Name: Joseph Inslee Anderson 1 2
Birth: 5 NOV 1757 in White Marsh, Philadelphia County, PA 3
Burial: Washington, District of Columbia 4
Note: Congressional Cemetery
Elected or appointed BET 1791 AND 1794 Southwest Territory 5
Note: Attribute Value: appointed by George Washington, US Judge of the newly reformedSouthwest Territory, later Tennessee
Elected or appointed BET 1797 AND 1799 Tennessee 6
Note: Attribute Value: elected by the Tennessee General Assembly to fill William Blount'svacated US Senate seat
Elected or appointed BET 1799 AND 1815 Tennessee 6
Note: Attribute Value: elected by the Tennessee General Assembly to fill Andrew Jackson'svacated, temporarily held by Daniel Smith, US Senate seat
Elected or appointed BET 1815 AND 1836 Washington, District of Columbia 4
Note: Attribute Value: appointed Comptroller of The First Comptroller of the Treasury
Death: 17 APR 1837 in Washington, District of Columbia 4
Elected or appointed (BET 15 JAN AND 01 DEC 1805) Washington, District of Columbia 4
Note: Attribute Value: President pro tempore of the US Senate
Military BET 1775 AND 1783
Note: Attribute Value: Revolutionary War Patriot serving as a major
Reference Number: 76008
1. Courtesy our Candy source:
Joseph Anderson (1757-1837) ? of Tennessee. Born in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa., November 5, 1757. Son of
William Anderson and Elizabeth (Inslee) Anderson; married 1797 to Only Patience Outlaw; father of Alexander Outlaw Anderson.
Major in Continental Army during the Revolutionary War; justice of Southwest Territory supreme court, 1791; U.S. Senatearliest recor
Tennessee, 1797-1815. Member, Society of the Cincinnati. Died in Washington, D.C., April 17, 1837. Interment at Congressional
Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Anderson County, Tenn. is named for him.
ANDERSON, Joseph, (1757 - 1837)
Senate Years of Service: 1797-1815
Party: Democratic Republican
ANDERSON, Joseph, (father of Alexander Outlaw Anderson), a Senatearliest record Tennessee; born near Philadelphia, Pa., Novemb
5, 1757; studied law; served throughout the Revolutionary War and attained the rank of brevet major; was admitted to the bar
and practiced in Delaware for several years; appointed United States judge of the Territory South of the Ohio River in 1791;
member of the first constitutional convention of Tennessee; elected in 1797 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the
term ending March 3, 1799, caused by the expulsion of William Blount; again elected December 12, 1798, to fill the vacancy in the
term ending March 3, 1803, caused by the resignation of Andrew Jackson; reelected in 1803; appointed and subsequently
reelected in 1809 for the ensuing term and served continuously from September 26, 1797, to March 3, 1815; served as President
pro tempore of the Senate during the Eighth Congress; First Comptroller of the Treasury 1815-1836; lived in retirement until his
death in Washington, D.C., on April 17, 1837; interment in the Congressional Cemetery.
American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; McMillan, Fay E. ?A Biographical Sketch of Joseph Anderson (1759-1837).? East Tennessee Historical Society?s Publications 2 (1930): 81-93.
JOSEPH ANDERSON was born at White Marsh, in the county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, on the 5th of November,
1757. In the year 1776, he joined the Army of the Revolution, and served during the war from 1776 to its close in 1783. After
serving for two years as Ensign and Lieutenant, he received the command of a company in the New Jersey line, and so
continued to the close of the war, when he received, by an act of Congress, the brevet rank of Major. He was in several of the
battles fought by the Army under General Washington in the Northern States, one of which the writer of this communication
knows to have been the battle of Monmouth. He served in the expedition under Gen. Sullivan against the Six Nations of
Confederated Indians. He served at the siege of York. In illustration of his character and firmness as an officer, is the high
degree of confidence which the men under his immediate command always reposed in him. This fact was remarkably
exemplified when that part of the New Jersey line with which his company was then on duty mutinied; the military order and
discipline of his company was preserved unimpaired in the midst of the excitement and mutiny of the other troops of the same
line, and of the Pennsylvania line; and he received from the commander of his regiment, Col. Dayton, a written testimonial of that
fact. After the close of the Revolution, he settled in New Jersey, and there engaged in the practice of the law, to which he had
devoted his studies before the commencement of the war. Soon attaining a high standing in his profession, he was appointed by
General Washington, in 1791, a Judge in the Southwestern Territory, now the State of Tennessee, in which capacity he acted
for several years. He bore a prominent part in the Convention which formed the Constitution of Tennessee, in 1796. After
serving on the bench for several years, he resigned, to engage in the more active and lucrative business of the practice of the
law. To this object he assiduously, energetically, and successfully devoted himself, until he was called by his adopted State, in
1797, to act as one of her first Senators in Congress. He was appointed, by four successive elections, to represent that State
in the Senate of the United States in which capacity he served for eighteen years, when, in 1815, he was appointed Comptroller
of the Treasury of the United States by Mr. Madison, the duties of which office he discharged with honor to himself, and service
to his country, until, about twelve months since, being prostrated by paralysis, he withdrew from the cares of public life.
He expired with calmness and Christian resignation, after an illness of eight days, which his previously prostrated physical
condition prevented from being marked by long continued pain.
Will of Joseph Anderson, Comptroller of the U.S. Treasury, residing in the City of Washington, D.C. (dtd. Jan. 2, 1836, probated
March 18, 1839; Book 5, pp. 97-104; Box 14)
Disposition of property; in consideration of my having advanced large sums of money for my son, William, and having chiefly
educated his two daughters I feel, in all the tenderness of a parent for him, that I ought in justice to my other children, not assi
to him any further portion of my Estate.
To son, Dr. Thomas A. Anderson I have given his full share of land and money; although I am satisfied that release made by h
to me of some 90 or 100 acres of land in southeast corner of tract called "Hackberry" is no equivalent, even if he should make it
good, for the sums of money owned by him to me, my injunction that he will take care of his mother during her lifetime, subject
however, to any other arrangements which my sons Alexander, Pierce Butler, and Addison Alexander may think it prudent to
make for her comfort and well being; to him one pair of candlestick sconces silver plated with arms.
My sons Alexander, Thomas, Pierce Butler and Addison Alexander, believing they will, as Christian brothers, and filial reverence,
do all things most advisable, to promote the mental peace and general tranquility of their mother.
To son, Pierce Butler Anderson, Esq., already given a small but valuable plantation and a small tract of land with mill seat thereon;
have advanced to him since his going to Tenn., in cash, at various times considerable money, and therefore believe he has had
his full share of my estate, but as far as forth as in equity I can go in compliance with the wish of my son Washington, that to
Pierce Butler, my undivided 2/3 of tract of land lying in Jefferson Co., Tenn., and known as "Lead Mines," near Peter Echols',
supposed to contain nearly 600 acres, it is not more than an eighth part of what have fallen to my son Washington if he had lived.
To son Addision Alexander Anderson, 403 acres of land in Roane Co., Tenn., on the Tenn. River, and being the upper part of
Hacket's Bend" as surveyed by A.S. Lanoir on or about Oct. 31, 1834 at my instance.
To son James Madison Alexander, exhort him to see to become truly pious and upright; to remember he is the son of a
Revolutionary father and that is my earnest desire to meet him as well as the rest of my children, redeemed thru Christ, in the
Heavenly Kingdom; to him the "Upland" tract, including the spring of what is called "Hacket's Bend," also tract near Athens in
McMinn Co., Tenn., which I purchased of Mr. Bogart; also brick house and land, estimated at 12 acres, adjoining Athens; also
"Town Creek" tract in Roane Co., Tenn., rents from property given to son James to form in part the sum I intend his guardian to
use for him annual until he arrives at age of 21 years.
Sons Alexander, Pierce Butler, and Addision Alexander, to be the absolute control of wife, to continue with her and brother Dr.
Thomas A. Anderson; to them in trust for benefit of wife, all interest in a mercantile establishment at the Cheek's crossroads in
East Tenn., the amount of capital invested by me being $2,000, the same being the firm of Deaderick and Anderson; also Negroes
Davy, Alberto and Chany, now in the City of Washington, and Sarah, Ned, Abraham, Lizzy and her children, and Davy, now in
the State of Tenn.; trustees to pay son Dr. Thomas A. Anderson $300/annually in full compensation for his support of my wife.
To son Alexander Anderson I have already given him a tract on the Tenn. River of 300 acres or thereabouts; also one other
tract in State of Alabama of 160 acres; also at different times made to him considerable advances in stock, furniture, rents of my
farms, money and a valuable Negro boy.
Testator mentions previous will and conditions, published May 22, 1835.
Testator sold one-half of a very valuable tract of land called "Soldier's Rest" on Nola Chucky River to my son, Alexander
Anderson, for which he received two Negro boys, Abram and Henry, and one Negro woman, Lizzy and child, valued at the time
about $1,500; making a deed of gift for other half of tract to son Alexander in consideration of he paying to Dr. Thomas A.
Exrs.: Alexander, Thomas, Pierce Butler and Addison Alexander Anderson, sons
Wits.: John Laub; James Larned; William Williamson
Note: Both Larned and Williamson were dead by March 18, 1839
Only Patience Outlaw b: ABT 1770 in Duplin County, NC
11 FEB 1793
in Philadelphia, Phildelphia County, PA 7
1. From Wikipedia:
"In 1792, Anderson married Patience Outlaw, the daughter of Tennessee pioneer Alexander Outlaw. His wife's dowry included land along the Nolichucky River in what is now Hamblen County (but then part of Jefferson), where the Andersons built th eir home, Soldier's Rest".
- William Anderson b: 25 MAY 1794 in Jefferson County, TN
- Author: Philip Candy
Title: Candy Family Records
Publication: Name: Mar 2005; Location: Cobb Source File;
Source Medium: Letter
- Author: Rodney Randolph Frazier
Title: Frazier Family Records
Publication: Name: Jan 2005; Location: http://www.rrfrazier.com/;
Source Medium: Electronic
5041 Fieldcrest Drive,
North Augusta, SC,
- Title: ? Place Rec: White Marsh, Philadelphia County, PA
Author: Place Rec Id [P9832]
Source Type: Place Details
- Title: ? Place Rec: Washington, District of Columbia
Author: Place Rec Id [P209]
Source Type: Place Details
- Title: ? Place Rec: Southwest Territory
Author: Place Rec Id [P9831]
Source Type: Place Details
- Title: ? Place Rec: Tennessee
Author: Place Rec Id [P117]
Source Type: Place Details
- Title: ? Place Rec: Philadelphia, Phildelphia County, PA
Author: Place Rec Id [P1459]
Source Type: Place Details