JANE AUSTEN

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  • ID: I7982
  • Name: Daniel FINCH 2nd Earl of Nottingham, and 7th Earl of Winchilsea 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 29 NOV 2016
  • Birth: 02 JUL 1647 1 2
  • Education: Oxford:
    Finch, Daniel, 1s. Heneage, of Kensington, Middlesex, eq. aur. CHRIST CHURCH, matric. 26 July 1662, aged 15; student of the Inner Temple 1658, 2nd Earl of Nottingham 1682, and 6th [7th] Earl of Winchilsea 1729, M.P. Great Bedwin [10 Feb.] 1673-8, Lichfield 1679-81, 1681, secretary of State 1689, Died 1 January, 1729-30; father of the next named [Daniel]. See Ath.iv, 651; D.N.B.; Foster's Inns of Court Reg.; & Rawl.iii 84.
    Cambridge:
    LL.D. 1728 (Com. Reg.). Matric. from Christ Church, Oxford, June 23, 1704, age 15. S. of Daniel, Earl of Nottingham, School, Westminster. M.P. for Rutland, 1710-20. Succeeded as 3rd Earl of Nottingham, and as 8th Earl of Winchelsea, 1730. First Lord of the Admiralty, 1742. K.G. 1752. Lord president of the Council, 1765. Died at Fulham, Aug. 2, 1769. Buried at Ravenstone. Brother of Edward (1713) and Henry (1712). (Al. Oxon.; G.E.C.) 1662 4 5
  • Event: Title 1681
  • Note:
    "Styled Lord Finch 1681-2. After being known for 47 years as Earl of Nottingham, he succeeded, on 9 September 1729, on the death of his cousin, as Earl of Winchelsea."
    His full titles were: Earl of Winchilsea; Earl of Nottingham; Viscount Maidstone; Baron Finch of Daventry; and a baronet.
    1 2
  • Death: 01 JAN 1729/30 2



    Father: Heneage FINCH 1st Earl of Nottingham; Baron Finch of Daventry; MP for Canterbury, and Oxford b: 23 DEC 1621
    Mother: Elizabeth HARVEY

    Marriage 1 Anne HATTON b: BET 1667 AND 1672
    • Married: 29 DEC 1685 in St-Giles's-in-the-Fields, Middlesex 6 7
    • Event: Children
    • Note: Anne bore at least 17 children to Daniel and survived the effort, and her husband. 6
    Children
    1. Has Children William FINCH
    2. Has Children Charlotte FINCH
    3. Has Children Mary FINCH b: AFT 1685
    4. Has Children Daniel FINCH 8th Earl of Winchilsea and 3rd Earl of Nottingham b: 24 MAY 1689
    5. Has No Children John FINCH b: ABT 1692
    6. Has Children Edward FINCH-HATTON b: ABT 1696
    7. Has Children Essex FINCH b: ABT 1697
    8. Has No Children Cecilia Isabella FINCH Lady of the Bedchamber to Princess Amelia b: MAY 1700
    9. Has No Children Henrietta FINCH b: ABT 1704
    10. Has No Children Elizabeth FINCH

    Marriage 2 Essex RICH b: AFT 1645
    • Married: 16 JUN 1674 in Leighs Chapel, Essex
    • Note:
      This was Daniel's first marriage, though RootsWeb has been displaying it out of sequence.
      -----------------------------
      Vicar General licence obtained 12 June 1674:
      'Hon. Daniel Finch, Esq., Bart., 22 & upwards, & the Rt. Hon. the Lady Essex Rich, Spr., Abt 22, one of the daughters of Robert, late Earl of Warwick, decd.; in the chapel of Lees, Essex.'
      -----------------------------
      From 'The Weaker Vessel', Antonia Fraser:
      'Lady Essex Rich was that niece and ward of Mary Countess of Warwick ... She was married off by Mary, after due consideration of his moral suitability, to Daniel Finch, later second Earl of Nottingham. Lady Essex died not long after, leaving her husband with a single daughter. Finch wrote to the minister who had married them a distraught letter: "For I have lost surely a better friend, a wife without her equal, one that I loved as myself, for she was willing even to die to wean me from this world ... that we might meet in a better, and live together eternally ... Henceforward I will not think she has gone from me, but that I am going to her ... no man can be so proud of what he has, as I am that I can say I once had the best woman in the world." ... Finch married again shortly - to the heiress Anne Hatton - who presented him with an enormous family. But he called his eldest daughter by his second wife Essex - after she who had been "the best woman in the world." '
      -----------------------------
      From p.784, note (d); 'Lord Nottingham's letters show great tenderness and affection for his first wife. His father gives him a high character when writing of him, 22 Dec. 1673, to Essex's aunt and guardian, Mary, Countess of Warwick; "He who is so good a son can never make an ill husband; he whose virtue and good disposition is the comfort of my life can never bring anything but joy and contentment to the lady that shall trust herself with him." ... Lady Warwick herself, in noting the marriage, describes Daniel as "an extraordinary both ingenious and civil person (which upon my knowledge of him I afterwards found to be true)..." '
      8 9 10
    • Event: Children
    • Note:
      According to The Complete Peerage, Winchilsea article, Essex had 8 children before her death in childbed on 23 March 1683/4. [See note (e), p.784: 'Their births and deaths are entered by Lord Nottingham in a prayer book at Burley. ... Mary, the third child, b. 18 May 1677, and the only daughter to survive infancy ...']
      Antonia Fraser in 'The Weaker Vessel' confirms this, stating that she left Daniel with a single daughter. So too states TCP in the Roxburghe article.
      2 10 11
    Children
    1. Has Children Mary FINCH

    Sources:
    1. Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed
      Abbrev: Complete Peerage
      Author: G.E. Cokayne with Vicary Gibbs
      Publication: St Catherine Press Ltd, London, 1910 and later
      Page: Vol9 Nottingham pp.790-92
    2. Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed
      Abbrev: Complete Peerage
      Author: G.E. Cokayne with Vicary Gibbs
      Publication: St Catherine Press Ltd, London, 1910 and later
      Page: Vol12B Winchilsea pp.782-85
    3. Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed
      Abbrev: Complete Peerage
      Author: G.E. Cokayne with Vicary Gibbs
      Publication: St Catherine Press Ltd, London, 1910 and later
      Page: Halifax, Vol.6 pp.244-45
    4. Title: Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford1500-1714 and 1715-1886
      Abbrev: Oxford Alumni
      Author: Compiler: Joseph Foster
      Publication: Parker & Co, Oxford
    5. Title: Cambridge Alumni 1261-1900
      Abbrev: Cambridge Alumni
    6. Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed
      Abbrev: Complete Peerage
      Author: G.E. Cokayne with Vicary Gibbs
      Publication: St Catherine Press Ltd, London, 1910 and later
      Page: Vol.12B Winchilsea pp.786-87
    7. Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed
      Abbrev: Complete Peerage
      Author: G.E. Cokayne with Vicary Gibbs
      Publication: St Catherine Press Ltd, London, 1910 and later
      Page: Somerset, Vol.12A, pp.77-79
    8. Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed
      Abbrev: Complete Peerage
      Author: G.E. Cokayne with Vicary Gibbs
      Publication: St Catherine Press Ltd, London, 1910 and later
      Page: Vol12B Winchilsea pp.782-85
      Also, p.784 note (d)
    9. Title: Marriage Allegations in the Registry of the Vicar-General of the Archbishop of Canterbury
      Abbrev: Vicar General Licence
      Publication: Harleian Society, London, MDCCCXC
    10. Title: 'The Weaker Vessel'
      Abbrev: The Weaker Vessel
      Author: Antonia Fraser
      Publication: William Heinemann, first published 1984
    11. Title: The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed
      Abbrev: Complete Peerage
      Author: G.E. Cokayne with Vicary Gibbs
      Publication: St Catherine Press Ltd, London, 1910 and later
      Page: Roxburghe, Vol.11 pp.221-23
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