some KELLY MONK CAVAYE BRUEN EVANS HAMILTON TORRANCE FRIEDLANDER ancestry, and the kinsfolk of Alexander COWAN

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  • ID: I3318
  • Name: Charles COWAN
  • Given Name: Charles
  • Surname: Cowan
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: JUN 1735
  • Christening: Crail,Fife Scotland
  • Death: 23 FEB 1805 in Edinburgh
  • Burial: Canongate Kirkyard,Edinburgh
  • Note:
    Merchant, Tolbooth Wynd, Leith and Moray House, Edinburgh

    "By the Turnpike Road Act Leith’s trade area was largely extended, and this had much to do with the wonderful expansion in her shipping trade in the latter half of the eighteenth century. Let us illustrate this expansion due to better roads by one example. In 1779 a Leith wholesale grocer, Mr. Charles Cowan, carrying on business in the Tolbooth Wynd in the shop now occupied by Messrs. Buchan and Johnston, removed to Penicuik, and began papermakjng in mills which have since grown to be among the largest in the world. Their export and import trade was done through Leith owing to the improved roads, as it is so largely done to-day, and by the same means."

    Purchased the well-established paper mill at Valleyfield, Penicuik, in 1779t.

    Advertisement from the Caledonian Mercury 1779:
    To be LET or SOLD,
    AN Affignment to the Tack of the Paper Mill
    and dwelling-houfe at Pennycuick, 9 miles fouth from Edinburgh,
    lately poffeffed by Mr T. Bofwell now deceafed; with the garden, dove-
    cote, coach-houfe, ftables with ftalls for ten horfes, &c. and any quan-
    tity of ground inclofed, from 16 to 25 Scots acres ; and the property
    of the whole Machinery of the Paper Mill, on which a confiderable fum
    has been lately laid out.
    The tack of the houfe and office-houfes, with the mill, and about 16
    acres of ground, is current till Martinmas 1879, and renewable at that
    period for 171 years more, on payment of 5l. fterling.
    The beautiful fituation of this pace, the elegant temple or fummer-
    houfe, and jet d'eau in the garden, are well known, and will be fhown
    any day (Sabbath excepted) from ten forenoon to four afternoon.

    Paper Mill, Pennycuik 1776
    ‘Papermill to let. There is to be let...the Papermill at Pennycuik etc. with the whole machinery, houses and others pertaining thereto lately belonging to Mr Watkins and presently possessed by Mr. Spottiswood - The subjects and machinery are all of the best kind and in good order. There are 2 vats in the mill which is plentifully supplied with the very finest spring water conducted in lead pipes.’Edinburgh Advertiser 19 November 1776. The mill was purchased by Charles Cowan in 1779. Advertisements Edinburgh Evening Courant 6 April 1782 and Edinburgh Advertiser 15 April 1800.

    Charles Cowan was Master of the Merchant Company (of Edinburgh) in 1790
    In Charles Cowan's later years he was not an easy person for his daughter-in-law to get on with.


    WATKINS, Adrian printer Edinburgh
    His Majesty’s Printer Castle-Hill 1747-66
    Nephew of Richard Watkins, made a Burgess of Edinburgh in 1747. Killed by lightning near Penicuik 13 July 1766, Age 50, and buried at Restalrig. The will of Adrian Watkins merchant in Edinburgh was registered 14 September 1767. His shop was in Miln’s Court, Bow-head in 1750. Owned a small paper-mill at Pennycuik managed by a man named Fraser. The papermill, after passing through several hands was advertised for lease Edinburgh Advertiser 19 November 1776 ‘Papermill to let. There is to be let...the Papermill at Pennycuik etc. with the whole machinery, houses and others pertaining thereto lately belonging to Mr Watkins and presently possessed by Mr. Spottiswood - The subjects and machinery are all of the best kind and in good order. There are 2 vats in the mill which is plentifully supplied with the very finest spring water conducted in lead pipes.’ The mill was purchased by Charles Cowan in 1779. Apprentices: John Fairbairn 21 March 1782, Burgess same day; Robert Douglas 31 March 1791; Benjamin Ramage 29 July 1752.
    NLS Impr Ind; Thomson; Restalrig; EdinPren

    WATKINS, Richard printer Edinburgh
    One of His Majesty’s Printers Edinburgh 1741-44
    His Majesty’s Printer 1746-47
    Owned paper-mills at Valleyfield 1717-47 and Yester 1723-48 where the paper for Bank of Scotland notes was made. Was prosecuted in 1742 by Robert Freebairn King’s Printer for frauds in connection with the office of King’s Stationer for Scotland which was consequently abolished. The National Library of Scotland has Information for Mr Robert Freebairn... against Richard Watkins defender 5 July1742; Information for Richard Watkins, One of His Majesties Printers, and King’s Stationer for Scotland defender; against Mr Robert Freebairn bookseller in Edinburgh, pursuer 5 July 1742 and a proclamation removing Watkins from the office of King’s Stationer in Scotland, on account of frauds 9 September 1742. The will of Richard Watkins merchant in Edinburgh was registered 3 November 1747.
    NLS Impr Ind; Thomson; Waterston 2


    COWAN, Charles papermaker Edinburgh
    papermaker Opposite foot of fish-market 1780
    paper stainer Kincaid’s Land, Cowgate 1782
    paper-warehouse same address 1784
    Paper Mill, Pennycuik 1786
    paper-warehouse and tea dealer At the Cross 1786-90
    Charles Cowan and Son papermakers and tea dealers British Linen Court, Canongate 1793-1804
    Opposite Tolbooth, Canongate Williamson 1794
    D. and A. Cowan paper warehouse same address 1804-10
    Paper Mill, Pennycuik 1786
    ‘Papermill to let. There is to be let...the Papermill at Pennycuik etc. with the whole machinery, houses and others pertaining thereto lately belonging to Mr Watkins and presently possessed by Mr. Spottiswood - The subjects and machinery are all of the best kind and in good order. There are 2 vats in the mill which is plentifully supplied with the very finest spring water conducted in lead pipes.’Edinburgh Advertiser 19 November 1776. The mill was purchased by Charles Cowan in 1779. Advertisements Edinburgh Evening Courant 6 April 1782 and Edinburgh Advertiser 15 April 1800. A paper stainer (1782) is a maker of wallpaper; No occupation 1804
    Waterston 2; Edin Dir; NLS Impr Ind

    COWAN, Duncan and Alexander paper warehouse Edinburgh
    British Linen Court, Canongate 1804-10
    British Linen Court, 170 Canongate 1811-19
    Duncan Cowan 172 Canongate 1820-26
    [Duncan] Cowans & Co wholesale stationers same address 1827-30
    Cowan & Co papermakers and stationers 17 Princes Street 1831-63
    [34 and 38] West Register Street - workshops 1 Amphion Place and North Back of Canongate 1864-65
    West Register Street 1866
    38 West Register Street and Craigside Works 1867-90
    Alexander Cowan & Sons same address 1891-20th Century
    ‘Alexander’ 1804 Initial only 1825. 174 Canongate 1828
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1820; 1825



    A RIVAL to the Cowan operation was downstream at Esk Mills. ‘In 1775 the first buildings at Esk Mills were erected by Peter Brotherstone. Soon after this date, Messrs Haig & White became associated with the firm whose chief product was cotton, but from the beginning about one ton of paper was made weekly... in 1804 the buildings were advertised for sale in the Edinburgh Evening Courier.’
    Esk Mills Jubilee 1898-1848. Pennicuick; Printed for James Brown & Co 1948.

    WHYTE, James paper maker Edinburgh Edinburgh 1764 Married Janey daughter to deceased Alexander Mackie weaver in St Ninians 29 April 1764.EdinMarr

    ANOTHER RIVAL: CAMERON, Robert paper maker Edinburgh
    Springfield Mill 1798
    James Court 1799
    Robert Cameron Springfield Paper Warehouse Old Fishmarket Close 1805
    Robert Cameron & Son High Street - house Bank Close 1806
    2 Bank Street 1807-18
    R. Cameron junior & Co printseller, publisher and wholesale stationer 2 Bank-street 1819-23
    6 James Court 1825
    Robert Cameron & Son paper maker and paper merchant 2 Bank Street Pigot 1825
    Robert Cameron and Son paper makers 76 Adam Square 1826-28
    Cameron & Co same address 1829-34
    Springfield Paper Mills, Loanhead 1833-58
    79 Adam Square 1835
    79 South Bridge 1836-43
    13 Bank Street 1843-49
    Stead’s Place 1850-56
    Writer to the Signet, Trustee in examination of Nisbet & Co Paper makers Glasgow Courier 10 September 1799. The son in 1810 was Francis. One of the two was inventor of a papermaking machine in 1816. John Cameron was the owner of Springfield in 1825. W. Anderson & Co were given as successors to Cameron & Co at the 2 Bank Street address in 1824. The Adam Square and South Bridge addresses could be the same premises. In 1833-34 the foreman of the Springfield Paper Mills was Robert Reardon. His name is given under Lasswade. John Cameron of Cameron & Co lived at Glenesk, Loanhead in 1845.
    Edin Dir; NLS Impr Ind; Pigot 1820; 1825; Thomson

    Caledonian Mercury 3 Sept 1785
    TO THE PUBLIC. "13 "i the late cxtention of the Stamp-Duties, to Bank-Notes, to van- ___* ous deeds, and oclicr articles, this part of the Baited kingdom is much incomniodated, by being under the neccffity of fondir.g them to London to be (lamped. In order to remedy this inconveniency, it is propofed to make aopli- cationfe, having bank-note =, r.ew_-paper.., and all other kinds of paper, on which itamp-duties are .mpofed, fUmiped et S&Amgb. For this purpofe, a meeting will be Held m the Parliamenl-H vile, Ediiibui-gh, on Thurf- aay U.e .cl, of September, at 12 o'clock noon, to concert proper mca- luie:- tor ohtfiiiiug this end, when it. in expcft.d that all concerned, or I. ho v.dli well to i ms b-li'icfs, will attend. By this i-itabliihmcn., Banking Companies wil I fave the cxpence, trouble, and att, of lending their notes to London in order to be Hum, cd. U ri.ers to tl-.e Signet, and other Ge.ulerr.eh of the Law, will have luch deeds w i.,ch 1-,. quire additional .lamps done under their own eve here-, viitliout Harming the lilk of having them iolt, by -b-J-W back, wards and forwards lo London. Ite PiiMtliieia of neivs-papers arc pani, nbrly intcreftcd in th.- hnfi- ae&, as they will be cnaoled to get better paper than what it is often at prefont poliibl.- for rheni to procure. The Papermakers of Scotland are likewife peculiarly concerned in having the paper fta.npcda. Edinburgh, as the fiirnifning the news-prin- ter. alone (belides oiher fabrics of pajier) will make a confiderable addi- tion 111 the confumption of that branch of mauufaftuie, fo advantageous to the countiy on account of the great number of hands emplo-ied in it. For thcfe, among oti.tr reafons, it is not doubted, that all concerned vvill give their attendance at the meeting; but where that is inconvenient, a letter appointing feme perfon in Edinburgh to attend fcr them, may be of fervice. If the Gentlemen intercftcd heartily engi.ge in this bufinefs; there leems to be ds doubt of foccefs. The metropolis of Scotland can- not be refui'cd fo rcafonable a demand, as having their bulinefs done in the mode molt agreeable and convenient for the inhabitants of North Britain. Thofe who live at a diftance may empower any of the Publifijers of tlie Edinburgh news-paper.- to aft for them, which will be done without putting them to any expence. R E TAIL-SHOP TAX. AGFNERAL MEETING of the Retail Shop-keepers in Edinburgh; in Canongate, and in Leitii, is to be held within the Inner Par- liament Hoiife, Edinburgh, on Tuefday next the 6th inltant, at one o'clock afternoon, to take under confideration, the nieafures proper to lie adopted, in endeavouring to obtain a repeal of the pa__i-! and oppreffiv- tax impofed 011 Retail Shops this fcffion of Parliament, and for concur- ring with the Retail Dealers in London, and in oJier part; of the king- dom, in a general application for the purpefo At which meeting the prefence of every Shopkeeper affefted by the tax is earneftly filiated.
  • Change Date: 23 AUG 2002 at 16:52:45



    Father: George COWAN b: 2 DEC 1695 in Saltoun (E.Loth) Scotland
    Mother: Isobel GOW b: in Caithness,Scotland

    Marriage 1 Marjorie FIDLER b: 16 JUL 1734 in Edinburgh c: 17 JUL 1734 in Edinburgh,by Bishop Robert Keith (1681-1757)
    • Married: 27 JAN 1757 in Leith
    Children
    1. Has No Children Alexander COWAN b: 10 NOV 1757 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    2. Has No Children George COWAN b: 18 APR 1759 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    3. Has No Children William COWAN b: 13 SEP 1760 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    4. Has No Children Charles COWAN b: 12 JAN 1762 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    5. Has Children Isabella COWAN b: 29 AUG 1763 in Leith,Edinburghshire,Scotland
    6. Has Children Margaret COWAN b: 17 JAN 1765 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    7. Has No Children Jean COWAN b: 9 SEP 1766 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    8. Has No Children Charles COWAN b: 28 NOV 1767 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    9. Has Children Marjorie "Marion" COWAN b: 15 OCT 1769 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    10. Has Children Duncan COWAN b: 28 MAR 1771
    11. Has Children Charlotte COWAN b: 26 JUL 1772 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    12. Has No Children George COWAN b: 24 FEB 1774 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
    13. Has Children Alexander COWAN b: 17 JUN 1775 in James Court,Lawnmarket,Edinburgh
    14. Has No Children Elizabeth COWAN b: 22 FEB 1781 in Edinburghshire,Scotland
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