Kathleen's Kousins _Winter 2009-2010_

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  • ID: I00057
  • Name: JOSEPH HARDIN , Sr 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • Title: Colonel
  • Birth: 18 APR 1734 in Henrico County, Virginia Colony 5 6
  • Death: 4 JUL 1801 in Hardin Valley, Knox County, Tennessee 7
  • Occupation: Politician 8
  • Occupation: BET 1772 AND 1776 Justice of the Peace of Knob Creek, Tryon Co., NC 9
  • Burial: JUL 1801 Hickory Creek Cemetery, Hardin Valley, Knox Co., TN 7 10
  • Religion: strict Presbyterian
  • Military Service: BET 1775 AND 1776 2nd NC Minutemen, Salisbury District; Captain, Tryon County, NC, Light-horse Cherokee expedition of 1776 (under Gen. Griffith Rutherford) 8
  • Event: Military battle 20 JUN 1780 Battle of Ramsour's Mill
  • Event: Military battle 7 OCT 1780 Battle of The Kings (King's Mountain)
  • Emigration: 12 NOV 1757 From Roane County, VA to Anson County, NC
  • Emigration: ABT 1772 to Knob Creek area, Tryon Co., NC 11
  • Emigration: BET 1780 AND 1781 across the Appalachian Mountains, to Washington Co., Tennessee District of the North Carolina Colony (now Greene Co.), North Carolina Colony having been overun by the British.
  • Emigration: 1781 to Lick Creek, Greene Co., Washington Dist., NC (now Tennessee)
  • Emigration: ABT 1785 to Silver Creek (later 'Hardin Valley'), Knox Co., TN Dist.
  • Reference Number: khb-57
  • Note:
    Revolutionary War Hero and Colonial Leader.
    ___________________________________
    [TOMBSTONE: http://www.roanetnheritage.com/research/cemetery/knox/01.htm] Hickory Creek Cemetery

    HARDIN
    Joseph
    16* Apr 1734
    4 Jul 1801
    b. in Virginia
    d. in Hardin Valley
    served Rev. War

    *transcription error?
    ___________________________________
    Justice of the Peace, Tryon County, North Carolina Colony, April 1772 - 1778;
    First Provincial Congressman, Congress at Newbern, August 25, 1774;
    Member, Committee of Safety, Tryon County, North Carolina Colony, 1773-1775;
    Third Provincial Congressman, Congress at Hillsborough, August 21, 1775;
    Signer, "Tryon Resolves", August 14, 1775;
    Member, Constitutional Congress of North Carolina, November, 1776;
    Tryon County Assemblyman, House of Commons of North Carolina, 1778-79;
    Washington County, East Tennessee District Assemblyman, House of Commons of North Carolina, 1782;
    Washington County, Court Justice, 1783;
    Co-organizer of the State of Franklin*, Jonesborough, 1784-1785;
    First Speaker of the House of Commons, Franklin*, 1785;
    Greene County, East Tennessee District Assemblyman, House of Commons of North Carolina, 1788;
    Southwest Territory** Representative, First Territorial Assembly, Knoxville, Tennessee 1794;
    Trustee, Greeneville (later Tusculum) College Board, 1794;
    Justice of the Peace & State Elector, Greene Co., Tennessee, 1796

    Appointed Major, 2nd NC Minute Men, Salisbury District, 1775;
    Captain, Tryon County, NC, Light Horse Rangers, 1775-1776;
    Captain, Rutherford's Cherokee Expedition (into the Tennesee District), 1776;
    Captain, Locke's Battalion, General Allen Jones' Brigade, 1777;
    Fought under Locke in the Battle of Ramsour's Mill, NC (between the Tories and the Whigs (Patriots)), June 1780;
    Fought in the Battle of the Kings (King's Mountain), SC, October, 1780;
    Appointed Colonel of the NC Militia for "The Western Counties" (Tennessee) 1784-1788;

    * The government for the Provisional State of Frankland (Franklin) was regionally organized, running in parallel with the North Carolina government. Franklin was never to be ratified by the US Congress, and was abandoned as a political entity in 1788.
    ** also known as the "Territory South of the Ohio River" by treaty.
    ______________________________________
    Joseph was born in Henrico County, Virginia Colony, in an area which was later to become part of the city of Richmond at the Falls (Richmond).

    He and wife, Jane, moved from the Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia area to the newly created Tryon County (just formed out of Mecklenburg County), North Carolina, along with brothers John, Benjamin and his brother-in-law, Colonel Frederick Hambright (sister Sarah's husband). They were all gathered there before the onset of the hostilities with the British.

    Col. Joseph Hardin had 14 children: Rebecca; twins Joseph, Jr and John; Jane Ann; James W.; first Benjamin; first Robert; Elender; Mary E.; Margaret; (second) Benjamin; Amos; Gibson; and (second) Robert. Some birth dates are uncertain and unproven. Both twins obtained the military rank of Captain during the American Revolution.

    In 1779, when his section of North Carolina was overrun by the British, he and his family fled over the mountains, first settling at Lick Creek, Washington (now Greene) County, in the Washington District (now Tennessee). They eventually re-settled in Knox County.

    Joseph lost three sons to the Indian Wars, which continued for several years after the war with their British allies had ceased: John, fighting at Lookout Mountain, September 22, 1788 while serving with General Martin and Col. Sevier; 'first' Ben, at Licklogin, Greene County, NC; and 'first' Robert (Bob), killed at Flinn's Lick in the Kentucky Territory. The family lore tells that before leaving on his final campaign, Robert had requested that his mother name her unborn child after him if he should fail to return.

    In 1795, Col. Joseph purchased 200 acres of land along Silver Creek in Knox Co. (Hardin's Valley) and lived out the remainder of his life there.

    Col. Hardin was granted 8,100* acres of land (1785) from North Carolina and Tennessee for his action in the Indian Wars and his leadership role during and after the Revolutionary War. 3,000 acres of his land was to be claimed in what was known as the 'Middle Tennessee District' in the Tennessee River Valley (in present-day Hardin County, Tennessee). Hardin County, Tennessee, is named in honor of Col. Joseph Hardin, Sr.

    Knox County, where he eventually established his abode, was located in the 'East Tennessee' District, another one of the state's three 'Grand Divisions'. It was created in 1792 from Greene and Hawkins counties. See the notes for his son, Col. Joseph, Jr., regarding the founding of Hardin County, TN.


    NOTE: His wife is referred to in some texts as, alternately, Jane or Jean. I have some {unproven} lineage suggesting that prior to Jane Gibson, Joseph was married (for a few short years) to Jean McAfee. That would explain the confusion I often run across on the spouse's name. This scenario would also solve the mystery for Rebecca Hardin's birth year, making her Jean's daughter, not Jane's. I await documented proof of this, however.

    NOTE: I gained much of Col. Joseph Hardin's family information from a genealogical treatise written October, 1931 by Prof. Tommie Cochran Patterson, University of Texas at Austin, who descended from the 14th child, Robert II Hardin. Her original copy of this paper, along with handwritten corrections by the author in the margins over the course of her tenure there, is still available in that library (I hold a photo-copy of it).

    Additional supporting documents for the lineage presented here can be found in the Vertical Files of the State of Tennessee Historical Library in Nashville, TN.

    * Recorded in "The Land Warrants of NC, North Carolina Grants" and "NC Military Grants 1788-1903". The entries: No. 317 (400 acres -"withdrawn"), 318 (600 acres), 445 (800 a), 670 (1000 a), 924 (200 a), 1619 (3000 a), 2118 (1000 a), 2119 (1000 a) and 2129 (500 a) of April 5, 1784 totaling 8,400 acres for military service (in the holdings of the Tenn. State History Library, Nashville, TN). Also, on the "North Carolina Land Grant #58", dated 10 July 1785, describes the location of the 3,000 acres as "...in the Middle District, on the north bank of the Tennessee River - thence East nine hundred and six poles to Swift Creek and continuing East twenty four poles to a poplar and birch or beech corner to Isaac Taylors land - thence South with said Taylors line four hundred and ninety poles to a dogwood - thence west nine hundred and eighty poles to a stake on the bank of the Tennessee river - thence down said river including the meanders thereof to the beginning." (After the signatures there is a handwritten addition: "Warrant No. 1619, Surveyed by I. Taylor. William Moore & John Ray, chain carriers".)
    ______________________________________
    Tombstone:
    "Joseph 16 Apr 1734
    4 Jul 1801
    b. in Virginia;
    d. in Hardin Valley
    served Rev. War"

    There is also a graveside monument, the plaque of which reads:
    "JOSEPH HARDIN

    "FARMER - SOLDIER - STATESMAN

    "Born April 18, 1734 in Virginia of English Ancestry
    Died July 4, 1801, in Hardin Valley, Tennessee
    A strict Presbyterian, stern and fearless in discharge of duty
    Loved and trusted by his friends, feared by his enemies

    "PIONEER - PATRIOT - PATRIARCH

    "Major 2nd N.C. Minute Men, Salisbury District, 1775
    Captain Tryon Co., N.C. Light Horse, Cherokee Expedition, 1776
    In battle of Ramsour's Mill and at King's Mountain, 1780
    Colonel for Western Counties (Tenn.), 1788
    Lost three sons in Tennessee Indian Wars

    "Member Committee of Safety, Tryon Co., N.C., 1775
    Member Provincial Congress at Hillsborough 1775 and at Halifax 1776
    Member General Assembly of N.C., 1778-79 and (from Tenn.) 1782-88
    Organizer State of Franklin, Jonesboro, 1784-1785
    Member General Assembly, Territory South of the Ohio, Knoxville, 1794

    .."For his military services during Revolutionary War
    ..and Indian Wars he received in 1785 from North Carolina
    ..3000 acres of land in the middle district, now
    ..Hardin County, Tenn. named for him."
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    On Commitees of Safety:

    Committees of Safety formed before and during the Revolutionary War, to keep watch over and act upon events pertaining to the public welfare. They were sometimes possessed of almost supreme executive power, delegated to them by the people. The local militias were usually under the control of the committees, which in turn sent representatives to county and colonial level assemblies to represent their local interests.
    ______________________________________
    The "Tryon Resolves":

    (Aug 14, 1775):
    "The unprecedented, barbarous and bloody actions committed by the British Troops on our American Brethren near Boston on the 19th of April and 20th of May last, together with the Hostile Operations and Traiterous Designs now Carrying on by the Tools of Ministerial Vengeance and Despotism for the Subjugating all British America suggest to us the painful necessity of having recourse to Arms for the preservation of these Rights and Liberties which the principles of our Constitution and the Laws of God, Nature and Nations have made it our duty to defend.

    "We, therefore, the Subscribers, Freeholders, and Inhabitants of Tryon County do hereby faithfully unite ourselves under the most sacred ties of Religion, Honor and Love to Our Country, firmly to Resist force by force in defence of our Natural Freedom and Constitutional Rights against all Invasions and at the same time do solemnly engage to take up Arms and Risque our lives and fortunes in maintaining the Freedom of our country, whenever the Wisdom and Council of the Continental Congress or our own Provincial Convention shall Declare it necessary, this Engagement we will continue in and hold sacred 'till a Reconciliation shall take place between Great Britain and America on Constitutional principles, which we most ardently desire.

    "And we do firmly agree to hold all such persons Inimical to the liberties of America who shall refuse to subscribe to this Association."
    {48 signatories} - including Joseph Hardin.
    ______________________________________
    The Battle at Ramsour's Mill

    Took place on June 20, 1780 in North Carolina and was part of the southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. About 400 American militia (Whig) soldiers defeated 1,300 loyalist (Tory) militia soldiers. The battle did not involve any regular army forces from either side and was a battle literally between neighbors. It is very significant in that it lowered the morale of the loyalists in the south, which weakened the strength of the British. Joseph's brother, John, turned the battle for the Whigs when he and his force charged the Tory flank at a decisive moment in the battle.

    The Battle of the Kings (King's Mountain)

    In October of 1780, The Battle of the King's Mountain, only lasting 65 minutes, was fought. On the Loyalist side, 225 were killed and 163 wounded, and 716 were taken prisoners. The Patriot militia casualties were 28 killed and 62 wounded... With the defeat as evidence of a ferocious colonial resistance, Cornwallis abandoned his plan to try to take North Carolina, and retreated to the south.
    Theodore Roosevelt wrote of Kings Mountain, "This brilliant victory marked the turning point of the American Revolution."
    ________________________________________
    Hardin County, TN

    ...Three early surveys were made of vast tracts of land lying on the east bank of the Tennessee River, in and near the present site of Savannah, in what is now Hardin County. One of these was in behalf of Colonel Joseph Hardin (Sr) for 3,000 acres (see Land Warrants of North Carolina State, Entry No. 1619 of April 5, 1784).

    The Tennessee River bordered this tract on the west; the north-east corner cut off a portion of land lying north and east of Swift (now Horse) Creek. The survey was made March 11, 1786 by Isaac Taylor, with Nathan Moore and John Bay as chain carriers. Later, this land was covered by grant No. 58, issued by the state of North Carolina to Mr. [Joseph] Hardin (see North Carolina Land Grant Book No. 67, P. 439 in the office of the Secretary of State, at Raleigh, NC.)

    Hardin & Hines Valley

    Hardin Valley is in BALL CAMP, Knoxville, TN. Today on the north side of the ridge is called Hardin Valley and south of the ridge is Hines Valley. Hines Valley follows Hickory Creek [Yarnell Rd]. On the 1895 map, the area was called Hines Valley and Hardin Valley Rd. was Buttermilk Rd.
    ______________________________________
    Hardin County, TN was named posthumously for Col. Joseph Hardin in November 1819 around several land grants he had received for service during the French-Indian Wars & the Revolutionary War.

    Hardin County is located in southern central Tennessee (the 'Middle District)'. The county is divided into two nearly equal divisions by the Tennessee River, which enters about midway on the south side and passes out near the northeast corner, flowing northwards. The length of the county from north to south is about thirty miles, and its greatest width, from east to west, about twenty-one.

    The county is bordered on the south by Lauderdale County, Alabama, and Tishomingo County, Mississippi; on the east by Wayne County, Tennessee, on the north by Decatur and Henderson Counties, Tennessee, and on the west by Chester and McNairy Counties, Tennessee. It will thus be seen that no less than seven different counties touch the borders of Hardin. No county in the state is bounded by so many. Savannah is the county seat.

    The Civil War Battle of Shiloh occurred in Hardin County, a few miles southwest of Savannah, near an area called 'Pittsburg Landing' on the Tennessee River. The Shiloh Military Park occupies this site.

    By reference to a map of Tennessee, you will find that Hardin County lies mostly in the sixth natural division of the State, known as the Western Valley, or the Valley of the Tennessee River. The depth of this valley below the highlands that bound it on the east is about five hundred feet, and below the highlands on the west it is about three hundred feet. The highwater level at Hamburg is three hundred and ninety-two feet above sea level.
    __________________________________
    One of the first white man to press the soil of Hardin County was Col. Joseph Hardin, Jr. and his crew, who came into the county in 1815 from Roane County, Tenn., to locate a land warrant of the senior Col. Hardin's, that amounting to 3,000 acres. This was located a little above Cerro Gordo on the east side of the river. After the survey had been made, Col. Hardin cut his name in the bark of a birch tree at the mouth of Swift Creek and returned home.

    In the spring of 1816, a colony of twenty-six persons consisting of men, women and children began making preparations for removal from East Tennessee to the inviting fields of Hardin County. The company was divided into two parties, one of which was to pass down the river by boat and the other was to travel overland. There were twenty-six in all, twenty-two of whom came by land and four by boat. The party traveling by land consisted of John Brazelton and family; Joseph and James Hardin and families and Mrs. Elender Thacker and family. These left Roane County sometime about the last of May, driving their stock along and carrying their light plunder with them. They camped out at night and journeyed by day over an almost roadless waste. On July 15 they reached what is now called Crowder's Spring on Hardin Creek about seven miles from the river. This party had also been delayed for a time in Warren County and were later in their arrival than was anticipated. By previous arrangement the two parties were to meet at the place marked.

    Soon after their arrival to the area they heard the signal bugle of the party who had came by water. On the following day the two parties met near the Altum Springs, off Hardin Creek, named in honor of the founder of the county. Here was built a log cabin, the first house in the county. The party in the boat started early in June -- it consisted of Solomon Brazelton, Miss Sally Brazelton, Joseph Gooden and wife. Thus for three weeks, this small party floated on the quiet but tractless waters around the tortuous course of the Tennessee. No sound of civilization reached their ears. They missed the mouth of Swift Creek --their intended place of landing-- passing on till they came to the mouth of Hardin Creek, up the course of which they pushed their boat to a place afterward known as Johnson's Mill, where they landed.

    Miss Brazelton first stepped ashore and was the first white woman in Hardin County. The parties in this colony consisted of John Brazelton and wife, Hannah, their sons, Solomon, Benjamin and William, their daughters, Elizabeth, Sarah, Nancy and Mrs. Elender Thacker, and her sons, William and Shepherd; Col. James Hardin and wife, Nelly, and sons Joseph, Benjamin and James, and daughters, Jane Kizzie, Margaret, Mary Elizabeth and Elender; Joseph Gooden and wife, Hannah, and sons, James and Thomas.

    The parties soon began to separate to find homes; John Brazelton selected a spot [where Clifton now stands] to move to but was taken sick on his return home and on September 20, 1816, he died. He was buried near Altum Spring, the first grave in the county. James Hardin and Joseph Gooden settled near Hardin Creek when the first land was cleared by James Hardin. Mrs. Brazelton settled on McCaslan branch, a tributary of Indian Creek. Jonathan Courtney and family, consisting of wife and sons John, James, Benjamin and Stephen, and daughters Melvinie, Nelly and Ona came in from Roane County in 1817 and settled on Hardin Creek. In the same year the brothers of James Hardin, Gipson, Amos*, Benjamin and Robert arrived and settled near Cerro Cordo.

    In 1820 John Hanna and wife Rebecca and sons, William, James, John, David Alexander, Huel and Thomas, arrived from Union County and settled near Cerro Cordo, between Indian Creek and Smith's Fork. James Barnes, who was the elected register in 1820, was a settler before the organization of the county; also Isham Cherry, the first chairman; Henry Mahan, the first ranger; James McMahon, the first trustee; Daniel Smith, the first sheriff; Hiram Boone, Stephen Roach; Ninean Steele, son-in-law of Col. Joseph Hardin, all members of the first county court. Alex. W. Sweeney obtained the first peddler license and succeeded James Hardin as county court clerk in 1822.

    Others at this time were David Robinson, John White, John Pickens, Henry Clifton, Henry Reynolds, David Kincannon, Jacob Blacksheer, Wm. Wisdom, Jacob Pyburn, Temple Johnson, Alex. Sloan, Robert Forbes, John and R. M. Dickson, James G. Doren, Jesse Cherry, W. J. Duckworth, Geo. Worley, Robt. Lacefield, Wm. Smith, James English, Richard Ford, Jesse Jones, Thomas Hannum, Robt. Steele, James Emerson, Asa Bryant and Isaac Emerson, all of whom were officially connected with the county as early as 1820. The most of the above settled on the east side of the river...

    The county was formed by an act of the Legislature in 1819 but the courts of the county were not organized till the beginning of the year 1820. The justices appointed met at the house of James Hardin. They proceeded to organized by the election of Isham Cherry chairman. The other officers chosen were James Hardin, county court clerk; Daniel Smith, sheriff; Henry Mahan, ranger; James McMahon, trustee; James Barnes, register; and Stephen Roach, coroner. Walter Wood, Lewis Fortner, Elisha Smith, James H. Steele and J. G. Williams were appointed constables.

    The courts first met at the residence of Col. James Hardin in January, 1820, near the present town of Cerro Gordo, where they continued to meet till October of that year. On April 3, Hiram Boon , James Barnes, Stephen Roach, Ninean Steele and Hardin Williams were made a committee to contract for the erection of a temporary courthouse. This was early in October of 1820, and the committee were allowed $30 for building the same.

    ...On the question of Union or Secession, Hardin County was largely for the Union and on the vote of "separation" or "no separation", the preservation of the union was emphatically voted, 1,052 to 408 votes, but when the clash of arms came the county was in majority for the South. The militia was put into active training and all able-bodied men were enrolled. The place for general muster on the east side of the river was Old Town; on the west side it was at the Perkins' place on the road from Savannah to Purdy. The first company of troops raised was at Shady Grove Church, near Saltillo, where a great barbecue and war meeting was held. War speeches were made and volunteers were called for, yet not in vain. A full company of cavalry was soon raised of which C. S. Robinson was captain, J. W. Irvin first lieutenant; Arthus Hardin (of the 'Lower' Hardins) second lieutenant; and R. W. Reynolds third lieutenant. The operations of these men were mainly under Gen. Wheeler. The second body of men was recruited by L. B. Irvin; this consisted of fourteen men. They were taken to Nashville and became a part of the First Tennessee (Confederate).
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    I suspect that Rebecca may be the daughter of Joseph's first wife, Jean McAfee, not Jane Gibson. I have no proof either way.

    Most books state that Joseph, Jr and his twin, John, were the first children of Joseph and Jane. However, there is a constant Jane/Jean showing up in published genealogies as his wife. Is that because he did in fact marry a Jean (McAfee) also? If so, it would be possible that Rebecca was hers and not Jane's, and that would account for these conflicting facts of genealogists past. Also explains her birthdate being before the marriage date for Joseph and Jane.

    In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Family Group Record Archives, there is a record of Joseph and wife Jane Gibson and the recording of children. This group sheet dates to the 1920's. An article in the Independence County Chronicle, October 1974 by Ralph Wyatt documents the Hardin family connections. One item to note here is a deed record for Anson County, North Carolina. Deed Book 1 page 41, records on Nov 12,1757, Joseph Hardin and wife Jean sold land. He states this Jean is said to be Jean McAfee and that the deed has his signature and her mark. Further Mr. Wyatt found a Will of James McAfee (Lincoln & Tryon County Wills) dated Feb 4, 1769. This names wife, Margaret, children; William; James Robert; Janet, a daughter-in-law; Jean, a daughter; son-in-law Joseph Hardin; and grandsons, Thomas and James, sons of William.

    I still await proof that Joseph actually was married to Jean McAfee, before Jane Gibson.

    Any documented help on this question appreciated.
    ________________________________________
    ...the Grandfather of Amanda Gooden (Goodin), "who with his twin sons fought under Gen. Nathaniel Green to drive Cornwallis back to the sea." This version is all per note by Merle John Neaves to Joe Bonner on back of an old paper photo of Jane Gooden imprinted Springfield, Mo., 1889, and supposedly when she was 91 years of age. Jane's father was born in Virginia, according to entry in 1870 Missouri Census for Amanda, and her mother, Jane.
    ________________________________________
    From researcher, 1gemini@aeneas.net, who gives this transcription:

    Chancery Court Minutes of Sixth Circuit of the State of Tenn., Maury Co., Columbia Tenn. (Page 38)

    Thursday Sept. 8th, 1825

    This day the Chancery Court for the sixth Circuit of the State of Tenn. met with the Hon. Jacob Peck, Esq. one of the Supreme Court of Errors & Appeals present and presiding as Chancellor.

    John Erwin, Complainant Decree Final
    -VS-
    Joseph Hardin, James Hardin, John Hardin, Robert Hardin, Amos Hardin, Benjamin Hardin, Gibson Hardin, Sarah Galleher, Alexander Goodin & Jean Goodin, Ninian Steele and Rebecca, his wife, Adam Kuykendall & Margaret, his wife, defendants.

    Be it remembered that this cause came to be heard this 8th day of Sept. A. D. 1825, before the Honorable the Chancellor of our said Court upon bill answers replication exhibits and testimony taken in the cause when it appeared to the Court that North Carolina on the 10th day of July 1788 by a patent of that date granted to Joseph (p. 52) Hardin the Ancestor of the defendants three thousand acres of land No. of Grant #58, on the North side of the Tennessee River beginning at a hickory and dogwood on the North bank of said river thence East nine hundred & six (906) poles to Swift Creek, continued the said East corner seventy four poles to a poplar and beech corner near Isaac Taylor's land thence South with said Taylor's line four hundred & eighty poles to a dogwood thence West nine hundred & eighty poles to a stake on the banks of the Tennessee River, thence down said river including the meanders thereof to the beginning.

    That afterwards (to wit) on the 6th day of March 1790 the said tract of land in fee simple to the said Erwin his (p. 53) heirs and wife covenant of general warranty and it further appearing to the court that said original power of attorney was retained by sd. Stenson and that the same by time & accident is now lost and that the above is a true copy thereof. It is thereof ordered and judged and decreed by the Court that said power of attorney be and the same is hereby set up & established as if the same were proven & recorded in the proper county and that the said copy thereof be received and read in lieu of the original in any court of justice in this State this decree being first registered in the proper County (to wit) in the County where the tract of land lies.

    And it is further ordered adjudged & decreed that the said defendants eash and all of them heirs of said Joseph Hardin, deceased be divested of all right title & interest in and to the aforesaid tract of land and that the same be and is hereby vested in the complainants and heirs and assigns forever. And it is further ordered & adjudged that the defendants pay all cost which have accrued in the prosecution of this suit.

    The Appeal:

    John Erwin
    -VS-
    The heirs of Joseph Hardin, Decd. Defendants

    Forasmuch as the defendants in this cause have this day by their counsel prayed an appeal from judgement and decree of the Court pronounced and entered up in the cause on this present day to the Supreme Court of Errors & Appeals to be holden at Nashville on the first Monday of January next, it is ordered by the Court that the same be granted upon the said defendants entering into bond with approved security for the effectual prosecution & their appeal. It is further ordered by the Court on notion that the Clerk & Master be authorised to receive a bond with security for the prosecution of said appeal at any time within six weeks from the expiration of this present term and that on failure of said defendants to give bond & security as aforesaid within the sme time prescribed the said appeal shall become totally inoperative & the Judgement and Decree of the Court absolute & final.

    [NOTES:
    1) by Jane Fullerton of Nashville: "There was no follow up on this appeal on the first Monday of Jan. 1826."
    2) The John Hardin mentioned herein is a grandson of Colonel Joseph Hardin of Tennessee, being a son of Colonel Joseph's son, John, who was killed at Lookout Mountain by Indians about 1788.
    3) The name and address stamped on this document reads: M. S. Craig, M. D.; Suite 307; 500 South University Avenue; Little Rock, Arkansas 72205.]
    ________________________________________
    A search of the DAR Patriot Index provided the following:

    HARDING, Joseph
    Birth: VA 18 Apr 1734
    Service: NC
    Rank: Maj CS PS
    Death: TN 4 Jul 1801
    Patriot Pensioned: No
    Widow Pensioned: No
    Children Pensioned: No
    Heirs Pensioned: No
    Spouse: Jane Gibson
    Spouse: Fanny Douglass (editor note: this is in error - Fanny actually married his son, Col. Joseph, Jr.)

    You will find membership information on the DAR website, at: http://www.dar.org/natsociety/content.cfm?ID=146&hd=n&FO=Y
    ________________________________________
    Writing book: on Knox County, TN. Barbara Clifton Guinn, Knoxville TN; If you find a surname or have a question contact me by email tnfootprints@gmail.com
    ________________________________________
    There is a Wikipedia entry for (Col.) Joseph Hardin, Sr.
    ________________________________________
    SOURCES:

    "History of Tennessee : From the Earliest Time to the Present; Together with an Historical and a Biographical Sketch of Henderson, Chester, McNairy, Decatur, and Hardin Counties." Nashville: Goodspeed Pub. Co., 1886. pp. 829-841; and, "A History of Hardin County, TN" by B. G. Brazelton. Pub. Nashville, TN. Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House, 1885; and also: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Meadows/6273/hardin/bios/harbert.html ); "Joseph Hardin: A Biographical and Genealogical Study", by Tommie Cochran Patterson, pub Austin, TX, 1931, PCL-Stacks, Call No. 976.8 H219BP (OCLC #13179015); GenQuest@Wikipedia (me); "The Colonial Records of North Carolina", by W.L. Saunders; Pg 162; Rebecca Hardin was named as the bride to be on the marriage to Ninny Steele by Washing County NC (now Greene Co., TN); Source: TN Genealogical Records and Abstracts, Vol 1, 1787-1839; edited by: Eddleston.




    Father: BENJAMIN HARDIN II b: 31 JAN 1700/01 in Virginia Colony
    Mother: MARGARET ELIZABETH HOOPER b: in Virginia Colony

    Marriage 1 JEAN McAFEE
    • Married: ABT 1756 in Anson County, Virginia Colony
    Children
    1. Has Children REBECCA HARDIN b: ABT 1760 in Augusta County, Virginia Colony

    Marriage 2 JANE GIBSON b: 1742 in Bladen County, North Carolina Colony
    • Married: 8 JUL 1762 in VA Colony 12 1 13
    Children
    1. Has Children John Hardin , Sr b: 22 JAN 1763 in Buchanan, Augusta (now Botetourt) County, Virginia Colony, a twin
    2. Has Children Joseph Hardin , Jr b: 22 JAN 1763 in Buchanan, Augusta (now Botetourt) County, Virginia Colony, a twin
    3. Has Children Jane Ann Hardin b: 1764 in Buchanan, Augusta (now Botetourt) County, Virginia Colony
    4. Has Children James W Hardin , Sr b: ABT 1765 in Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia Colony area
    5. Has No Children Benjamin I Hardin b: ABT 1767 in Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia Colony area
    6. Has No Children Robert I Hardin b: ABT 1769 in Richmond, Henrico County, Virginia Colony area
    7. Has No Children Mary Easter Hardin b: 1773 in Tryon County, North Carolina Colony
    8. Has No Children Elender Hardin b: 1774 in Tryon County, North Carolina Colony
    9. Has Children Margaret Hardin b: 1776 in Tryon County, North Carolina Colony
    10. Has Children Gibson Hardin b: ABT 1778 in Tryon County, North Carolina Colony
    11. Has Children AMOS HARDIN , Sr b: 28 FEB 1780 in Lick Creek, Washington (later Greene) County, Tennessee District, North Carolina
    12. Has Children Benjamin P Hardin b: 28 DEC 1784 in Washington (now Greene) County, Franklin (now Tennessee)
    13. Has Children Robert II Hardin b: 3 JAN 1789 in Hardin Valley, Greeneville, Greene (now Knox) County, Tennessee District, North Carolina

    Sources:
    1. Title: _PUBLICATION: BOOK: "The McClintock Memorial"
      Author: Alma Louise [McClintock] Shelton
      Publication: Published July 11, 1985 by Pioneer Publishing, Fresno California
      Note: Alma Louise [McClintock] Shelton (b1919)
      1255 W Grangeville Blvd., #74;
      Hanford, California 93230
      Repository:
      Media: Book
    2. Title: _PUBLICATION: BOOK
      Repository:
      Note:
      NAME Family History Library
      ADDR 35 N West Temple Street
      CONT Salt Lake City, Utah 84150 USA
      Media: Book
      Text: "Joseph Hardin: A Biographical and Genealogical Study", by Tommie Cochran Patterson, pub. Austin, TX, 1931, PCL-Stacks, Call No. 976.8 H219BP (OCLC #13179015)
    3. Title: _RESEARCHER
      Publication: Family info submission
      Note: Note: The owner of this cited file may have removed the file or changed the file information since this citation was created.
      Note: Varies (often needs source verification).
      Repository:
      Note: Via Correspondence or Internet Data posted by a fellow researcher.
      Media: Other
      Page: Joyce Janosky
      Text: eMail: joysky@usa.com; researcher and quite knowledgeable about this line
    4. Title: _DNA -yDNA RESULTS
      Publication: Science based yDNA Marker based results
      Note: Excellent; some submitted pedigree errors.
      Repository:
      Media: Unknown
      Page: http://home.carolina.rr.com/whardin
      Text: These family lines share this DNA sequence: Last update 11/29/06;
      13/24/14/10/12/14/12/12/13/13/15/29/19/9/10/11/11/25/14/18/28/15/15/17/17/10/10/19/23/15/15/18/17/37/40/12/12/11/9/15/16/8/10/10/8/10/10/12/23/25/16/10/12/12/17/8/12/22/20/14/12/11/13/11/11/12/12
    5. Title: _PUBLICATION: BOOK: "The McClintock Memorial"
      Author: Alma Louise [McClintock] Shelton
      Publication: Published July 11, 1985 by Pioneer Publishing, Fresno California
      Note: Alma Louise [McClintock] Shelton (b1919)
      1255 W Grangeville Blvd., #74;
      Hanford, California 93230
      Repository:
      Media: Book
      Page: pg 13
      Text: has April 16th
    6. Title: _DOCUMENT
      Note: Varies by origin of documents.
      Repository:
      Media: Unknown
      Text: Hardin Vertical File, Original document supplied by the Tenn Genealogical Reference Library, Nashville, TN.
    7. Title: _PUBLICATION: BOOK
      Repository:
      Note:
      NAME Family History Library
      ADDR 35 N West Temple Street
      CONT Salt Lake City, Utah 84150 USA
      Media: Book
      Text: Biographical Directory of the Tennessee General Assembly, Vol. 1; 1796-1861; Pg 332
    8. Title: _PUBLICATION: BOOK: "The McClintock Memorial"
      Author: Alma Louise [McClintock] Shelton
      Publication: Published July 11, 1985 by Pioneer Publishing, Fresno California
      Note: Alma Louise [McClintock] Shelton (b1919)
      1255 W Grangeville Blvd., #74;
      Hanford, California 93230
      Repository:
      Media: Book
      Page: 13
    9. Title: _PUBLICATION: BOOK: "Joseph Hardin: A Biographical & Genealogical Study"
      Author: Prof. Tommie Cochran Patterson
      Publication: 1931
      Note: I have a copy -rjb
      Note: very good
      Repository:
      Note: University of Texas at Austin
      Media: Manuscript
      Text: Pg. 1
    10. Title: _TOMBSTONE INSCRIPTION
      Note: As good as the knowledge of the source providing information at the time of death.
      Repository:
      Media: Tombstone
      Page: INSCRIPTION
      Text: "Joseph Hardin, Farmer, Soldier, Statesman, was born April 18, 1734 in Va. of Englis ancestry, died July 4, 1801 in Hardin Valley, Tenn. A strict Presbyterian, stern and fearless in discharge of duty, loved and trusted by his friends, feared by his enemies. Pioneer, Patriarch, Major of 2nd N.C. Minute Men, Salisbury District 1775- Captain of Tryon, N.C. Light Horse Cherokee Expedition 1776- In Battle of Ramsour's Mill & at King's Mt. 1780. Colonel for Western Cos. of Tennessee 1788- Lost three sons in Tenn. Indian Wars. Member Committee of Safety Tryon N.C. 1775- Member Provinical Congress at Hillsborough, N.C. 1775, & at Halifax N.C. 1776; Member General Assembly of N.C. from Tenn. 1782 & 1788. Organized State of Franklin, Jonasborough, Knoxville, 1794, Revolutionary & Indian Wars. He received in 1785 from N.C. 3000 acres of land in the Middle Dist. now Hardin Co. Tenn. which was named for him."
    11. Title: _PUBLICATION: BOOK: "Joseph Hardin: A Biographical & Genealogical Study"
      Author: Prof. Tommie Cochran Patterson
      Publication: 1931
      Note: I have a copy -rjb
      Note: very good
      Repository:
      Note: University of Texas at Austin
      Media: Manuscript
      Page: Pg. 1
    12. Title: GEDCOM: Ayers-McBride_Families
      Author: James Kyle Ayers; fellahin@yahoo.com
      Publication: RootsWeb File
      Note: 178 Three Oaks Lane
      Bastrop, Texas 78602
      512-303-1090
      fellahin@yahoo.com
      Repository:
      Media: Electronic
      Text: gives date
    13. Title: _RESEARCHER
      Publication: Family info submission
      Note: Note: The owner of this cited file may have removed the file or changed the file information since this citation was created.
      Note: Varies (often needs source verification).
      Repository:
      Note: Via Correspondence or Internet Data posted by a fellow researcher.
      Media: Other
      Page: Craig Carter
      Text: eMail: Craig_Carter@hotmail.com; researcher.

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    Researched and/or compiled by Kathleen Hall Boyce & Robert J Boyce, Jr. Feel free to contact or discuss anything herein. Document supported error corrections are always welcome and given priority. Family members' input strongly encouraged. File contributors & contact eMails listed as a source when possible. Your tie-in family line contributions can be made by text or by attached Gedcom to above address. NOTE: This tree is not represented to be either error free or exhaustive. Thanks for visiting!

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