J.H. Garner Genealogy Database

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  • ID: I4544
  • Name: Richard III Plantagenet of York KING OF ENGLAND 1 2 3
  • Name: Richard Plantagenet of York DUKE OF GLOUCESTER 4
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 23 JAN 2011
  • Birth: 02 OCT 1452 in Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire, England 5 6
  • Death: 22 AUG 1485 in Battle of Bosworth Field, Leicestershire
  • Note: Died of a skull fracture from an axe at Bosworth Field. 7 8 9
  • Event: Note
  • Note: Although he may have usurped the throne, his unscrupulousness has been overemphasized by Tudor historians seeking to strengthen the Lancastrian position. His baseness is strongly exaggerated in Shakepeare's play "Richard III".
  • Burial: AFT 22 AUG 1485 Grey Friars Abbey, Leicestershire, England
  • Note: The last Plantagenet King of England 10
  • Event: Accedence 06 JUL 1483 Westminster Abbey, London, England
  • Note: Acceded as the last Yorkist King and the last Plantagenet King of England. 11
  • Event: Note BEF 04 FEB 1466
  • Note: Knight of the Garter 4
  • Event: Note 1483
  • Note: Some allege that he murdered his nephews, Edward V and Richard of York.
  • Event: Biography BET 1483 AND 1485
  • Note:
    Reign: 1483-85; Although Richard, the last king of the house of York, did usurp the throne, little doubt exists that his unscrupulousness has been overemphasized by his enemies and by Tudor historians seeking to strengthen the Lancastrian position. His baseness is strongly exaggerated in Shakepeare's play, Richard III. He is said to have murdered his nephews, Edward V and Richard, Duke of York in 1483 (called the Princes in the Tower). Richard III met his death at the Battle of Bosworth.

    The male Plantagenet line still continues vigorously in the family of Somerset (the Dukes of Beaufort, etc) [ES III/2:357-366].

    REF: British Monarchy Official Website: Edward IV's 12-yr-old son succeeded him as Edward V (reigned April-June 1483). The boy's uncle, Richard, who had a strong power base in the north, was made Protector. In response to an alleged attempt by Elizabeth Woodville, Edward's mother, to take power, Richard seized Edward and later assumed the throne as Richard III (reigned 1483-85). Edward V and his brother were declared illegitimate and were probably murdered in the Tower. In 1485 Henry Tudor (a direct descendant of John of Gaunt, one of Edward III's younger sons) landed at Milford Haven, claimed the throne, and then defeated Richard at the Battle of Bosworth.
    12 13



    Father: Richard of York PLANTAGENET Duke of York b: 21 SEP 1412 in of Conisburgh Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Mother: Cecily "Sweet Cis" NEVILLE 'the Rose of Raby' b: 03 MAY 1415 in Raby Castle, Raby, Durham

    Marriage 1 Anne NEVILLE b: 11 JUN 1456 in Warwick Castle, Warwick, England
    • Married: 12 JUL 1472 in St. Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Abbey
    • Note:
      Anne Nevill marryied both a Lancastrian Prince of Wales and a Yorkist King of England. This, of course, refers more clearly to the exploits of her power-mongering father, the "Kingmaker" Earl of Warwick, than to a triumph on the part of Anne herself. In fact, she was a notable example of the medieval status of women as pawns in the dynastic marriage game. The Nevilles were closely aligned with the royal family of York, and young George of Clarence and Richard of Gloucester were raised in Warwick's household. However, when Edward earned the enmity of Warwick by marrying Elizabeth Woodville (widow of a Lancastrian knight) while Warwick was negotiating for a marriage with a French princess (more suitable in genealogical terms), Warwick rebelled against Edward. No doubt he believed that if he had "made" this king, he could also unmake him. To assist him in this quest, Warwick made the somewhat unnatural step of turning against the allies of most, if not all of his life so far, and seeking aid from his bitter enemy, Margaret of Anjou, the Lancastrian Queen. She hated him so much that she made him stay on his knees for many hours before agreeing to an alliance. To cement this unholy union, Anne Neville was given in marriage to Edward Prince of Wales, her son.

      When Edward was killed at Tewkesbury (legend has Richard of Gloucester personally responsible for his death), Richard claimed Anne as his wife. Whether this was for the sake of childhood memories, or to claim the half of her parents' estates which George of Clarence had not received as wife of Isabel Neville, is anyone's guess. However, the second marriage was as much a result of Richard's will as the first was a result of Warwick's. If Anne felt anything for her 1st husband, then surely marrying Richard was abhorrent to her. Richard tracked her down where she was in hiding in a cookshop in London: but was she in hiding from George, who sought her estates, or from Richard herself?
      14 15 16
    Children
    1. Has No Children Edward Plantagenet of York PRINCE OF WALES b: ABT DEC 1473 in Middleham Castle, Yorkshire, England

    Marriage 2 Spouse Unknown
      Children
      1. Has No Children Stephen HAWES
      2. Has No Children Richard OF ENGLAND b: 1469
      3. Has No Children Katherine PLANTAGENET of York b: ABT 1470
      4. Has No Children John OF GLOUCESTER Captain of Calais b: 29 MAR 1470/71 in (prob) Pontefract, Yorkshire

      Sources:
      1. Title: Some Descents of Llywelyn the Great
        Abbrev: Descents of Llywelyn the Great
        Publication: Pedigree Chart (Chart VI) from some book sent by Lori Elmore Garner
        Page: Richard III
      2. Title: The Wars of the Roses Through the Lives of Five Men and Women of the Fifteenth Century
        Abbrev: Wars of the Roses
        Author: Desmond Seward
        Publication: Penguin Book, New York, 1995
        Page: The House of York genealogy table
      3. Title: Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, rev. ed.
        Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families (Weir)
        Author: Alison Weir
        Publication: Pimlico Random House, London, England, 1989, 1996
        Repository:
          Name: J.H. Garner

        Page: p 137, 143
      4. Title: Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, rev. ed.
        Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families (Weir)
        Author: Alison Weir
        Publication: Pimlico Random House, London, England, 1989, 1996
        Repository:
          Name: J.H. Garner

        Page: p. 143
      5. Title: Sunne in Splendour
        Abbrev: Sunne in Splendour
        Author: Sharon Kay Penman
        Publication: Ballantine Books, New York, 1982
        Page: b 1452
      6. Title: Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, rev. ed.
        Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families (Weir)
        Author: Alison Weir
        Publication: Pimlico Random House, London, England, 1989, 1996
        Repository:
          Name: J.H. Garner

        Page: p 143
      7. Title: Some Descents of Llywelyn the Great
        Abbrev: Descents of Llywelyn the Great
        Publication: Pedigree Chart (Chart VI) from some book sent by Lori Elmore Garner
        Page: d 1485
      8. Title: The Wars of the Roses Through the Lives of Five Men and Women of the Fifteenth Century
        Abbrev: Wars of the Roses
        Author: Desmond Seward
        Publication: Penguin Book, New York, 1995
        Page: The House of York genealogy table, killed 1485
      9. Title: Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, rev. ed.
        Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families (Weir)
        Author: Alison Weir
        Publication: Pimlico Random House, London, England, 1989, 1996
        Repository:
          Name: J.H. Garner

        Page: p 144
      10. Title: Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, rev. ed.
        Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families (Weir)
        Author: Alison Weir
        Publication: Pimlico Random House, London, England, 1989, 1996
        Repository:
          Name: J.H. Garner

        Page: p. 144
      11. Title: Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, rev. ed.
        Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families (Weir)
        Author: Alison Weir
        Publication: Pimlico Random House, London, England, 1989, 1996
        Repository:
          Name: J.H. Garner
      12. Title: British Monarchy Official Website, Url: http://www.royal.gov.uk/
        Abbrev: British Monarchy Website
      13. Title: Europäische Stammtafeln
        Abbrev: Europäische Stammtafeln
        Author: Hermann Grote
        Publication: Leipzig, 1877
        Note:
        *Europaeische Stammtafeln*, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg.
      14. Title: The Wars of the Roses Through the Lives of Five Men and Women of the Fifteenth Century
        Abbrev: Wars of the Roses
        Author: Desmond Seward
        Publication: Penguin Book, New York, 1995
        Page: The House of York genealogy table, no date/place
      15. Title: Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, rev. ed.
        Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families (Weir)
        Author: Alison Weir
        Publication: Pimlico Random House, London, England, 1989, 1996
        Repository:
          Name: J.H. Garner

        Page: p 143, m 12 Jul 1472 at Westminster Abbey
      16. Title: Sunne in Splendour
        Abbrev: Sunne in Splendour
        Author: Sharon Kay Penman
        Publication: Ballantine Books, New York, 1982
        Page: p 493, m Apr 1472 in St. Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Abbey

    • Index | Descendancy | Register | Pedigree | Ahnentafel | Download GEDCOM | Public Profile | Add Post-em

      "The providence of God, which keeps up the generations of men, and so preserves that degenerate race, though guilty and obnoxious, in being upon earth. As one generation, even of sinful men, passes away, another comes (Eccl 1:4; Num 32:14), and will do so while the earth remains. Destroy it not, for a blessing is in it." --Matthew Henry

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