Name: Joseph Inslee Anderson 1 2
Birth: 5 NOV 1757 in White Marsh, Philadelphia County, PA
Death: 17 APR 1837 in Washington, District of Columbia
Burial: Congressional Cemetery/ Washington, District of Columbia
Military Service: BET 1775 AND 1783 Revolutionary War Patriot serving as a major/
Elected or appointed BET 1815 AND 1836 appointed Comptroller of The First Comptroller of the Treasury/Washington, District of Columbia
Elected or appointed BET 1791 AND 1794 appointed by George Washington, US Judge of the newly reformed Southwest Territory, later Tennessee/Southwest Territory
Elected or appointed BET 1797 AND 1799 elected by the Tennessee General Assembly to fill William Blount's vacated US Senate seat/Tennessee
Elected or appointed BET 1799 AND 1815 elected by the Tennessee General Assembly to fill Andrew Jackson's vacated, , temporarily held by Daniel Smith, US Senate seat/Tennessee
Elected or appointed BET 15 JAN AND 1 DEC 1805 President pro tempore of the US Senate/Washington, District of Columbia
Reference Number: 76008
1. Courtesy our Candy source:
Joseph Anderson (1757-1837) — of Tennessee. Born in Philadelphia, Phi ladelphia County, Pa., November 5, 1757. Son of
William Anderson and Elizabeth (Inslee) Anderson; married 1797 to On ly Patience Outlaw; father of Alexander Outlaw Anderson.
Major in Continental Army during the Revolutionary War; justice of So uthwest Territory supreme court, 1791; U.S. Senatearliest recor
Tennessee, 1797-1815. Member, Society of the Cincinnati. Died in Wash ington, D.C., April 17, 1837. Interment at Congressional
Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Anderson County, Tenn. is named for him.
ANDERSON, Joseph, (1757 - 1837)
Senate Years of Service: 1797-1815
Party: Democratic Republican
ANDERSON, Joseph, (father of Alexander Outlaw Anderson), a Senatea rliest record/ Tennessee; born near Philadelphia, Pa., Novemb
5, 1757; studied law; served throughout the Revolutionary War and att ained the rank of brevet major; was admitted to the bar
and practiced in Delaware for several years; appointed United Stat es judge of the Territory South of the Ohio River in 1791;
member of the first constitutional convention of Tennessee; elect ed in 1797 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the
term ending March 3, 1799, caused by the expulsion of William Bloun t; again elected December 12, 1798, to fill the vacancy in the
term ending March 3, 1803, caused by the resignation of Andrew Jackso n; reelected in 1803; appointed and subsequently
reelected in 1809 for the ensuing term and served continuously from S eptember 26, 1797, to March 3, 1815; served as President
pro tempore of the Senate during the Eighth Congress; First Comptroll er of the Treasury 1815-1836; lived in retirement until his
death in Washington, D.C., on April 17, 1837; interment in the Congre ssional Cemetery.
American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; McMill an, Fay E. “A Biographical Sketch of Joseph Anderson (1759-1837) .” East Tennessee Historical Society’s Publications 2 (1930): 81-93.
JOSEPH ANDERSON was born at White Marsh, in the county of Philadelphi a, State of Pennsylvania, on the 5th of November,
1757. In the year 1776, he joined the Army of the Revolution, and ser ved during the war from 1776 to its close in 1783. After
serving for two years as Ensign and Lieutenant, he received the comma nd of a company in the New Jersey line, and so
continued to the close of the war, when he received, by an act of Con gress, the brevet rank of Major. He was in several of the
battles fought by the Army under General Washington in the Northern S tates, one of which the writer of this communication
knows to have been the battle of Monmouth. He served in the expediti on under Gen. Sullivan against the Six Nations of
Confederated Indians. He served at the siege of York. In illustrati on of his character and firmness as an officer, is the high
degree of confidence which the men under his immediate command alwa ys reposed in him. This fact was remarkably
exemplified when that part of the New Jersey line with which his comp any was then on duty mutinied; the military order and
discipline of his company was preserved unimpaired in the midst of t he excitement and mutiny of the other troops of the same
line, and of the Pennsylvania line; and he received from the command er of his regiment, Col. Dayton, a written testimonial of that
fact. After the close of the Revolution, he settled in New Jersey, a nd there engaged in the practice of the law, to which he had
devoted his studies before the commencement of the war. Soon attaini ng a high standing in his profession, he was appointed by
General Washington, in 1791, a Judge in the Southwestern Territory, n ow the State of Tennessee, in which capacity he acted
for several years. He bore a prominent part in the Convention which f ormed the Constitution of Tennessee, in 1796. After
serving on the bench for several years, he resigned, to engage in t he more active and lucrative business of the practice of the
law. To this object he assiduously, energetically, and successfully d evoted himself, until he was called by his adopted State, in
1797, to act as one of her first Senators in Congress. He was appoint ed, by four successive elections, to represent that State
in the Senate of the United States in which capacity he served for ei ghteen years, when, in 1815, he was appointed Comptroller
of the Treasury of the United States by Mr. Madison, the duties of wh ich office he discharged with honor to himself, and service
to his country, until, about twelve months since, being prostrat ed by paralysis, he withdrew from the cares of public life.
He expired with calmness and Christian resignation, after an illne ss of eight days, which his previously prostrated physical
condition prevented from being marked by long continued pain.
Will of Joseph Anderson, Comptroller of the U.S. Treasury, residi ng in the City of Washington, D.C. (dtd. Jan. 2, 1836, probated
March 18, 1839; Book 5, pp. 97-104; Box 14)
Disposition of property; in consideration of my having advanced lar ge sums of money for my son, William, and having chiefly
educated his two daughters I feel, in all the tenderness of a pare nt for him, that I ought in justice to my other children, not assi
to him any further portion of my Estate.
To son, Dr. Thomas A. Anderson I have given his full share of land a nd money; although I am satisfied that release made by h
to me of some 90 or 100 acres of land in southeast corner of tract ca lled "Hackberry" is no equivalent, even if he should make it
good, for the sums of money owned by him to me, my injunction th at he will take care of his mother during her lifetime, subject
however, to any other arrangements which my sons Alexander, Pierce Bu tler, and Addison Alexander may think it prudent to
make for her comfort and well being; to him one pair of candlestick s conces silver plated with arms.
My sons Alexander, Thomas, Pierce Butler and Addison Alexander, belie ving they will, as Christian brothers, and filial reverence,
do all things most advisable, to promote the mental peace and gener al tranquility of their mother.
To son, Pierce Butler Anderson, Esq., already given a small but valua ble plantation and a small tract of land with mill seat thereon;
have advanced to him since his going to Tenn., in cash, at various ti mes considerable money, and therefore believe he has had
his full share of my estate, but as far as forth as in equity I c an go in compliance with the wish of my son Washington, that to
Pierce Butler, my undivided 2/3 of tract of land lying in Jefferson C o., Tenn., and known as "Lead Mines," near Peter Echols',
supposed to contain nearly 600 acres, it is not more than an eighth pa rt of what have fallen to my son Washington if he had lived.
To son Addision Alexander Anderson, 403 acres of land in Roane Co., T enn., on the Tenn. River, and being the upper part of
Hacket's Bend" as surveyed by A.S. Lanoir on or about Oct. 31, 18 34 at my instance.
To son James Madison Alexander, exhort him to see to become truly pio us and upright; to remember he is the son of a
Revolutionary father and that is my earnest desire to meet him as we ll as the rest of my children, redeemed thru Christ, in the
Heavenly Kingdom; to him the "Upland" tract, including the spri ng of what is called "Hacket's Bend," also tract near Athens in
McMinn Co., Tenn., which I purchased of Mr. Bogart; also brick hou se and land, estimated at 12 acres, adjoining Athens; also
"Town Creek" tract in Roane Co., Tenn., rents from property given to s on James to form in part the sum I intend his guardian to
use for him annual until he arrives at age of 21 years.
Sons Alexander, Pierce Butler, and Addision Alexander, to be the abso lute control of wife, to continue with her and brother Dr.
Thomas A. Anderson; to them in trust for benefit of wife, all intere st in a mercantile establishment at the Cheek's crossroads in
East Tenn., the amount of capital invested by me being $2,000, the sa me being the firm of Deaderick and Anderson; also Negroes
Davy, Alberto and Chany, now in the City of Washington, and Sarah, Ne d, Abraham, Lizzy and her children, and Davy, now in
the State of Tenn.; trustees to pay son Dr. Thomas A. Anderson $300/a nnually in full compensation for his support of my wife.
To son Alexander Anderson I have already given him a tract on the Ten n. River of 300 acres or thereabouts; also one other
tract in State of Alabama of 160 acres; also at different times ma de to him considerable advances in stock, furniture, rents of my
farms, money and a valuable Negro boy.
Testator mentions previous will and conditions, published May 22, 183 5.
Testator sold one-half of a very valuable tract of land called "Soldi er's Rest" on Nola Chucky River to my son, Alexander
Anderson, for which he received two Negro boys, Abram and Henry, a nd one Negro woman, Lizzy and child, valued at the time
about $1,500; making a deed of gift for other half of tract to son Ale xander in consideration of he paying to Dr. Thomas A.
Exrs.: Alexander, Thomas, Pierce Butler and Addison Alexander Anderso n, sons
Wits.: John Laub; James Larned; William Williamson
Note: Both Larned and Williamson were dead by March 18, 1839
Only Patience Outlaw b: ABT 1770 in Duplin County, NC
11 FEB 1793
in Philadelphia, Phildelphia County, PA
1. From Wikipedia:
"In 1792, Anderson married Patience Outlaw, the daughter of Tennessee pion eer Alexander Outlaw. His wife's dowry included land along the Nolichuc ky River in what is now Hamblen County (but then part of Jefferson), whe re the Andersons built their home, Soldier's Rest".
- William Anderson b: 25 MAY 1794 in Jefferson County, TN
- Title: Candy Family Records
Author: Philip Candy
Publication: Mar 2005
Note: Cobb Source File
- Title: Frazier Family Records
Author: Rodney Randolph Frazier
Publication: Jan 2005
5041 Fieldcrest Drive,
North Augusta, SC,