Name: Jonathan Marion Barton
Birth: 26 DEC 1830 in Hall County, GA
Death: 17 APR 1910 in Winston County, AL
Burial: Sardis #1 Baptist Church Cemetery, Winston County, AL
Sheriff of Winston County in the 1860s.
From the Winston Herald June 10, 1886:
"We read a letter one day last week written by Jonathan Barton, of this county, who is an inmate of the assylum at Tuscaloosa, to his wife, he writes intelligently and says he is well and expects to come home soon. His relatives, neighbors, and friends generally, are glad to hear from him."
Jonathan Barton, The State of Alabama, Winston County, Probate Court, August 2nd, 1897
Jonathan Barton, a Lunatic.
This day came Hannah A. Barton, and files her petition in due form, in writing and under oath, asking that she be appointed guardian of the person, and estate, of the said Jonathan Barton. And it appearing to the Court, from adequate proof, that said Jonathan Barton has been declared to be a lunatic, according to law in such cases made and provided; and that he is incapable of taking care of himself, and his affairs; that he resides in this county, and has property in this state of the value of one hundred and fifty dollars, and probably not more; that no guardian has been appointed for said Jonathan Barton, and that said applicant is an inhabitant of this state, and that she is a suitable person for such guardianship. Now, therefore, said Hannah A. Barton having given bond for the proper amount conditioned as the law requires with W.M. Barton and R.A. Godsey as securities therein, which bond with said securities hath been duly taken and approved by the Judge of this Court; it is ordered, adjudged and decreed, that said Hannah A. Barton, be and she is hereby appointed to be the guardian of the said Jonathan Barton; and it is hereby declared that the said Hannah A. Barton, as such guardian is entitled to the undisturbed custody and control of the person and estate of her ward, to be held and managed by her in accordance with law in such cases made and provided.
Judge of Probate
The State of Alabama, Winston County, In Probate Court, Oct. 9th, 1900
In the matter of the estate of Jonathan Barton, a non compas mentis.
On this day comes Hannah A. Barton, Guardian of said estate and presents her statement, accounts, vouchers and evidences for a partial settlement of her guardianship, and it is ordered by the Court that the next regular term of this Court, which is the 12th day of November, 1900, be and the same is hereby appointed a day for such settlement.
It is further ordered that notice of the same be given by publication in the New Era, a weekly newspaper published in said county for three consecutive issues.
It is further ordered that Z. McVay be appointed as Guardian ad litem, to represent and protect the interests of the said ward on such settlement.
Judge of Probate
The State of Alabama, Winston County, In Probate Court, Nov. 12th, 1900
Jonathan Barton, Non Compas Mentis.
This being the day set to hear and pass upon the account heretofore filed by Hannah A. Barton, as the Guardian of the Estate of the said Jonathan Barton, for an annual settlement of her guardianship, now comes the said Hannah A. Barton and moves the Court to proceed with such settlement, and that said account be passed and allowed. And it appearing to the Court from proper evidence that due notice of the time and nature of this settlement has been given by publication once a week for three consecutive weeks in the New Era, a weekly newspaper published at Double Springs in said county, and Z. McVay, who was heretofore appointed Guardian ad litem for and to protect the interests of said ward, now appearing in open court, consenting in writing to act and contesting such settlement, the court proceeds to examine said account and to hear the proof in relation thereto.
Whereupon it is found that said guardian has received in cash of the assets of said estate the sum of $499.90; that she has justly expended in and about the costs and charges of said guardianship, and in maintaining her said ward the sum of $319.98 leaving a balance on hand of the funds of said estate of $79.92.
It appearing to the Court that said account is correct, it is therefore ordered, adjudged, and decreed that said account be, and the same is hereby in all things passed and allowed as above stated.
Civil War Information:
Barton, Jonathan, Sgt., Co. L, age 33, EN 9/25/63, Fayette Co., AL, MI 9/25/63, Glendale, MS, born Hall, GA, farmer, MO 9/28/64, Rome, GA. Jonathan Marion Barton was born December 26, 1830 and died April 17, 1910 in Winston Co., AL. He was married to Hannah Ann Blackstock and had three brothers and two brother-in-law who served in this regiment. 12/26/1830 - 4/17/1910; buried Sardis No. 1 Baptist Church Cemetery at Lynn.
Jonathan Barton, Larissa, Winston County, Alabama, Claim No. 57,471. This claim, totaling $2,247.50 is for five head of horses $750; 450 pounds of pork furnished detachments of the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A., on detached rations furnished members of the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A., on detached services $100; one roan mare $150; 250 bushels of corn $500; 4,000 pounds of fodder $40; 2,000 pounds of bacon $500; 100 pounds of lard $25; 1 barrel meal $5; 1 barrel flour $10; 30 gallons syrup $30; 10 bushels of sweet potatoes $10; 550 pounds of pork $55; 15 bushels of peas $15; 50 pounds of honey $12.50.
The five head of horses were turned over to the quartermaster, Lt. Gray, at Camp Davis, MS, on or about February 15, 1864. The 450 pounds of pork was furnished to members of Captain J.J. Hines, Lt. Emerick, and Lt. George Jenkins and their men of the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A. on detached service, and the rations were furnished and cooked at the claimant's house for members of the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A., on recruiting service in Winston County in 1863 and 1864. The remaining items were taken by General James H. Wilson's Cavalry about March 24, 1865, from the residence and premises of the claimant.
Jonathan Barton, age 46, a resident of Larissa, Winston County, Alabama for twenty years, a farmer, stated that he was born in Hall County, Georgia, and enlisted in 1863 in the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A., in Company L, under Captain Sanford Tramel and then Captain Edwards, commanded by Colonel George E. Spencer. He stated that at the beginning of the war he was a farmer and remained at home "with exception of the time I was laying out to evade Conscripting Agents and Rebel Scouts as a general thing returning, when favorable, to my family." He testified that he had four brothers in Company L, 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A.: James A. Barton, William H. Barton, Madison M. Barton, and Guilford M. Barton; and three brothers-in-law: F.C. Harris, JESSE D. HYDE, and Thomas H. Blackstock, all of whom except Jesse D. Hyde entered service at Glendale, MS, in the Fall of 1863, and that Jesse D. Hyde entered service sometime afterwards. "William H. Barton and Thomas H. Blackstock were captured at Jones' Cross Roads Mississippi in the winter of 1863 and died in prison at Andersonville, Ga."
The claimant further testified, "I was threatened, shot at and molested by the rebel soldiers on account of my union principals or sentiments. They burned my still, took one mare, two mules and a buggy, knocked the heads out of my whisky barrels after taking what they wanted, and turned out the balance. They threatened to kill me and burn my dwelling if I did not come in and give up to them. The still house was burned and the mare and two mules and buggy taken by the rebels on the 15 March 1863 at my house. Lieut. May was in command of the rebel soldiers who did this. I heard that I had an uncle named William Barton and an uncle named Jonathan B. Martin who were in the rebel service in the State of Georgia and also some cousins.....Never aided or saw them while they were in rebel service nor since. I kept out of the rebel army by hiding in the woods until I joined the union army."
Of the five horses furnished to Camp Davis, MS, Jonathan Barton testified that Quartermaster Gray had told him that if he could buy up suitable horses for the use of the government, vouchers would be issued therefor according to their value, thereby enabling him to make a little money and render a valuable service to the government, which the claimant undertook by purchasing from citizens passing through the lines to the north, who were less than willing to accept vouchers and yet could not leave their stock with the risk of the Confederates confiscating it.
As to the rations provided to troops on detachment service, Jonathan Barton testified that, "The parties fed and rationed would number fifty men and horses at a time, and supplied at different times, and the amount charged would not supply amount used by them. In March (I think) the 24th day, Gen. Wilson's command came in my neighborhood and camped on my place and adjoining property one night and the portion of two days -- that is from the time they commenced camping in the afternoon of the day they came, until the time they all left next day, and while there his men came to my dwelling and took from my house and crib two hundred and fifty bushels of corn -- the corn in the crib was shucked and that in the house was shelled and packed in barrels and boxes... Fodder to the amount of four thousand pounds was taken from the stable loft, and four stacks in the field was taken. . . Two thousand pounds of bacon was taken from the smoke house and from the dwelling house, where I had it buried in the cellar in boxes. It was all well seasoned. . . I butchered seventeen hogs in the fall which would have averaged two hundred and twenty-five pounds each, also one hundred pounds of lard taken from the smoke house. . . . One barrel of meal that had just been brought from the mill was also taken. . . .one barrel of flour. . . . thirty gallons of syrup. . . fifteen bushels of peas. . . . fifty pounds of honey was taken from the bee gums. . . . Four stands were taken. . . . The honey I did not regard as much as the killing of my bees when the command first arrived I was lying out, and when I saw them, I knew they were Yankees and I returned home, when I had arrived the troops were at my place taking my property, there was a Captain in command of the party. . . When I begged of him not to take all I had as I was in an enemies country, and that I would be obliged to move or starve, that I was a discharged Soldier -- He asked me to produce my discharge, and on my wife producing it he ordered the men remaining to empty what they had in their sacks, which was done, but stole the same night after the Captain had left..."
The claimant further testified that the roan mare taken by General Wilson's command was taken from her stable and ridden off. . . " A great many of the soldiers were at my house and about the premises, they moved the property southward. . . A captain was present. I asked him to have my mare left with me; he replied that the soldiers were compelled to have horses to ride. . . . They were on a raid south, horses giving out all along and fresh ones had to be taken from citizens. . . . Corn was put in sacks by the troops and carried it and fed their horses and used it up about my premises. The soldiers killed, cleaned, cooked, and eat six fat shoats or hogs. . ."
Gilford M. Barton testified on behalf of the claimant that he had been a resident of Winston County for fifteen years, a farmer, brother to the claimant, that he enlisted in the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A., September 25, 1863, and while in service at Camp Davis, MS, saw the claimant turn over to the quartermaster four head of horses ". . . well worth six hundred dollars. . . Two of the horses claimant brought from the Braswell boys and one from William Tidwell and one he carried home. The Braswell boys have never returned home. . . Witness lived one-half mile of claimant. At the same time the troops took from claimant a fine watch and good pistol, besides they burned up and destroyed about 3,000 rails which is not in the claim. He was also robed (sp) burned and plundered by the Rebels during the Rebellion to the amount of 4 or $5,000 worth on account of his Union Principals."
Thomas J. Sims, a resident of Winston County for seventeen years, lived within 300 yards of the claimant, was present and saw the troops of Wilson's Corp come to claimant's house on or about the 24th of March, 1865. He confirmed the loss of the property as described and harassment of the claimant by the Confederates.
Robert L. Guthrie, a resident of Winston County about sixteen years, testified that he served in the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A., and was honorably discharged and was at claimant's house while Wilson's raid was in progress and confirmed that claimant's abundant provisions were depleted and...has a good reason to believe that the advance Guard of said Corps taken from claimant a fine watch, and good pistol and that said troops also taken, burned up and used for crosswaying the road about 3,000 rails . . ."
Elizabeth Guttery, about 63 years of age, resident of Winston County fifteen years, was present at the house of claimant on or about the 24th of March 1865 at the same time the troops of Wilson's raid passed and saw them take the mare.... Further saw the advance guard of Wilson's Corps take a good pistol and a good watch from claimant. . . . I lived in one mile of claimant. . . . was at claimant's house when the Rebel Cavalry burned up his stillhouse, shot at claimant, as he ran off, and made his escape and that she knows of her own knowledge that the Rebels burned, fed off of him, and plundered him from the beginning to the end of the Rebellion on account of his union principles.
John N. Baughn, a resident of Winston County for twenty-two years, testified that he lived within four miles of claimant during the war, that he also served in the 1st Alabama Cavalry, U.S.A., and while in that service saw the claimant turn over to Quartermaster Gray four head of horses as related.
William Y. Norris also confirmed the furnishing of the horses to the quartermaster by the claimant and witnessed the claimant's furnishing rations to U.S. soldiers stationed near his residence.
Anderson Ward and Joel M. Ward, his son, challenged the claim of Jonathan Barton and denied he had property during the war of the extent allegedly furnished; however statements are made which established that Jonathan Barton's son-in-law and Anderson Ward's son-in-law became involved in a controversy in which the elders participated, resulting in recriminations and continued hostilities among the families. Further Jonathan Barton attested that, "In 1863 I was one of a party under Capt. Tramel and Lieut. Hines ordered on detached service to Winston County while on such duty I captured Anderson Ward then a soldier belonging to the Rebel Army carried him through and turned him over to Headquarters then rather than be sent back North a prisoner he chose to enlist in the Federal Army served his time out and came home and still affiliated with the Rebel Party. John W. Sims and Joel M. Ward was also in the Rebel Army and consequently I could not expect anything favorable from such men as this." (Note: Jonathan Barton was sheriff of Winston County in 1865; Joel M. Ward was sheriff of Winston County in 1897).
The Commissioners of Claims, judging the loyalty and veracity of the witnesses reported: "At the beginning of the war, claimant was a man past 30 years and a well-to-do farmer near Larissa in North Alabama. He talked and voted against secession and had a universal reputation as a Union man. In the earlier part of the war, he did the only thing a loyal man in his neighborhood could do -- harbor and pass along Union men who were making their way to the Federal lines. He was much abused and threatened by the Confederates civil and military and was often a refugee from his home. Much property belonging to him was also taken and destroyed because of his position as a loyalist. When Spencer organized the First Alabama Cavalry in 1863 claimant made his way, with four brothers and three brothers-in-law to the rendezvous and became a sergeant and served one year till honorably discharged. We have made inquiry into this claim and all the evidence and information we have received is to the effect that claimant was a true and notorious Union man from beginning to secession to the end of the war. This claim has been greatly delayed and obstructed by charges made by two men named Ward to the effect that the claim was fictitious and that the claimant had very little property anyway. But our inquiries have shown that in consequence of a quarrel between the younger members of the Barton and Ward families some years ago, in which the elders became involved, the Wards are bitterly hostile to claimant. . . ." The Commissioners further allowed $75 each for the five horses furnished the quartermaster, honor the claims of provisions and pork, and remaining items taken by General Wilson's Cavalry. "We allow for such articles in such quantities and at such prices as are proper, though, no doubt, the loss to the claimant was greater than our award. We allow $1,202.50."
Testimony of William Y. Norris, August 27, 1875. There were similar affidavits by Francis C. Harris, Jesse D. Hyde, Martha E. Sims, Hiram Hains, and Hanna Barton.
Story written by George C. Jenkins:
George C. Jenkins was born in Ross County, Ohio, and at age 21, enlisted in the 1st Alabama Cavalry Union Army on March 17, 1864. He served as 2nd Lt. in Company M and mustered out October 20, 1865 in Huntsville, Alabama. The following is a letter he wrote from Washington County, Ohio on April 13, 1900.
I was agreeable surprised a short time ago on receipt of a copy of your newsy little paper - "The Anchor." It refreshed my memory of tried experiences of my own in Winston during the Civil War of 1861 to 1865, where Comrades Barton, Emerick, and myself enjoyed such a lovely time circulating around the many rock houses and caves "beating up" recruits for the Old Loyal 1st Ala. Cav. I never shall forget the events of that expedition.
Six of us left our Lines at Camp Davis on the evening of December 19th, 1863, rode through the woods until dark, where we took the main road and kept it until day dawned next morning. We stopped at the home of a Union man 76 miles south-east of our starting place - Camp Davis. We stayed there rested and slept during the day; and when darkness came again, we mounted our refreshed horses and on we went for another night's ride; and passed the next several days resting in some thickets, and the nights we passed in wandering our way through the mountain paths of North Alabama. When we struck the "Biler road," we discovered several bands of Confederate Cavalrymen; so we divided our forces, Jim Medlin and two Comrades struck out east, while Comrades Barton, Emerick, and myself beat south. On that memorable cold New Years day, we ate dinner at Comrade Barton's residence in the "Black Swamp Beat" on Splunge Creek.
I shall never forget the good "freezing out" we got new year's evening when Barton got so dreadful cold we could hardly keep him on his horse, and finally he came bewildered and we were lost and freezing mid the snow which had made the paths invisible. We finally came to an isolated field after going around this lonely field several times our horses struck the trail leading from it, and followed it down the mountain to "Kelly's tanyard." Barton then knew where we were, and as Kelly was a "Reb" we went a mile or so south of Kelly's and stopped until day again. At the cabin of a good old Loyalist by the name of Weaver, the possession of fire-warmth was never welcomed by no mortal more heartily than it was by me that night at Mr. Weaver's. My feet and fingers were almost frozen off. We laid down on a bed and slept while Mr. Weaver stayed out in the cold and kept guard about half way between his cabin and his neighbors where some Confederate Cavalry men were enjoying their New Year dance. His loyal wife (God bless her) cooked us a warm breakfast and at day we started to Barton's, 5 miles south. Hiding our horses in the thickets at Splunge Creek we reached Mr. Barton's some before noon, his wife cooking us a warm and refreshing dinner, and after dining, we went to the brush until dark, then we returned back to the house where we enjoyed a peaceful night's sleep in a house, this being the only night we slept all night in a house. After this, rock houses were our resting places during the day, and the roads and trails were kept warm through the night. A cave not far from Taylor's store was our headquarters, and we recruited as far south as Vince Rodens in Walker County near Jasper, and if old Tid Walker or any of his family are living, I guess they will remember the visit we paid them one night when we captured old Tid, his musket, and mule, but I can't go into full details about this visit to old "Tids." I often wonder if any of these old boys are living yet.
After the war, I married and have raised and educated a family of six children, but for the past ten years the disabilites from my wounds and four and half years in the war has almost overcome my vigor and ambition. I am almost worn out. Oh! how I would like to visit those old mountain cabins in old Black Swamp, but I shall only hope on for the opportunity - but fear my hope will never be realized.
I very frequently hear from Hinds, and a few others of my old Comrades. If there are any of them left in Winston, I offer my best wishes; and would like to see them. I also offer my kindest regards to any and all of the Confederates that I fought so long and hard, God bless them all! The animosity I once held against them is all gone now, and in its place dwells in my heart, a feeling of respect akin to the fraternal love that I have for my old Comrades. What nation has ever developed better and truer patriotism than our own beloved United States - North and South? I am as proud today of the records of the brave Confederates as I am my Comrades whom I fought with.
With Kind regards to any and all....I am yours truly, George C. Jenkins.
Father: Willis Barton b: 22 SEP 1803 in Pendleton District, SC
Mother: Margaret Nancy Martin b: 11 MAR 1806 in GA
Hannah Ann Blackstock b: 4 JAN 1834 in Gainesville, Hall County, AL
30 NOV 1852
in Hall County, GA
- Margaret J. Barton b: 7 JUN 1851 in Hall County, GA
- William Marion Barton b: 17 AUG 1856
- Sarah Eveline Barton b: 1859
- Andrew Jonathan Barton b: 1861
- Roxana Elizabeth Barton b: 1864
- Martha Barton b: 1866
- Mary Arizona Barton b: 1872