JANE AUSTEN

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  • ID: I18
  • Title: Admiral Sir 1
  • Name: Francis William AUSTEN GCB 1
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 25 AUG 2013
  • Birth: 23 APR 1774
  • Note: His birth date is usually given as 23 April 1774. 2
  • Baptism: 25 APR 1774
  • Note:
    This private baptism is recorded in the Steventon Parish Register. The following is also recorded:
    Churched 27 May
    [In Christian tradition the Churching of Women is the ceremony wherein a blessing is given to mothers after recovery from childbirth. It includes thanksgiving for the woman's survival of childbirth.]
    3 1
  • Event: MilService FROM 1786 TO 1865
  • Note:
    He entered the Royal Navy on 15 April 1786, achieving the rank of Vice-Admiral in 1838.
    (O'Byrne, 1849)
    ---------------------
    From Leslie Stephen, ed., Dictionary of National Biography, Vol 11, London, Smith, Elder & Co. 1885:
    Son of Rev George Austen, rector of Steventon in Hampshire and brother of Jane Austen, the novelist. Born on 23 April 1774, he entered the Royal Naval Academy at 12 years of age in April 1786. In December 1788 he joined the Perseverence frigate, and served in her in the East Indies. In December 1792 he was made a Lieutenant and after six years of active service he was promoted to Commander on 3 February 1799 [and Captain in 1800].
    From 1807 to 1809 he commanded the St Albans of 64 guns and in her made at least two voyages to the East Indies in charge of the convoy.
    He attained the rank of Rear Admiral in July 1830, Vice-Admiral in June 1838, Commander-in-Chief in the West Indies from December 1844 to 1848, Admiral in August 1848, Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom on 5 June 1862, Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom 11 December 1862, and Admiral of the Fleet on 27 April 1863. He was made K.C.B.; G.C.B. in May 1860, and "full of years and honours, he died on 10 August 1865".
    ---------------------------
    PETERELL,16. Sloop. (1794 Frindsbury. Harbour Service 1817) 1800 Francis William AUSTEN, Mediterranean. On 21 March 180O PETERELL was in action with three French vessels, a brig, a ship and a zebec off Cape Couronne on the Riviera. He quickly drove the last two ashore then carried out a running fight with the brig that lasted for an hour and a half, often less than a cable's length from the shore, before the enemy struck after her captain and one seaman were killed. There were no British casualties. Among the officers which took part in the action were Lieut. PACKER, the master, Mr THOMPSON, and the purser, Mr HILL. The first lieutenant, Mr GLOVER, and the gunner were away in prizes with thirty of the men.
    The enemy brig was the LIGURIENNE, armed with fourteen 6-pounders and two 36-pound howitzers and commanded by Lieut. Francis Auguste Pelabon. She was only two years old and was fastened with screw bolts so that she could be taken apart and re-assembled. He learned from the prisoners that the ship was the CERF with fourteen six pounders and the zebec the JOLLIET mounting six 6-pounders. They had all sailed with a convoy from Cette to Marseilles. PETERELL captured two of the merchantmen, a barque and a bombarde, both loaded with wheat. The action was watched by MERMAID well to leeward and unable to come up to assist.
    PETERELL, PEARL and VICTORIEUSE took the Genoese ship St JOSEPH & MARIA VELOCE, bound from Genoa to Alexandria with wine, brandy and arms, on the 29 April 1801 and the French aviso PREVOYANT on the 30th. While with a squadron under Sir James SAUMAREZ in CASPER, PETERELL took the merchantman CHARLOTTE on 21 August 1801.
    ------------------------------------------
    CANOPUS,80. The French FRANKLIN, named for Benjamin Franklin, Rear Ad. Planquet, captured by Rear Ad. NELSON in Aboukir Bay on 1 August 1798. BU 1887. 1799 Capt. Bartholomew JAMES of CORSO brought the prize back to England from Gibraltar. 1800 Plymouth for repair. 1803 Capt. John CONN (act.), fitting out at Plymouth.
    1805 Capt. Francis William AUSTEN, off Cadiz as flagship of Rear Ad. LOUIS. CANOPUS accompanied Lord Nelson in the pursuit across the Atlantic of the combined Franco-Spanish fleet and remained under his orders until 15 August. During the Battle of Trafalgar CANOPUS was occupied procuring supplies of water and provisions, having been detached to Tetuan and Gibraltar with SPENCER, QUEEN, TIGRE and ZEALOUS. On the very day that Villeneuve quitted Cadiz, Rear Ad. LOUIS' squadron received orders to escort a convoy past Cartagena.
    In December Vice Ad. Sir John DUCKWORTH, with the squadron off Cadiz (CANOPUS, SUPERB, SPENCER, AGAMEMNON, DONEGAL and ACASTA) went in chase of a French squadron under Rear Ad. Willaumez which had sailed from Brest. On 25 and 26 December he lost them off Cape Verde so sailed to Barbados were he was joined by NORTHUMBERLAND, ATLAS, KINGFISHER and EPERVIER. On 5 February 1806 MAGICIENNE joined with the news that the French were off the town of San Domingo, five ships-of-the-line, two frigates and a corvette. Action was joined on the morning of the 6th when SUPERB, NORTHUMBERLAND and SPENCER in close order engaged ALEXANDRE, IMPERIAL and DIOMEDE. CANOPUS, leading the lee column, fired a broadside into ALEXANDRE, bringing down her already tottering masts, then stood towards IMPERIAL and DIOMEDE. The former stood towards the land closely followed by CANOPUS which continued firing until the French ship took the ground with such force that her masts went over the side. Only the French frigates escaped. For his conduct Capt. AUSTEN received a gold medal, a parliamentary vote of thanks and a vase valued at 100 pounds from the patriotic fund at Lloyds. He left CANOPUS on 22 June 1806.
    [Note: Francis Austen always regretted the fact that he missed the action of Trafalgar.]
    4 5 6 7
  • Census: 07 JUN 1841 8
  • Census: 30 MAR 1851 9
  • Census: 07 APR 1861 10
  • Death: 10 AUG 1865
  • Note: Sir Francis was buried on Thursday 17 August, in the churchyard of St Peter and St Paul, Wymering, Hampshire. 11



    Father: George AUSTEN b: 01 MAY 1731 in Tonbridge, Kent
    Mother: Cassandra LEIGH c: 16 SEP 1739 in Harpsden, Oxfordshire

    Marriage 1 Mary GIBSON b: 14 SEP 1784 in Ramsgate, Kent
    • Married: 24 JUL 1806 in the church of St Lawrence Thanet, Ramsgate, Kent
    • Note: Austen, Francis William, Batchelor; & Gibson, Mary, Spinster; Licence; July 24 1806 12
    Children
    1. Has Children Mary Jane AUSTEN b: 27 APR 1807 in Castle Square, Southampton, Hampshire
    2. Has No Children Francis William AUSTEN (2) RN b: 12 JUL 1809 in Alton, Hampshire c: 08 AUG 1809 in Alton, Hampshire
    3. Has No Children Henry Edgar AUSTEN b: 21 APR 1811 in Portsmouth, Hampshire
    4. Has Children George AUSTEN b: 20 OCT 1812 in Deal, Kent
    5. Has No Children Cassandra Eliza AUSTEN b: 08 JAN 1814 in Portsmouth, Hampshire
    6. Has Children Herbert Grey AUSTEN RN b: 08 NOV 1815 in Chawton, Hampshire
    7. Has No Children Elizabeth AUSTEN b: 15 APR 1817 in Alton, Hampshire
    8. Has Children Catherine Anne AUSTEN b: 07 JUL 1818 in Chawton, Hampshire
    9. Has Children Edward Thomas AUSTEN Rector of Barfrestone, Kent b: 28 JAN 1820 in Chawton, Hampshire
    10. Has No Children Frances Sophia AUSTEN b: 12 DEC 1821 in Ryde, Isle of Wight
    11. Has No Children Cholmeley AUSTEN b: 07 JUL 1823

    Marriage 2 Martha LLOYD b: ABT 1772
    • Married: 24 JUL 1828 in Winchester, Hampshire
    • Note: Austen, Francis William, of Alverstoke, [over] 21, w., & Martha Lloyd, of St Michael's, Winchester, [over] 21, sp., at St. M., 23 July, 1828. Aff. 13 14

    Sources:
    1. Title: Parish Record
      Abbrev: Parish Record
      Page: Parish Registers of Deane, Steventon and Eastrop, Hampshire
      Transcribed by JSW Gibson September 1957
      Society of Genealogists Library
      ref. HA/R26
    2. Title: Ronald Dunning
      Abbrev: Editorial Note
    3. Title: IGI, Subject: IGI
      Abbrev: IGI
      Page: P014091 1604-1724 0973049 IT 9 Film 1235438 Film Sheet: 00
    4. Title: Website
      Abbrev: Website
      Page: http://www.cronab.demon.co.uk/PQ.htm
    5. Title: Website
      Abbrev: Website
      Page: http://www.cronab.demon.co.uk/C1.HTM
    6. Title: O'Byrne's Royal Navy Biography, 1849, Record Info: O'Byrne, William R. 1849. A naval biographical dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's Navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. London: John Murray.
      Abbrev: O'Byrne 1849
    7. Title: Dictionary of National Biography
      Abbrev: DNB
      Publication: Oxford University Press
    8. Title: Census
      Abbrev: Census
      Page: 1841 HO107/390/ Book 7 Fareham ED 17 Folio 23
      Page 4 Portsdown Lodge
      Francis Austen 65 Navy born in Hampshire
      Martha Austen 50 not born in Hampshire
      Cassandra Austen 25 born in Hampshire
      Catherine Austen 20 born in Hampshire
      Fanny Austen 15 born in Hampshire
      >8 servants>
    9. Title: Census
      Abbrev: Census
      Page: 1851 HO107/1661 Fareham Dist 3b Parish of Wymering
      Page 25 Sched 97 Portsdown Lodge
      Francis Wm Austen Head Wid 76 Admiral in R. Navy KCB (on half pay) Hants Steventon
      Herbert Gray Austen Son U 35 Commander in R. Navy (on half pay) Hants Chawton
      Edward Tho Austen Son U 31 Fellow of St John's College Oxford; Curate of Clanfield Hants Hants Chawton
      Catherine A Hubback Dau M 32 Wife of John Hubback Esq, Barrister at Law Hants Chawton
      John Hy Hubback Grandson 6 Scholar at Home St George Bloomsbury London
      Edward Thomas Hubback Grandson 5 St George Bloomsbury London
      Charles Austen Grandson 3 St George Bloomsbury London
      >7 servants>
    10. Title: Census
      Abbrev: Census
      Page: 1861
      RG9/650 Wymering Portsdown
      Sched 91 Portsdown Lodge
      Francis W Austen Head Wid 86 Admiral in Royal Navy GCB Hants Steventon
      Herbert G Austen Son unm 44 Commander in Royal Navy (half pay) Hants Chawton
      Fanny S Austen Dau 39 Fundholder Hants Ryde Isle of Wight
      Maria Lound Housekeeper unm 56 Domestic Servant Norfolk North Walsingham
      Clara Marriner Cook unm 29 Domestic Servant Hants Hartington
      Louisa Restall Housemaid unm 25 Domestic Servant Hants Fareham
      Ann Sharp Under Housemaid unm 19 Domestic Servant Sussex Brighton
      Charles Preston Servant unm 22 Footman Hants Christchurch
      William Marriner Servant unm 21 Groom Hants Hartington
    11. Title: A Chronology of Jane Austen and her Family
      Abbrev: Chronology
      Author: Deirdre Le Faye
      Publication: Cambridge University Press, 2006
    12. Title: Parish Record
      Abbrev: Parish Record
      Page: The Parish Records of St Lawrence Thanet [Entry No.1443]
      Microfilm
      Canterbury Cathedral Archives
    13. Title: Akin To Jane
      Abbrev: Akin to Jane
      Author: Compiler: Joan Corder
      Publication: Manuscript, private circulation, March 1953
    14. Title: Marriage Licences granted by the Bishop of Hampshire 1689-1837
      Abbrev: Hampshire Marriage Licences

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