Name: Jonah KEITH
Birth: 1774 in Brunswick County, North Carolina
Death: 1824 in Fort Gaines, Peach County, Georgia
Military Service: Fought in the Indian Wars
Census: 1800 Brunswick County, NC Federal Census; males (2) 1-10, (1) 10-16; (1) 45+; females (1) 1-10, (1) 10-16, (1) 45+
Census: 1810 Brunswick Co NC Fed Census
Burial: 1824 Old Pioneer Cemetery on Carroll Street (unmarked), Fort Gaines, Peach County, Georgia
Medical (Facts Pg) 1824 Killed by Indians
Event 1909 Montgomery (Alabama) Advertiser, dated May 16, 1909, page 18; Gen. Thomas S. WOODWARD WRITES OF INDIAN UPRISING AND SOME INCIDENTS
Reference Number: IND2417
JONAH KEITH and ELIZABETH HAYS were my 4th great paternal grandparents.
If Jonah Keith was buried in a cemetery, he's probably buried in an unmark ed grave. He may be in Old Pioneer Cemetery on Carroll Street, Fort Gaine s, Georgia. There is an historical marker: "This was the first establish ed cemetery of Ft. Gaines. The earliest death date on a stone marker is 1 830. The tombs of Georgia Militia, General John Dill and his family are f ound in an enclosed lot. Rev. John E. Brown, second president of the Univ ersity of Georgia and his wife are interred in the graveyard. Many ear ly settlers, both black and white, are buried here in unmarked graves ." -- Erected by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission, 1980.
Please see further notes about JONAH under WILLIAM KEITH (Jonah's father).
A personal observation: It's looking more and more as if Jonah and Mary H ays KEITH only had the one son and one daughter. This is not proven yet.
From: Cornelius DAVIS and Tabitha WALLACE of Brunswick and Columbus counti es, NC:
partial quote: "On 7 January 1815 JONAH KEITH of Brunswick Co, NC so ld 34 acres of land to 'Neale Davis' for $17. This was land on Livingsto ne Creek. witnesses included Solomon Taylor Sr. and Solomon Taylor. The de ed was proven in Brunswick County Court on 27 January 1818 by the oa th of Solomon Taylor, one of the witnesses. Since Neal Davis was only 10 y ears old at this point, this seriously implies some kind of relationship b etween JONAH KEITH and Neal Davis, except for the fact that it wasn't a de ed or gift. There was no minimum age to be given or sold land, howeve r, a 10 year old couldn't incur a debt someone else had to pay for this la nd.
SOURCE: Brunswick Co, NC Deed Book H, Page 6
"Henry County (Alabama) Register of 30 May 1873 has an article saying th at in 1816 (before Alabama is a State in 1818) in that spring Colonel Robe rt IRWIN, Jarrel PATTERSON, Edward S. COX, George KEITH, Jonah KEITH and J ames KEITH crossed the Chattahoochee River at Fort Valley, Georgia (now Pe ach County). The article says James KEITH was killed by indians and Jon ah KEITH survived and his descendants now live in Geneva County (Alabam a) ...."
SOURCE: posted by George A. KEITH in the Henry County, AL Queries. E-ma il address invalid.
From the book, "Henry - The Mother County 1816-1903" by Hoyt M. Warren.
It says as follows:
EARLY SETTLERS - We learn from the writings of 'old settlers' in an 1873 i ssue of the Henry County Register that, "in January 1816, before there w as any Alabama or any Henry County, and while the land was still inhabit ed by wild beasts, fowl, and Indians, George Gamble, the father of James W illiam, John L. and Robert Gamble, together with one William Brown, undert oook to 'spy out the land', crossing the Chattahoochee River with their fa milies at what later was Fort Gaines and Old Franklin. These were the fir st white settlers to come over into (Henry County) the area, but in the sp ring of that year, Col. Robert Irvin, Jarred Patterson, Edward S. Cox, Geo rge Keith, Jonah Keith, and James Keith came across the river and settl ed in the same neighborhood. Irvin and Patterson made a crop that year wh ere Franklin was later located. Edward Cox and James Keith settled sou th just below a small stream later known as Watson's Branch. Jonah Kei th settled above the south of the creek only a mile below the point of cro ssing." In October 1816, hostilities with the Indians commenced and no ne of the handful of settlers were safe, but were likely to be shot and sc apled at any time. "James Keith was shot and killed in an old Indian sha ck while in his sick bed," and probably became the first white pione er to die in the new territory.
EARLY SETTLERS OF HENRY COUNTY, ALABAMA
"In January 1816, before there was any Alabama organized or any Henry Coun ty and while the land was still inhabited by wild beasts, fowl and Indian s, George Gamble, the father of James William, John L. and Robert Gamble t ogether with one, William Brown, undertook to 'spy out the land', and cros sed the Chattahoochie River with their families at what was later Fort Gai nes and Old Franklin. These were the first white settlers to come over in to (Henry County) the area, but in the spring of that year, Col. Robert Ir vin, Jarred Patterson, Edward S. Cox, George Keith, Jonah Keith, and Jam es Keith came across the river and settled in the same neighborhood. Irv in and Patterson made a crop that year where Franklin was later located. E dward Cox and James Keith settled south just below a small stream later kn own as Watson's Branch. Jonah Keith settled above the mouth of the creek o nly a mile below the point of crossing. In October 1816, hostilities wi th the Indians commenced and none of the handful of settlers were safe, b ut were likely to be shot and scalped at any time. James Keith was shot a nd killed in an old Indian shack while in his sick bed and probably beca me the first white pioneer to die in the new territory .These and simil ar uprisings of the Indians caused the United States to build a fort on t he east side of the Chattahoochie River. They called it Fort Gaines in hon or of Gen. Edmund P. Gaines, who was in charge of military forces in the a rea. At this time, the whole country west of the river (Chattahoochie) w as depopulated and all able bodied men mustered into the service and wi th their families drew rations from the Government.
Added information from GEORGIA 1776- FORT GAINES:
About 1812~1814, a force of militia were sent to establish a fort, garriso ned by Federal soldiers. During 1817, the Indians became active in
the vicinity of Ft. Gaines. The Indains killed a settler named KEATH who l ived on the Jim Bennett plantation several miles below Ft. Gaines, (Clay C o., GA) on the west side of the river.
Montgomery Advertiser, dated May 16, 1909, page 18
WOODWARD WRITES OF INDIAN UPRISING AND SOME INCIDENTS
(My note: Gen. Thomas S. Woodward - part of a very long article - small s ection.)
Relief of Fort Gaines - "A man named Keith had come through alone from F t. Gaines, he had traveled of nights and wanted some assistance as there w ere a great many women and children unprotected in the fort. I volunteer ed to go and my battlion was willing to go also, but was not allowed. I t hen proposed that if the General would issue an order for me to take the c ommand at Ft. Gaines, I would go alone with the scout Keith. This he wou ld not do, but said if I could get 30 men, I might have that number. I ma de a call and got 19 men, myself, Keith and Indian Bill, making 22. We st arted that night. I crossed the river went to Chohaw, got 14 Indian warri ors and left the next morning. Between sunrise and dark, we entered the s wamp. When we got within a half mile of Ft. Gaines, we could see dogs tro tting and heard them howling in every direction. Keith said the fort h ad been taken. We got within 500 yards of the fort and could see a dim li ght that Keith said was in one of the blockhouses. Keith approached a lit tle nearer and returned; and was sure the fort was in possession of the en emy. I wrote a letter to General Gaines, to inform him of what was abo ut to happen. "Jan. 15, 1818 - 10 o'clock at night - I am now within g un shot of Ft. Gaines which is in the possession of the Indians. The re is a heavy cloud rising and as soon as it gets so dark that objects can not be distinguished from the fort, I will attempt to retake it and t ry to sustain myself until I get assistance." We waited until the clou ds covered us and then approached toward the fort and when within 100 yard s, I left my men and took Keith and one Indian and made for the little fli ckering light which we could see and which Keith supposed was in one of t he blockhouses. It turned out to be true. I walked up to the blockhou se in which there was a door some 3x4 feet square cut out to place a cann on at. Two men were playing cards on an ammunication box and a young la dy entertained them with a song. I called up my men and took the lett er to Gen. Gaines and burned it and took command. I called up all hand s, went to the magazine, and took out some guns and informed them that eve ry man who did not take a gun and do duty should leave the fort."
Father: William KEITH b: 8 JUL 1710 in Parish of North Frodingham, County Yorkshire, ENGLAND
Mother: Martha ELLIS b: 28 JUN 1730 in Westminster, London, County Middlesex, ENGLAND c: 9 AUG 1730 in Whitchurch, County Shropshire, ENGLAND
Mary Elizabeth HAYES b: 1790 in Cheraw District, Chesterfield, Darlington & Marlboro Counties, South Carolina
in Cheraw District, South Carolina
- [Daughter] KEITH b: BET 1804 AND 1810 in Brunswick County, North Carolina
- [Son] KEITH b: BET 1804 AND 1810 in Brunswick County, North Carolina
- Elizabeth KEITH b: 8 MAR 1814 in Georgia
- David Hayes KEITH b: 1815 in North or South Carolina
- Martha Ann "Mary" KEITH b: 2 SEP 1819 in Henry County, Alabama