van der Werf - Thompson Family

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  • ID: I654
  • Name: Elisha FREEMAN
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1737 in Virginia
  • Death: 1818 in Jefferson County, Indiana
  • Note:

    Special thanks to the followinig people for longstanding research efforts concerning the Freeman family: Jean Landers; Dorothy Alves; Edith Freeman Affatato; Ron Cornwell; Linda Elieff; Jim Oldfield.

    The surname of Elisha Freeman's wife ("Lane") was first discovered by the combined research efforts of Greg van der Werf and Ron Cornwell in 1999.

    From various land records, Elizabeth was known to have been the given name of the wife of Elisha Freeman.

    That she was also a daughter of Edward Lane, is by inference. In a 1755 deed, Edward Lane gave a slave to some (but probably not all of his children); his daughter Mary was described as the wife of Thomas Freeman at the time of the gift. His daughter Elizabeth, however, was not married in 1755, and so she received the slave named ?Venice" (=Venus) under her own name, Elizabeth Lane. Later, it can be shown from the tax lists of Louisa County, Virginia, that Venus was in the possession of Elisha Freeman (who had married Elizabeth Lane some time after 1755). From this, it is also inferred that Thomas and Elisha Freeman were brothers.

    1771 tax list, Trinity Parish (Louisa County, Virginia
    Elisha Freeman: Venus; 2 taxable; 100 acres
    Isaac Freeman: Jean; 2 taxable; 227 acres
    1772 tax list, Fredericksville Parish
    John Michie: Elisha Freeman, Ben, George, Joshua, Dick, Fanny, Cate, Bet; 8 taxable; 108 acres
    Thomas Freeman: Handy 2 taxable; 166 acres
    1773 tax list, Fredericksville Parish
    Thomas Freeman: Thomas Gibbons, Handy 3 taxable, 166 acres
    Elisha Freeman, another not Nam'd; 2 taxable
    William Freeman: 4 taxable
    1774 tax list, Fredericksville Parish
    William Freeman: 1 taxable
    Thomas Freemon: Thomas Gibbons, Handey; 3 taxable

    The will of Richard Barbour (1794) gives as his first heir Elisha Freeman, who inherited a relatively small parcel of land in Kentucky. The will then distributes very large land holdings to other heirw within the Barbour family. In the will, Elisha Freeman is described as the son of Thomas Freeman. After thinking about this description for many years, I have come to the conclusion that it is incorrect. I believe that Philip Barbour meant to call Elisha Freeman the brother of Thomas Freeman. It appears that Elisha Freeman had been acting for a number of years as a frontier land manager for the Barbour family, and that they paid him, at least in part, in land. The Barbours were a well-connected Virginia family (James Barbour was later Governor of Virginia) and were in a position to obtain large tracts of land in Kentucky. I believe that Philip Barbour probably stayed in Virginia, while his employee, Elisha Freeman spent all of his time in Kentucky; possibly Philip Barbour had not spent much time with Elisha, and with the passage of time, he lost track of the Elisha?s family connections. For many years, I tried to find a Thomas Freeman who could have been the father of Elisha Freeman, but this path appears to lead ?nowhere." It does seem extremely likely that Thomas and Elisha?s parents were Alexander Freeman and his wife Sarah Estes, of Louisa County, Virginia. Alexander died in Louisa County in 1767. The Estes family carries the names Elisha and Richard, probably the source of the Freeman given names.

    Elisha Freeman?s will is also recorded in both Hardin County, Kentucky, and Jefferson County, Indiana.

    1779: built a crude cabin before forts were built in the Valley; Severns Valley, Hardin County, Kentucky
    20 December 1782: 400 acres of land on the watercourse of Nole Linn Creek; Hardin County, Kentucky
    11 November 1784: 262 acres; Cumberland River, Linicoln County, Kentucky
    1794: mentioned as the first heir in the will of Richard Barbour of Culpeper County, Virginia. A nephew of Richard Barbour, James Barbour, was later Governor of Virginia.
    20 March 1795: had 400 acres of land surveyed; Hardin County, Kentucky
    21 July 1795: sold 480 acres of land to Samuel Shy, Green County, Kentucky
    1800 : in Hardin County, Kentucky
    Will: 13 April 1818; Hardin County, Kentucky; the will is also recorded in Hardin County, Kentucky
    Will probated : 22 June 1819: Jefferson County, Kentucky
    Burial: Hardin County, Kentucky

    From the George Rogers Clark Papers, Roll 3:
    5292-3-1248-1249 April 6, 1780 Bottom document Receipt of Elisha Freeman for payment from Martin Carney at Falls of Ohio.

    In the early 1980's, I made the proposal that Elisha Freeman (early settler of Hardin County, Kentucky) might have been married to Elizabeth Kercheval. Subsequent research yielded the correct marriage, that is, of Elisha Freeman and Elizabeth Lane. There is no evidence that Elizabeth Kercheval was Elisha Freeman's wife, or even that a woman named Elizabeth Kercheval, a contemporary of Elisha Freeman, even existed.
  • _UID: 1D5BCC60D6E0400A91A93B1DA4F973F73D21
  • Change Date: 13 MAY 2005

    Father: Alexander FREEMAN b: ABT 1705 in (Virginia)
    Mother: Sarah ESTES b: ABT 1707

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth LANE b: ABT 1738 in Virginia
    • Married: ABT 1758 in Virginia
    1. Has Children Elisha FREEMAN b: ABT 1760
    2. Has Children Elisha Junior or Thomas FREEMAN
    3. Has No Children Sarah FREEMAN b: ABT 1763
    4. Has Children Thomas FREEMAN b: ABT 1765 in Virginia
    5. Has Children Richard FREEMAN b: ABT 1768 in Virginia
    6. Has Children Elizabeth FREEMAN b: ABT 1770 in Virginia
    7. Has No Children Samuel FREEMAN b: ABT 1774
    8. Has No Children (Isaac) FREEMAN b: abt 1778?
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