JANE AUSTEN

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  • ID: I9183
  • Name: Charles I (STUART) King of England, Scotland and Ireland 1
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 02 FEB 2016
  • Birth: 19 NOV 1600 in Dunfermline, Fife 1
  • Note:
    'The mother of the said Brome Whorwood who was drown'd, was Jane, datlghter and one of the two coheires of... Ryther of Kingston upon Thames in Surrey, somtimes surveyor of the stables to K. James I, and daughter in law to James Maxwell esq. one of the gromes of the bed-chamber to K. Charles I as having married her mother after Ryther's death. _A. W. remembred her well, as having often seen her in Oxon : she was red-hair'd as ber sone Brome was, and was the most loyal person to K. Charles I in his miseries, as any woman in England, as it appeares by several exploits that she performed in order to his preservation; among which I shall set downe these two.
    After his majestie had been taken away from Holdenby he was conveyed by easie removals to Hampton court August I647, at which time the citizens of London were very unruly, had alienated their affections from the parliament, were very averse to the army, and wholly enclin'd to his majestie, as having a designe to get him among them, settle him in the parliam. house and so conclude a peace. His majesty knew ail this, and knew the insolencies and threatning of the parliam. soldiers which they gave out to destroy him, being animated so to do by the cabal of parliam. officers sitting at Putney, which therefore made him think of an escape from Hampton Court, if he could well know to what place he could goe. Jane Whorwood knowing this, shee went to William Lillie the astronomer living in the Strand within the libertie of Westminster to receive his judgment about it, that is to say, in what quarter of the nation he might be most safe, and not be discovered till himself pleased. When shee came to his dore, Lilly told her he would not let her come in for he had buried a maid-servant of the plague very lately. ' I feare not the plague but the pox,' saith shee. So he let her in, and went up staires. After Lillie had erected his figure, he told her that about 20 miles from London and
    in Essex he was certaine the king might continue undiscovered. Shee liked his judgment very well, and being herself of a sharp judgment, remembred a place in Essex about that distance, where was an excellent bouse and all conveniences for his reception, &c. Away shee went early next morning to Hampton court, to acquaint his majestie ; but see the misfortune, he either guided by his owne approaching hard fate, or misguided by <John> Ashburnham, went to Tichfield in Hampshire, and surrendred himself to col. Robert Hammond governour of the Isle of Wight. A. W. bas heard from W. Lilly, that alderrnan... Adams of London, sent to his majesty at Hampton Court a thousand pound in gold: five hundred pound of which was put into Jane Whorwood's hands, who gave Lilly for this and other judgments 20 li. of the same money, as the said Lilly usually reported.
    Another loyal exploit was this.--His majestie being in Caresbrok castle in the said Isle ofWight, the Kentish men were then in armes for him and join'd with the lord... Goring. A considerable number of the best ships also revolted from the parliament, and the citizens of London were forward to rise against the parliament : whereupon his majestie design'd an escape thence, if he could tell how. A smal ship was provided and anchored not farr from the castle to bring him into Sussex, and horses were provided ready to carry him thro Sussex into Kent, and from thence to march immediatly to London, where thousands would have armed for him &c.
    These things being knowne among the king's friends, and particularly to Jane Whorwood, shee repaires againe to Lillie, and acquaints him with the matter : whereupon he got G. Farmer, a most ingeniotus locksmith dwelling in Bow lane in London, to make a saw to cut iron barrs asunder, I meane to saw them, and aqua fortis besicles. These things being quickly obtain'd, his maj. in a smal time did his worke. The barrs gave libertie to him to go out, and he was out with his body till he came to his breasts, but then his heart failing, he proceeded no farther ; so afterwards he was kept closer. These things A. W. had from Will. Lilly; who told him, (and so he afterwards found it among some of his notes) that the said Jane Whorwood came to him againe (upon the direction, as he thought, of Will. lord Say) to know from the perusal of his figure, whether his majestie should signe the propositions sent to him by the parliament, so soon as they were read : to which Will. Lillie consenting, and that it was his only way so to doe, which by her, or her letters, were commnnlcated to his majestie, yet the said lord Say did, after his majestie had communicated his intentions to him what to doe, perswade him from signing the said propositions, telling him, they were not fit for him to signe, that he (Say) had many friends in the H. of lords, and some in the house of commons, and he would procure more, and then they would frame more easie propositions, &c. This perswasion of that unfortunate lord occasion'd his majesty to wave the advice of Lilly and others, &c. This Jane Whorwood is the same lady mention'd in the second volume of 'Ath. et Fasti Oxon.' p. 523 where you'l find that K. Charles I. had put into her hands a cabinet of pretious jewells, to be by her kept till such time that he should send for them ; which he did a little before his death : and what passed thereupon, you may see there.'
    [Jane Whorwood was the confidante and intimate friend (though possibly not the Mistress) of King Charles II. Meanwhile, her husband took a long-term "concubine", his servant Katherine Allen.
    From Staffordshire Pedigrees:
    (Jane was)"one of the two coheirs of ... Ryder of Kingston upon Thames com. Surrey, sometime Surveyor of the Stables to K.J. and daur. in law [sic - step-daughter?] to James Maxwell, Groom of the Bedchamber to K.Ch. and Ussher of the Black Rod. C.34.16"] 2 3 4
  • Death: 30 JAN 1648/49 in Whitehall, Middlesex 1



    Father: James VI and I (STUART) King James VI of Scotland, and James I of England and Ireland b: 19 JUN 1566 in Edinburgh Castle
    Mother: Anne of Denmark b: 1574

    Marriage 1 Henrietta Maria (OF BOURBON) of France b: 26 NOV 1609 in Palace of the Louvre, Paris
    • Married: MAY 1625
    • Note: Charles and Henrietta were married by proxy at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, on either 1 or 11 May 1625. 1
    Children
    1. Has Children Charles II (STUART) King of England, Scotland and Ireland b: 29 MAY 1630 in St James's Palace, Westminster, Middlesex
    2. Has Children Mary Henrietta (STUART) Princess Royal b: NOV 1631 in St James's Palace, Westminster, Middlesex
    3. Has Children James II (STUART) King James VII of Scotland, and James II of England and Ireland b: OCT 1633

    Sources:
    1. Title: Britain's Royal Families The Complete Genealogy
      Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families
      Author: Compiler: Alison Weir
      Publication: Pimlico, London, 2002 (Paperback edition)
      Page: pp.253-55
    2. Title: Book
      Abbrev: Book
      Page: The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, antiquary, of Oxford, 1623-1695, described by himself
      Vol.1, 1632-1663, pp.227-28
      Printed for the Oxford Historical Society at the Clarendon Press
      1891
    3. Title: Visitation
      Abbrev: Visitation
      Page: Staffordshire Pedigrees 1664-1700
      Based on the Visitation of that County
      made by William Dugdale Esq [etc.]
      Harleian Society
      London, 1912
    4. Title: Book
      Abbrev: Book
      Page: Charles I: The Personal Monarch
      by Charles Carlton
      Routledge (UK) 1995
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