The Godshalk History

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  • ID: I02125
  • Name: Hugh MAXWELL I
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1648 in Caerlaverock Castle, Scotland
  • Note:
    --He and his 3 sons fled Scotland after the "Jaconbite Uprising" of 1715.
    --They went to Downs County, Ireland, 1 and 1/4 mile from Port-a-ferry. The name of the area was called "Corrock Hills", the name of their farm.

    --Information compiled by:
    Michael J. Godshalk
    8255 Richmond St.
    GIBSONTON, FL 33534
    (813) 672-9036
    E-Mail: godshalk@netzero.net

    --Source of family info: Rolland E. MAXWELL's 3 scrolls, completed in 1962.
    I only have a copy of 3 scrolls. But on these 3 scrolls there show links to several other scrolls (I.E. see Chart IV, V, VI, ... XI, XII). I don't know if Roland was ever able to complete these scrolls or not. They each took a great deal of time to complete by hand and to compile this vast sum of information. I continue to search out relatives that might have insight to the whereabouts of these other scrolls.
    Rolland MAXWELL's first scroll lists "Early Maxwell's -- Main Stem of CaerLaverock", dating back to the year 1066. At present, I'm unable to link these Maxwell's to our line. I have a feeling that Roland was only listing Maxwell names that he found through his research of Maxwell roots, not that there was a known link to our family line. Here is a list of what he compiled (to the best of what I can transcribe). Some people are shown as related and others don't show a family connection. I'm not sure if the numbering system is 1. Father 2. Son 3 Grandson (... etc.) or just a list of the oldest names found to the youngest. I'll try and identify any and all family connections that Roland listed.

    1. Maccus (or Macchus) of Warwickshire: Anglo Saxon Baron of large possessions.
    2. Unwin (or Undewyne): Owner of the "Baronz of Maccuswell (Maxwell)" in Scotland, in the 11th Century.
    3. Maccus: Settled in Scotland about 1066. He was in the train of Edgar Atheling at the conquest of 1113 A.D. He was wittness to Charter founding a Monastary at Selkink. Later transfered to Kelso, 1116 A.D.
    4. Ervin (or Eugene, or Hugh de Maccuswell): Was at the siege of Almvick 1093. He died in 1143.
    5. Herbert de Mac-well: He had 3 children; Edmond, Liulfus, and Robert. The King, "William the Lion of Scotland", who began his reign in 1165, gave Herbert de Mac-well "Lassuden in Roxburghshire". He died in 1180.
    6. Eugene de Maxwell: He married the daughter of Robert Lord of Gallaway. In 1174 Maxwell was a prisoner with William the Lion, held by the English. He had a son (#7); Herbert de Maxwell.
    7. Herbert de Maxwell (of #6): His sons may be (#8) (it's hard to translate the scroll); Sir Robert and Sir John.
    8A. Sir Robert (of #7).
    8B. Sir John de Maxwell (of #7): He was Sheriff of Roxburgh 1203-1207. He was also the Ambassador to England 1215-1220. He was called Sir John of Caerlaverock, Chamberland of Scotland in 1231. This was during the time of Alexander II, 1214-1249.
    9. Sir Aymar de Maxwell: He married Mary (daughter of Roland de Mearnes of Nether Pollock [the start of the Pollock branch of the Maxwell's]). He became Lord of Vlaverlock and got the estates of his two older brothers at their death (they died without issue). He had 4 children; Sir Herbert (#10A), Sir Edward, Sir Alexander (#10B), and Sir John of Nether Pollock (died in 1306).
    10. Children of Sir Aymar de Maxwell (of #9)
    10A. Sir Herbert (of #9): He died before 1300. He had 3 sons, only one listed by name (#11), Sir Herbert.
    10B. Sir Alexander (of #9): He had a daughter, Elizabeth. She married Hugh Vaux of Daare.
    11. Sir Herbert (of #10A): Besieged in Caerlaverock by English in 1300. He died before 1312.
    12. Sir Eustace and Sir John of Pencateland are both listed on line #12, they may have been brothers.
    12A. Sir Eustace: He married Helen Maxwell. He died at Caerlaverock 1342/3. He had a son, Robert (#13).
    12B. Sir John of Pencateland: On 17 October 1346, captured at Battle of Dunham or Neville's Cross. Safely conducted to England. His 2 children were Sir John of Pencateland and Agnes.
    13. Robert (of #12A): He died without issue in 1356 and was suceeded by #14, Sir John of Pencateland (first cousins).
    14. Sir John of Pencateland (of #12B): He married Christain. He was Knighted in 1354 and died in 1373. He had one child named Sir Herbert (#15).
    15. Sir Herbert (of #14): He married Margaret (daughter of Robert de Craigle).
    16. Sir Robert: He married Janet (daughter of Sir John Forrester). He was the Chamberlain of Scotland. He died 23 November 1413.
    17. Sir Herbert: He married Katharine (daughter of Sir John Stewart of Dalsevinton). He became Stewart of Annandale in 1440. His children were; Sir Herbert (#18A), Sir Aymar (#18B), Janet (#18C), Agnes (#18D), William of Tealing (Maxwell's of Tealing) (#18E).
    18. The children of Sir Herbert (#17)
    18A. Sir Herbert the 1st Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles: He married the daughter of Sir Herbert Herries of Terreagles. He was the 1st Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles. His son was Sir Robert the 2nd Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#19)
    18B. Sir Aymar: He married Janet of Kirkconnel.
    18C. Janet: She married William Cathcart.
    18D. Agnes: She married Sir John Montgomery.
    18E. William of Tealing (6 1/2 M.R. of Dundee): Sir Patrick came from this family line.
    19. Sir Robert the 2nd Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (of #18A): He married Janet (daughter of Sir John Forrester of Corstorphain). He died before 8 May 1485 (this note may have gone with #18A ... it's hard to tell). His children were; Sir John the 3rd Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#20A), Thomas (#20B, it's not clear if Thomas is his son or Agnes Maxwell is his daughter), David, and John (#20C).
    20. Children of Sir Robert the 2nd Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (of #19)
    20A. Sir John the 3rd Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles: He married Janet (daughter of George Crichton, Earl of Caithness). He was killed at the "Battle of Kirlte", in 1484. His children were; Sir John the 4th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#21), Robert (of Cowhill and Killybury), James (of Couena), Homer (of Portrack), Thomas (of Hills), and Herbert (of Drumcoltram).
    20B. Thomas: He married Agnes Maxwell (daughter of Sir Aymer of Kirkconnel).
    20C. John: He ws killed in a quarrel with Murray.
    21. Sir John the 4th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (of #20A): He married Agnes (daughter of Sir Alexander Stewart). He died at Floddon with 3 brothers, on 9 September 1513. His children were; Sir Robert the 5th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#22A), Herbert (of Clowden), Edward, Mary (#22B), and Grizel (#22C).
    22. Children of Sir John the 4th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#21)
    22A. Sir Robert the 5th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles: He married Janet (daughter of William 6th Lord Douglas). He died in 1546. His children were; 6th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles Sir Robert (#23A) and Sir John (#23B).
    22B. Mary: She married Sir Jno Johnson.
    22C. Grizel: She married Michael, second son of 4th Lord Carlyle.
    23. Children of Sir Robert the 5th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#22)
    23A. Sir Robert the 6th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles: He married Lady Beatrix DOUGLAS (daughter of 3rd Earl of Morton). His children were; Sir John the 7th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#24), Robert (died young), and Sir Robert (of Castlemilk).
    23B. Sir John: He married Agnes Baaroness HERRIES (she died in 1594). He was born in 1512 and died in 1582 (age 70).
    24. Sir John the 7th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles: He married Elizabeth (daughter of David the 13th Earl of Douglas and the 7th Earl of Angus). His child was Sir John the 8th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#25).
    25. Sir John the 8th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (of #24): He married Lady Margret HAMILTON. His children were; Robert the 9th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#26A), Elizabeth (#26B), John (of Middlebir), Lady Mary Craigie, and Lady Agnes Penzerie.
    26. Children of Sir John the 8th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles (#25)
    26A. Robert the 9th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 1st Earl of Nithsdale (created in 1620): He married Elizabeth (daughter of Sir Fran Belmont). His child was Sir Robert the 10th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 2nd Earl of Nithsdale (#27).
    26B. Elizabeth: She married Sir John MAXWELL the 6th Lord Herries. Her children were; Sir John the 11th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 3rd Earl of Nithsdale (#28), James, William, Alexander, Robert, Fred, Edward, and Michael.
    27. Sir Robert the 10th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 2nd Earl of Nithsdale: (no additional info ... or to why his 1st cousin received both titles ... ?????).
    28. Sir John the 11th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 3rd Earl of Nithsdale (of #26B): He married Elizabeth (daughter of John Gordon the 1st V of Kenmore). His children were; Sir Robert the 12th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 4th Earl of Nithsdale (#29), John, and William.
    29. Sir Robert the 12th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 4th Earl of Nithsdale: He married Lucy (daughter of William the 1st Marquis Douglas [from Websters, a Marquis is a Nobleman ranking higher that an Earl or a Count]). His children were; Sir William the 13th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 5th Earl of Nithsdale (#30A), 2 Sons (names not listed), and Mary (#30B).
    30. Children of Sir Robert the 12th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 4th Earl of Nithsdale (of #29)
    30A. Sir William the 13th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 5th Earl of Nithsdale: He married Winifried (daughter of the 4th Earl of Traquain). He was born in 1671 and died in 1744. He forfeited his title in 1716 (reason unknown). His children were; Sir William (#31A) and Anne (#31B).
    30B. Mary: She married Charles STUART the 4th Earl of Traquain.
    31. Children of Sir William the 13th Baron of Caerlaverock and Terreagles and the 5th Earl of Nithsdale (of #30A)
    31A. Sir William: He married Catherine (daughter of 4th Earl of Traquain). He died in 1776.
    31B. Anne: She married John the 4th Lord Bellew (he was born in 1702). She died in 1735

    32.
    33.
    34. THERE IS A LITTLE MORE ON THE SCROLL TO ADD ... BUT IT'S VERY HARD TO TRACK.
    35. FOR RIGHT NOW I'M NOT ADDING ANY OF THESE OTHER NAMES.

    --Source of information: MAXWELL ;
    The family of Maxwell, which for centuries held the titles of Lord Maxwell and Earl of Nicksdale, is of Saxon origin and can be traced as far back as the middle of the eleventh century when Undwin and his son Maccus, on the conquest of England by William of Normandy, took refuge in Scotland and became the founder of the family and the surname of Maxwell. Maccus, the son of Undwin, A.D. 1100-1150 obtained from King David the lands of Roxburghshire, afterwards erected into the Barony of Maxwell. He built the Maxwell Castle and the Church of Maxwell, which he designated St. Michael, now united to Kelso.
    His grandson Sir John Maxwell was the first of Carlaverock 1200-1241, John's son Aymer Maxwell, fourth Lord Maxwell, second of Carlaverock and first Mearns, 1241-1266; Aymer's son Sir John Maxwell, first of Pollock, 1270-1306 or 1266-1270; John's son Sir Robert Maxwell, second of Pollock, 1306-1330; Sir John Maxwell, third of Pollock, 1330-1360; Sir John Maxwell, 4th of Pollock, 1360-1405 & etc. A possible lineage can be traced on but two links are missing to connect for sure with our John Maxwell immigrant. Carlaverock Castle is found in Dumfrieshire. Scotland near the coast of the Irish Sea. Richard and I visited there in May 1995. In September 1997 we were at Gas glow but choice not to find Pollock Castle and the town of Mearns, because of the heavy traffic and highly developed area they were in. Our American ancestor, John Maxwell was born in Ireland between 1710 - 1720. He was twenty one when he came to America. We are Scots-Irish. I have listed some possible ancestors for him but have no prove other than the unusual first name of Hugh falls into this grouping of names.

    --Source of information (6 June 2000): Henry Rogge
    I hate to get picky but the rebellion in Scotland was the "Jacobite" not "Jaconhite", I've been chasing my ancestors and have found that the war was lost because they had to " powder their hair" prior to battle and lost the element of surprise.




    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      Children
      1. Has Children Hugh MAXWELL II b: in Carrock Hills, Ireland
      2. Has No Children Robert MAXWELL
      3. Has Children James MAXWELL
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