city of Acre in Galilee (Israel) about 1272 and died April 23, 1307 in Claire, Suffolk, England. Her father is King Edward I (called "Longshanks" due to his stature), born 1239 and died 1307. Joan's mother is Queen Eleanor of Castile. Edward Longshanks led one of the last Crusades that attempted to liberate the Holy Lands, arriving at Acre in May 1271 with 1,000 knights. He also is the infamous King Edward of the Scottish wars against William Wallace and Robert the Bruce, also of the fictional "Braveheart", "Rob Roy," and "Scottish Chieftains" sagas. A character in the "Scottish Chieftains" book is Ralph de Monthermer.In 1327, the then Roger Mortimer became the first Earl of March, the region covered by this title (the Welsh border or "March") being much greater than a mere county. It was this Roger Mortimer who became de facto ruler of England in tandem with his paramour, King Edward II's Queen Isabelle, while murdering the king in Gloucestershire at Berkeley Castle in the process. In 1323 Roger had been imprisoned in the Tower of London, but escaped to France. There he formed an alliance with Queen Isabella, who had deserted her effeminate husband Edward II. They raised an army and invaded England. After the death of King Edward II, Roger Mortimer became regent for the future Edward III and was virtual ruler of England. However, he aroused the anger of the other barons, and in October 1330 he was arrested at Nottingham and executed at TLeyburn in London. Queen Isabella was exiled. The Mortimer estates were forfeit, but in 1343 were restored to Roger's grandson (also) Roger Mortimer, the second Earl of March.
  • _TMPLT:
  • FIELD:
  • Name: Page 1
  • _TMPLT:
  • FIELD:
  • Name: Page 2
  • Birth: 1262
  • _SDATE: 1 JUL 1262 in Akko (Acre), Hazafon, Israel
  • Death: 5 APR 1325 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
  • Ancestral File #: 9FV9-3M
  • OBJE:
  • FILE: C:\Users\Vern\Photos\Shields\monthermer3.bmp
  • FORM: bmp
  • _TYPE: PHOTO
  • _SCBK: Y
  • _PRIM: Y



    Father: Roger De MORTIMER b: 1221 in Cwmarron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales
    Mother: Maud or Matilda BRAOSE b: 1221 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales

    Marriage 1 Joan "of Acre" Princess of ENGLAND b: 1272 in Akko (Acre), Hazafon, Israel
    • Married: JAN 1296/7 in Akko (Acre), Hazafon, Israel
    Children
    1. Has No Children Mary De MONTHERMER b: <1301> in
    2. Has Children Thomas MONTHERMER b: 4 OCT 1301 in

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Ancestral File (TM)
      Title: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File (TM). June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998une 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998.
      Name: Footnoteune 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998
      Name: ShortFootnote
      Name: Bibliographyune 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998.
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library
        Salt Lake City, UT 84150 USA

      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library
        Salt Lake City, UT 84150 USA
    2. Abbrev: Royality by Alixia Muir
      Title: Alexia Muir . Royality database. Arms and Shields database.tabase.
      Name: Footnotetabase.
      Name: ShortFootnote
      Name: Bibliographytabase.
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