Name: George SHULER
Given Name: George
_AKA: George SHULER or MILLER
Birth: 1750/1755 in of ,, MD, SC & NC, now USA
Death: BEF 21 Jun 1830 in Shuler Cove, Haywood (now Jackson), North Carolina, USA
LDS Baptism: 12 Mar 1968 Temple: SLAKE
Endowment: 18 Sep 1968 Temple: SLAKE
Georg SCHÜLER (George SHULER) may have been an immigrant from Germany, since he signed his name in German. He died in Haywood (now Jackson) Co., NC about 1826 and is probably buried in Shuler Cove. According to Ruth Crawford Shuler, "There is an abandoned cemetery on the property in Shuler Cove that Mary Shuler and four of her sons sold in 1830; it is my theory that both Mary and George Sr. are buried in this cemetery. There are no grave markers other than field stones, so this theory remains just speculation. Mary "Polly" was living with [her son] George Jr. in 1850 in what is now Bryson City, but it could be possible that she was carried back to Shuler Cove."
There were a few dozen immigrants to colonial America with the surname Schuler (and related spellings). For example, see the biography of Harry W. SHEELER on p. 870 of HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL ANNALS OF BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA (1909) by Morton Montgomery (online at http://berks.pa-roots.com/books/montgomery/s15.html ), which says in part, "The first ancestor of this [Berks county Sheeler] family in America came from Germany and settled in Exeter township, Berks Co., Pa. He spelled his surname SCHUELER [note: in German, this would be SCHÜLER], and there are various other spellings, the most common forms being SHEELER, SCHEALER, SHULER, and SCHUYLER. The date of birth, time of death and place of burial of [Harry W. SHEELER's] emigrant ancestor are unknown. His progeny are numerous."
Of course, this Harry W. SHEELER's immigrant ancestor was just one of several SCHULERs and SCHÜLERs who arrived in America between 1700 and 1776. Descendants of many Swiss/German SCHÜLER immigrants varied the spelling of their surname over time. SHULER is by far the most common American spelling, but besides the variations listed above, SHULAR, SHELOR, SHEALER, SHEELOR, and several other spellings are seen today.
It has not yet been proven whether George Shuler was an immigrant himself, or was the descendant of an immigrant. The fact that he signed his will and other documents in old-style German script indicates that he had received at least some education in German, but whether this education was obtained in Europe or in America isn't known, since German-speaking immigrants to America, especially in Pennsylvania, usually settled together and retained their native language for several generations. George SHULER lived in South Carolina by the early 1780's, but he almost certainly wasn't from the Orangeburgh South Carolina Shulers; rather, he apparently had migrated down through Virginia, and he probably lived in Frederick County, Maryland at the time of his marriage. He was probably the Georg SCHULER who married Maria Elisabeth NIEKOM [NICKUM] on 20 Feb 1776 in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick Co., MD. The Americanized version of "Maria" would have been Mary (see below for more details).
According to REVOLUTIONARY PATRIOTS OF FREDERICK COUNTY, MARYLAND, George SHULER signed the Oath of Allegiance in Frederick County, Maryland in March, 1778 (see http://books.google.com/books?id=2zDeC2T-av4C&pg=PA331 ). Other SHULERs (and variant spellings who lived in the county at the same time:
Andrew SHULER, who enlisted as a Private May 6, 1778.
Daniel SHELOR [whose surname was originally spelled SCHUELER], was a 1st lieutenant in Capt. John CARMACK's company of militia in 1775, and later a captain in 1781-1782. He signed the oath of allegiance in 1778.
One South Carolina deed calls George, "George Shuler or Miller". This may indicate that a "Miller" was his step-father. Perhaps George was related to the Miller family who lived near him in the 1790 census.
Mary b: 1755/1760 in of ,, MD, SC & NC, now USA
in ,, Maryland, USA
- Sealing Spouse:
23 Sep 1969
- Mary SHULER b: ABT 1778 in ,, Maryland?, USA
- George SHULER b: ABT 1781 in ,, Maryland, USA
- John SHULER b: ABT 1784 in , Ninety-Six District, South Carolina, USA
- Jacob SHULER b: ABT 1787 in , Ninety-Six District, South Carolina, USA
- David SHULER b: ABT 1790 in , Pendleton, South Carolina, USA
- Emanuel SHULER b: 20 Oct 1793 in , Pendleton, South Carolina, USA
- Title: nn:
Text: CYCLOPEDIA OF EMINENT AND REPRESENTATIVE MEN OF THE CAROLINAS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, vol. 1, Historical Sketch of South Carolina, p. 30: "between the years 1730 and 1750, a great addition to the strength of the province (South Carolina) was made by emigrants from Germany, Holland, Switzerland, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.....The German emigrants, ascending the Ashley River and crossing thence to the Edisto, pushed on to the interior until they struck the Congaree, following the left bank of which they occupied the townships called in their honor Amelia, Orangeburg, and Saxe Gotha, and formed the basis of the population of the present counties of Orangeburg and Lexington and that part of Newberry which lies in the fork of the Broad and Saluda Rivers which thereby acquired the name of Dutch Fork. These settlers are now represented by the families among others, of Dantzler, Wannamaker, Shuler, Hesse, (etc.)............"
George SHULER (Sr.)'s origins and ancestry have not yet been proven; however, we do know that the surname is of Swiss/German origin, and was originally spelled SCHULER or SCHUELER (The German letter u with two dots (umlaut) above, is often written as "ue" in the English alphabet). According to the New Dictionary of American Family Names, SCHUELER or SCHULER is a German surname meaning "one who taught school, a school master, a man who studied, a scholar." Because the origin of SCHULER was from an occupation or personal characteristic of an ancestor, this surname arose in Europe in several locations independently, mainly in Switzerland and Germany; therefore not all Schulers descend from a common ancestor. In the original German, SCHUELER is pronounced somewhere in between "SHEE-ler", "SHOO-ler", and "SKOO-ler"; therefore after coming to America some SCHUELER descendants began to use one pronunciation, and some another. Over time, these adaptations have led to a variety of possible pronunciation and spelling variations (Schuler, Schueler, Schuehler, Schuhler, Schuller, Scheuler, Schular, Schooler, Schoeler, Scholer, Schealer, Scheelar, Scheeler, Schiller, Schuyler, Schyler, Shuyler, Shuller, Shewler, Sheeler, Sheelor, Sheelar, Shelor, Shealor, Shealer, Shulor, Shulur, Shular, and Shuler, are just some of the spellings which have been found in records). Several dozen SCHUELERS (and variant spellings) are recorded as part of the Swiss-German "Palatine" migration to the American colonies, which began during the late 1600's, increased from 1709, and peaked around 1750-1753, continuing until the Revolutionary War began (see "The Palatinate" at http://www.coonrod.net/palat.htm and "Palatines to America" at http://palam.org/palatine.htm and "German Emigration" at http://www.progenealogists.com/germanemigration.htm ). The majority of German-speaking immigrants settled in Pennsylvania, but a significant number came to New York. Some also came to Maryland, the Carolinas, and elsewhere.
Some have theorized (without proof) that George SHULER, Sr. was a descendant of the South Carolina Shuler family referred to at the top of these notes; however, recently discovered evidence seems to indicate otherwise. George's oldest son was born in Maryland (per the 1860 census).
The earliest records we have for George are deeds in the mid-1780's in the area that became Pendleton District, western South Carolina (former Cherokee lands); but we have no absolute proof whether he was born in South Carolina or had migrated there from elsewhere. In the latter part of the 1790's, George sold his lands in SC, and from 1799 to 1802 he bought 1600 acres near the Great Smoky Mountains of NC. He moved his family to western NC around 1801 where he lived for the remainder of his life. The birthplaces given for residents of western NC in the 1850 census appear to be inaccurate, but it was recently discovered that George's eldest son George SHULER Jr., who was born about 1781, gave his birthplace as Maryland in the 1860 census (Catoosa Co., GA).
Some possibilities for George Shuler (Sr.)'s origins:
1. Three Schuler brothers from Bibern, canton Bern, Switzerland, namely Hans Jakob, Hans Joerg, and Hans Heinrich SCHULER (anglicized to Jacob, George, and Henry SHULER), emigrated with Rev. Giesendanner's group and settled in Orangeburgh District, SC in the 1730's. Their descendants spread out from there and became quite numerous. Christine Weaver Shuler, in her 1972 book THE HISTORY OF THE SHULER FAMILY, speculated that George Shuler, Sr. was "perhaps" the son of Philip Jacob SHULER of Lexington District, SC, who was in turn "perhaps" the son of Hans Heinrich (Henry) SCHULER of Orangeburgh District, SC....but to our knowledge no real proof has been found to support either of these conclusions.
2. Several Schuler families emigrated from Europe to Pennsylvania in the late 1600's and early to mid-1700's; many remained there but some of their descendants migrated elsewhere. Many of these went southward into Maryland, the mountain valleys of Virginia, and central North Carolina (particularly the areas of Page Co, VA, Grayson/Carroll Co, VA, and Rowan/Davidson Co, NC, where extended families of Shulers are still found today). Our Shulers in far western NC may be connected with these families rather than with the Orangeburgh SC Shulers.
3. A few Schulers are found in colonial Maryland records. A John Mathias SCHULER served during the French & Indian War in Maryland, and later moved to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, living in Rockingham County until his death. According to descendants, he came from Pennsylvania before moving to Maryland. During the American Revolution, a Henry SCHULER and an Andreas SCHULER (Andrew SHULER) of Maryland fought in the "German Regiment" on the Maryland/Pennsylvania border. Daniel SCHULER (who afterwards spelled his surname SHELOR) also served in the Revolution in Frederick County, MD, as a Captain. Daniel SCHULER's father, Lorentz (Lawrence) SCHUELER (SHELOR), brought his family from Germany in 1753, and they lived in Berks County, PA before moving to Maryland in the late 1760's or early 1770's. According to a Berks County biographical history, some descendants of the immigrant ancestor spell their surname Shuler, while others spell it Sheeler and other variants. Lawrence Schueler purchased an estate known as "Ernest Choice" in Frederick County, Maryland. Revolutionary soldier Andrew SCHULER's wife was named Susanna, and two of his children, Johann Jacob SCHULER and Friedrich SCHULER, were christened in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Middletown, Frederick County, Maryland in 1772 and 1774. Catharina SCHULERIN (Catherine SCHULER), sister of Daniel SCHULER (SHELOR) above, married Peter MULLER on 29 Nov 1775 in the same Evangelical Lutheran Church, Middletown, Frederick Co, MD. And a Georg SCHULER married Maria Elisabetha NIEKOMMIN (NIEKOMM) on 20 Feb 1776 in the same church. This could possibly be our George Shuler and his wife Mary, because the time frame is right, and if so, he was probably related to other SCHULERS who lived in Frederick County, Maryland at that time. Magdalena SCHULER, daughter of Georg and Anna Maria SCHULER was christened in the same church on 6 Sep 1778. "Anna Maria" was apparently the same person as "Maria Elisabetha" whom George had married in 1776, and in English, George's wife would have been called Mary. The daughter, "Magdalena", may have been our George SHULER's daughter Mary if her full name was Mary Magdalena or Magdalena Mary Shuler. The full name was not always written down, even in christening records. But it's also possible that "Magdalena" died young, and "Mary" was born a year or two later.
So far nothing has been found definitely linking our George Shuler to his family of origin. As mentioned, it has sometimes been speculated that George was a son of Phillip Jacob SHULER and a brother to Leonhardt (Leonard) SHULER of Lexington District, South Carolina, and some have accepted this as fact although to our knowledge no proof has been found. The first records found which are definitely our George SHULER in South Carolina, are further inland from Lexington District, in the area which became Pendleton District, where a 1784 record shows that George SHULER was paid "for provisions and forage supplied the militia in 1781 and 1782," during the American Revolutionary War. As shown below, most if not all of George's neighbors and associates in S.C. and western N.C., had migrated there from Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, rather than migrating from the coastal areas of South Carolina. The Swiss-Germans and the Scotch-Irish were the two major ethnic groups who populated the frontier areas in Colonial times. They followed similar migration patterns and eventually intermarried with one another. In those days, groups of extended families and friends usually migrated to new areas together.
Because it was recently discovered that George's son George Jr. reported on the 1860 Census that his birthplace was Maryland, it appears quite possible that the above George & Maria (Mary) SCHULER of Frederick County, Maryland were the same couple as our George and Mary ("Polly") SHULER who were living in Pendleton County, South Carolina by 1784. If George & Mary's marriage did occur in Maryland, as seems likely, then they may be connected to some of the early Shulers in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and central North Carolina (see #2 above), and were probably related to the Schulers and Shelors in #3 above. More research needs to be done.
WILL OF GEORGE SHULER:
In the name of God, Amen,
I GEORGE SHULUR, planter of the State of North Carolina and County of Buncomb being in perfect mind understanding but considdering the Mortallity of my body & knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make, ordain, constitute and appoint this my last Will and Testament,
First of all I recommend & bequeath my Soul into the hand of God who gave it, and my Body to the dust from whence it came to be Enterd in a Chirsitianlike manner, and as tuching such worldly Estate as it has pleased God to Bless me with, I dispose of in the manner & form following (Viz):
First of all that all my just debts & funeral charges be paid,
Secondly I bequeath to my beloved wife MARY & will her all my whole Estate both Real, and personnal to remain hers during her wodowhood, and in case she should marry the moveable property to be sold or equally divided amongst five of my Chidring [children], namely, GEORGE SHULUR, JOHN, JACOB, DAID [David] & AMANUEL [Emanuel]. Likewise my lands to be equally divided amongst said schildring [children] and my beloved wife & she to hold her household possession as long as she lives & then said posesion to be sold and equally divied,
Lastly I will & bequeath to my beloved daughter MARY twenty Schillings to be paid out of my estate at the death of me or my wife, and I do hearby constitute and appoint my trust friends WILLIAM DEVER & GEORGE SHULUR my whole & sole executors herby revoking and making void all former wills, and testaments, and acknowlidging this my last, in witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and seal this tenth day of June in the year of Our Lord one thousand and eight hundred & three [10 June 1803].
wrote in Dutch
In the presents [presence] of us
Abraham M. WIGGINS (his mark)
[Source: Misc. Wills of Haywood Co., North Carolina, Minute Book A, 1809-1828 (FH ser #019 141)]
(notes: The phrase "wrote in Dutch" was written beneath George's signature, presumably by someone else. "Dutch" (i.e. Deutch) in those days meant GERMAN. Since George wrote his name in the old German script, he may have been educated in Europe or in a German-speaking area of the American colonies. It is interesting that some other words in the will were written with German-style spelling, such as schildring (children) and schillings.
The will was written in 1803 in Buncombe County, but George's heirs didn't sell his land until 1830, in Haywood County, where the will was recorded. He probably died about 1826.)
George & Mary SHULER's associates: The executor and witnesses of George's will may provide clues to his origins. These men must have been close friends or relatives, and they may have migrated to the Carolinas together:
1. William DEAVER: son of William Henry DEAVER Sr. & Susannah BIRCHFIELD, he was born 22 Sep 1763 near the Susquehannah River in Cecil County, MD. Enlisted in the Revolutionary War in 1780, in Amherst County, VA. In 1781 he volunteered again, in Capt. James DILLARD's Company, and marched to North Carolina. Lived in Buncombe County, NC after the war. His pension papers were witnessed by Col. Robert LOVE & Robert HENRY, also soldiers of the Revolution. Shortly after 1850 William DEAVER moved to Marshall Co, MS to live with his son Elijah, and he died there in 1855 (see http://www.obcgs.com/revolution.htm).
2. John WELCH: born about 1769, perhaps in Pennsylvania, he married Elizabeth INGRAHAM (INGRAM) in Virginia around 1795. First child William WELCH was born in VA on 8 Apr 1796. The family soon moved to NC and lived first in Buncombe County, then in Haywood County. John moved to Missouri around 1816, and died in Clay Co, MO in 1828. His son William WELCH remained in Haywood Co, NC. William's wife was the daughter of (Col.) Robert & Mary Ann (DILLARD) LOVE.
3. Jacob BIFFLE: born 2 Mar 1763 in Rowan Co, NC and died 16 Feb 1844 in Lewis Co, TN, he was the son of Johannes Adam BUEFFLE (Adam BIFFLE) of Contwig, Germany, & Catherine HENCKEL of the Macungie Settlement, Bucks (now Lehigh) Co, PA, who lived in PA before migrating to NC by 1759. Jacob married Mary DEAVER, sister of William DEAVER (above). Jacob's revolutionary war pension application said "when a boy my father (Adam BIFFLE) moved to Sullivan County, East Tennessee (then NC) on Holston River. I was living there when I went into the services. Some years after the war I moved to Buncombe Co, NC (then Burke Co.) After living there a few years I moved out farther to a county now Haywood County, NC...staid a few years there until 1810. In 1810 I moved to this Maury Co. (TN)"....He may also have lived in South Carolina for a short time. Jacob fought in the Battle of King's Mountain (1780) and other engagements in SC. Jacob's brother John BIFFLE, who also served in the Revolution, married Sally INGRAM (sister of Goldman INGRAM who was the father of Emanuel SHULER's wife Jane INGRAM). John & Sally had a son Goldman BIFFLE. (see http://www.biffle.org/fgs-jacobcmary.html)
4. William FRAVES? (FRAGER? - 1800 census): not yet identified, but this may have been William FRAZER. William FRASER Sr. was born about 1773. His son William FRASER Jr. married Elizabeth SHULER, daughter of a George SHULER & Mary LONG of Rockbridge Co, VA. This George SHULER was born in Bucks Co, PA on 15 June 1782 & later moved to the Shenandoah Valley of VA where he lived for more than 15 years before moving to Gallia Co, OH. This George was probably a son of John Mathias (Matthias) SCHULER, who received payment from Maryland for his services during the French & Indian War period, and later was a landowner in the Shenandoah Valley of VA. Family lore from Matthias' descendants said that he came to the Shenandoah Valley about 1763, and had previously lived in Pennsylvania.
5. Abraham M. WIGGINS: Born 1761 in New Jersey, died around 1850 in Jackson Co, NC. Served in the Revolutionary War in NC, but his pension claim was rejected due to lack of sufficient documentation from North Carolina records. Abraham's daughter Sarah "Sally" WIGGINS married George's son John SHULER. The legendary Cherokee Indian chief Tsali surrendered at the home of Abraham WIGGINS in 1838. (see http://www.grahamchamber.com/cherokee.html)
see also http://www.rootcellar.us/shlrgeor.htm (click here)
1790 Census, Pendleton County, South Carolina:
George SHULER: 1 male over 16; 3 males under 16; 2 females
(this was probably George, his 3 eldest sons George Jr., John, and Jacob, wife Mary, and daughter Mary).
"Pendleton County was formed six years after the close of the Revolutionary War, in 1789. The county was formed out of land that had been conquered from the Cherokee Nation in 1776 but which had remained largely unsettled until 1783. By the year 1790...Pendleton was the principal frontier area of South Carolina, and was the main SC gateway to what remained of Cherokee territory."
Pendleton County was considered a geographic division only, and didn't have its own government until 1798. It was part of Ninety-Six District until 1791 when it was annexed to Washington District. In 1798, Pendleton County became Pendleton District and no longer part of Washington District. Then in 1826 Pendleton was abolished by being divided into two new districts - Anderson (south part) and Pickens (north part).
Some of George SHULER's neighbors in the 1790 census were: George MILLER, John MAFIELD (MAYFIELD), William HENDERSON, Ambrose MAFIELD, Isham MAFIELD, Adley? HAMILTON, John OLIVER, Stephen MAFIELD, Elijah MAFIELD, Giddian MARTIN, Samuel MARTIN, William INGRAM, John BURCHFIELD, Adam BURCHFIELD, William BRISON, Daniel BRISON, Andrew BRISON (BRYSON), William DICKEY, Bennett COMBS, John HAYS.
Some information about George SHULER's neighbors in 1790:
BRYSON family: William BRYSON was born about 1720 in County Antrim, Ireland, and immigrated to Pennsylvania. He lived in Lancaster County, PA where sons James, William, Andrew, Samuel, John, and Daniel were born in the mid 1740's-1750's. In the 1760's he moved to Rowan Co., North Carolina then to South Carolina where he died after 1790. Several of his sons later moved to the far western part of North Carolina.
BURCHFIELD family: they are descendants of Samuel BURCHFIELD, who was born in Wales in 1640, and came to Maryland in 1662. The BURCHFIELDS lived in Maryland for several generations before migrating to the Carolinas and Tennessee.
Joseph CHAPMAN bought land from George & Mary SHULER in 1790. Joseph was born in Halifax County, Virginia on 25 Dec 1745 and served in the Revolutionary War while a resident of Guilford County, NC and Ninety-six District, SC. He enlisted four different times and participated in campaigns against the Cherokees. After the war he lived near the boundary with the Cherokee Nation, in Pendleton District, SC. This area later became Pickens County. He died in 1836 in Pickens County without leaving a will. His Revolutionary War pension application contains many interesting details.
(see http://www.chapmanfamilies.org/bio_joseph.html and http://files.usgwarchives.net/sc/pickens/wills/chapman.txt).
Bennett COMBS was involved in deed transactions with George SHULER. According to some Combs researchers, Bennett COMBS was born 10 June 1745 in St. Mary's County, Maryland, and died 4 Mar 1801 in Anderson County, SC. He served in the Revolutionary War in Maryland. (see also http://www.combs-families.org/combs/records/sc-pend.htm and http://www.combs-families.org/combs/records/sc-pend-bc.htm )
John HAYS may have been father of Edward HAYS who married a daughter of George SHULER (according to HAYS family researchers).
William INGRAM, who came from Virginia, was father of Goldman INGRAM whose daughter Jane married George SHULER's son Emanuel in 1819.
Elijah MAYFIELD (one of five MAYFIELDS who were neighbors of George SHULER in 1790) was the son of James MAYFIELD who was killed by Indians at Eaton's Station (near the modern city of Nashville, TN) in 1780. This same Elijah MAYFIELD filed for a Revolutionary War Pension (file #S2754) in Hickman Co, TN on 15 July 1834, saying that he was born on 10 June 1762 in Amherst Co, VA and moved from there about 1774 to the New River area of southwest VA (later Montgomery Co, VA). He enlisted in the First Virginia Regiment in Jan/Feb 1779 and was discharged from the army in Jan/Feb 1780. Went to Eaton's Station, TN (probably with his father James & brother Isaac), in about Apr 1780. His father was killed by the Indians in July/Aug 1780, and Elijah was taken prisoner by Indians/British and held for over 2 years. He escaped, then moved to the vicinity of the Long Island of the Holston River (Sullivan/Washington Co, TN) in early 1784. He removed to South Carolina about 1785 and lived there for 17 years, then removed to Shelby/Jefferson Co, KY about 1802, and lived there about 16 years. Removed to Hickman Co, TN about 1818 and lived there until at least July 1834 when he made his Rev. War pension application. He died 5 Oct 1843 in Maury Co, TN.
(see http://sc_tories.tripod.com/john_mayfield.htm for more about Mayfields in SC)
George MILLER lived next door to George SHULER in the 1790 Census, & his son Isaac MILLER witnessed deed transactions for George SHULER.
George MILLER was born about 1740/1745, place unknown. According to family as well as local Pickens Co. legend, he had been a German soldier who first came into the upstate of SC to assist in fighting the Indians. George & his son Isaac were responsible for witnessing statements for many later Germans who came into the area in the late 1700-early 1800's and applied for citizenship. The German form of his surname was originally MUELLER. (note: as mentioned above, an Elizabeth SCHULER married a Peter MULLER in Frederick Co, MD in 1775. Were they related?). George MULLER/MILLER received a land grant on Rices Creek, a tributary of 12 Mile River, in 1792, and had earlier grants in 1771 and 1774. His wife Mary may have been Native American. Their children included Isaac who md. Hester Elizabeth WEAVER and remained in Pickens County; Micah/Michael who md. Margaret BOREN; Morris who md. Catherine BOREN; George; Jesse; Jacob who md. Rhoda WIMBERLY; Adam who md. Betsy TAYLOR; Susannah; Ana; Agnes, a daughter who married Francis or Matthew BOREN; and a daughter who married Berryman ROE. George MILLER & his wife Mary and most of their children left Pickens Co. in 1804 and moved to Warren Co, KY; his will was filed there 12 Mar 1812.
17 Aug 1786: Joseph STROBEL of Charleston [South Carolina] sold to George SHULER of 96 District [South Carolina], for 500 pds sterling, 305 acres granted 16 July 1784, on the South Fork of Saluda River. Signed Joseph (X) STRABEL.
Wit: Joseph HALE, George HOPE. Pr. bef. David HOPKINS, Esq. by oath of Joseph HALE. Rec. 16 Aug 1790.
18 Mar 1790: George SHULER and Mary his wife of Pendleton County [South Carolina], Planter, convey to Joseph CHAPMAN, Planter, for five shillings & 200 pounds sterling, 305 acres on both sides of South fork of Saluda River, bounding on land granted to Joseph STRABEL by his Excellency Benjamin GUERARD on 16 July 1784. Signed Georg SCHULER (German script), Mary (her X) SHULER. Witnessed by Bennett COMBS, Isaac MILLER, John PENDERGRASS. Bennet COMBS made oath 30 Mar 1791, before John WILSON, Esq., J.P. Recorded 31 May 1791. (Conveyance Book A, p. 278-282)
18 June 1790: George SHULER for 124 pounds sterling sold to Willoughby PUGH, planter, 41 acres, part of two surveys the first granted (to) SHULER by Chas. PINCKNEY and the other granted on Jan. 4, 1790 on Golden's Creek of 12 Mile River [South Carolina].
16 June 1792: George SHOOLER, planter, conveyed to Joseph CULTON, Sr., for 50 pounds sterling, 200 acres on Rocky Creek, branch of Savannah River, granted to SHOOLER 15 Oct 1784, by Benjamin GUERRARD, Esq. Governor. Wit: Jas. DOUTHIT, John PENDERGRASS. Hartis MAULDIN made oath that he saw George SHOOLER acknowledge this deed to Elijah BROWNE, 16 June 1792. Recorded 27 June 1793.
10 Oct 1795: George SHULER sold to William STEWART a farm on Craven?s creek of what was later called Nicholson?s Fork of Little River, a branch of Keowee River (now in Oconee County, S.C.)
William Stewart had moved from Virginia to S.C. before 1790.
18 Feb 1797: George SHULER of Washington District (SC) conveyed to Edward HAYSE 150 acres on Little River of Keowee bounded by William STUART, George SMITH, (George) SHULER.
15 Mar 1798: George SHULER conveyed to William STUART for 37 shillings, 100 acres bounded by BOBO. Witnesses: Edward HASE, Jacob REECE. HASE (HAYS) made oath to Joseph REED, J.P., 15 Mar 1798
15 Mar 1798: George SHULER conveyed to William STUART for 20 pounds, 50 acres on both sides of Craven's Creek of Little River, bordered by Right CRAVEN and BOBO. (Pendleton Dist., SC Deed Book E, p.216-217)
(more to be added later)
1790 Census, Pendleton County, South Carolina (see above)
1800 Census, Pendleton District, South Carolina:
#976 George SHULER, 3 males under 10, 1 male age 10-15, 1 male age 16-25, 1 male over 45, 1 female age 26-44 (Total = 7)
GEORGE SHULER APPARENTLY MOVED HIS FAMILY TO BUNCOMBE COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA IN 1801, JUST AFTER THIS CENSUS WAS TAKEN. HE HAD ALREADY PURCHASED LAND IN BUNCOMBE COUNTY, NC PRIOR TO 1800. AT THAT TIME BUNCOMBE COUNTY INCLUDED THE PRESENT-DAY COUNTIES OF CHEROKEE, GRAHAM, CLAY, SWAIN, MACON, JACKSON, MADISON, HAYWOOD, AND SEVERAL OTHERS.
1810 Census, Haywood County, North Carolina (Haywood Co. split off from Buncombe in 1808):
George SHULER, 2 males age 10-15, 1 male over 45, 1 female over 45 (Total = 4)
(This was George Shuler, Sr.)
(George's two sons George Jr. and John lived nearby. George Jr.'s household was 1 male age 26-44 and 1 female age 16-25. John's household was 1 male age 16-25, 1 female age 16-25, and 1 female under 10)
1820 Census, Haywood County, North Carolina:
SILAR, Jacob (not sure if this was Jacob SHULER), 2 males age 18-26, 1 female age 16-26
SHULAR, Manuiel, 1 male age 10-16, 1 male age 18-26, 1 female age 0-10, 1 female age 16-26
SHULAR, David, 1 male age 0-10, 1 male age 18-26, 1 female age 0-10, 1 female age 16-26
SHULAR, George Senr., 1 male age 0-10, 1 male age 10-16, 1 male over 45, 1 female over 45
SHULAR, John, 1 male age 18-26, 1 female age 0-10, 1 female age 16-26, 1 female age 26-45
SHULAR, Georg, 3 males age 0-10, 1 male age 18-26, 1 female age 0-10, 1 female age 16-26, 1 female age 26-45, 1 female over 45
Two unknown SHULERS (Manson and Zeke) were living in Haywood County, NC in 1820 according to the following:
From a history of Jackson Co NC by Max R. Williams, editor: "Much earlier,in 1820, John Bryson, Andy Cathey, Oliver Painter, Peter Long, ThomasHenson, MANSON SHULER, Hugh Bryson, Silas Watson, William Watson andEnoch Underwood organized a subscription school near Cullowhee toguarantee the salary of teacher ZEKE SHULER who had been hired to teachtheir 16 sons and daughters in the small log house owed by Maj. HamiltonBryson."
Note: Jackson County was formed from Haywood & Macon in 1851. Macon was formed in 1828 from Haywood, and Haywood was formed in 1808 from Buncombe. So in 1820 the area "near Cullowhee" would have been in Haywood County.
Unless there is an error in the date, Manson and Zeke Shuler must have been in their 20's or older in the year 1820, and apparently Manson Shuler had some children old enough to attend school then. Yet Manson and Zeke (or Ezekiel) Shuler do not appear in the census or any other records. Could these have been middle names or nicknames for some of George Shuler's sons? Or, if the original handwriting was misinterpreted, could the names perhaps instead be "Manuel" and "Jake" (Jacob)? No other Shulers lived in this part of North Carolina in 1820 except George and Mary Shuler with their five adult sons George, John, Jacob, David, and Emanuel, and the only Shulers with children old enough to attend school in 1820 would be George and John (George Shuler Sr.'s two oldest sons). Or is the 1820 date an error?? The 1820 Census of Haywood (future Jackson) County, NC lists only one of the 11 above-named individuals (John Bryson), and even he may have been a different John Bryson than the one who helped organize the school.
Adding to the mystery, census records indicate that most Shulers in western NC were illiterate during the pre-Civil War period. So who was this teacher Zeke Shuler, and who was Manson Shuler? I would like to hear from anyone who has further information.