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  • ID: I15074
  • Name: Captain Adam Thoroughgood (Immigrant) , .
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 15 JUL 1602 in St. Ann's, Blackfriars, Grimston, Norfolk, England
  • Death: 27 APR 1640 in Elizabeth City, Princess Anne, Virginia
  • Baptism: 5 JUL 1604 St. Botolph's Parish, Grimston, Norfolk, England
  • Burial: Lynnhaven Church, VA
  • Reference Number: 15074
  • Note:
    (AFN: 9SVC-1B)
    10th Great Grandfather of James Scott
    Those direct descendants of Adam Thoroughgood are eligible for membership in the "Jamestowne Society." This family is considered among "The First Families of Virginia."

    Note:
    IMMIGRATION:
    Database: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index (PILI)
    Immigrant: Thoroughgood, Adam
    Location: Virginia
    Year: 1621
    Page Number: 66
    Document Type: Immigrant Record
    Source: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index
    Publication:
    VIRKUS, FREDERICK A., editor. Immigrant Ancestors: A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1964. 75p. Repr. 1986.
    In the years from 1925 to 1942, Frederick A. Virkus edited seven volumes with the title, The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy, published in Chicago by the Institute of American Genealogy. Each volume has a section in the main body of the work, complete in itself, entitled 'Immigrant Ancestors,' containing much genealogical information: vol. 1, pp. 965-997; vol. 2, pp. 387-421; vol. 3, pp. 645-692; vol. 4, pp. 727-777; vol. 5, pp. 741-793; vol. 6, pp. 749-819; vol. 7, pp. 825-895. The section in vol. 7 appears to be the most complete and it has been reprinted. Thus that 1964 reprint list is the only one appearing in no. 2048, Filby, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index. The Virkus work supplies facts on birth, ancestry, time and place of arrival on this continent, marriage, and death of each immigrant that it includes. A more complete list of immigrants to America before 1750 whose surnames begin with the letter A or the letter B through 'Battles' is contained in the material listed in item no. 9450.
    Source Information:
    Gale Group. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index (PILI). [database on-line] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2001. Original data: Passenger and Immigration Lists IndexEdited by P. William Filby, with Mary K. Meyer. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, 1981.

    Note:
    Came to America on "The Charles" from Lynn, Norfolk Co., England in November, 1621 "at 18 years old." The ship sailed from London. He was an indentured servant of Edward Waters. He was listed in the census 1623/4 at Elizabeth City.

    A commissioner of Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1630. Council member in 1637. (age doesn't add up--he was born in 1602)

    from Ancestral Records and Portraits, vol. 1, Adam Thoroughgood was Burgess for Elizabeth City County, 1629 to 1632, and a member of the Council of Virginia, and Presiding Justice in 1637. (from Hennings Statutes, Vol I, pp 149-187)

    also, from pg. 347, Captain Adam Thoroughgood, 1603-1640, was the son of William and Ann (Edwards) Thoroughgood of Norfolk County, Eng., and brother of Sir John Thoroughgood of Kensington. He married at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, London, July 18, 1627, Sarah, the daughter of Robert and Anne (Osborne) Offley. Sarah Offley was baptized at St. Benet's, London.

    from Maryland Historical Magazine, The dwelling house reputed the be the oldest in the earliest colony, that of Adam Thoroughgood, its builder, in Princesss Anne County, Virginia, near Norfolk, erected about 1635, and still in a fairly good state of preservation, is one of the best examples of this type of dwelling. It is a quaint farm house, with a very high pitched roof, and three dormer windows on each side. Massive end chimneys, broad at the base and narrowing by recesses to the roof ridge, thence straight upward.

    will proved 27 April 1640 - from Marriages of Virginia Residents

    from "Some Emigrants to Virginia, page 67. Thoroughgood, Adam (1602-1641), Lower Norfolk County, brother of Sir John Thoroughgood and son of William Thoroughgood, of Grimston, Commissary of the Bishop of Norwich. V. M., II, 414-416

    Note:
    The Adam Thoroughgood House in Virginia Beach, VA, (1635 Parish Road, Virginia Beach, VA 23455) hosted a party to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the baptism of Adam Thoroughgood (July 5, 1604) on July 5, 2004. There was 17th century music and a puppet show, a costumed Adam Thoroughgood, remarks by Virginia Beach's mayor, and refreshments from 1 P.M. to 4 P.M.

    Note:
    Virginia Beach, VA
    Independent city, southeastern Virginia, U.S., on the Atlantic coast and Chesapeake Bay, adjacent to the cities of Norfolk and Chesapeake in the Hampton Roads region. The city extends 28 miles (45 km) southward from the mouth of Chesapeake Bay to the North Carolina border, covering 302 square miles (782 square km) of land and water, with 28 miles (45 km) of ocean front. Back Bay is a brackish lagoon and a national wildlife refuge that occupies about 39 square miles (101 square km) and parallels the ocean at the south end of the city. Founded in 1887, Virginia Beach developed as a resort following construction of a hotel and a railroad linking it with Norfolk. After World War I it became an important base in the national coastal-defense system. In 1963 Virginia Beach and the former Princess Anne county merged as the City of Virginia Beach.

    The city's economy is based on tourism, military installations (Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base, Oceana Naval Air Station, the Fleet Combat Training Center Atlantic at DamNeck, and Fort Story), agriculture (grains, vegetables, and dairy products), and diversified manufactures. Virginia Wesleyan College (1966), which is headquartered in Norfolk, straddles the city boundary. Six miles (10 km) north of Virginia Beach is Cape Henry, situated at the entrance to Chesapeake Bay. A memorial there, which is part of Colonial National Historical Park, marks the first landing (1607) of the Jamestown colonists. Nearby are the Cape Henry Lights, the old (179192) and new (187981) lighthouses, situated northeast of the site of Fort Story. The restored ADAM THOROUGHGOOD House (c. 1680), among the oldest surviving homes in the country, was built by one of Virginia's first settlers. Facilities for water recreation and fishing are available from the city's boardwalks, bays, and beaches. Virginia Beach is known for seafood. Inc. town, 1906; city, 1952. Pop. (1990) city, 393,089; Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA, 1,444,710; (1998 est.) city, 432,380; (1996 est.) Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA, 1,540,252.

    PERSONS TRANSPORTED BY ADAM THOROWGOOD:
    "Capt Adam Thoroughgood, 5350 acs, lying Nly upon Chesopean Bay, to begin at the first Cr. of that river, running to a broad cr. that shooteth behind a long point of land Wly, into the maine land Ely, up the Riv. to a little island shooting into Chesopean Riv., E. upon the same, this land lying upon the west side & if in case these bounds or neck of land does not include the sd. 5350 acs, then he shall measure upon the first sd. Cr. soe farr as the remainder of his sd. acs. shall extend. Sd. land granteds at the especiall recommendation of him from their Lordshipps and other his Majesties most Honble. private Counsell to the Govr. & Counsell of State of Va. 24th of June 1635. Also due as followeth: 50 acs. for his personal adv. 50 acs for per adv of his wife Sarah Thorowgood & 5350 acs. for trans. of 105 persons. Trans. of himselfe, wife Sarah, and Thomas Thorowgood, Franceis Newton, James Leading, Stephen Bernard, Joh. Newarke, Edward Pitts, Rich. Jenerie, Wm. Edwards, Dennis Russell, John Bernards, Jon. Waters, Jos. Leake, Thomas Brooks, Jon. Moise, Jon. Penton, Edward Parish, Thomas Melton, AUGUSTINE WARNER (George Washington's 2d great grandfather), Tho. Chandler, Andrew Chant, John Persie, Edward Wallis, Thomas Boulton, Robert Heasell, Richard Johnson, Margaret Bilbie, Jane Proseer, Jane Westerfield, Ann Spark, Susan Colson, in the "Hopewell" in 1629; John Harris, John Lock, Andrew Boyer, Thomas Boyer in the "True Love" in 1628; Thomas Keeling, Rachel Lane in the "Hopewell" 1628; William Hines, Edward Reynolds, Wm. Hookes, Edward Palmer, Edward Jones, John Dyer in the french ship in 1629, Victo Fraford, Casandra Underwood, Merciful Halley, Ann Long, Dorothy Wheeler, Ann Allerson, in the "Africa"; Eliz. Gosmore in the "Christpopher & Mary"; Franceis Bramly in the "Ark"; John Writt, Wm. Fawne, Wm. Was, George Mee, Gilbert Gye, John Enies, James Wilson, Daniel Hutton, Wm. Gastrock,Wm. Speed, Jon. Reynolds in the "Hopewell" in 1633; Jon. Wakefield, James Belly, Patrick Blacock, Stephen Swaine, John Cowes, Ann Boulton, in the "Bona Adventure" in 1634; Wm. Fletcher in "Middleton" in 1634; Robert Westwell in the "Merchants Hope" in 1634; Robert Spring in the "John & Dorothy"; Adam Thorowgood, Edward Windham, Cob. Howell, Tho. Creaser, Henry Hill, Roger Ward, Jon. Withers, Wm. Holton, Wm. Kempe, Humphrey Heyward, Jon. Alporte, Symond Stanfield, Robert Gainie, Thomas Smith, George Whitehead, Henry Franklin, Jon. Hill, Joseph Sedgewick, Arthur Eggleston, Richard Poole, Jon. Holton, Stephen Withers, Christ. Newgent, Jon. Brewton, Thomas Atmore, Mary Hill, Henry Wood in the "John & Dorothy" in 1634; Wm. Burroughs, Ann Burroughs, Ann Whitthorne, Eliza. Creaser, Eliza Curtisse, Mary Hill, Jr. Wm. Atkins." Others Transported or Arriving on a Thorowgood ship: Thomas Marshall transported by Capt. Adam Thoroughgood 1635, county unknown; Thomas Keeling transported himself and Ann his wife on the "John & Dorothy" in 1634 (note Thomas Keeling came to the colony early transported by Adam Thorowgood on the "Hopewell" in 1628

    PROPERTY:
    Thorowgood, Adam.
    Publication 20 March 1634. Virginia State Land Office. Patents 1-42, reels 1-41. Note Location: County location not given. Description: 200 acres westerly upon Back River, northerly upon the land of John Robinson.
    Source: Land Office Patents No. 1, 1623-1643 (v.1 & 2), p. 160 (Reel 1). Part of the index to the recorded copies of patents for land issued by the Secretary of the Colony serving as the colonial Land Office. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia. Subject - Personal Thorowgood, Adam. grantee.
    Robinson, John. Subject - Topical Land titles -- Registration and transfer -- Virginia. Subject -Geographic Virginia -- History -- 17th century. Genre/Form Land grants -- Virginia. Added Entry Virginia. Colonial Land Office. Patents, 1623-1774. Library of Virginia. Archives. System Number 000832523

    PROPERTY:
    Thorowgood, Adam.
    Publication 18 December 1635. Virginia State Land Office. Patents 1-42, reels 1-41. Note Location: County location not given. Description: 600 acres lying north upon the first or second little creeke, upon the eastern side of Lynn Haven, alias Chesopeian. Source: Land Office Patents No. 1, 1623-1643 (v.1 & 2), p. 327 (Reel 1).
    Part of the index to the recorded copies of patents for land issued by the Secretary of the Colony serving as the colonial Land Office. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia. Subject - Personal Thorowgood, Adam. grantee. Subject - Topical Land titles -- Registration and transfer -- Virginia.
    Subject -Geographic Virginia -- History -- 17th century. Genre/Form Land grants -- Virginia. Added Entry Virginia. Colonial Land Office. Patents, 1623-1774. Library of Virginia. Archives. System Number 000832525

    PROPERTY:
    1635 From "Cavaliers & Pioneers"
    Virginia Patent Book No. 1-Part I
    Capt. Adam Thorowgood (Thoroughgood), 5350 acs. Iying Nly upon Chesopean bay, to begin at the first Cr. of that river, running to a broad cr. that shooteth behind a long point of land Wly. into the maine land, Sly. up the Riv. to a little island shooting into Chesopean Riv., E. upon the same, this land Iying upon the W. side & if in case these bounds or neck of land doe not include the sd. 5350 acs. then he shall measure upon the sd. first Cr. soe farr as the remainder of his sd. acres shall extend. Sd. Iand graunted at the especial! recomendation of him from their Lordshipps & others his Majesties most Honble. privie Councell to the Govr. & Councell of State for Va. 24 June 1635, p. 179. Also due as followeth: 50 acs, for his per. adv. 50 acs. for per adv. of his wife Sarah 'lhoroughgood & 5250 acs. for trans. of 105 persons including AUGUSTINE WARNER, 2d great grandfather of President George Washington. By 1635 he owned 7,000 acres.

    WILL:
    He made a will in Lower Norfolk Co., VA, February 17, 1639. Adam's will was probated in Lower Norfolk Co., VA, April 27, 1640. Adam Thorowgood came to Virginia on the "Charles" in 1621. He was at Elizabeth City for the 1623-4 census and is shown aged 18 for the 1624-5 census, a servant in the muster of Edward Waters. By 1626, he is known as Captain Adam Thorogood, Gentleman of Kiquotan, when he purchased 150 acres on the north side of Hampton Roads. He patented 400 acres in Elizabeth City County on March 21, 1634-5 and 5,350 acres at Lynnhaven, Lower Norfolk County in 1637. This land at Lynnhaven on the south side of Hampton Roads was due him for the personal adventure of himself and his wife and the transportation of 105 persons between 1628 and 1634 (see names in introduction).

    He was appointed commissioner for holding monthly court at Elizabeth City on March 7, 1728-9, served as a Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1629 and 1630-1632. He was a member of the first court for Lower Norfolk County May 15, 1637, vestryman of Lynnhaven Parish and the first church of Lynnhaven Parish was built in 1639 on his land at Church Point.

    His will named his wife, Sarah, son Adam and daughters Ann, Sarah and Elizabeth. He asked that he be buried at the parish church at Lynnhaven.

    1Boddie, John Bennett, Historical Southern Families (Redwood City, Calififornia: Pacific Coast Publishers, 1957-1980.), 6:45, 47, Family History Library, 975 D2b.

    2Genealogies of Virginia Families: From Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1981.), 1:483, Los Angeles Public Library, Gen 975.5 G3265.

    3Harrison, William Welsh, Harrison, Waples and Allied Families (Philadelphia: Edward Stern & Co., 1910.), pp. 132-133, Family History Library, 929.273 H245h.

    4Dorman, John Frederick, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1624/5 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004-2007. [4th Edition]), 2:699, Family History Library, 975.5 H2j 2004.





    Father: William Thoroughgood , . b: 12 MAY 1579 in Grimston, Norfolk, England
    Mother: Anne Edwards , . b: 1568 in Norwich, Norfolk, England

    Marriage 1 Sarah Offley , . b: BEF. 16 APR 1609 in London, England
    • Married: 18 JUL 1627 in St. Anne's Church, Blackfriar, London, England
    Children
    1. Has Children Elizabeth Thoroughgood b: 1628 in Lynhaven, Northampton Co.,VA
    2. Has No Children Lt. Col. Adam Thoroughgood b: 1630 in Norfolk, Virginia
    3. Has Children Anne Thoroughgood , . b: 30 OCT 1632 in Norfolk Co., VA
    4. Has No Children Sarah Thoroughgood b: 1634 in England
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