JANE AUSTEN

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  • ID: I1083
  • Title: Rev 1 2
  • Name: Thomas FOWLE of Allington 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 07 SEP 2013
  • Baptism: 04 DEC 1765 Kintbury, Berkshire 3
  • Education: Fowle, Thomas, s. Thomas of Kintbury, Berks, cler. ST. JOHN'S COLL., matric. 9 July, 1783, aged 17; B.A. 1787, M.A. 1794. 1783 4
  • Death: FEB 1797 in West Indies
  • Note:
    Thomas died in the West Indies, before the marriage to Cassandra could take place.
    'A member of the Austen family has left, in manuscript, the following account of the circumstances':
    "Among the pupils at Steventon was a certain Thomas Craven Fowle . . . . Between him and Cassandra Austen an attachment grew up which ended in an engagement. He must have been several years her senior, as he was a pupil at Steventon as early as 1779, when she was only six years old . . . . Thomas Fowle took Holy Orders, and as his friend and cousin Lord Craven was the patron of several livings early preferment was hoped for. Thomas Fowle went out to the West Indies with Lord Craven as chaplain to his regiment, and there died from the effects of the climate. I suppose his cousin had obtained the chaplaincy for him, for he said afterwards, in speaking of his death, that if he had known of the engagement he would not have allowed him to run such a risk. I cannot find the date of Thomas Fowle's decease, nor learn how many years the engagement had lasted when it came to so unhappy an end. With it, so far as we know, ended the romance of Aunt Cassandra's life."
    ------------
    Ryton in Shropshire is mentioned as the living probably intended for Mr. Fowle. There is an allusion in one of Mrs. Austen's letters, written in 1796, to Cassandra's staying in Shropshire, and its seeming likely that she will soon be settled there permanently; and Jane, in writing to her sister on one occasion, remarks that a friend of theirs supposes her to be busy making her wedding clothes. Had not many of Jane's letters been destroyed after her death we should doubtless have found references to this "domestic tragedy." Her tender sympathy with her beloved sister, however, can easily be imagined.
    ------------
    Transcription of his Will [Note: It was the convention of the day not to punctuate Wills, nor even to differentiate the sentences with capitals.]:
    I Thomas Fowle Clerk Rector of Allington in the County of Wilts do make and publish this my last Will I Give and Bequeath to Cassandra Elizabeth Austen Daughter of George Austen Rector of Steventon in the County of Hants the sum of one thousand pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to her as soon as conveniently may be after my decease and all the rest and residue of my personal Estate I give and bequeath to my ffather for his own use and benefit but in case my ffather shall depart this life in my lifetime I direct that such rest and residue shall be paid and applyed by my executor hereinafter named in such manner and for such intents and purposes as the same would have been payable and applicable if my ffather had actually been possessed thereof at the time of his decease and had dyed intestate and I do appoint my Brother Charles ffowle to be executor hereof as witness my hand this tenth day of October one thousand seven hundred and ninety five. T. Fowle.

    7 May 1797
    Appeared personally, William Fowle of Durrington in the County of Wilts Esquire and the Reverend ffulwar Craven ffowle of ---- ffarm in the County of Southampton Clerk and made oath that they were well acquainted with the Reverend Thomas ffowle late of Allington (etc etc) they have often seen him write, and also write and subscribe his name (etc etc etc) they verily and in their consciences believe the whole body (series?) and contents of the said Will and also the subscription thereto to be all of the proper handwriting and subscription of the said deceased (etc etc)

    This Will was proved at London 2 June 1797
    5 6



    Father: Thomas FOWLE Vicar of Kintbury and Hampstead Marshall b: 1726 in Pewsey, Wiltshire
    Mother: Jane CRAVEN

    Marriage 1 Cassandra Elizabeth AUSTEN b: 09 JAN 1773 in Steventon, Hampshire

      Sources:
      1. Title: Jane Austen's Family, Through Five Generations
        Abbrev: Maggie Lane
        Author: Maggie Lane
        Publication: Robert Hale, London, 1984
      2. Title: Life and Letters of Jane Austen
        Abbrev: Life and Letters of Jane Austen
        Author: W & RA Austen-Leigh
        Publication: Smith, Elder & Co., London, 1913
      3. Title: IGI, Subject: IGI
        Abbrev: IGI
        Page: Batch No.: C155341 Dates: 1607-1803 Source Call No.: 1279461Type: Film Printout Call No.: None
      4. Title: Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford1500-1714 and 1715-1886
        Abbrev: Oxford Alumni
        Author: Compiler: Joseph Foster
        Publication: Parker & Co, Oxford
      5. Title: Ronald Dunning
        Abbrev: Editorial Note
      6. Title: Probate
        Abbrev: Probate
        Page: National Archives ref. PROB11/1292

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