JANE AUSTEN

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  • ID: I8923
  • Name: Henry II (PLANTAGENET) King of England 1
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 30 OCT 2014
  • Birth: 05 MAR 1133 in Le Mans, Anjou 1
  • Event: Title 1151
  • Note: Henry was known as "Curtmantle", and "FitzEmpress". He became Count of Touraine and Maine in 1151, and succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou on 7 September 1151. He became Duke of Aquitaine in right of his wife on 18 May 1152. He succeeded King Stephen, his second cousin, on 19 December 1154, and was crowned the same day at Westminster. 1
  • Note:
    Henry succeeded King Stephen on 19 December 1154 and was crowned the same day at Westminster.
    When the White Ship sank off Barfleur in Normandy in 1120, Henry I lost four of his children including his male heirs. When he died on the first of December 1135 his daughter the Empress Matilda was his only surviving child. (At that point her first husband, Henry V Emperor of Germany, had died and she had remarried to Geoffrey, Count of Anjou.) On 22 December 1135, King Henry's nephew Stephen de Blois usurped the throne of England from Matilda. The Barons put up little opposition, and Stephen was crowned at Westminster on 26 December 1135. Stephen was deposed, because of his weak government, in April 1141, and Matilda was returned. Her haughty and high-handed approach alienated her supporters, and Stephen was released and restored to the throne on 1 November 1141.
    Matilda promoted the cause of her son Henry as rightful heir to the throne, and in 1153 at the Treaty of Wallingford Stephen bowed to public pressure and named Henry as his heir, passing over his sons Eustace and William. 1
  • Death: 06 JUL 1189 in Chinon Castle, France 1



    Father: Geoffrey V (PLANTAGENET) Count of Anjou; Duke of Normandy b: 24 AUG 1113
    Mother: Matilda b: 1102

    Marriage 1 Eleanor Duchess of Aquitaine b: BET 1120 AND 1122
    • Married: 18 MAY 1152 in Poitiers Cathedral, Poitou 1
    Children
    1. Has No Children Geoffrey Duke of Brittany; Earl of Richmond b: 23 SEP 1158 in England
    2. Has Children John 'Lackland' (PLANTAGENET) King of England b: 24 DEC 1166 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire

    Sources:
    1. Title: Britain's Royal Families The Complete Genealogy
      Abbrev: Britain's Royal Families
      Author: Compiler: Alison Weir
      Publication: Pimlico, London, 2002 (Paperback edition)
      Page: pp.59-66
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