Name: Domingo GHIRARDELLI 1 2 3 4 5
Birth: 9 MAY 1849 in Lima, Peru 1 2 4 5 3
Death: 9 AUG 1932 in Hillsborough, San Mateo County, California
Origin United States of America 3
ARVL: 5 OCT 1865 New York 3
ARVL: 1851 4
ARVL: 1862 1
Destination Lancashire;France 3
DPRT: Le Havre, France 3
Residence: United States 2
Residence: 1880 San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States 5
Residence: 1900 San Francisco, San Francisco, California 1
Residence: 1910 San Francisco Assembly District 41, San Francisco, California 4
GRAD: College In Genoa, Italy 1864
Occupation: Chocolate Maker
Joined the family business in 1867. He ran the company until 1922. When Domingo was nine years old in 1858, he was sent to Italy to go to school. He stayed there for seven years. When he returned he realized he could no longer speak the English language so attended Santa Clara University for one year to relearn the language.
We ate in the Ghirardelli Restaurant. On the wall was a certificate that stated that he came to California on February 11, 1849.
Factory of Dreams
Say GEAR-AR-DELLY: the Ghirardelli name has become synonymous with the famous chocolate factory that sits on San Francisco Bay. The founder, Domingo Ghirardelli, was born in Italy and had lived in several locations in South America, developing his skill as a confectioner. In 1849, news of the the California Gold Rush lured him to the American West. Ghirardelli's gold rush came in the form of chocolate, with the opening of his company on San Francisco Bay in 1852. (Information about Domingo Ghirardelli and the company's history is available here.)
Domingo Ghirardelli carried to America his Italian culture, his language, his family values and his desire to succeed. Using the finest European recipes and slow cooking methods, the chocolate factory soon built a solid reputation in San Francisco. The Ghirardelli family ran the factory themselves, employing other Italian immigrants, both male and female, in the business. Ghiradelli's respect for his fellow Italians created a positive work environment in the factory. MARGERY MENAFEE TINGLEY remembered her grandfather, Domingo Ghirardelli, Jr., speaking Italian to the employees who worked on the factory floor. Since the Ghirardellis had an active part in the making of the chocolate and had a cultural background similar to many of their employees, the result was a recipe for success. Margery Tingley, recalled, "Well, it was wonderful because it was such a family-orientated place. It was nothing but family that worked there-- that was in the office and then the people that worked in the actual factory were all Italians" (Tingley interview in Lawrence 144).
Tingley stressed how important his own family was to her grandfather, Domingo Ghirardelli, Jr. She remembered that when she was a child, her grandfather spent time on the weekends teaching her how to cook; they would frequently visit the factory where she always enjoyed the chocolate treats (Tingley in Lawrence 144). Domingo, Jr. believed in the importance of education and in being an active participant in local affairs. Polly Ghirardelli Lawrence recalled that he "made a place for himself and the company in the community" (Lawrence 13). These values were transmitted not only to his family but to his employees as well.
1900 US Census
San Francisco City, San Francisco, California
2617 Laguna Street
Domingo Ghirardelli 51
Addie Ghirardelli 41
Alida Ghirardelli 30
Doming L Ghirardelli 19
Edwin Ghirardelli 14
Corna Ghirardelli 10
Esperance Ghirardelli 7
Ruth Ghirardelli 1
Maggie O Connor 19
Frank Suzuki 22
1910 US Census
San Francisco Assembly District 41, San Francisco, California
3000 Pacific Avenue
Domingo Gherardilli 60
Addie Gherardilli 51
Edwin Gherardilli 25
Corona Gherardilli 20
Esperance Gherardilli 17
Ruth Gherardilli 11
Magaret I Houthare 26
Alfhild Siojreen 25
U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925
about Domingo Ghirardelli
Name: Domingo Ghirardelli
Birth Date: 9 May 1849
Birth Place: Lima, Peru
RESIDENCE: San Francisco, California
Passport Issue Date: 18 Apr 1913
Spouse Name: Addie Ghirardelli
Passport Includes a Photo: N
Source: Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 - March 31, 1925 (M1490)
In 1849, when Domingo Ghirardelli immigrates to the United States from his homeland of Italy, he has dreams of striking it rich in the California Gold Rush. After trying his hand and failing at mining, he settles on opening a tent-store in nearby Stockton, CA, selling various supplies and confections to fellow miners. With his new business proving successful, Domingo decides to open a store and hotel in San Francisco. After a major fire in 1851 destroys his businesses, he begins to rebuild. In 1852, he forms a new confectionary company that is to become the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company.
Today, Ghirardelli Chocolate Company has built on its signature taste and time-honored manufacturing processes to become America’s premium chocolate company.
Read on for more of our rich heritage.
1817: Domenico Ghirardelli is born in Rapallo, Italy (near Genoa) to an exotic foods importer and his young wife. At a young age, Domenico is introduced to the chocolate and confectionary trade as he apprenticed for a local candy maker.
1837: At the age of 20, Ghirardelli marries first wife, and sets sail to Uruguay to partake in the South American chocolate trade. Here, he takes a job in a "coffee and chocolate establishment."
1838: A year later, attracted by opportunities in Lima, Ghirardelli sails around Cape Horn to Peru. Fatefully, Ghirardelli opens a confectionery store next to a cabinet shop owned by an American, James Lick.
1847: Enticed by the stories prosperity in North America, Lick leaves for San Francisco, taking 600 pounds of neighbor Ghirardelli’s Chocolate with him. Meanwhile, Ghirardelli continues to operate his store in Peru, soon replacing his Italian name with its Spanish equivalent, Domingo.
1849: Following the death of his first wife and his remarriage to Carmen Alvarado, Ghirardelli learns of the gold strike at Sutter’s Mill and sails unaccompanied to California. After prospecting in the Jamestown-Sonora area, Ghirardelli once again becomes a merchant, opening a general store in Stockton, California, offering supplies and confections to fellow miners. Located in a tent, it’s one of the first shops in the area.
Several months later, Ghirardelli opens a second store on the corner of Broadway and Battery in San Francisco, which becomes his first establishment in the city.
1851: On May 3, the fifth of a series of great San Francisco fires destroy some 1,500 buildings,including Ghirardelli’s Battery Street location. Three days later a runaway fire levels half of Stockton. In the span of a few days, Ghirardelli’s businesses are burned out of existence. He quickly consolidates his salvaged assets and opens the Cairo Coffee House on San Francisco’s Commercial Street in September of the same year.
1852: After the Cairo Coffee House proves unsuccessful, Ghirardelli stays in San Francisco and forms a new confectionery company called Ghirardely & Girard on the corner of Kearny and Washington streets. This is the establishment of what is to become the modern day Ghirardelli Chocolate Company and over 150 years of traditional chocolate manufacturing. Business flourishes, and Ghirardelli soon sends for his family in Peru. He changes the company name to Mrs. Ghirardelli & Co, but is still undoubtedly run by Domingo. Records show the company imported 200 pounds of cocoa beans during the year.
1853: In September, the Ghirardelli family relocates the company again within the city, to the corner of Jackson and Mason streets.
1855: As the business continues to grow, the “manufactory” is once again moved to a larger facility on the corner of Greenwich and Powell streets, and houses the family living quarters as well. The office, however, stayed at 138 Jackson Street.
1865: Around this time, someone in the Ghirardelli Company makes an important observation—by hanging a bag of chocolate in a warm room, the cocoa butter drips out, leaving a residue that can be processed into ground chocolate. This technique, called the Broma process, is now generally used in the manufacture of chocolate.
1866: Imports of cocoa beans by the Ghirardelli Company climb to 1,000 pounds during the year.
1884: Three of four of Ghirardelli’s sons become partners in the business, which now has 30 employees and ships products all over the West, to the eastern United States, China, Japan, and Mexico. The company drops its line of wines, cordials, and liquors, and sells only chocolate, coffee, and spices.
1885: Cocoa bean imports by the company jump to 450,000 pounds.
1892: Domingo Ghirardelli retires as head of the company, turning the management over to his three sons.
1893: Needing additional space, the company purchases the Pioneer Woolen Mill building, and manufacturing moves to that location, on San Francisco’s northern waterfront. This is the present location of Ghirardelli Square.
1894: On a trip to his home in Rapallo, Italy, Domingo Ghirardelli dies at the age of 77 on January 17.
1900: The company sells its coffee and spice business, limiting its products to chocolate and mustard. A two-story warehouse (now called the Cocoa Building) is built on North Point Street.
1906: The great San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906 does not damage the company’s North Point street plant, and manufacturing operations resume within 10 days of the disaster.
1915: To meet the energy needs of the emerging manufacturing complex, the Power House is built. Two buildings complete the handsome, block-square collection of plants and offices. The Apartment Building provides housing for a number of employees. The Clock Tower, beautifully designed in the style of Chateau Blois in France, stands prominently at the corner of North Point and Larkin Street.
1923: The company adds two floors to the Cocoa Building and the four-story structure becomes the base for 15-feet high, illuminated letters spelling "Ghirardelli." Visible for miles, the sign becomes a welcoming sight to ships passing through the Golden Gate.
1962: Two prominent San Franciscans, William Matson Roth and his mother, Mrs. William P. Roth, acquire the buildings and commission the architectural firm of Wurster, Bernardi & Emmons to design a modern specialty shopping center, retaining the exceptional Victorian qualities of the complex. Only one building, a wood-frame box factory, must be removed. It is replaced with a new structure called the Wurster Building, named for the principal architect. All of the other structures—the Chocolate Building, the Mustard Building, the Cocoa Building, the Apartment, the Power Plant, and the stately Clock Tower—are saved and renovated.
1963: The Golden Grain Macaroni Company, which is owned and operated by the De Domenico family, purchases the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company. The purchase includes the company name, product, formulas, and equipment.
1964: Ghirardelli Square undergoes a renovation and officially opened as a festival marketplace on November 29, 1964. The renovation included shoring up old buildings during construction of the underground garage and strengthening the buildings structurally.
1965: San Francisco declares Ghirardelli Square an official city landmark.
1967: Production facilities move to San Leandro, California.
1968: Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company and Real Property West, companies with established ties to San Francisco, become the new owners of Ghirardelli Square, pledging to maintain the flavor and integrity of Ghirardelli.
1982: The owners apply for and are granted National Historic Register status for Ghirardelli Square. The management at Ghirardelli Square seeks to enhance and improve the ambience of the Square by adding more greenery, trees, and flowers to the landscaping. New outdoor umbrellas enliven the interior of the Square, contributing to the visual appeal and atmosphere. With more than 75 tenants offering cuisine, art, and merchandise from around the world, Ghirardelli Square becomes a model for the restoration of classic buildings throughout the country.
1986: The Quaker Oats Company acquires Golden Grain and Ghirardelli Chocolate.
1992: Quaker Oats sells the Ghirardelli Chocolate division to a private investment group headed by John J. Anton and the Thomas H. Lee Company. John J. Anton becomes the President and CEO of the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company.
1993: Ghirardelli opens retail stores in Monterey, California and Chicago, Illinois.
1996: Ghirardelli opens a retail store in Orlando, Florida, at Disney Marketplace.
1997: Ghirardelli opens new retail stores in Broadway Plaza in Walnut Creek, CA and in Harrah’s Carnaval Court in Las Vegas, NV.
1998: Lindt and Sprungli Chocolate out of Switzerland acquires Ghirardelli Chocolate Company as a wholly owned subsidiary of its holding company. The largest plant expansion ever begins for Ghirardelli Chocolate. Expansion includes 50,000 square feet of new production and 20,000 square feet of laboratory and office space.
1999: Ghirardelli Chocolate Company launches it now famous filled Squares™ chocolates, including the ever-popular flavor — Milk Chocolate with Caramel Filling.
Ghirardelli opens a new retail store in Pasadena, CA
1999-2000: Ghirardelli opens new retail stores in South Beach in Miami, Florida and the Gaslamp District in San Diego, California.
2002: Ghirardelli Chocolate Company celebrates its 150th Anniversary.
2003: Ghirardelli opens its first Factory Store at the site of the headquarters and manufactory in San Leandro, California.
2004: Ghirardelli Chocolate Company launches its first national television advertising campaign.
Ghirardelli Chocolate Company launches its first limited edition flavors, inspired by the holiday seasons’ most popular flavors: Peppermint Bar, Eggnog and Cinnamon Spiced Almond.
2005: Ghirardelli Chocolate Company re-launches its Dark Squares™ chocolate with new and improved recipe and becomes the first widely available chocolate to declare cacao content on its packaging.
Ghirardelli Chocolate Company launches its first national print advertising campaign for its baking chocolate.
Ghirardelli Ice Cream and Chocolate Shops launch a new Dark Chocolate version of their world famous hot fudge sauce.
2006: Ghirardelli introduces new Intense Dark Bars with luxuriously deep and velvety chocolate fused with sophisticated ingredients.
Father: Domenico "Domingo" GHIRARDELLI b: 17 FEB 1815 in Santa Ana Near Rapallo, Italy
Mother: Carmen ALVARADO b: 1829 in Lima, Peru
Addie COOK b: 19 APR 1858 in St Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri
8 NOV 1877
in Oakland, Alameda County, California
- Alida GHIRARDELLI b: 3 SEP 1878 in 610 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA
- Domingo Lyle GHIRARDELLI b: 8 MAY 1881 in Oakland, Alameda County, California
- Maurine GHIRARDELLI b: 18 MAY 1883 in San Francisco County, California
- Edwin "Sid" GHIRARDELLI b: 27 DEC 1884 in 2416 Filmore Street, San Francisco, CA
- Corona GHIRARDELLI b: 27 NOV 1889 in San Francisco, California
- Hope GHIRARDELLI b: 27 JUL 1892 in 2617 Laguna Street, San Francisco, CA
- Esperance GHIRARDELLI b: 27 JUL 1892 in 2617 Laguna Street, San Francisco, CA
- Ruth GHIRARDELLI b: 3 OCT 1898 in San Francisco, California
- Title: 1900 United States Federal Census
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data - United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 18
Page: Year: 1900; Census Place: San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Roll: T623_106; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 234.
Text: Birth date: May 1849Birth place: PeruMarriage date: 1878Marriage place: Residence date: 1900Residence place: San Francisco, San Francisco, CaliforniaArrival date: 1862Arrival place:
- Title: U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2007.Original data - Passport Applications, 1795-1905; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1372, 694 rolls); General Records of the Department of State, Record Group 59; National Arc
Text: Birth date: 9 May 1849Birth place: Lima, PeruResidence date: Residence place: United States
- Title: New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.Original data - Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M237, 675 rolls); Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Rec
Page: Year: 1865; Arrival: New York, United States; Microfilm serial: M237; Microfilm roll: M237_257; Line: 4; List number: 964.
Text: Birth date: abt 1849Birth place: Origin date: Origin place: United States of AmericaArrival date: 5 Oct 1865Arrival place: New YorkDeparture date: Departure place: Le Havre, FranceDestination date: Destination place: Lancashire;France
- Title: 1910 United States Federal Census
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA.Original data - United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Thirteenth Census of the United
Page: Year: 1910; Census Place: San Francisco Assembly District 41, San Francisco, California; Roll: T624_101; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 283; Image: 1067.
Text: Birth date: abt 1850Birth place: So AmerResidence date: 1910Residence place: San Francisco Assembly District 41, San Francisco, CaliforniaArrival date: 1851Arrival place:
- Title: 1880 United States Federal Census
Author: Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. 1880 U.S. Census Index provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints © Copyright 1999 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. All use is subject to the limited
Page: Year: 1880; Census Place: San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Roll: T9_79; Family History Film: 1254079; Page: 342.1000; Enumeration District: 220; Image: 0446.
Text: Birth date: abt 1849Birth place: PeruResidence date: 1880Residence place: San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States