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The Hughes Family History

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  • ID: I609 View Post-em!
  • Name: John (Gov) Sevier
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 23 SEP 1745 in New Market, Augusta Co, Va
  • Death: 24 SEP 1815 in Fort Decatur, Elmore Co, Al 1
  • Reference Number:

    •  
    • Occupation: Governor of Tn
    • Note: First Governor of the State of Tennessee.
    • Note:
      Source: King's Mountain & Its Heroes - by Lyman Draper
      Col. John Sevier & his officers - pg 418/419/420/421/422

      "Near the close of the 17th century, the grandfather of
      the subject of this sketch fled from his native Paris, on
      account of religious persecution & settled in London. The
      family name of Xavier was now Anglicized to Sevier.
      Here he married a Miss Smith, and had 2 sons, Valentine
      and William, who, when scarcely grown, ran away and
      took passage for America. This was not far from 1740.
      Among their fellow-passengers were several young
      men of a wild and sporting character, from whom
      Valentine Sevier acquired habits of gambling and
      dissipation. Landing at Baltimore, he subsequently
      married a Miss Joanna Goode and settled in then
      Augusta, now Rockingham Co, in the Valley of VA, 6
      miles south-west of where the little village of New
      Market, was subsequently located. Here he opened a
      farm, and carried on trade with the Indians and here
      John Sevier was born Sept 23, 1745. After the Indian
      War of 1755 broke out, the family removed to safety to
      Fredericksburg, where they remained nearly 2 years and
      where young Sevier attended school. Returning to his
      old home in the Valley, Valentine Sevier found his
      domicile had been burned by the Indians. The cabins
      were rebuilt, and trade commenced. John Sevier was
      sent to Staunton to school. "

      "He now engaged with his father in trade; and in
      1761, before he had turned of 17, he married Miss
      Sarah Hawkins, cleared up a farm and engaged in
      excursions against the Indians. He laid out the village of
      New Market, and for some time he kept a store and inn,
      and carried on a farm; and then engaged in
      merchandizing in the neighboring village of Middletown. "

      "About 1771, he visited the Holston country carrying
      some goods with him for trade, and repeated the visit in
      1772. Later in 1773, John Sevier removed his family to
      the Holston country & first located in the Keywood
      settlement, on the north shore of Holston, half a dozen
      miles from the Shelbys. Before his removal from VA, he
      had been commissioned a Captain by Gov Dunmore. "

      " He was at Watauga Fort, when attacked, July 21,
      1776. - At day break, when there was a large number of
      people gathered there, and the women were outside
      milking the cows, a large body of Cherokees fired on the
      milkers; but they all fortunately escaped to the fort.
      Among the young girls, thus engaged , was Catharine
      Sherrill, who, when she reached the gate, found it shut;
      but equal to the emergency, she threw her bonnet over
      the pickets and then clambered over herself, and, as
      she jumped within, was caught in the arms of John
      Sevier - her future husband.

      " A warm attack on the fort ensued, during which
      Capt. Sevier thought he killed one of the Indians. A man
      stole out of the stockade at night, went to the Holston,
      when a large party marched to the relief of the
      beleaguered garrison. It was because the people
      refused to join and cooperate with the enemies of their
      country that the savages were instigated to murder them,
      destroy their crops and improvements and drive off their
      cattle and horses. John Sevier was among the foremost
      in the defense of the Watauga and Nolachucky
      settlements. He had been elected Clerk of the first self
      constituted court in 1775 and in 1776 he was chosen one
      of the representatives of the united settlements to the
      North Carolina Covenetion at Halifax and took his seat,
      securing the establishment of the district of Washington.
      Hastening back home, he reached there in season to
      serve on Christian's expedition against the Cherokees at
      the head of a fine company of riflemen and also, at Col.
      Christian's request, he acted as a spy during the
      campaign. He continued his services, till the conclusion
      of the treaty at Long Island of Holston in July 1777. In
      the Fall of that year, he was appointed Lieutenant Col.
      for Washington County. During the period 1777-1779
      the Indians, Tories and horse thieves required Col.
      Sevier's constant vigilance.

      " In the summer of 1780, he was left in defense of the
      settlements, while Maj.Charles Robertson led the
      Watauga troops on the campaign in SC. During their
      absence, Aug 14, having sometime previously lost his
      wife, he was married to Miss Catharine Sherrill.

      " His gallant services at King's Mountain cannot be
      too highly extolled. December 16, following, he defeated
      the Cherokees at Boyd's creek, killing 13 and taking all
      their baggage, and then joined Col. Arthur Campbell on
      an expedition against the hostile Indian towns. On the
      3rd of February, 1781, he was made a full Colonel and in
      March, he led a successful foray against the Middle
      Cherokee Settlements, killing about thirty of their
      warriors, capturing 9 prisoners, burning 6 towns and
      bringing off about 200 horses. Having been appointed by
      General Greene, one of the Commissioners, to hold a
      treaty with the Indians, a conference took place with the
      Cherokees at the Long Island of Holston in July, Colonel
      Sevier and Major Martin attending, but without any
      permanent results. In the autumn of this year, Col.
      Sevier served under Generals Greene and Marion in
      South Carolina and in 1782, he carried on a campaign
      against the Cherokees. In November 1784, he was
      appointed Brig. Gen., which he declined because of his
      leadership in the effort to establish the republic of
      Franklin. During the period of 1784 to 1788, he was
      made its Governor and defender. He was apprehended
      by the North Carolina authorities, on a charge of rebellion
      against the State and conveyed to Morganton, where he
      was rescued by a party of his friends and returning
      home, he had a campaign against the Indians. As the
      East Tennesseeans were divided in sentiment, the
      Franklin Republic, after a turbulent career of some four
      years, ceased to exist. In 1789, General Sevier was
      chosen a member of the Legislature of North Carolinas,
      when an act of oblivion was passed and he was
      reinstalled as Brig. Gen. In 1790-91, he was elected to
      represent the East Tennessee district of North Carolinas
      in Congress. When Tennessee was organized into a
      Territory, he appointed by Present Washington a Brig
      General in the militia and he continued to protect the
      frontier settlements, carrying on the Hightower campaign
      against the Cherokees in 1793. In 1798 he was made a
      General in the provisional army. On the organization for
      state government in 1796, General Sevier was chosen
      the first Governor and through successive re-elections,
      was continued in that one office till 1801. In 1802, he
      served as a Commissioner in running the boundary line
      between Tennessee and Virginia. He again served as
      Governor from 1803 to 1809 and then a term in the State
      Senate. He was chosen to a seat in Congress in 1811,
      serving during the war, on the important committee on
      military affairs, until 1815 when President Madison
      appointed him one of the Commissioners, to ascertain
      the boundary of the Creek territory and died while on that
      service, in camp, on the east side of the Tallapoosa, near
      Fort Decatur, Alabama, September 24, 1851, closing a
      busy, useful life at the age of 70 years. As a proof of the
      love and veneration of his neighbors and friends, while
      absent in the Creek Country, they had again elected him
      to Congress without opposition. In the language of the
      distinguished Hugh L. White, who had served under him
      in the old Indian wars, 'General Sevier was considered in
      his day, among the most gallant, patriotic, and useful
      men in the country where he lived.


      Father: Valentine Sevier b: 1 FEB 1712 in St Giles Parish, London, ENG
      Mother: Joanna Goade b: 1 NOV 1723 in Virginia, Brunswick Co, Va

      Marriage 1 Sarah Hawkins b: 3 JUN 1746 in Frederick Co, Va
      • Married: 1761 in Frederick Co, Va

      Marriage 2 Catherine Sherrill b: 1754 in Yadkin River, Rowan Co, NC
      • Married: 15 AUG 1780 in Washington Co, Tn

      Sources:
      1. Abbrev: Presley-Holley, Nanci
        Note:
        Presley-Holley, Nanci