Royals, Rebels, Presidents, Paupers, Thinkers, and Thieves

Entries: 48659    Updated: 2006-03-21 02:35:34 UTC (Tue)    Contact: David Meier

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  • ID: I22730
  • Name: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Nero of Rome
  • Prefix: Emperor
  • Given Name: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Nero
  • Surname: of Rome
  • Nickname: Claudius
  • Name: Tiberius Claudius
  • Given Name: Tiberius
  • Surname: Claudius
  • Suffix: Nero Emperor of Rome
  • Sex: M
  • _UID: 7995A7EAFD50D811BE490080C8C142CCF3C6
  • Change Date: 10 Aug 2004
  • Note:


    Claudius I (10 bc-ad54), Roman emperor (ad41-54).

    Claudius was born Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus in Lugdunum (present-day Lyon, France). His father, Nero Claudius Drusus, was a younger brother of Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar, later the Roman emperor Tiberius. Claudius held no important public office until the age of 47, when he became consul during the reign of his nephew, Emperor Caligula. When the latter was assassinated in ad41, Claudius was proclaimed emperor by the Praetorian Guard, who found him hiding in the palace. The first acts of his reign gave promise of mild and just government; but in 42, when a conspiracy against his life was uncovered, he went into semiretirement. His wife Messalina became largely responsible for administering the government for a time. She practiced cruelties and extortions without restraint. Aside from the excesses perpetrated under the influence of Messalina, Claudius's reign was that of an able administrator, both in civil and military affairs. Mauretania (present-day northern Morocco and western Algeria) was made a Roman province; the conquest of Britain was begun; and the Roman armies fought successfully against the Germans. Judea and Thrace also became Roman provinces during his rule. Claudius expended enormous sums in building, especially in the construction of the famous Claudian Aqueduct. His administration was characterized by a decline in the power of the nobility and by the practice, later commonplace, of granting responsibility and wealth to the personal followers of the emperor, including former slaves.

    In 48 Claudius ordered the execution of Messalina, who had indicated her contempt for him by publicly staging a mock marriage with her lover. He then defied widespread disapproval by marrying his niece, Agrippina the Younger, under whose influence he deprived his son by Messalina, Britannicus, of his heritage, adopting instead Agrippina's son by a former marriage, Nero, later emperor of Rome. Shortly thereafter Claudius was poisoned, presumably by Agrippina. Claudius is depicted by ancient historians as being neglected, sickly, and ridiculed before coming to power; his character during his reign is described as ignorant and malicious. Modern scholars, however, tend to discount their testimony and estimate him as shrewd and able.

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    1 2 3
  • Birth: 1 AUG 10 BC in Lugundum (Lyons) 4 5 3
  • Death: 31 OCT 54



    Father: Nero Claudius Germanicus Drusus b: 38 BC
    Mother: Antonio Minor of Rome b: 36 BC

    Father: Nero Claudius Caesar
    Mother: Antonia Augusta

    Marriage 1 Julia Agrippa Minor of Rome b: ABT 15 BC
    • Married:
    Children
    1. Has Children Genuissa (Venessa) Claudia of Rome

    Marriage 2 Aemilia Lepida
    • Married: 6 7 3
    Children
    1. Has Children Genuissa (Venessa) Claudia of Rome
    2. Has Children Marcus Aurelius Crispin

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Ancestry of Richard Plantagenet & Cecily de Nevill
      Title: Ernst-Friedrich Kraentzler, Ancestry of Richard Plantagenet & Cecily de Neville (published by author 1978)evilleeville. published by author 1978.
      Note:
      Call number:

      J.H. Garner
      Page: Chart 1826, p 393
      Text: Claudius, Emp of Rome
    2. Abbrev: Merriam Webster's Biographical Dictionary
      Title: Merriam Webster's Biographical Dictionary (Merriam Webster Inc., Springfield, Massachusetts , 1995)field, Massachusetts , 1995.
      Note:
      Call number:
      Text: Claudius, s of Nero Claudius Drusus & Antonia
    3. Abbrev: Pullen010502.FTW
      Title: Pullen010502.FTW
      Note:
      Call number:
      Text: Date of Import: Jan 5, 2002
    4. Abbrev: Our Family Tree
      Title: Jordan & Kimble, Our Family Tree (1929)
      Note:
      Call number:
      Text: no place
    5. Abbrev: PrenticeNet: A Lineage to Caesar
      Title: PrenticeNet: A Lineage to Caesar (WWW)
      Note:
      Call number:

      webmaster@PrenticeNet.com

      http://www.prenticenet.com/roots/surnames/ancient/2caesar.htm
      Text: no place
    6. Abbrev: Ancestry of Richard Plantagenet & Cecily de Nevill
      Title: Ernst-Friedrich Kraentzler, Ancestry of Richard Plantagenet & Cecily de Neville (published by author 1978)evilleeville. published by author 1978.
      Note:
      Call number:

      J.H. Garner
      Page: Chart 1826, p 393
    7. Abbrev: Merriam Webster's Biographical Dictionary
      Title: Merriam Webster's Biographical Dictionary (Merriam Webster Inc., Springfield, Massachusetts , 1995)field, Massachusetts , 1995.
      Note:
      Call number:
      Text: his 1st m

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